Joshua Wicks

Joshua Wicks
University of Toronto | U of T · The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Bachelor of Applied Science

About

34
Publications
11,434
Reads
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1,918
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - present
University of Toronto
Position
  • Master's Student
September 2015 - April 2016
Soochow University (PRC)
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
The electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO 2 RR) to chemical feedstocks, such as ethylene (C 2 H 4 ), is an attractive means to mitigate emissions and store intermittent renewable electricity. Much research has focused on improving CO 2 electrolysis cell efficiency; less attention has been paid to the downstream purification of outlet prod...
Article
Full-text available
Renewable electricity-powered CO2 reduction to multi-carbon (C2+) products offers a promising route to realization of low-carbon-footprint fuels and chemicals. However, a major fraction of input CO2 (>85%) is consumed by the electrolyte through reactions with hydroxide to form carbonate/bicarbonate in both alkaline and neutral reactors. Acidic cond...
Article
The electroreduction of CO2 (CO2R) is the conversion of CO2 to renewable fuels and feedstocks, a promising technology that could support the transition from fossil to renewable sources in the chemical industry. Today the viability of CO2R technology is limited by carbonate formation via the reaction of reactant CO2 with hydroxides and the energy co...
Article
The electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) provides a route to store intermittent electricity in the form of fuels like methane. We reasoned that disrupting C-C coupling while maintaining high ∗CO coverage could enhance methane selectivity and suppress the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). We studied the effect of doping CuAl, a material a...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen-doped graphene-supported single atoms convert CO2 to CO, but fail to provide further hydrogenation to methane – a finding attributable to the weak adsorption of CO intermediates. To regulate the adsorption energy, here we investigate the metal-supported single atoms to enable CO2 hydrogenation. We find a copper-supported iron-single-atom c...
Article
CO2 emissions can be recycled via low-temperature CO2 electrolysis to generate products such as carbon monoxide, ethanol, ethylene, acetic acid, formic acid and propanol. In recent years, progress has been made towards an industrially relevant performance by leveraging the development of gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs), which enhance the mass trans...
Article
We explore the selective electrocatalytic hydrogenation of lignin monomers to methoxylated chemicals, of particular interest, when powered by renewable electricity. Prior studies, while advancing the field rapidly, have so far lacked the needed selectivity: when hydrogenating lignin-derived methoxylated monomers to methoxylated cyclohexanes, the de...
Article
Membrane electrode assembly (MEA) electrolyzers can perform stable, high-rate carbon dioxide (CO2) electroreduction for renewable fuels and chemicals, thereby realizing effective carbon utilization to mitigate anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Here, we present a numerical, multiphysics model, computationally intensified 60-fold with a machine learning a...
Article
Full-text available
Photoelectrochemical catalysis is an attractive way to provide direct hydrogen production from solar energy. However, solar conversion efficiencies are hindered by the fact that light harvesting has so far been of limited efficiency in the near-infrared region as compared to that in the visible and ultraviolet regions. Here we introduce near-infrar...
Article
Full-text available
The renewable-electricity-powered CO 2 electroreduction reaction provides a promising means to store intermittent renewable energy in the form of valuable chemicals and dispatchable fuels. Renewable methane produced using CO 2 electroreduction attracts interest due to the established global distribution network; however, present-day efficiencies an...
Article
Full-text available
The electrochemical conversion of CO 2 to methane provides a means to store intermittent renewable electricity in the form of a carbon-neutral hydrocarbon fuel that benefits from an established global distribution network. The stability and selectivity of reported approaches reside below technoeconomic-related requirements. Membrane electrode assem...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane electrode assembly (MEA) electrolyzers offer a means to scale up CO 2 -to-ethylene electroconversion using renewable electricity and close the anthropogenic carbon cycle. To date, excessive CO 2 coverage at the catalyst surface with limited active sites in MEA systems interferes with the carbon-carbon coupling reaction, diminishing ethylen...
Article
Full-text available
The electrosynthesis of value‐added multicarbon products from CO2 is a promising strategy to shift chemical production away from fossil fuels. Particularly important is the rational design of gas diffusion electrode (GDE) assemblies to react selectively, at scale, and at high rates. However, the understanding of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) in the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Catalytic hydrogenation of bio-oil provides an avenue to produce renewable chemicals. To this end, electrocatalytic hydrogenation is especially interesting when powered using low-carbon electricity; however, it has to date lacked the needed selectivity: when hydrogenating bio-oil to oxygenated hydrocarbons, for example, it reduces the desired oxyge...
Article
In the electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR), control over the binding of intermediates is key for tuning product selectivity and catalytic activity. Here we report the use of reticular chemistry to control the binding of CO2RR intermediates on metal catalysts encapsulated inside metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), thereby allowing us to impr...
Article
Full-text available
Electroreduction uses renewable energy to upgrade carbon dioxide to value-added chemicals and fuels. Renewable methane synthesized using such a route stands to be readily deployed using existing infrastructure for the distribution and utilization of natural gas. Here we design a suite of ligand-stabilized metal oxide clusters and find that these mo...
Article
Full-text available
Surface ligands enable control over the dispersibility of colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) via steric and electrostatic stabilization. Today's device-grade CQD inks have consistently relied on highly polar solvents: this enables facile single-step deposition of multi-hundred-nanometer-thick CQD films; but it prevents the realization of CQD film stacks...
Article
Carbon dioxide (CO₂) electroreduction to valuable chemicals such as ethylene is an avenue to store renewable electricity and close the carbon cycle. Membrane electrode assembly (MEA) electrolyzers have attracted recent interest in light of their high stability and despite low productivity (a modest partial current density in CO₂-to-ethylene convers...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-carbon alcohols such as ethanol are valued as fuels in view of their high energy density and ready transport. Unfortunately, the selectivity toward alcohols in CO2/CO electroreduction is diminished by ethylene production, especially when operating at high current densities (>100 mA cm−2). Here we report a metal doping approach to tune the ads...
Article
Full-text available
Chemicals manufacturing consumes large amounts of energy and is responsible for a substantial portion of global carbon emissions. Electrochemical systems that produce the desired compounds by using renewable electricity offer a route to lower carbon emissions in the chemicals sector. Ethylene oxide is among the world’s most abundantly produced comm...
Article
Full-text available
The carbon dioxide electroreduction reaction (CO2RR) provides ways to produce ethanol but its Faradaic efficiency could be further improved, especially in CO2RR studies reported at a total current density exceeding 10 mA cm−2. Here we report a class of catalysts that achieve an ethanol Faradaic efficiency of (52 ± 1)% and an ethanol cathodic energy...
Article
Electrochemical conversion of NO3⁻ into ammonia (NH3) recycles nitrogen and offers a route to NH3 production that is more valuable than dinitrogen gas. However, today’s development of NO3⁻ electroreduction remains hindered by the lack of a mechanistic picture of how catalyst structure may be tuned to enhance catalytic activity. Here we demonstrate...
Article
Electrolysis offers an attractive route to upgrade greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) to valuable fuels and feedstocks; however, productivity is often limited by gas diffusion through a liquid electrolyte to the surface of the catalyst. Here, we present a catalyst:ionomer bulk heterojunction (CIBH) architecture that decouples gas, ion,...
Article
Full-text available
Electrochemical conversion of CO2 into liquid fuels, powered by renewable electricity, offers one means to address the need for the storage of intermittent renewable energy. Here we present a cooperative catalyst design of molecule–metal catalyst interfaces with the goal of producing a reaction-intermediate-rich local environment, which improves th...
Article
Full-text available
There is significant interest in developing efficient electrochemical processes for commodity chemical manufacturing, all directly powered by renewable electricity. A vital chemical is ethylene glycol, with an annual consumption of around 20 million tonnes due to its use as antifreeze and as a polymer precursor. Here we report a one-step electroche...
Article
Full-text available
Producing liquid fuels such as ethanol from CO2, H2O, and renewable electricity offers a route to store sustainable energy. The search for efficient electrocatalysts for the CO2 reduction reaction relies on tuning the adsorption strength of carbonaceous intermediates. Here, we report a complementary approach in which we utilize hydroxide and oxide...
Article
Full-text available
The upgrading of CO2/CO feedstocks to higher-value chemicals via energy-efficient electrochemical processes enables carbon utilization and renewable energy storage. Substantial progress has been made to improve performance at the cathodic side; whereas less progress has been made on improving anodic electro-oxidation reactions to generate value. He...
Article
Full-text available
The electrochemical reduction of CO2 has seen many record-setting advances in C2 productivity in recent years. However, the selectivity for ethanol, a globally significant commodity chemical, is still low compared to the selectivity for products such as ethylene. Here we introduce diverse binding sites to a Cu catalyst, an approach that destabilize...
Chapter
The chemical nature of an implant is fundamental for successful bone regeneration. Recently, there have been much advancements in materials for bone tissue engineering, both natural and synthetic, that facilitate the repair and regeneration of bone tissues through the delivery of biomolecules and the support of cell growth. Among them, linear polym...
Article
Changes in blood vessel formation, especially microvasculature formation, are one of the most important factors contributing to the poor wound healing capabilities of diabetic patients. Furthermore, recovery of the vascular network in the early stages after injury is a key factor in the prevention of wound expansion and ulcer formation. A hydrogel...

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