Joshua V Peñalba

Joshua V Peñalba
Australian National University | ANU · Research School of Biology (RSB)

B.A. Integrative Biology, UC Berkeley

About

24
Publications
6,298
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
320
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2008 - September 2013
University of California, Berkeley
Position
  • Student

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Full-text available
Field biology is an area of research that involves working directly with living organisms in situ through a practice known as “fieldwork.” Conducting fieldwork often requires complex logistical planning within multiregional or multinational teams, interacting with local communities at field sites, and collaborative research led by one or a few of t...
Article
Plumage divergence can function as a strong premating barrier when species come into secondary contact. When it fails to do so, the results are often genome homogenization and phenotypic hybrids at the zone of contact. This is not the case in the largely sympatric masked woodswallow and white‐browed woodswallow species (Passeriformes: Artamidae: Ar...
Preprint
Full-text available
Field biology is an area of research that involves working directly with living organisms in situ through a practice known as “fieldwork.” Conducting fieldwork often requires complex logistical planning within multiregional or multinational teams, interacting with local communities at field sites, and collaborative research led by one or a few of t...
Article
Full-text available
Learned traits are thought to be subject to different evolutionary dynamics than other phenotypes, but their evolutionary tempo and mode has received little attention. Learned bird song has been thought to be subject to rapid and constant evolution. However, we know little about the evolutionary modes of learned song divergence over long timescales...
Article
Full-text available
Hybrid zones provide a window into the evolutionary processes governing species divergence. Yet, the contribution of mate choice to the temporal and spatial stability of hybrid zones remains poorly explored. Here, we investigate the effects of assortative mating on hybrid zone dynamics by means of a mathematical model parameterized with phenotype a...
Article
Assignment of parentage with molecular markers is most difficult when the true parents have close relatives in the adult population. Here we present an efficient solution to that problem by extending simple exclusion approaches to parentage analysis with single nucleotide polymorphic markers (SNPs). We augmented the previously published homozygote...
Article
Recombination is a central biological process with implications for many areas in the life sciences. Yet we are only beginning to appreciate variation in the recombination rate along the genome and among individuals, populations and species. Spurred by technological advances, we are now able to bring variation in this key biological parameter to ce...
Article
Full-text available
Context Identifying the range, core areas and dispersal pathways or barriers in heterogeneous landscapes is important for managing threatened species. Studies of variation in learned vocalisations are a promising complementary tool to traditional landscape genetics studies for identifying potential dispersal barriers. Here we use multiple data sour...
Article
Full-text available
The superb fairy‐wren, Malurus cyaneus, is one of the most iconic Australian passerine species. This species belongs to an endemic Australasian clade, Meliphagides, which diversified early in the evolution of the oscine passerines. Today, the oscine passerines comprise almost half of all avian species diversity. Despite the rapid increase of availa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Signals used in animal communication, especially those that are learned, are thought to be prone to rapid and/or regular evolution. It has been hypothesized that the evolution of song learning in birds has resulted in elevated diversification rates, as learned song may be subject to especially rapid evolution, and song is involved in mate choice. H...
Preprint
Full-text available
The superb fairy-wren, Malurus cyaneus, is one of the most iconic Australian passerine species. This species belongs to an endemic Australasian clade, Meliphagides, which diversified early in the evolution of the oscine passerines. Today, the oscine passerines comprise almost half of all avian species diversity. Despite the rapid increase of availa...
Article
Genome divergence is greatly influenced by gene flow during early stages of speciation. As populations differentiate, geographical barriers can constrain gene flow and so affect the dynamics of divergence and speciation. Current geography, specifically disjunction and continuity of ranges, is often used to predict the historical gene flow during th...
Article
Full-text available
Species persistence and maintenance of genetic diversity are strongly affected by dispersal and historical distribution, especially when species depend on habitat that is non-uniform or fluctuates dramatically with changing climate. Australo-Papuan rainforest has fluctuated dramatically since the last glacial maximum (around 20 kya). To understand...
Preprint
During early stages of speciation, genome divergence is greatly influenced by gene flow. As populations diverge, geography can allow or restrict gene flow in the form of barriers. Current geography, e.g. whether sister species are allopatric or parapatric, is often used to predict the potential for gene flow during the divergence process. We test t...
Article
Aim The diversification of the Australian avifauna has been greatly influenced by prominent historical and modern barriers to dispersal. The aims of this study were to characterize the patterns of divergence in population pairs of meliphagoid birds across adjacent transition zones and characterize how well morphometric divergence, habitat associati...
Article
Full-text available
The extent of range overlap of incipient and recent species depends on the type and magnitude of phenotypic divergence that separates them, and the consequences of phenotypic divergence on their interactions. Signal divergence by social selection likely initiates many speciation events, but may yield niche-conserved lineages predisposed to limit ea...
Article
Full-text available
Muscicapa flycatchers and their allies (Bradornis, Dioptornis, Empidornis, Fraseria, Myioparus, Namibornis, and Sigelus) are widely distributed in Africa, Europe and Asia. This broad distribution and the wide variety of habitats occupied by the group, ranging from arid to tropical forests, presents an interesting opportunity to explore the evolutio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Whole-genome re-sequencing is becoming an increasingly common approach in large scale population studies that require the analysis of dense markers across the genome. In many plants including important trees, repetitive regions, such as transposable elements (TEs), make up a very large part of the genome (Table 1). For example, the Eucalyptus grand...
Article
Full-text available
Erythropygia scrub-robins and their allies are distributed throughout Africa, Europe, Southeast Asia, India, Madagascar and the Seychelles. This broad distribution, as well as the distribution of Erythropygia taxa across Africa, presents an interesting opportunity to explore the mechanisms by which this biogeographic distribution was achieved. Mult...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing library preparation and subgenomic enrichment methods have opened new avenues for population genetics and phylogenetics of non-model organisms. To multiplex large numbers of indexed samples while sequencing predominantly orthologous, targeted regions of the genome, we propose modifications to an existin...

Network

Cited By