Joshua Horns

Joshua Horns
University of Utah | UOU · Division of General Surgery

Doctor of Philosophy

About

62
Publications
9,066
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
313
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2012 - September 2013
University of Utah
Position
  • Field Technician
Description
  • Studied American Pikas, a typically montagne species, living in atypical habitat in the Colombia River Gorge (elev. 300 m).
January 2012 - May 2014
University of Utah
Position
  • Lab Technician
Description
  • We tested the idea that the proportions of human hands which allow us to form our hands into buttressed fists, a unique trait among apes, reduces strain in a strike and renders the hand a more effective weapon.
September 2011 - December 2012
University of Utah
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Led classroom discussions for an introductory biology class.

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Introduction Statins are considered standard-of-care medical therapy for patients undergoing lower extremity bypass (LEB) procedures for chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI). It is unclear, however, whether up-titrating and maintaining patients on higher-intensity statin medications following LEB improves limb salvage outcomes. This study was d...
Preprint
Full-text available
We sought to assess if COVID-19 infection recovery is associated with increased rates of newly diagnosed erectile dysfuncton(ED). Using IBM MarketScan, a commercial claims database, men with prior COVID-19 infection were identified using ICD-10 diagnosis codes. Using this cohort along with an age-matched cohort of men without prior COVID-19 infecti...
Article
Purpose: To assess venous thromboembolism (VTE) and associated risk factors following artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) surgery. Materials and methods: Using IBM MarketScan, a commercial claims database, patients undergoing AUS and IPP surgery were identified using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and...
Article
Objective: To understand the relationship between hypogonadism and penile prosthesis infection risk. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis using IBM MarketScan™ Commercial Claims and Encounters database. We identified men with ED diagnosis who underwent penile prosthesis placement from 1/1/2008 to 12/31/2017. Comorbidities and risk fact...
Article
Background: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the association between sex hormone deficiency and rotator cuff repair (RCR) with use of data from a large United States insurance database. Methods: A retrospective analysis of insured subjects from the Truven Health MarketScan database was conducted, collecting data for RCR cases as w...
Article
Objectives : To compare trends in the treatment of patients with myelomeningocele receiving intravesical Botulinum (IVB) toxin and enterocystoplasty. Methods : We identified patients with myelomeningocele in a commercial insurance database from 2008-2017 and stratified them into adult and pediatric samples. Index procedure was identified as either...
Article
Introduction and Objective Acne vulgaris is the inflammation of the pilosebaceous unit due to overgrowth of Propionibacterium acnes while folliculitis is inflammation of the hair follicle commonly due to Staphylococcus aureus. Whether these microbes are pathogenic in urologic procedures is yet to be determined. In this database study, we investigat...
Article
Full-text available
Treatments for Peyronie’s Disease (PD) include oral medications, intralesional injections, and surgery. Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCh) is the only FDA-approved treatment for PD. We sought to examine current trends in treatment of PD across the United States. Using data in the MarketScan Database, we conducted a retrospective study of me...
Article
Introduction Hypogonadism is common in men with male factor infertility and hormone therapies may improve semen parameters and pregnancy rates in affected men. However, compared to paternal factors such as advanced age, male infertility or obesity, it is uncertain whether hypogonadism itself impacts perinatal birth outcomes and complications. Obje...
Article
Introduction Acne vulgaris is the inflammation of the pilosebaceous unit due to overgrowth of Propionibacterium acnes while folliculitis is inflammation of the hair follicle commonly due to Staphylococcus aureus. Whether these microbes are pathogenic in urologic procedures is yet to be determined. Objective In this database study, we investigated...
Article
Introduction As the prevalence of male hypogonadism (HG) has increased, more patients are prescribed TRT. TRT may be associated with an increased risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Although in recent years there have been more studies dedicated to adverse effects of TRT, the literature is mixed on whether TRT increases the risk of DVT. Objectiv...
Article
Introduction Burn Injuries directly affect more than 500,000 people per year in the United States but no previous studies have looked at the impact on the healthcare system. Several prior studies have shown decrease in unplanned healthcare utilization after acute care discharge following burn injury and increased healthcare costs in patients who ha...
Article
Scientists increasingly seek to respond to urgent calls for equity in science but may be unsure how to engage with underserved public groups. Prisons, jails, and detention centers are venues in which scientists may use their educational privilege to serve and empower diverse populations that are underserved by science education and underrepresented...
Article
Full-text available
In the era of advancing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) technology, traditional open surgery remains a valuable intervention for patients who are not TAVR candidates. We sought to compare perioperative variables and postoperative outcomes of minimally invasive and full sternotomy surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) at a single in...
Article
Background: Socioeconomic disadvantage (SD) is associated with worse outcomes after elective surgery, but the effect on emergency general surgery (EGS) remains unclear. We examined the association of SD and outcomes after EGS procedures and investigated whether admission to hospitals with comprehensive clinical and social resources mitigated this...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years there have been more studies dedicated to Peyronie’s disease (PD). However, prevalence and incidence are likely underestimated, with limited information on regional variation in the rate of diagnosis. In this study, we sought to estimate age and regional variation of the annual incidence and prevalence of PD in the United States. We...
Article
Background: After initial nonoperative management of diverticulitis, individuals with a family history of diverticulitis may have increased risk of recurrent disease. Objective: This study measured the association between family history and recurrent diverticulitis in a population-based cohort. Design: This is a retrospective, population-based...
Article
Full-text available
No extensive studies have investigated current diagnosis and treatment trends of hypogonadism (HG) in adult men in the United States. Using a comprehensive commercial insurance database, we surveyed current trends in incidence, prevalence, and treatment of hypogonadism in the United States. We analyzed insurance claims data from 2008–2017 using the...
Article
Riparian corridors are critical refuges for biodiversity in arid regions like the southwestern US. Birds in particular rely on these habitats for breeding and as migratory stopover sites within a resource-scarce landscape. Climate change is likely to affect the distribution of resources across such landscapes and how birds use riparian zones. In th...
Article
Purpose: Patients with high-grade renal trauma (HGRT) undergoing nephrectomy may be at higher risk for mortality compared to those treated conservatively. However, no study has controlled for shock on presentation. We hypothesized that after controlling for blood transfusions and other factors, nephrectomy after HGRT would be associated with incre...
Article
Objective To identify cumulative 5-year healthcare costs and healthcare days in children with anorectal malformation (ARM) and to compare the cumulative 5-year healthcare costs and healthcare days in children with ARM to three control cohorts: healthy, premature, and congenital heart disease (CHD). Study design We performed a retrospective case-co...
Article
Objectives To estimate the association between an erectile dysfunction (ED) diagnosis and other chronic health conditions, as well as, the association between receiving ED treatment and these conditions. Methods Data was reviewed from the IBM MarketScan Claims and Encounters database between 2008-2017 for men ≥18 years. Of this cohort, common chro...
Article
Objectives: Medical management remains the mainstay of treatment for patients who present with acute Type-B aortic dissections (TBAD). However, it is unclear whether patients maintain adherence to their anti-impulse therapy medication regimen following hospital discharge. This study was designed to evaluate rates and predictors of medication adher...
Article
Full-text available
An estimated 17% of migratory bird species are threatened or near threatened with extinction. This represents an enormous potential loss of biodiversity and cost to human societies due to the economic benefits that birds provide through ecosystem services and ecotourism. Conservation of migratory bird species presents many unique challenges, as the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with the etiology of rotator cuff disease; however, its effect on healing after surgical rotator cuff repair (RCR) is not well characterized. The purposes of this study are to analyze the association between DM and surgical RCR, the association between DM and revision RCR post-RCR, and the associa...
Article
Full-text available
Variations in stable hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios in terrestrial animal tissues are used to reconstruct origin and movement. An underlying assumption of these applications is that tissues grown at the same site share a similar isotopic signal, representative of the location of their origin. However, large variations in tissue isotopic composi...
Article
Full-text available
Background To increase bed capacity and resources, hospitals have postponed elective surgeries, although the financial impact of this decision is unknown. We sought to report elective surgical case distribution, associated gross hospital revenue and regional hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) bed capacity as elective surgical cases are cancelle...
Article
The incarcerated population has little or no access to science education programs, STEM resources, or scientists. We explored the effects of a low-cost, potentially high-impact informal science education program that enabled NASA scientists to provide astrobiology lectures to adults inside 16 correctional institutions in three states. Post- versus...
Article
Full-text available
Over two million men, women, and youth are incarcerated in the United States. This large and ethnically diverse population has, in general, more limited exposure to education, particularly in scientific fields, than the general public. Formal educational programs for the incarcerated can be expensive and logistically difficult to initiate and maint...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To increase bed capacity and resources, hospitals have postponed elective surgeries, although the financial impact of this decision is unknown. We sought to report elective surgical case distribution, associated gross hospital earnings and regional hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) bed capacity as elective surgical cases are cancel...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical agriculture is a major driver of biodiversity loss, yet it can provide conservation opportunities, especially where protected areas are inadequate. To investigate the long-term biodiversity capacity of agricultural countryside, we quantified bird population trends in Costa Rica by mist netting 57,255 birds of 265 species between 1999 and 2...
Article
Were you to find yourself somehow transported to the American Midwest in the 18th century, one feature that might strike you would be a curiously shifting cloud approaching from the northeast. As it drew closer, you might begin to discern some sound, "[like] an army of horses laden with sleigh bells" in the words of a Potawatomi Native American. Ho...
Article
Determining population trends is critical for conservation. For most bird species, trends are based on count data gathered by institutions with formalized survey protocols. However, limited resources may prevent these types of surveys, especially in developing countries. Ecotourism growth and subsequent increases in opportunistic data from birdwatc...
Article
Full-text available
Observation of an unusual population of white-plumaged doves in Osmaniye suggests that these birds are conspecific with the Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis, Linnaeus, 1766) population in the town. The white-morph is not found outside the urban area. Aside from colouration, the white doves shared identical morphological characteristics with...
Article
Full-text available
Wetland-dependent migratory songbirds represent one of the most vulnerable groups of birds on the planet, with .67% of wetland-obligate species threatened with extinction. One of the major hurdles for conservation efforts is determining the migration routes, stopover sites, and wintering sites of these species. We describe an annual migration cycle...
Article
Full-text available
Wetland-dependent migratory songbirds represent one of the most vulnerable groups of birds on the planet, with .67% of wetland-obligate species threatened with extinction. One of the major hurdles for conservation efforts is determining the migration routes, stopover sites, and wintering sites of these species. We describe an annual migration cycle...
Article
Full-text available
The combination of habitat loss, climate change, direct persecution, introduced species and other components of the global environmental crisis has resulted in a rapid loss of biodiversity, including species, population and genetic diversity. Birds, which inhabit a wide spectrum of different habitat types, are particularly sensitive to and indicati...
Data
The locations for which COI Barcode Data were available from BOLD for Group I. The black triangles indicate localities with GPS coordinates, the red circles indicate countries for which GPS data were not available, and the blue squares indicate the study site (Aras River Research Station). Red and blue shaded areas indicate the general distribution...
Data
The migratory/resident status of each species, average number of individuals caught for each species, and sequence information. (XLSX)
Data
See Fig 3 caption. Red, a) Alcedo atthis b) Coracias garrulus c) Oriolus oriolus d) Galerida cristata e) Remiz pendulinus f) Cettia cetti g) Phylloscopus trochilus h) Locustella luscinioides i) Sylvia nisoria j) Muscicapa striata k) Luscinia svecica l) Turdus merula m) Sylvia atricapilla n) Passer domesticus o) Passer montanus (DOCX)
Data
The locations for which COI Barcode Data were available from BOLD for Group II. The black triangles indicate localities with GPS coordinates, the red circles indicate countries for which GPS data were not available, and the blue squares indicate the study site (Aras River Research Station) a) Lanius minor b) Acrocephalus palustris c) Saxicola rubet...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Behaviour is an important mechanism for accommodating rapid environmental changes. Understanding a species’ capacity for behavioural plasticity is therefore a key, but understudied, aspect of developing tractable conservation and management plans under climate-change scenarios. Here, we quantified behavioural differences between American p...
Article
Full-text available
The hands of hominins (i.e. bipedal apes) are distinguished by skeletal proportions that are known to enhance manual dexterity but also allow the formation of a clenched fist. Because male-male physical competition is important in the mating systems of most species of great apes, including humans, we tested the hypothesis that a clenched fist prote...
Article
Wildfires are increasing in frequency and severity as a result of climate change in many ecosystems; however, effects of altered disturbance regimes on wildlife remain poorly quantified. Here, we leverage an unexpected opportunity to investigate how fire affects the occupancy and abundance of a climate-sensitive habitat specialist, the American pik...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Wildfires have increased in frequency and severity due to climate change, but little is known about the potential threat of altered fire regimes to species distributions, particularly for those with a limited ability to disperse between patches of habitat. Here, we leverage an unexpected opportunity to investigate the...

Network

Cited By