Josephine Wilson

Josephine Wilson
Wright State University | WSU · Department of Community Health

About

46
Publications
3,093
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433
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
Numerous barriers exist when attempting to provide culturally-appropriate substance use disorder (SUD) treatment to persons who are deaf or hard of hearing (deaf). These include a lack of accessible community-based treatment providers, a low geographic census of deaf persons who are referred to treatment at any given time, difficulties in maintaini...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the upsurge of technology-enhanced rehabilitation education programs and telerehabilitation services, to provide examples of these advancements, and to discuss the implications of this technology for education and the field including the unique advantage to developing technological skills through p...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this research was to explore whether increased exposure to E-Therapy results in more successful therapeutic outcomes for persons with disabilities and substance use disorders (SUD). A Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze exit interview data on 48 persons who had successfully completed SUD treatment. Clients who received a higher...
Conference Paper
Background: Individuals with severe mental disorders (SMD) struggle to get effective primary healthcare. Consequently, SMD clients have poorer health outcomes and die an average of 15 years sooner than the general population. In response to the lack of medical care provided to their SMD clients, clinicians at Butler Behavioral Health Services (BBHS...
Conference Paper
Introduction: The Mt. Olive One-Stop Community Center (MTO) was developed to reduce the impact of substance abuse on ex-offenders. This project was accomplished by the SARDI Program at Wright State University, in partnership with a 100-year-old neighborhood church, an outpatient SUD treatment program, and Montgomery County Public Health in Dayton,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since 2008, the Deaf Off Drugs & Alcohol (DODA) Program has been providing culturally appropriate ATOD cessation and recovery support services via telemedicine to Deaf/HH individuals with a clinically diagnosed substance use disorder (SUD). In 2013, a NIDRR Research grant began evaluating the effectiveness of DODA compared with two residential trea...
Conference Paper
Background: Iringa remains the region with the highest HIV prevalence (15.7% in 2008) in Tanzania despite the intensity of interventional response. Previous findings suggest that the interplay of local contextual factors and changing sexual risk behaviors may explain the sustained high prevalence. This study assessed potential HIV risk factors that...
Conference Paper
The eCAM program was designed to address the barriers to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment faced by consumers with co-existing disabilities, by utilizing culturally appropriate cessation and recovery support services via e-therapy. The program implemented improvements for universal access to online materials (audio versions, screen reader comp...
Conference Paper
Background: The study explored contextual factors fueling HIV transmission in Iringa urban and Mufindi districts in Tanzania. Method: The data collection methods included two focus group discussions, ten in-depth interviews with community members and six systems key informant interviews. Results: Study participants voiced concerns on alcohol consum...
Conference Paper
Background: African American women living in Dayton, Ohio's public housing neighborhoods are an underserved population. These women tend to be primary caregivers, and often postpone their own health needs, including HIV testing and substance use disorder (SUD) services. The need for increased focus on HIV/AIDS prevention efforts in this population...
Conference Paper
Background. Improving global health through international research collaboration is increasingly becoming a common pathway of transferring knowledge across cultures. Developing such collaborations, however, is challenging. This presentation will discuss the ongoing process, challenges, and lessons learned for developing a multidisciplinary HIV/AIDS...
Article
Full-text available
Investigations of specialized populations in the United States have revealed multiple risk behaviors for HIV infections. Identification of significant risk factors for specific populations enables tailoring interventions to populations. The present study examined risk behaviors in a general urban population in order to determine the need for HIV in...
Article
A unique Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug (ATOD) prevention program called PALS (Prevention through Alternative Learning Styles) was implemented with middle school students with the goal of enhancing student knowledge of the harmful effects of ATOD, promoting the use of refusal skills and reducing intentions to use ATOD in the future. Intentions to...
Conference Paper
The Community Health Initiative (CHI) implemented a 75-minute intervention for preventing the onset of substance abuse, HIV, and hepatitis among adult African Americans, including minority re-entry populations in Montgomery County, OH. This educational intervention was developed by the Substance Abuse Resource and Disability Issues (SARDI) program...
Conference Paper
ISSUE: HIV continues to ravage the African American community, with rates of infection higher than any other race or ethnicity. Prevention approaches in traditional health care settings may not always reach those most at-risk for infection, particularly within minority communities. The faith community, however, plays a significant role in promoting...
Conference Paper
Since 2008, the Deaf Off Drugs and Alcohol (DODA) Program has provided culturally appropriate cessation and recovery support services via e-therapy to Deaf/HH individuals with a clinically diagnosed substance use disorder (SUD). Over 150 Deaf consumers have received treatment through DODA, to date. Analysis of intake interviews revealed that 49.3%...
Conference Paper
Somali war refugees began arriving in the US in 1991, and since 1995, Columbus, OH, has been a popular Somali refugee destination. Columbus currently has the second largest immigrant Somali community in the US. This investigator has been working with local organizations in Columbus, such as Multiethnic Advocates for Cultural Competence and Helping...
Article
The psychosocial risk factors of depression, anxiety, anger/ hostility, and social isolation have a significant effect on cardiac disease comparable with other highly publicized risk factors. This study assesses the validity of the Psychosocial Risk Factor Survey (PRFS) to conveniently assess all of these primary risk factors in cardiac patients at...
Article
Reviews the book, Boys Get Anorexia Too: Coping With Male Eating Disorders in the Family by Jenny Langley (see record 2006-03252-000). The author, Jenny Langley, is the mother of a young boy who developed anorexia nervosa at the age of 12. In the absence of any literature or other resources on anorexia in boys, this courageous and determined moth...
Article
Previous research has shown that men and boys learn routes faster and with fewer errors than do women and girls. Research with adults suggests that men use Euclidean cues when learning a route, whereas women use landmark-based strategies. The strategies used by children have received little study. In Exp. 1, 50 boys and girls, ages 5 to 12 years, w...
Article
Previous research on route learning has demonstrated that men learn routes faster and with fewer errors than women, whereas women are able to recall more landmarks along the route. The present study was aimed at investigating whether landmarks help or hinder women when they learn a route. 47 female and 37 male undergraduate students were randomly a...
Article
Previous research on route learning has shown that men learn routes faster and with fewer errors than women. The same patterns have also been found for girls and boys. In this study, 19 children of ages 5 to 6 years, 26 children of ages 7 to 9 years, and 22 children of ages 10 to 12 years were presented a route learning task. The children were rand...
Article
To examine the eating behavior of preschool children offered chocolate-flavored or plain milk at lunch, food consumption by 135 children, aged 18-66 months, was measured. Four different menus were served six times during a 12-week period, each menu being presented twice with each of three test beverages, plain milk (18.1 kcal/oz), sucrose-sweetened...
Article
To date, the effect of low doses of caffeine on aggression has not been systematically examined. Doses of caffeine greater than 30 mg/kg appear to reduce social interaction and aggression in all species studied. In a double blind study of the effects of low doses of caffeine on aggression, rats were housed four per cage, and aggressive behavior aga...
Article
To examine the eating behavior of preschool children offered chocolate-flavored or plain milk at lunch, food consumption by 135 children, aged 18–66 months, was measured. Four different menus were served six times during a 12-week period, each menu being presented twice with each of three test beverages, plain milk (18.1 kcal/oz), sucrose-sweetened...
Article
The purpose of this study was two-fold: to determine the contribution of mid-afternoon snack intake to total daily energy intake and to examine the effect of lunchtime eating on subsequent snack intake in preschool children. Lunch energy intake was manipulated by varying the energy content of the milk beverage served at lunch. Mid-afternoon snack c...
Article
The main objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between age of the very young victim and the type of abuse perpetrated against that victim. A secondary objective was to examine gender and racial differences in child abuse and neglect in children between the ages of birth and 7 years. Archived data for all cases of substantiated...
Article
Differences between men and women have been reported with respect to route-learning, but sex differences in children on these and related tasks have not been found. In this study, 51 children ages 5 to 12 years were required to learn a route on a map to criterion and then asked to recall landmarks on that route. Boys made significantly fewer errors...
Article
To assess the effects of various low-protein diets on the eating behavior of female rats, 280 rats were assigned to one of 20 groups, according to a 5 x 2 x 2 (Protein Level x Pregnancy x Sugar) design. Each rat was offered one of five isocaloric, soy-based diets: 25%, 8%, 4%, 2% or 1% protein diet. The subjects' intakes and weights were recorded d...
Article
Since traumatic dental experiences have been identified as a leading cause of dental anxiety, dental anxiety should be increased when subjects are asked to recall these experiences and describe them in writing. 74 undergraduates completed dental history questionnaires, viewed slides of dental procedures, or received no manipulation prior to complet...
Article
To measure changes in the attitudes of undergraduate women enrolled in the Psychology of Women course, the Life Styles for Women Attitude Scale (LSWAS) was embedded in a battery of surveys, and administered at the beginning and end of the 10-week course. Compared to the LSWAS scores of female students enrolled in introductory Psychology classes, sc...
Article
The hypothesis examined in this paper is that Black women have assimilated the eating-related attitudes and food preferences of the dominant White American culture and thus are at an increased risk of developing anorexia and bulimia. A survey of food preferences and the Eating Disorders Inventory were completed by a three-generation sample of 42 Bl...
Article
We assessed the contributions of personality and family environment to variations in self-reported eating attitudes and behaviors. Female college undergraduates (N = 137) completed the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI; Costa & McCrae, 1985), Family Environment Scale (Moos & Moos, 1986), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI; Garner & Olmsted, 1984), and...
Article
Dietary self-selection was examined in 40 preschool children who were offered high-energy chocolate-flavored or plain milk with a lunchtime meal. Children aged 20-56 months were served various nutritious menus for lunch twice a week, for 8 weeks, and the chocolate milk was offered with half of the meals. The children consumed large quantities of th...
Article
Some authors recommend that biological psychology replace physiological psychology. College catalogs from 539 undergraduate programs were examined to determine the percentage of colleges that offer courses in physiological psychology, biological psychology, both, or neither. Physiological psychology is still offered in 64.1% of the institutions stu...
Article
Synopsis Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) scores of forty female college students were compared to their electrodermal activity (EDA) responses when offered a plate of chocolate chip cookies. A significant positive correlation was detected between the EAT scores and the skin conductivity measures associated with the presentation of food. Women with the...
Article
To assess the effects of sucrose, low levels of dietary protein, and pregnancy on food intake, sixty-four female rats were assigned to eight groups in a 2 X 2 X 2 design. Food, water, and sucrose intake and rats' weights were measured daily. Pregnant rats offered sucrose with low protein (8%) diets did not maintain adequate weight gain during pregn...
Article
In order to integrate the results of procedures that induce excessive nonregulatory eating, it is necessary to develop new procedures that elicit eating in satiated animals. To that end, the present study examined the effects of 90-dB white noise on eating in satiated rats. Twenty-four rats, including sixteen with prior tail pinch-induced eating ex...
Article
Four experiments with 22 Charles River CD rats quantified the temporal information (in bits) that the onset of a CS provides about the moment of onset of a UCS. In Exp I, Ss performed a temporal production task in which brain stimulation reinforcement (BSR) was given if a lever was held longer than t₁ but shorter than t₂ msec. Timing was most sen...
Article
Rats pressed a lever for a signaled brain stimulation reinforcement on either fixed-interval or fixed-ratio schedules. Both schedules induced polydipsia, with a median water intake of 22.5 ml (about four times the control level) in 3-hr sessions. The stimulation did not directly elicit drinking or other behaviors. In a second experiment, two out of...

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Project
Empower primary care physicians to manage chronic nonmalignant pain by defining the appropriate scope of practice, as well as providing a structured approach to care.