Josephine Kaviti Musango

Josephine Kaviti Musango
Stellenbosch University | SUN · School of Public Leadership

PhD

About

71
Publications
58,879
Reads
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1,560
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2013 - December 2016
Stellenbosch University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (71)
Book
This book is a culmination of many years of practical experience in solving complex problems through the use of systems thinking and system dynamics. The book provided an overview of the field of system dynamics in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 focused on systems thinking and a variety of methods that could be used to analyse problems to better understand t...
Article
African cities rely predominantly on the informal city for their growth, and much of the infrastructure remains within the boundaries of original colonial settlements or cannot keep up with unplanned expansion. Informality is dominant in public transport systems, water and food provision, energy generation and waste removal. Thus, analysing the flo...
Article
There is an emerging scholarship that criticises the conceptualisation of urban informality from a deficit view and emphasises that informality constitutes a way of life, a practice in its own right. We argue that energy is part of the informal way of life and that energy transitions need to take into account the specificities of urban informality...
Presentation
The purpose of this study is to uncover the most prominent challenges that urban planners face when tackling sustainable practices in developing countries. The time frame was set to after the 2012 Rio +20 global summit. Therefore, only articles that were produced from 1 January 2013 till 31 March 2019 were included, as they would have adhered to th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to uncover the most prominent challenges that urban planners face when tackling sustainable practices in developing countries. The time frame was set to after the 2012 Rio +20 global summit. Therefore, only articles that were produced from 1 January 2013 till 31 March 2019 were included, as they would have adhered to th...
Article
Household metabolism assessments are useful approaches for understanding household energy consumption and identifying intervention points towards sustainability. However, a gap persists in the evidence that associates resource flows to particular groups of people, locations and sectors. This study thus undertook a differentiated household energy me...
Article
Full-text available
Urban development in Africa is a very diverse and ambivalent phenomenon with aspects that do not fall neatly into global standards. Informal settlements therefore challenge governance by standards. We argue that quantifying and interrogating differences offers a better basis for governance. By drawing on a comparative analysis of three different in...
Article
Approaches to providing sustainable energy in cities have generated considerable interest in academic andpolicy circles. The development of this body of work, however, has not shed much light on the modes of in-termediation that are needed to reconfigure urban energy systems towards sustainability in energy-poor coun-tries. This paper focuses on th...
Article
A growing number of people in Africa still do not have access to electricity. This phenomenon threatens the realisation of the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goal 7, pertaining to universal access to modern energy. Factors attributed to Africa's low electricity access include limited financial resources at the dispensation of governments t...
Article
South Africa's political history, unique demographic profile, and economic growth drivers, present a challenge in adopting universal strategies and business models to plan for the impact of battery electric vehicles in the residential sector. This paper investigated battery electric vehicle (BEV) substitution of internal combustion engine vehicles...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates how a change in a region’s energy cost share (ECS), a ratio of a region’s energy expenditure as a fraction of its gross domestic product (GDP), affects the region’s social and economic development. Nations from four regions of the world, namely Australasia, Europe, North America, and the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India,...
Article
The rapid growth of urban informal settlements, or slums, poses a par ticular challenge for balancing developmental and environmental goals. In South Africa, high levels of inequality, pover ty, and unemployment contribute to widespread migration. The influx of migrant workers to cities, however, is rarely matched with adequate housing and infrastr...
Conference Paper
Municipalities and government at different levels are faced with the challenge of establishing energy policies and strategies for urban informal settlements, which are mostly located in marginal areas. This study undertook a literature review to examine the challenges of energy access and provision in urban informal settlements from a resource flow...
Article
Full-text available
Improved sustainability of cities requires equitably distributed and ecologically safe, if not restorative, infrastructure systems, as well as reduced reliance on resources from beyond urban boundaries. To shape infrastructure systems in a sustainable and equitable manner, knowledge about the sources and demands of the resources they convey is nece...
Poster
Full-text available
To meet its future energy demand, the government of South Africa set up an Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) with the primary objective of determining its long-term electricity demand, and indicating how this demand should be met, in terms of generation type and timing. The IRP in 2010 presented the favoured energy generation techniques in SA, and it...
Article
Full-text available
The Western Cape Province government in South Africa has established the transition to a green economy as a high priority. The sustainable use of water resources has been identified as a critical necessity for such a green economy transition. The research summarised in this paper conceptualised the factors that relate to water resources, and that i...
Article
In order to meet future goals in reducing the resulting carbon emissions from transport networks, vast investment in the development of a more energy-efficient and sustainable infrastructure is required. This study investigates the infrastructure implications of a green economy transition in the Western Cape Province of South Africa with a particul...
Article
Studies for building designs exist both internationally and, to a lesser degree, in the South African context. However, there is limited understanding of the various types of low-cost buildings and their related energy flow patterns, as found within townships and other informal urban settlements within the City of Cape Town. This study thus develop...
Article
Full-text available
The Western Cape Provincial government in South Africa has introduced a green economy framework, 'Green is Smart', to create a more sustainable economy. This framework stipulates plans for the Western Cape Province to implement more sustainable farming practices for food crop production. While sustainable farming practices will have benefits for th...
Article
Full-text available
The national government instated a mandatory blending policy to facilitate the uptake and establishment of a biofuels sector in South Africa. Uncertainty exists, however, regarding the implications and effects of producing biofuels within the Western Cape province, as part of a strategy of the province to transition to a green economy. This investi...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing urbanisation and the proliferation of slums require a holistic understanding of the urban metabolism of cities. However, existing urban metabolic analyses exclude a detailed understanding of how urban slums function and contribute to biophysical, including energy, flows. This paper aims at filling this gap by critically investigating the...
Article
Full-text available
Shaping sustainable, equitable African cities requires strengthened investigations into the cities' current resource flows, infrastructure systems, and future resource requirements. The field of urban metabolism (UM) offers multiple forms of analysis with which to map, analyse, and visualize urban resource profiles. Challenges in assessing UM in Af...
Article
Full-text available
Smallholder farmers in South Africa find it challenging to participate in the modern economy. Most of these farmers have limited access to credit and insurance, and to markets in which to sell their produce. This paper reviews ethnographic research data and argues that smallholder farmers struggle to take part in modern agricultural value chains in...
Article
The Western Cape Government in South Africa has identified the concept of a green economy as a way to transform the Province’s economy to one that is more sustainable from an economic, social, and environmental perspective. System dynamics modelling was used to develop a better understanding of the implications of different green economy policies a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Practitioners and researchers have witnessed the rise of two new, yet very popular, concepts: business model innovation and shared value creation. To better understand their joint potential, this NBS South Africa report examines how business models can provide a platform for sustainability and shared value creation. This report provides a synthesis...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the different levels of uncertainty that affect the analysis of informal urban settlements and the implementation of upgrading policies, with a specific focus on electrification. The rapid growth of informal settlements in the cities of the Global South poses serious challenges to the management of energy systems, particularly w...
Article
Research efforts using system dynamics to understand and evaluate societal and policy-related problems in Southern Africa are becoming essential. This paper undertook a systematic review to examine the extent of utilization of system dynamics in Southern Africa between 2003 and 2014. The results showed that system dynamics has been used, or referre...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to improve the understanding of individual transdisciplinary PhD research in a developing country context, focusing on three individual PhD case studies in South Africa. Design/methodology/approach – Multiple-case method was used, and three completed transdisciplinary PhD research efforts undertaken at the Stellenbosch Un...
Article
Social networking platforms such as Facebook have become integrated into the milieu of modern-day social interactions. Facebook, one of the most prominent social networking platforms globally, is widely used as a primary medium for communicating and networking for personal, professional and recreational purposes. To date, studies have focussed on d...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to improve the understanding of individual transdisciplinary PhD research in a developing country context, focusing on three individual PhD case studies in South Africa. Design/methodology/approach – Multiple-case method was used, and three completed transdisciplinary PhD research efforts undertaken at the Stellenbosch Un...
Article
Full-text available
Since the onset of the global economic crisis in 2007/2008 two key trends have made it necessary to reconceptualize the relationship between development and sustainability: the rapid rise of the so-called ‘BRICS’ and the emergence of the green economy discourse and now since 2015 the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals. To address this ch...
Article
Technology roadmaps are critical for decisions pertaining to technology development. They have been utilised in the renewable energy sector to assist in filtering alternative technology options in order to support energy policy formulation, energy security and energy independence, among others. However, solar aided power generation is a recent conc...
Article
Full-text available
The informal economy is a vibrant and growing phenomenon, offering both opportunities and lessons on resilience and innovation. When considering global social, economic and environmental challenges, resilience and innovation are valuable response strategies. The notion of a green economy has similarly inspired a number of ideological, geopolitical...
Article
Full-text available
Data sourcing challenges in African nations have led many African urban infrastructure developments to be implemented with minimal scientific backing to support their success. In some cases this may directly impact a city's ability to reach service delivery, economic growth and human development goals, let alone the city's ability to protect ecosys...
Article
Full-text available
The notion of an inclusive green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication requires an approach that engages with the informal economy. However, the informal economy is generally ignored or undervalued in discussions on the green economy. This paper set out to bolster this argument by identifying the ways in which th...
Article
The paper demonstrates the principles of systems dynamics modelling with the use of a relatively simple model. The model was developed during a course on Systems Dynamics Modelling offered by the School of Public Leadership of Stellenbosch University in 2012. It was intended as an exercise in the application of the modelling techniques and is by no...
Article
Full-text available
Modelling approaches are utilised to understand complex and dynamic issues, which are characteristic of the South Africa power sector, especially since the sector has been at the centre of green economy debates. This paper thus draws on a system dynamics approach that captures and represents the dynamic behaviour of transforming the power sector wi...
Article
Being able to access modern energy forms is acknowledged as a pre-condition for achieving sustainability and improvement of quality of life. In an urban setting, wider selection of fuels is available for use, and policy makers are increasingly faced with the challenge of anticipating energy requirements of urban population, particularly as increase...
Article
There is a growing need to understand how climate change impacts not only on people's livelihoods but also on the level and cost of local government infrastructure required to provide basic commodities such as water and energy. In South Africa, few studies have examined the impact of climate change on operations of local governments. This paper exa...
Article
Currently, several renewable energy technologies have reached, or are approaching maturity and can be utilised for small- and large-scale applications. Biodiesel, a cleaner burning replacement fuel, is argued to potentially contribute to sustainable development in many countries and regions of the world. Biodiesel development, however, entails comp...
Article
Full-text available
Energy in the form of electricity is of key importance for economic development. South Africa has historically relied primarily on coal for electricity generation, making the electricity sector one of the dominant greenhouse gas emitters. Renewable energy and technologies have the potential to provide solutions such as greenhouse gas emission reduc...
Article
The economics of biodiesel production shows that the cost of raw material is the main driver of the overall production costs. Operation cost of biodiesel production does not reflect significant economy of scale because scale-dependent variable such as labour, chemical and maintenance costs are only a small part of the operating expenses. The succes...
Article
This paper presents the outcomes of a questionnaire survey to ascertain the perspectives of local communities on the proposal to construct a large-scale biodiesel production facility in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, with feedstock supply to the production facility from the former communal homelands of the Province. A total of 303 quest...
Article
Full-text available
The "water-energy nexus" is now receiving more attention as policy-and decision-makers grapple with measures to enable the transition to a sustainable, low-carbon economy. South Africa, in particular, finds itself in a polycrisis in terms of dealing with economic development, to alleviate poverty, within water and energy constraints. In the Western...
Article
Technology assessment has changed in nature over the last four decades from an analytical tool for technology evaluation, which depends heavily on quantitative and qualitative modelling methodologies, into a strategic planning tool for policy making concerning acceptable new technologies, which depends on participative policy problem analysis. The...
Article
The combined effects of climate change, the continued volatility of fuel prices, the recent food crisis and global economic turbulence have triggered a sense of urgency among policymakers, industries and development practitioners to find sustainable and viable solutions in the area of biofuels. This sense of urgency is reflected in the rapid expans...
Article
This paper presents a Bioenergy Systems Sustainabil ity Assessment and Management (BIOSSAM) model. The BIOSSAM model was developed as a means to provide insights into the implications of expanding bioenergy programmes in South Africa, which is deemed critical for sustainable energy development in the region. The BIOSSAM model was applied to the cas...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that determine the producers' choice of wine grape cultivars in the wine regions in South Africa. Time series data for the period 1990-2003 were used to estimate the parameters of linear regression models. Two equations for each wine grape cultivar in each region were postulated and estimated usi...
Article
Full-text available
Copyright: 2009 Inter-Research. This article is available on Open Access Socioeconomic and ecological systems exhibit complex, interdependent behaviour which is often difficult to model and understand. This is due to the complex reorganisation of key sub-system processes involving nonlinear, cross-scale and cross-sector interactions in real time. H...
Article
This paper presents a Modeling Approach to Resource economics decision-maKing in EcoaquaculTure (MARKET model). The MARKET model was developed as a scenario-testing tool to provide insights on the ecological and economic interactions, which is a critical issue for sustainable aquaculture management. As a case study, the model was applied to simulat...
Book
Full-text available
This book describes the approach and main result obtained in the Sustainable options for People, Catchment and Aquatic Resources (SPEAR) Project, together with complementary case studies focusing on realted work in China and in the United States. Each chapter in this book is designed to be readable by itself and contains enough information for the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cities in developing countries often have to face a multiplicity of external shocks that impact on their operations. These changes include increased rates of migration from the rural poor, natural resource shocks such as droughts, decreased space for solid waste landfills, electricity supply disruptions, and polluted discharged water from wastewate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this report is to conceptualize ecological and economic interactions in mariculture; to implement a dynamic ecological-economic model in order to: simulate the socio-economics of aquaculture production, simulate its effects on the estuarine and coastal ecosystems, simulate the feedbacks of the environmental system on the socioecono...
Article
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Evaluating the range of proposed adaptation measures to combat the sensitivity of agriculture to climate change effects involves evaluating complex interactions between human and natural systems. Integrated strategy-making and implementation in the agricultural sector to reduce the risks posed by climate change requires the consideration of multipl...
Article
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The views represented in this document do not necessarily represent those of the institutions involved, nor do they necessarily represent official UK Government and/or DFID policies.
Article
Full-text available
Poster presentation available from the link below This paper provides a South African energy model that was developed as a first step towards a comprehensive Threshold 21 model for South Africa. The energy sector consists of five sub-models, which are structured around the supply and demand of electricity, coal, oil, and natural gas in the sector....

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Projects

Projects (8)
Archived project
CO-DESIGNING ENERGY COMMUNITIES WITH ENERGY POOR WOMEN IN URBAN AREAS; CASE STUDIES IN KENYA, UGANDA AND SOUTH AFRICA. Co-DEC is a research project supported by the LIRA2030 programme. It is one of the nine projects awarded 90000 Euros to carry out collaborative studies under the theme: “Understanding the «Energy-Health-Natural Disasters» nexus in urban contexts in Africa”. The main objective of Co-DEC is to provide integrated solutions to the household energy challenge in informal urban settlements. To do this, studies are being undertaken in two urban informal settlements in Kenya and Uganda, and the findings compared to ongoing research in an urban informal settlement in South Africa. In each case, stakeholders, such as: settlement dwellers, experts and policy actors are being engaged. Through these engagements, the project partners will propose improved technologies and better policies that contribute further to national energy goals in the three countries; as well as to Sustainable Development Goals on: good health and wellbeing, gender equality, affordable and clean energy, and sustainable cities and communities.