Joseph Ulatowski

Joseph Ulatowski
The University of Waikato · Philosophy Programme

PhD

About

46
Publications
5,261
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
256
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses upon foundational issues in metaphysics, such as the nature of truth and the nature and individuation of action.
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - July 2015
University of Texas at El Paso
Position
  • Research Assistant
August 2012 - August 2013
University of Wyoming
Position
  • Research Assistant
August 2011 - May 2012
University of Mississippi
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
August 2002 - August 2008
University of Utah
Field of study
  • Philosophy

Publications

Publications (46)
Research
Full-text available
Alfred Tarski seems to endorse a partial conception of truth, the T-schema, which he believes might be clarified by the application of empirical methods, specifically citing the experimental results of Arne Næss (1938a). The aim of this paper is to argue that Næss’ empirical work confirmed Tarski’s semantic conception of truth, among others. In the...
Article
Full-text available
Alfred Tarski’s refinement of an account of truth into a formal system that turns on the acceptance of Convention-T has had a lasting impact on philosophical logic, especially work concerning truth, meaning, and other semantic notions. In a series of studies completed from the 1930s to the 1960s, Arne Næss collected and analysed intuitive responses...
Article
Full-text available
There are many variants of deflationism about truth, but one of them, Paul Horwich’s minimalism, stands out because it accepts as axiomatic practical variants of the equivalence schema: 〈 p 〉 is true if and only if p . The equivalence schema is epistemologically fundamental. In this paper, I call upon empirical studies to show that practical varian...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental philosophy (or “x-phi”) is a way of doing philosophy. It is “traditional” philosophy, but with a little something extra: In addition to the expected philosophical arguments and engagement, x-phi involves the use of empirical methods to test the empirical claims that arise. This extra bit strikes some as a new, perhaps radical, addition...
Article
Full-text available
A typical guiding principle of an account of truth is: “truth is objective,” or, to be clear, judging whether an assertion is true or false depends upon how things are in the world rather than how someone or some community believes it to be. Accordingly, whenever a claim is objectively true, its truth conditions ought not depend upon the context in...
Article
There are different approaches to the narrative self. I limit myself to one approach that argues narratives have an important role to play in our lives without it being true that a narrative constitutes and creates the self. My own position is broadly sympathetic with that view, but my interest lies with the question of whether there is truth in th...
Article
Full-text available
A cardinal rule of academic research with human participants is to protect their confidentiality. While there are limits to confidentiality, universities and researchers will make strenuous efforts to protect the identity of participants. This is especially important where they are at risk of serious harm if confidentiality is breached. Yet, some r...
Article
Full-text available
The idea of an eternal and immortal life like the one we lead now seems quite appealing because (i) it will be sufficiently like our own earth-bound life and (ii) we will have the same kinds of desires we have now to want to live an eternal life. This paper will challenge the view that we have a conception of what the conscious experience of an imm...
Article
While the Enlightenment promoted thinking for oneself independent of religious authority, the “Endarkenment” (Millgram 2015) concerns deference to a new authority: the specialist, a hyperspecializer. Nonspecialists need to defer to such authorities, as they are unable to understand their reasoning. Millgram describes how humans are capable of being...
Article
Full-text available
New developments in cosmology make it unlikely that life on Earth is unique. The Cosmic Perspective Argument states that given these developments we should not be concerned with the Earth's environmental degradation. In this paper, we argue that although scaling our analysis upwards into the cosmos provides the Cosmic Perspective with its strength,...
Book
Truth is a pervasive feature of ordinary language, deserving of systematic study, and few theorists of truth have endeavoured to chronicle the tousled conceptual terrain forming the non-philosopher’s ordinary view. In this book, the author recasts the philosophical treatment of truth in light of historical and recent work in experimental philosophy...
Chapter
This chapter provides a series of arguments against potential criticisms of endoxic alethic pluralism. The chapter is sub-divided into substantive and methodological challenges. Methodological challenges suggest that empirical studies are irrelevant, suffer from poor experimental design or statistical analyses, or the folk suffer from serious confu...
Chapter
Empirical data provide us with a descriptive snapshot of ordinary views about philosophical concepts. At least one part of any ‘folk theory’ is descriptive. This project follows on what Strawson termed ‘descriptive metaphysics.’ If normative inquiries should tell us which view is better than another view (a moderate view) or which view is the best...
Chapter
I argue for a new kind of alethic pluralism, endoxic alethic pluralism, which is informed in part by empirical studies on people’s notions of truth. While philosophers have generally assumed that the ordinary notion of truth aligns with their own intuitions about truth, data show that philosophers and non-philosophers’ notions of truth fail to alig...
Chapter
Full-text available
Theorists of truth have aimed to uncover the ordinary or folk view of truth. Any view that claims to provide the folk theory needs to account for what the common conception is and how it is that they have discovered it. While it has been generally accepted that a view need not engage in any formal undertaking of how it has come up with the folk vie...
Chapter
In this chapter, I argue for an ecological approach to experimental philosophy, a conservative positive programme, which accepts that empirical results are preliminary and that responses merely provide a theorist with a wide topographical view of the commonsense conceptual terrain. It is our theoretical responsibility to argue for any philosophical...
Chapter
The liar paradox is widely conceived as a problem for logic and semantics. On the basis of empirical studies presented here, we suggest that there is an underappreciated psychological dimension to the liar paradox and related problems, conceived as a problem for human thinkers. Specific findings suggest that how one interprets the liar sentence and...
Article
Full-text available
The notion of an agent and the notion of a self are connected, for agency is one role played by the self. Millgram argues for a disunity thesis of agency on the basis of extreme incommensurability across some major life events. We propose a similar negative thesis about the self, that it is composed of relatively independent threads reflecting the...
Article
This commentary on Stephen Yablo's ‘If-Thenism’ challenges whether the remainder, ρ, is an inaccurate representation of the conditions that are supposed to complete the enthymeme from ϕ to ψ. Whilst inaccuracies shouldn't set off any alarm bells, the truth of ρ is too inexact. The content of ρ, a partial truth, must be sensitive to contextual backg...
Article
Full-text available
‘Scaffolded learning’ describes a cluster of instructional techniques designed to move students from a novice position toward greater understanding, such that they become independent learners. Our Socratic Model of Scaffolded Learning (‘SMSL’) includes two phases not normally included in discussions of scaffolded learning, the preparatory and probl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Students often find Socrates unsettling because they are largely distracted by his overtly hostile and arrogant behavior. While dialogues such as Euthyphro and Apology are widely taught in college courses, and are generally thought to offer a reasonable representation of the historical Socrates, they do not offer a complete picture of the variety o...
Article
Full-text available
Elsewhere Stephen Yablo has employed Kendall Walton’s (1990; 1993) pretense view to argue for a figurative fictionalism that interprets mathematical language as figurative or metaphorical. In ‘If-Thenism’, Yablo has adopted a subtraction account, φY = φ ~ ψ, where “~” (read as: ‘minus’) is a non-truth-conditional connective, to support figuralism....
Article
Full-text available
Many of Tarski’s better known papers are either about or include lengthy discussions of how to properly define various concepts: truth, logical consequence, semantic concepts, or definability. In general, these papers identify two primary conditions for successful definitions: formal correctness and material (or intuitive) adequacy. Material adequa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper argues that a well known passage from Plato’s Meno exemplifies how to employ scaffolded learning in the philosophy classroom. It explores scaffolded learning by fully defining it, explaining it, and gesturing at some ways in which scaffolding has been implemented. We then offer our own model of scaffolded learning in terms of four phases...
Chapter
Full-text available
People commonly believe that any form of deception, no matter how innocuous it is and no matter whether the deceiving person intended it otherwise, is always morally wrong. In this paper, I will argue that deceiving in real-time is morally distinguishable from deceiving on-line because online actions aren't as fine-grained as actions occurring in r...
Article
Full-text available
Philosophical theorizing about truth manifests a desire to conform to the ordinary or folk notion of truth. This practice often involves attempts to accommodate some form of correspondence. We discuss this accommodation project in light of two empirical projects intended to describe the content of the ordinary conception of truth. One, due to Arne...
Article
Full-text available
We regularly teach for the Wyoming High School Institute (“HSI”), a three-week college experience for rising high school juniors. The purpose of HSI is to introduce pre-college students to subjects not regularly taught in the secondary school curriculum. In our course, we introduce moral philosophy through the use of feature films. More narrowly, w...
Article
Full-text available
Accounts of act individuation have attempted to capture peoples’ pre-theoretic intuitions. Donald Davidson has argued that a multitude of action descriptions designate only one act, while Alvin Goldman has averred that each action description refers to a distinct act. Following on recent empirical studies, I subject these accounts of act individuat...
Article
Although we agree with the spirit of Knobe's competence model, our aim in this commentary is to argue that the default position should be made more precise. Our quibble with Knobe's model is that we find it hard to ascribe a coherent view to some experimental subjects if the default position is not clearly defined.
Chapter
Th ough golf does not require great stamina, the coordination involved in hitting a ball hundreds of yards to a small patch of grass is a testament to human evolution and perseverance. Indeed, given the difficulty of the game and the frustration it engenders, it is not surprising that large numbers of those who try the game quit within a relatively...
Article
Recent work by Joshua Knobe indicates that people's intuitions about whether an action was intentional depends on whether the outcome is good or bad. This paper argues that part of the explanation for this effect is that there are stable individual differences in how 'intentional' gets interpreted. That is, in Knobe's cases, different people interp...
Article
Tarski (1944) establishes two conditions that any theory of truth ought to satisfy: formal correctness and material adequacy. Though not widely noted, Tarski indicated that the material adequacy condition might be clarified by the application of empirical methods, specifically citing Naess (1938). We examine this empirical work and consider some im...

Projects