Joseph A Nicolazzo

Joseph A Nicolazzo
Monash University (Australia) · Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences

About

79
Publications
9,452
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2,629
Citations
Citations since 2016
43 Research Items
1556 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 regulates the pro-inflammatory function of microglia and is highly expressed in the post-mortem brains of individuals with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. HsTX1[R14A] is a selective and potent peptide inhibitor of the Kv1.3 channel (IC50 ∼ 45 pM) that has been shown to decrease cytokine levels in a li...
Article
Upregulation of the voltage-gated potassium channel KV1.3 is implicated in a range of autoimmune and neuroinflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and type I diabetes. Understanding the expression, localization, and trafficking of KV1.3 in normal and disease states is key to developing targeted immunomod...
Article
Polymers bearing amine moieties are highly valuable for their ability to conjugate and/or complex a variety of molecules. However, their incorporation into synthetic macromolecules remains challenging. Poly(2-oxazolines) (POx) are a highly functional class of polymers, which through the choice of polymerization components or post-polymerization mod...
Article
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has traditionally been considered solely a neurological condition. Therefore, numerous studies have been conducted to identify the existence of pathophysiological changes affecting the brain and the blood-brain barrier in individuals with AD. Such studies have provided invaluable insight into possible changes to the central...
Article
Full-text available
P‐glycoprotein (P‐gp) is an efflux transporter at the blood‐brain barrier (BBB) that hinders brain access of substrate drugs and clears endogenous molecules such as amyloid beta (Aβ) from the brain. As biometals such as copper (Cu) regulate many neuronal signalling pathways linked to P‐gp regulation, it was hypothesised that the bis(thiosemicarbazo...
Article
The access of drugs into the central nervous system (CNS) is regulated by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB). A large body of evidence supports perturbation of these barriers in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Modifications to the BBB and BSCB are also reported in am...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive and fatal malignancy that despite decades of trials has limited therapeutic options. Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are composed of a monoclonal antibody which specifically recognizes a cellular surface antigen linked to a cytotoxic payload. ADCs have demonstrated superior efficacy and/or reduced toxicity in a r...
Article
The most regularly used mouse models of Alzheimer's disease in drug development include APP/PS1, 3xTg, and 5xFAD mice. This is a limitation as all these mice represent familial AD. Given sporadic AD accounts for the majority of the AD cases in human, there is an unmet need to validate potential rodent models to better represent sporadic AD. SAMP8 i...
Article
Background: Fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) levels in the human cerebrospinal fluid elevate at early phases of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is associated with reduced FABP3 levels in the brain and the onset of cognitive deterioration. However, it is unclear if reduced FABP3 levels in the brain can attribute to AD-like symptoms and patholog...
Article
The expression of voltage-gated potassium Kv1.3 channels is increased in activated microglia, with non-selective blockade reported to attenuate microglial-mediated neuroinflammation. In this study, we evaluated the impact of a potent and selective peptidic blocker of Kv1.3 channels, HsTX1[R14A], on microglial-mediated neuroinflammation in vitro and...
Preprint
Full-text available
The access of drugs into the central nervous system (CNS) is regulated by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB). A large body of evidence supports perturbation of these barriers in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Modifications to the BBB and BSCB are also reported in am...
Article
While the processes governing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) trafficking across the blood-brain barrier have been elucidated, factors governing DHA uptake into microglia, an essential step for this fatty acid to exert its anti-inflammatory effects, are unknown. This study assessed the mRNA and protein expression of fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) a...
Article
KV1.3 is a voltage-gated potassium channel that is upregulated in neuroinflammatory conditions, such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. HsTX1[R14A] is a potent and selective peptide blocker of KV1.3 with the potential to block microglial KV1.3, but its brain uptake is expected to be limited owing to the restrictive nature of the blood-...
Article
Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) are an emerging class of gene-specific therapeutics for diseases associated with the central nervous system (CNS). However, ASO delivery across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to their CNS target cells remains a major challenge. Since ASOs are mainly taken up into the brain capillary endothelial cells interface throu...
Chapter
The blood-brain barrier (BBB), formed by endothelial cells lining the cerebral microvessels, remains a formidable challenge for the delivery of many therapeutics into the central nervous system (CNS). In an attempt to enhance the CNS disposition of therapeutics, which either have poor inherent permeability across the BBB or whose brain uptake is li...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeP-glycoprotein (P-gp) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) precludes the brain penetration of many xenobiotics and mediates brain-to-blood clearance of β-amyloid, which accumulates in the Alzheimer’s disease (AD) brain. Zinc and copper are reported to modulate BBB expression and function of P-gp; however, the impact of exogenous iron, which accu...
Article
This study evaluated the impact of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microsphere formulations on in vitro release and in vivo plasma exposure of HsTX1[R14A], a potent inhibitor of the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3, with potential to treat autoimmune conditions. Microspheres containing HsTX1[R14A] were prepared using different PLGA materi...
Article
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid with the capacity to reduce the proinflammatory response of activated microglia that occurs during neuroinflammation. The uptake of DHA into microglia is essential for it to exert its neuroprotective effects. However, quantifying uptake of DHA into microglia is complicated by the presence o...
Article
Modulating the abundance of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) efflux transporter breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) has the potential to impact brain levels of drugs and endogenous substrates. Studies have demonstrated that the metal ionophore clioquinol (CQ) increases BBB abundance of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an effect associated with increased end...
Article
Compared to the significant number of studies reporting altered abundance and function of drug transporters at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the impact of AD on the abundance of intestinal drug transporters and the subsequent effects on oral drug absorption have received little attention. We have reported altered abunda...
Article
Brain levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an essential cognitively-beneficial fatty acid, are reduced in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have demonstrated in an AD mouse model that this is associated with reduced blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of DHA and lower expression of the key DHA-trafficking protein, fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5)....
Article
Aims: Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, have reduced P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function at the blood-brain barrier. However, the effect of AD on P-gp function in peripheral organs, and the impact on medication efficacy/toxicity is unknown. In this study, clinical chart review and physiologically-based pharmacoki...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have demonstrated that the ionophore clioquinol (CQ), in conjunction with the biometals copper and zinc, increases the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in human cerebral microvascular endothelial (hCMEC/D3) cells. As P-gp expression and function at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is of great interest regarding CNS drug access and...
Article
It is well established that the expression and function of drug transporters at the blood-brain barrier are altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, we recently demonstrated in a mouse model of AD that the expression of key drug transporters and metabolizing enzymes was modified in peripheral organs, such as the small intestine and liver, sugg...
Article
This year's 2018 Named Series on blood-brain interfaces highlights the importance of brain barriers as mediators of neuroimmune communication and regulators of neurological function. The term "brain interfaces" reflects our growing understanding that brain barriers such as the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-CSF barrier (BCSFB) are not only gat...
Article
Older people are at greater risk of medicine-induced toxicities resulting from either increased drug sensitivity or age-related pharmacokinetic changes. The scenario is further complicated with the two most prevalent age-related neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). With aging, AD and PD, there is growin...
Article
The cytoplasmic trafficking of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a cognitively‐beneficial fatty acid, across the blood‐brain barrier (BBB) is governed by fatty acid‐binding protein 5 (FABP5). Lower levels of brain DHA have been observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is associated with diminished BBB expression of FABP5. Therefore, upregulating FABP5...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Biometals such as zinc and copper have been shown to affect tight junction expression and subsequently blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity. Whether these biometals also influence the expression and function of BBB transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) however is currently unknown. Methods: Using the immortalised human cerebral micr...
Article
Epidemiological evidence suggests that people with bipolar disorder prescribed lithium exhibit a lower risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) relative to those prescribed other mood-stabilizing medicines. Lithium chloride (LiCl) reduces brain β-amyloid (Aβ) levels, and the brain clearance of Aβ is reduced in AD. Therefore, the purpose of this study was t...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of several chemical permeation enhancers on the buccal permeability of nicotine and to image the spatial distribution of nicotine in buccal mucosa with and without buccal permeation enhancers. Methods: The impact of sodium taurodeoxycholate (STDC), sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), dimethy...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the involvement of fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5), a lipid binding protein expressed at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), in fatty acid and drug uptake into human brain endothelial cells. Following transfection with siRNA against hFABP5, human brain endothelial cell (hCMEC/D3) uptake of lipophilic ligands...
Article
Lower levels of the cognitively-beneficial docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are often observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Brain DHA levels are regulated by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of plasma-derived DHA, a process facilitated by fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5). This study reports a 42.1 ± 12.6% decrease in the BBB transport o...
Article
Despite a century of steady and incremental progress toward understanding the underlying biochemical mechanisms, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains a complicated and enigmatic disease, and greater insight will be necessary before substantive clinical success is realised. Over the last decade in particular, a large body of work has highlighted the cer...
Article
In addition to extruding drugs from the brain, P-glycoprotein (P-gp) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) facilitates the brain-to-blood clearance of β-amyloid (Aβ) and is down-regulated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Studies suggest that the mood-stabilising drug lithium exerts a protective effect against AD. While the mechanisms underlying this effect...
Article
An in-cell western (ICW) protocol detecting the relative expression of P-gp in human cerebro-microvascular endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3) was developed and optimised, with the intention of improving throughput relative to western blotting (WB). For validation of the ICW protocol, hCMEC/D3 cells were incubated with known P-gp upregulators (10 μM rifam...
Article
Full-text available
Significance statement: Genetic deletion of fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) in mice reduces uptake of exogenous docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) into brain endothelial cells and brain capillaries and reduces brain parenchymal levels of endogenous DHA. Therefore, FABP5 in the brain endothelial cell is a crucial contributor to the brain levels of DHA...
Article
Full-text available
HsTX1[R14A] is a potent and selective Kv1.3 channel blocker peptide with the potential to treat autoimmune diseases. Given the typically poor oral bioavailability of peptides, we evaluated pulmonary administration of HsTX1[R14A] in rats as an alternative route for systemic delivery. Plasma concentrations of HsTX1[R14A] were measured by liquid chrom...
Article
Full-text available
The frequency of polymyxin-resistant pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria appearing in the clinic is increasing, and the consequences are largely mediated by modification of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the outer membrane. As polymyxins exert their antibacterial effect by binding to LPS, understanding their mode of binding will prove highly valuable fo...
Article
To examine the expression of fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) at the human blood-brain barrier (BBB) and to assess their ability to bind lipophilic drugs. mRNA and protein expression of FABP subtypes in immortalized human brain endothelial (hCMEC/D3) cells were examined by RT-qPCR and Western blot, respectively. FABPs that were found in hCMEC/D3...
Article
Stichodactyla helianthus neurotoxin (ShK) is an immunomodulatory peptide currently under development for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis by parenteral administration. To overcome the low patient compliance of conventional self-injections, we have investigated the potential of the buccal mu...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by β-amyloid plaques and hyperphosphorylated tau tangles in the brain. Alongside these pathological lesions, there have been multiple reports of physical and biochemical alterations to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in people with AD, potentially impacting on the ability of syst...
Article
Full-text available
With continuing advances in biotechnology and genetic engineering, there has been a dramatic increase in the availability of new biomacromolecules, such as peptides and proteins that have the potential to ameliorate the symptoms of many poorly-treated diseases. Although most of these macromolecular therapeutics exhibit high potency, their large mol...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine concentration-dependent effects of Azone® (AZ) on the buccal absorption of diazepam (DIAZ). Porcine buccal mucosa was placed in modified Ussing chambers and pretreated with 10 μL of 0%, 5%, 20%, and 50% (w/v) AZ in ethanol. DIAZ was administered to the donor chamber either in solution or a chitosan-based gel...
Article
Distribution profiles of topically applied drugs can be influenced by the presence of excipients. This study investigated the effect of common topical excipients on the simultaneous lateral diffusion and stratum corneum (SC) penetration of a model compound, ibuprofen (IBU) in humans. IBU solutions with and without propylene glycol (PG), polyethylen...
Article
Memantine (MEM) is prescribed in mono and combination therapies for treating the symptoms of moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease (AD). Despite MEM being widely prescribed with other AD and non-AD medicines, very little is known about its mechanism of transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and whether the nature of this transport lends M...
Article
A sensitive and robust LC-MS method for quantifying memantine (MEM) concentrations in mouse brain homogenate and perfusate was developed and validated. The developed LC-MS method exhibited good linearity between response and MEM concentrations in both perfusate and brain homogenate (r(2)=0.98-0.99) with mean accuracy and precision values of 105.6%...
Article
The aim of this study was to use in vitro and in vivo models to assess the impact of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from two different bacterial species on blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity and brain uptake of colistin. Following repeated administration of LPS from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the brain-to-plasma ratio of [14C]sucrose in Swiss outbred mice...
Article
The purpose of this study was to systematically assess the impact of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated blood-brain barrier (BBB) alterations on the uptake of therapeutics into the brain. The brain uptake of probe compounds was measured in 18-20 month old wild type (WT) and triple transgenic (3×TG) AD mice using an in situ transcardiac perfusion t...
Article
In view of reports of colistin-induced neurotoxicity in infected patients, the aim of this study was to assess whether the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the brain uptake of colistin are altered in the presence of systemic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Bacteremia was confirmed 8 h after intramuscular administration of P. aerugin...
Article
To develop a computational model for predicting CNS drug exposure using a novel in vivo dataset. The brain-to-plasma (B:P) ratio of 43 diverse compounds was assessed following intravenous administration to Swiss Outbred mice. B:P ratios were subjected to PLS modeling using calculated molecular descriptors. The obtained results were transferred to a...
Article
To determine the extent of lateral spread and stratum corneum (SC) penetration of caffeine (CAF), hydrocortisone (HC) and ibuprofen (IBU) using a novel concentric tape stripping technique. Ethanolic solutions of CAF, HC or IBU were applied to the forearm of 8 volunteers. At various time points, 10 successive layers of SC were removed by stripping w...
Article
The green tea catechin (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) has attracted significant research interest due to its beneficial therapeutic effects, which include anti-oxidant, neuro-protective and anti-cancer effects. However, the therapeutic potential of EGCG following oral consumption is limited by its poor absorption. To address this issue, EGCG h...
Article
The plasma exposure of (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) is typically assessed following administration of EGCg at doses equivalent to the consumption of at least 10 cups of green tea in one sitting. This study determines the plasma concentrations of EGCg in mice following administration of a dose reflecting typical consumption of one standard gr...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the factors limiting the blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of colistin in healthy mice and to assess the impact of systemic inflammation on the transport of this antibiotic across the BBB. Colistin sulfate (40 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously to Swiss outbred mice as single and multiple doses to dete...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of the buccal mucosa for the systemic delivery of risperidone (RISP), and to determine the impact of Azone® (AZ) on the transport of RISP via this route. The permeability of RISP through porcine buccal mucosa was assessed in modified Ussing chambers at various concentrations to determine th...
Article
Full-text available
Catechins found in green tea have received considerable attention due to their favourable biological properties which include cardioprotective, neuroprotective and anti-cancer effects. However, their therapeutic potential is limited by their low oral bioavailability, attributed to poor stability and intestinal absorption. We encapsulated (+)-catech...
Article
1. Although many studies have assessed changes to brain uptake of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) in chemically and electrically induced seizure models, there are limited data available on changes to brain uptake of AEDs in spontaneous seizure animal models, such as genetic absence epilepsy. 2. In the present study, the brain uptake of diazepam and phe...
Article
a b s t r a c t Catechins are an important class of dietary flavonoids with promising use as therapeutic agents due to their potent antioxidant activity and diverse biological properties. However, catechins are highly unstable in alkaline solutions, such as those present in some biological fluids and experimental protocols. In this study, we optimi...
Article
A novel flow through (FT) diffusion cell for assessing the permeability of compounds across the buccal mucosa was designed. Porcine buccal mucosa was mounted between two chambers with flow through capacity in both the donor and receptor chambers. The permeability of caffeine (CAF), triamcinolone acetonide (TAC), and estradiol (E(2)) was determined...
Article
A sensitive and reliable liquid chromatographic method was developed and validated for the determination of colistin concentrations in mouse brain homogenate. With a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran-water (50:25:25 [vol/vol]) at a flow rate of 1 ml/min, a linear correlation between peak area and colistin concentration was obs...
Article
With the discovery of novel therapeutic targets within the central nervous system (CNS), there has been a significant effort to synthesize a multitude of drug molecules with increasing potency and selectivity. However, the impact of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in limiting effective concentrations of drug candidate from reaching the brain parenchy...
Article
As a disease-modifying approach for Alzheimer's disease (AD), clioquinol (CQ) targets beta-amyloid (Abeta) reactions with synaptic Zn and Cu yet promotes metal uptake. Here we characterize the second-generation 8-hydroxy quinoline analog PBT2, which also targets metal-induced aggregation of Abeta, but is more effective as a Zn/Cu ionophore and has...
Article
The plasma pharmacokinetics and brain uptake of the novel neuroprotective agent AM-36 (1-(2-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxy)ethyl-4-(3,5-bis-(1,1dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl) methylpiperazine) were assessed over 72 h following i.v. administration to male Sprague-Dawley rats. At nominal i.v. doses of 0.2, 1 and 3mg kg(-1), AM-36 exhibited an extremely...
Chapter
The buccal mucosa serves as an attractive site for the systemic delivery of many drugs, including peptides and proteins, because of its inherent permeability and the avoidance of intestinal and hepatic first-pass effects. In order to assess the potential of the buccal mucosa to act as a site of drug absorption in preclinical drug discovery and deve...
Article
Background: Dysregulation of brain metal ion homeostasis, particularly copper and zinc, may be closely involved in the initiation and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its characteristic beta-amyloid (Abeta) neuropathology. PBT2 is a novel 8-hydroxyquinoline under development as a treatment for AD. It targets zinc-and copper-induced aggre...
Article
Much research has focussed on the development of novel therapeutic agents to target various central nervous system disorders, however less attention has been given to determining the potential of such agents to permeate the blood-brain barrier (BBB), a factor that will ultimately govern the effectiveness of these agents in man. In order to assess t...
Article
In this study, the buccal mucosal uptake and retention of triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) were assessed in the presence of the skin penetration enhancer, Azone (AZ). Porcine buccal mucosa was excised, mounted in modified Ussing chambers, and pretreated with ethanolic solutions of AZ. After 2 h, the rate of TAC disappearance from the donor chamber and...
Article
Certain agents that increase drug delivery through the skin, including surfactants, bile salts, and fatty acids, have been shown to exert a similar effect on the buccal mucosa. These agents enhance skin permeability by interacting with and disrupting the ordered intercellular lipid lamellae within the keratinized stratum corneum, and it has been as...
Article
In this study, the effects of occlusion, octisalate (OS), and propylene glycol (PG) on the in vitro skin permeability of testosterone (TES) have been investigated. TES (either alone or with OS 5% w/v) was applied as a finite dose to full-thickness neonatal porcine skin mounted in flow-through diffusion cells and the amount of TES appearing in the r...