Joseph D. Matarazzo

Joseph D. Matarazzo
Oregon Health and Science University | OHSU · Department of Behavioral Neuroscience

PhD

About

225
Publications
13,943
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6,956
Citations

Publications

Publications (225)
Article
Full-text available
Until now, I have not responded to the undocumented and untrue portrayal of me in the Hoffman report, or the newspaper and email accounts of my alleged role in “torture.” I have waited several years because I believed that the American Psychological Association leadership would completely disavow the Hoffman report and find a way to restore my repu...
Book
Nearly two decades of research in clinic, industry, and educational settings have enabled the authors to present this compact but comprehensive report on the structure of the interview process. Joseph D. Matarazzo and Arthur N. Wiens have put together a concise presentation of research evidence; free from the dogged adherence to personal opinion th...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the history of health psychology, examining its intellectual roots as well as its formalization as a field of inquiry and practice in the United States and internationally. Attention is paid to the development of journals, organizations, credentialing, and education and training opportunities throughout the world.Keywords:hea...
Article
Psychiatrically high-risk women were recruited for a postpartum depression prevention trial. Participants were screened at entry (20-26 weeks gestation) by a psychiatrist prior to receiving randomized treatment. Of the 31 patients who did not complete the study, 10 (33%) were dropped because of diagnosed depression. Only two women developed major d...
Article
The interrelationships between cigarette, alcohol, and coffee use were examined in 307 U.S. army trainees and 304 U.S. enlisted army personnel. Usage patterns indicated distinct gender differences in this occupational setting. Among women, cigarette use and alcohol consumption were positively correlated; whereas for men, cigarette and coffee use we...
Article
Food preferences for low fat, low cholesterol foods were obtained directly from 30 mother and child pairs. The food preferences of mothers and children were not related and both were not accurate in estimating each other's food likes. When food preferences of mother and child were correlated with stated frequency of consumption, virtually no relati...
Article
For over 46 years, the American Psychological Association (APA) has sponsored an accreditation system for professional doctoral and internship programs. Throughout its history, national conferences in psychology have consistently supported this accreditation system, at times with reservations. Recently, both academic and professional groups of psyc...
Article
For thousands of years, physicians had available only a few drugs with which to minister to patients and the practice of psychology was an integral and therapeutically powerful component in the practice of medicine. Thus, good "bedside medicine" consisting of empathy, compassion, and a nurturant attitude toward the ill individual was a major compon...
Article
In 1911 John Broadus Watson and Shepard Ivory Franz proposed that the teaching of psychology was as essential to the education of medical students as were anatomy, pharmacology, surgery, and the other basic and clinical sciences. Today, our country's 126 medical schools each employ an average of some 35 full-time faculty psychologists; 6 have estab...
Chapter
Almost one third of all individuals who are 18 years or older and live in the United States have experienced, at some time in their lives, an alcohol-abuse, substance-abuse, or mental disorder. In any 1-month period, three of 20 adults living in the United States experience these disorders. When alcohol or substance abuse is excluded from these sta...
Article
I am impressed and a bit surprised by the similarities in the views of Professors LCvy-Leboyer, Rosenzweig, Ardila, Ritchie and Sabourin, and Diaz-Guerrero, each of whom sees unity in psychology (as I do) but each of whom also sees considerable diversity (which I do not).
Article
As spin-offs of the current revolution in the cognitive and neurosciences, clinical neuropsychologists in the 21st century will be using biological tests of intelligence and cognition that record individual differences in brain functions at the neuromolecular, neurophysiologic, and neurochemical levels. Assessment of patients will focus more on bet...
Conference Paper
As spin-offs of the current revolution in the cognitive and neurosciences, clinical neuropsychologists in the 21st century will be using biological tests of intelligence and cognition that record individual differences in brain functions at the neuromolecular, neurophysiologic, and neurochemical levels Assessment of patients will focus more on bett...
Article
Recognizing the diversity of roles and activities in which many professional psychologists are engaged, beginning in 1979, Professional Awards have been presented to individual members of the Association whose distinguished contributions have served to advance psychology as a profession in the areas of knowledge, professional practice, and public s...
Article
Responds to comments of J. Ziskin and D. Faust (see record 1991-34558-001) and addresses concerns raised by R. M. Dawes (see record 1991-34493-001) concerning J. D. Matarazzo's (see record 1991-05791-001) discussion of the reliability and validity of psychological assessment in a legal setting. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights...
Article
The current author comments on Matarazzo's (see record 1991-05791-001) review of history and philosophy of the assessment process and his exposition of the major issues in that area of applied psychology. The clear distinction drawn among psychological testing, psychological diagnosis, and psychological assessment, and the emphasis placed on indivi...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in a sample of community-living women and men who consumed 1 drink of alcohol/day or less. Self-reports of alcohol consumption and clinical assessments of plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels were obtained twice, at 12 months apart. Among men, consumption of...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in a sample of community-living women and men who consumed 1 drink of alcohol/day or less. Self-reports of alcohol consumption and clinical assessments of plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels were obtained twice, at 12 months apart. Among men, consumption of...
Article
Full-text available
Increasingly, psychological assessment is conducted with clients and patients involved in child custody and personal injury litigation. Clinical neuropsychologists are being asked sophisticated questions by attorneys regarding the validity of practitioners' most highly respected tests. Research reviewed here bears on the validity of test-buttressed...
Article
This study was carried out to underscore that the psychometric properties of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale—Revised (WAIS—R) make it risky for a clinician to utilize, in isolation, an individual's highest WAIS—R subtest score as a robust measure of that person's supposedly higher level of "premorbid" intelligence, or, furthermore, to interpr...
Article
This article highlights trends that show the influence of age, education, IQ, gender, and alcohol abuse on Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery (HRB) performance. These factors must be considered as possible competing hypotheses that might account for a patient's HRB performance. HRB scores among normal, community-living persons can rese...
Article
Responds to criticisms by P. A. Lamal (1989) and G. Frank (1989) concerning J. D. Matarazzo's (see record 1988-05729-001) assertion that there is only one psychology.
Article
Responds to criticisms by P. A. Lamal (1989) and G. Frank (1989) concerning J. D. Matarazzo's (see record 1988-05729-001) assertion that there is only one psychology.
Article
Reports that the public was slow to recognize the relevance of psychology to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related issues of coping, education, and behavior change, but such awareness came about, largely because of pressure from the American Psychological Association (APA) and its members. To make research information accessible as soo...
Article
To be able to evaluate the possible diagnostic significance of the magnitude of subtest-to-subtest scatter on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale—Revised (WAIS-R), it is important to know the frequency of various levels of scatter in the general population. To provide this information, the magnitude of scatter across all 11 subtests, and across t...
Article
Reports that the public was slow to recognize the relevance of psychology to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related issues of coping, education, and behavior change, but such awareness came about, largely because of pressure from the American Psychological Association (APA) and its members. To make research information accessible as soo...
Article
It was recommended by the 1983 National Working Conference on Education and Training in Health Psychology (Stone, 1983) that 2 years of postdoctoral education and training be mandated for future licensed health service providers in health psychology. The background for requiring this postdoctoral training, a model for education, criteria for develo...
Article
This study examines the relations of Type A scores of parents to Type A scores of their children. Parents' Type A behavior was measured by the Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS; Jenkins, Zyzanski, & Rosenman, 1979) and the Framingham scale (FS; Haynes, Levine, Scotch, Feinleib, & Kannel, 1978). Children completed the Hunter-Wolf (HW; Wolf, Sklov, Wenzl,...
Article
For most of the first 100 years of the history of psychology, the reliability and validity of psychological assessment techniques were, in the main, the concerns of psychologists, their patients, and their professional colleagues. This has changed dramatically during the past two decades as the forum for debate on such reliability and validity has...
Article
The author offers and defends two assertions. The first is that students who today receive a PhD degree via matriculation in a university department of psychology study the same principles, processes, and core content of the discipline regardless of the specific area of application (e.g., experimental, clinical, health, social, or industrial psycho...
Article
The author offers and defends two assertions. The first is that students who today receive a PhD degree via matriculation in a university department of psychology study the same principles, processes, and core content of the discipline regardless of the specific area of application (e.g., experimental, clinical, health, social, or industrial psycho...
Article
Responds to the comments by J. J. Kramer (see record 1990-58925-001) on the current author's original article (see record 1986-19878-001), in which Matarazzo contends that computerized clinical psychological test interpretations offer considerable potential for improving the work of health service providers. However, cost additions associated with...
Article
Hostility, Type A behavior, and plasma lipids were assessed in a community sample of 352 women and men. After the contribution of age and body mass index to the variation in plasma lipid and lipoproteins were controlled for, persons scoring high on Type A behavior as well as hostility had elevated levels of plasma and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Article
William A. Hunt was one of our country's early scientist-clinicians. He began his career with study of a psychology that was a meld of Titchener's structuralism and Harvard's functionalism and completed it 50 years later in the field of health psychology. Hunt spent all but a few of those 50 years as a full-time teacher, at schools that included Da...
Article
Concurs with K. R. Murphy's (see record 1987-18930-001) discussion of the present author's (see record 1986-19878-001) study of computerized clinical psychological test interpretations, reiterating that although neither the clinician nor the computer software has been shown to produce a valid product, society today has in place mechanisms by whic...
Article
Concurs with K. R. Murphy's (see record 1987-18930-001) discussion of the present author's (see record 1986-19878-001) study of computerized clinical psychological test interpretations, reiterating that although neither the clinician nor the computer software has been shown to produce a valid product, society today has in place mechanisms by which...
Chapter
In collaboration initially with G. Saslow, R. Matarazzo, and J. Phillips and more recently with A. Wiens and others, we have been concerned since 1955 with the analysis of interview material, focusing on the formal or interactional components of communication. We assume that “the very essence of diagnostic interview and psychotherapy material—inter...
Chapter
Few fields of study in psychology have experienced as explosive a growth of interest during the past decade as health psychology. Demonstration of the interest in this emergent field can be found on a variety of fronts—in the growth of discipline-specific journals, in the award of increasing amounts of federal and private monies for health psycholo...
Article
Clinical research that has used the Wechsler-Bellevue and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales with patients who are suffering lateralized cerebral pathology had indicated distinct patterns of VIQ-PIQ discrepancies related to laterality of hemispheric involvement. Research data also have been interpreted to suggest that VIQ-PIQ discrepancy patterns d...
Article
A group of 104 ex-smokers, drawn from a stratified random sample of community-living, middle-class families, were followed prospectively over a 5-year period. Initially, a subset of 98 of these ex-smokers were interviewed regarding their experiences and attitudes toward cigarette smoking. A total of 93 (95%) of these 98 ex-smokers reported that the...
Article
Ten percent random samples of psychologists in private practice as well as those in the army, navy, and airforce settings were surveyed by mail questionnaire regarding frequency of use of 30 psychological tests and patterns of assessment services. Findings are compared with those from a similar questionnaire sent to 10 percent random samples of psy...
Article
Surveyed 458 psychologists in psychiatric hospitals, community mental health centers and clinics, centers for the developmentally disabled and mentally retarded, counseling centers, and Veterans Administration medical centers to determine if the pattern of psychological service delivery has changed since B. Lubin and A. W. Lubin's (1972) national s...
Article
Surveyed 458 psychologists in psychiatric hospitals, community mental health centers and clinics, centers for the developmentally disabled and mentally retarded, counseling centers, and Veterans Administration medical centers to determine if the pattern of psychological service delivery has changed since B. Lubin and A. W. Lubin's (1972) national s...
Article
Wechsler's intelligence scales long have been subjected to factor analytic studies in an effort to describe the components of measurable human intelligence. Most authors have extracted a general factor g, as well as a Verbal Comprehension factor, Perceptual Organization factor, and Memory/Freedom from Distractibility factor from a two- or three-fac...
Article
This paper examines the application of social learning theory (SLT) in large-scale studies designed to investigate the effects of dietary intervention in the lowering of plasma cholesterol level and prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). Several SLT-based intervention methods are reviewed including behavioral self-regulation techniques, group...
Article
Attitudes play an important role in the adoption and maintenance of a variety of health habits. In the present study, the Nutrition Attitude Survey (NAS) was developed to measure attitudes pertaining to the adoption of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet. Factor analysis identified four primary attitudinal factors: Helpless and Unhealthy, Food Explorat...
Article
Contends that computerized clinical psychological test interpretations offer considerable potential for improving the work of health service providers. However, cost additions associated with this technology have increased the probabilities that legislative, judicial, and administrative restrictions and sanctions will be imposed. Evidence accumulat...
Article
Suggests that R. D. Fowler and J. N. Butcher (see record 1986-20446-001) and the present author (see record 1986-19878-001) are on the same side of the computer-based-test-interpretation controversy. It is argued that companies and franchisers formed overnight during the past 5 yrs and selling indiscriminately to undereducated or undertrained use...
Article
From the perspective of a family systems therapist, human-animal companion relationships offer unique insights into the emotional processes of the family. Often perceived as "a member of the family ", the role of pets in the family, and how these relationships may be revealed in family photographs, is the subject of this paper. The clinical implica...
Article
The author believes that computerized clinical psychological test interpretations offer considerable potential for improving the work of health service providers. In the not-too-distant future, it may be possible to use in isolation such products of our new technology in validly describing a unique human. However, until future research establishes...
Article
Suggests that R. D. Fowler and J. N. Butcher (see record 1986-20446-001) and the present author (see record 1986-19878-001) are on the same side of the computer-based-test-interpretation controversy. It is argued that companies and franchisers formed overnight during the past 5 yrs and selling indiscriminately to undereducated or undertrained users...
Article
The development of computers and related hardware for computer-assisted, psychological test interpretation represents an important advance in the field of psychological assessment. Unfortunately, development and validation of associated software is not as advanced as is the hardware. Yet software is the heart of packages being sold in unprecedented...
Article
Compared psychological test usage in 5 settings surveyed in 1982 by the 1st 3 authors (see record 1985-05592-001) to establish a more useful basis for subsequent comparisons than that which is available in their composite. The 1982 questionnaire containing the 30 most frequently used tests in the 1969 survey (the 1st author et al, 1971) was sent t...
Article
A discussion on the distinction between statistically significant Verbal-Performance IQ discrepancies and the frequencies with which such differences occur in the WAIS-R standardization sample is presented. An example is provided to aid in the determination of Wechsler Verbal-Performance IQ frequency data, and comparisons are made between statistic...
Article
Previous studies have examined intra-individual aggregation in the use of cigarettes, alcohol, and coffee by examining the co-occurrent use of any pair of these three substances. A recent literature review failed to find a single investigation that studied use of all three in the same sample. In the present study, co-occurrent use of all three of t...
Article
Previous studies of sex differences in the effects of unilateral lesions were critically reviewed. New data were included in a review of 28 samples of patients with unilateral right or left cerebral lesions. The results reveal that the relationship of sex to the magnitude of Verbal vs. Performance IQ discrepancy is equal for both right and left les...
Chapter
In the past several decades, and within this century in particular, there has been a major shift in the nature of the ills which threaten man’s quality of life and longevity. Whereas previously the major health challenge which confronted mankind involved survival amidst a host of environmental pathogens (predators, infectious diseases, starvation),...
Article
The data analyzed were the 14 WAIS-R scores from each of the individuals who comprised the WAIS-R standardization sample. Examined was the individual VIQ-PIQ difference from only the initial examination of each of the 1880 subjects, as well as the test-retest change in each of the 14 WAIS-R scores for each of the 119 subjects who were retested. The...
Article
Compared results from a survey of 108 chief psychologists at medical schools to the results of a previous survey by the 2nd author and colleagues (see record 1978-32394-001). The current survey revealed considerable progress in changing the bylaws of university-affiliated hospitals to enable psychologists to be members of the active medical staff....
Article
In an effort to examine knowledge about heart disease and nutrition and attitudes toward dietary change, 754 women and 125 men were interviewed. The majority of respondents recognized the association between coronary heart disease and various risk factors, including dietary cholesterol. Although they acknowledged the value of dietary change in redu...
Article
Analyzed years of schooling as compared to WAIS—R scores in each of the 1,880 Ss used to standardize the test. Results show a progressive increase in mean Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) from individuals who completed 8 or fewer years of education (FSIQ = 86.4) to individuals who completed 9–21 yrs (FSIQ = 96.4), 12 yrs (FSIQ = 100.1), 13–25 yrs (FSIQ = 107.4...
Article
A random sample of 501 eligible families was selected from a designated neighborhood in Portland, Oregon, and given the opportunity to join a 5-year intervention program promoting a low-fat and low-cholesterol eating pattern designed to reduce risk for coronary heart disease. Participation entailed three baseline assessments of clinical, dietary, a...
Article
Reviews observational and survey studies on the simultaneous use of 2 or more of the following substances: tobacco, alcohol, or caffeine. Evidence to date indicates that, among each of the 3 possible pairs of relationships of these 3 substances, alcohol and tobacco use and tobacco and caffeine use are moderately to strongly related, and caffeine an...
Article
Presents findings from a survey mailed to 10% samples of psychologists in psychiatric hospitals, community mental health centers and community clinics, schools for the mentally impaired, counseling centers, and VA hospitals that assessed the frequency of psychological test usage. The survey sought to update findings from a similar survey conducted...
Article
Type A behavior and its components (measured on the JAS) were examined in relation to attentional style and symptom reporting in 294 healthy adult men and women. The results showed that for both men and women the JAS Type A, Job Involvement, and Hard Driving factors were all associated with self-reported attentional effectiveness as measured by the...
Article
Experience suggests that many psychologists and psychiatrists, as well as most attorneys, judges, and other individuals whose work requires a knowledge of the extent of the reliability of psychologic and psychiatric diagnosis are not aware that recent research has dramatically influenced the conclusions one may draw in regard to the fallability of...
Article
Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for coronary heart disease. However, its mechanisms of action remain to be fully explored. The hypothesis of the present study is that 1 mechanism whereby cigarette smoking enhances coronary disease might result from its effects upon the plasma lipids. Accordingly, we measured the plasma lipids and lipo...
Article
Points out that the relative risk of premature death is twice the average for persons who engage in any one of the following pathogenic behaviors: smoking, overeating to 50% over normal weight, and working and living under a chronically stressed lifestyle called the Type A behavior pattern. However, Americans are beginning to understand and accept...
Article
For the past three decades neuropsychologists have published results which indicated that left-sided cerebral dysfunction affected the Wechsler Verbal Scale whereas right-sided dysfunction affected the Performance Scale. Recent investigations have indicated that the effects of cerebral dysfunction on performance of the Wechsler Scales may be differ...
Article
Reviews previous conferences on graduate education and training in health psychology (HP) as background for a 1983 conference on career and training issues in the field. Criteria characterizing professions are presented. Expected topics at the conference include societal need for orderly development of HP, work functions and roles of health psychol...
Article
Presents a brief history of the advances that have occurred in psychology and other behavioral sciences during the last two centuries, and notes that the disciplines of medicine and psychology developed independently of each other during those centuries. One of the reasons for the presently occurring rapprochement between psychology and medicine de...
Chapter
Probably the single most important development which helped the scientific community to recognize the role of behavioral factors in health and illness and the need to address this knowledge in future training and research was the scientific knowledge accumulated between 1960 and 1980 on the role of behavioral and environmental factors, including an...
Article
Treatment outcome studies of alcoholism have historically had innumerable difficulties and controversy. Few investigators ever have reported a replication of their initial study results, let alone the crossvalidation of such initial results. This article provides results of a four-year replication study of a medical behavioral treatment approach. C...
Article
The present review examines the role of several target behaviors in the treatment of hyperlipidemia, including diet, exercise, cigarette smoking, Type A pattern, and medication adherence. Modification of the typical American diet (high in cholesterol, fat, and sodium) is emphasized in the treatment of hyperlipidemia since a multitude of laboratory,...
Article
Full-text available
Yearly expenditures for health care in the US exceed $200 billion; interdisciplinary analysts believe that the financial human costs associated with such preventable dysfunctions as lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, drug and alcohol abuse, and vehicle accidents are a needless waste of human and fiscal resources. A consensus has emerged that the...
Article
Examined the relationship between reported Cornell Medical Index (CMI) symptoms and various biomedical and behavioral coronary risk factors in 202 male and 213 female healthy, community-living, middle-class American adults. Number of symptoms reported on the CMI was found to be positively correlated with plasma lipids, lipoproteins, blood pressure,...
Chapter
The relationships between medicine and psychology may be traced,to antiquity; more specifically, references to the exquisite relationship between mind and body, including one’s health and one’s behavior, will be found in humankind’s earliest writings, dating back to 5000 B.C. It is, however, an interesting historical fact that in the mountains or e...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Ruth is my wife ad frequent coauthor. Please add her to Researchgate. Her email address is matarazr@ohsu.edu Thank you.

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