Joseph Francese

Joseph Francese
United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine · USDA APHIS PPQ S&T Otis Laboratory Buzzards Bay MA

M.S. Environmental and Forest Biology, SUNY-ESF

About

32
Publications
7,109
Reads
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875
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
396 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Introduction
Developing and improving traps and lures for invasive species, including the emerald ash borer (and other buprestids) and the spotted lanternfly.
Additional affiliations
March 2000 - present
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Position
  • Entomologist
January 1997 - November 1999
State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Management responses to invasive forest insects are facilitated by the use of detection traps ideally baited with species-specific semiochemicals. Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, is currently invading North American forests, and since its detection in 2002, development of monitoring tools has been a primary research objective. We...
Article
Full-text available
The spotted lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula (White), an invasive, phloem-feeding fulgorid generalist, was recently discovered in the United States. Current trapping methods include placing glue-covered sticky bands around trunks of host trees to exploit the lanternfly's behavior of climbing up tree trunks. These bands are messy and need to be replac...
Article
Full-text available
As part of an ongoing project to improve survey and detection for the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, several field assays were conducted to (1) determine how often traps need to be checked during a given field season, and (2) compare the effectiveness of traps with "dry" (with insecticidal strips or internal funnel) vs. "wet" (with propyle...
Article
Full-text available
The velvet longhorned beetle, Trichoferus campestris (Faldermann) (“VLB”; Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), is native to eastern Asia where it infests and damages a wide range of deciduous and coniferous tree species, including orchard and timber species. Immature stages of VLB are transported to new countries via international commerce, and populations h...
Article
Full-text available
The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae), is an invasive woodborer that poses a serious threat to urban and natural landscapes. In North America, this beetle is a quarantine pest, and populations are subject to eradication efforts that consist of the identification, removal, and destru...
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Full-text available
The emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is a serious invasive pest of North American ash (Fraxinus spp.) that has caused devastating mortality since it was first identified in North America in 2002. In 2012, we conducted field trapping assays that tested the efficacy of purple prism and fluon-coated green mul...
Article
Field and laboratory studies were performed to determine the phenology of flight activity and the thermal requirements for adult emergence of Sirex noctilio.Degree-day (DD) accumulation from egg to adult was measured in bolts of Pinus sylvestris infested with eggs from laboratory-reared adults. Adult emergence was similarly monitored in bolts from...
Article
Full-text available
The current emerald ash borer survey trap used in the United States is a prism trap constructed from a stock purple corrugated plastic. In recent years, several colors (particularly shades of green and purple) have been shown to be more attractive to the emerald ash borer than this stock color. Our goal was to determine if plastics produced with th...
Article
Full-text available
Field assays were conducted in southeastern and south-central Michigan in 2011 and 2012 to optimize green and purple multifunnel (Lindgren funnel) traps for use as a survey tool for the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire. Larger sized (12- and 16-unit) multifunnel traps caught more beetles than their smaller-sized (4- and 8-unit) coun...
Article
Full-text available
Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) is an invasive species from Asia that was discovered in North America Canada, in 2002. Herein, we describe studies to develop an autocontamination trapping system to disseminate Beauveria bassiana to control beetle populations. The standard trap for emerald ash borer in Cana...
Article
Full-text available
Tens of thousands of adhesive-coated purple prism traps are deployed annually in the United States to survey for the invasive emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). A reusable, more user-friendly trap is desired by program managers, surveyors, and researchers. Field assays were conducted in southeastern Michigan...
Article
Full-text available
En 2008, nous avons comparé les nombres d'agriles du frêne (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, capturés sur des pièges en forme de prisme et enduits de colle, de taille (standard, étroite de longueur double et réduite àun quart), couleur (vert et violet) et hauteur (à mi-feuillage (10– 13 m) et près du sol (1,5 m)) différentes en relation avec la...
Article
Full-text available
Field assays were performed to determine the optimal color for Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) traps. Previous studies have found that more A. planipennis are caught on purple or green traps than traps of other colors. In three studies, we evaluated various shades of purple, wavelengths of green (500-570 nm), and greens of d...
Article
1 Sirex noctilio Fabricius, an invasive woodwasp responsible for severe economic damage to pine industries in the southern hemisphere, is now established in the northeastern U.S.A. and portions of eastern Canada. 2 Parts of North America are considered to be high risk for S. noctilio invasion. Effective detection tools, including trap trees, are ne...
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Full-text available
Retinal sensitivity of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) was examined with an aim to improve trap efficacy for the beetle. Electroretinogram (ERG) recordings from dark-adapted compound eyes of male and female were measured at different wavelengths across the spectrum ranging from 300 to 700 nm. The spectral sensitivity curves...
Article
Full-text available
The key to an effective pest management program for the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera Buprestidae), is a survey program equipped with tools for detecting and delimiting populations. We studied the effects of trap design, color, and placement on the efficacy of sticky traps for capturing the emerald ash borer. There we...
Article
Full-text available
Bark volatiles from green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica were tested for electrophysiological activity by Agrilus planipennis using gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) and for behavioral activity using baited purple traps in Michigan. GC-EAD analysis of the headspace volatiles of bark tissue samples from 0- and 24-h-old fully g...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Current trapping methods include placing glue-covered sticky bands around trunks of host trees to exploit the lanternfly’s behavior of climbing up tree trunks. These bands are messy and need to be replaced often as they become covered in both target and non-target insects and debris. The goal of this project is to develop a re-usable, non-sticky trap that also exploits SLF's walking behavior.
Project
We are working to develop and sensitive and selective pheromone-based lure + trap to monitor and/or control VLB.