José Luís Zêzere

José Luís Zêzere
University of Lisbon | UL · Institute of Geography and Territorial Planning

PhD

About

287
Publications
86,071
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4,023
Citations
Citations since 2016
123 Research Items
2845 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Introduction
José Luís Zêzere currently works at the Institute of Geography and Territorial Planning, University of Lisbon. José does research in Geomorphology and Physical Geography. Current projects: (i) RISKCOAST – Development of tools to prevent and manage geological risks on the coast linked to climate change; (ii) BESAFESLIDE – Landslide Early Warning soft technology prototype to improve community resilience and adaptation to environmental change; (iii) People&Fire – Reducing Risk, Living with Risk

Publications

Publications (287)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the impacts of multi-hazard risk in urban areas is a fundamental step towards the adoption of resilience-enhancement and disaster prevention strategies, underpinning institutional adjustments aimed at improving the capacity of the authorities and stakeholders to manage risk. Within this framework, the work presented in this paper seek...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfire risk assessment provides important tools to fire management, by analysing and aggregating information regarding multiple, interactive dimensions. The three main risk dimensions hazard, exposure and vulnerability, the latter considered in its social dimension, were quantified separately at the local scale for 972 civil parishes in central m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMO Os cenários futuros de subida do nível do mar em Portugal colocam, previsivelmente, em risco áreas sensíveis do ponto de vista natural e urbano. Partindo da definição da linha de máxima preia-mar de águas-vivas equinociais, a suscetibilidade à inundação costeira é avaliada recorrendo às alturas de sobre-elevação meteorológica, ao espraio de...
Article
Full-text available
Estuarine margins are usually heavily occupied areas that are commonly affected by compound flooding triggers originating from different sources (e.g., coastal, fluvial, and pluvial). Therefore, estuarine flood management remains a challenge due to the need to combine the distinct dimensions of flood triggers and damages. Past flood data are critic...
Article
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Fluvial flooding continues to be a process that has a major impact on society, the environment and the economy. Although its natural triggering factors, the spatial configuration of exposure and vulnerability is expected to play a relevant role in explaining the damage records. The starting point of this research is the use of existing flood suscep...
Article
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This study addresses the role of natural hazard insurance in two European countries with different insurance markets and socioeconomic conditions: Sweden and Portugal. The analyses were conducted at the national, regional (Southern Sweden and Lisbon Metropolitan Area – LMA), and local (Malmö and Lisbon cities) scales. Most damage caused by weather...
Article
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The Lisbon metropolitan area (LMA, central-west of Portugal) has been severely affected by different geohazards (flooding episodes, landslides, subsidence, and earthquakes) that have generated considerable damage to properties and infrastructures, in the order of millions of euros per year. This study is focused on the analysis of subsidence, as re...
Article
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Disaster communication guidelines emphasize that journalists should be aware of past major disasters and draw lessons from the coverage of those events. The press is an important source for the evolution of historical disaster and risk research paradigms over time. This study explored the top 10 damaging hydrogeomorphological events in Portugal sel...
Conference Paper
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The increase in the number of heavy precipitation events and drought periods due to climate change induce geohazards that significantly affect the economy and pose significant threats to the population. The coast is a particularly vulnerable territory, as it has been extensively modified by urban development mainly related to tourism. The RISKCOAST...
Preprint
Full-text available
The spatial and temporal patterns of wildfires and their effects over a given area can be described using the concept of fire regime. Here, we characterize fire regimes Central Portugal and investigate the degree to which the differences between regimes are influenced by a set of biophysical drivers. Using civil parishes as units of analysis, we em...
Article
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This data paper describes the multinational Database of Flood Fatalities from the Euro-Mediterranean region FFEM-DB that hosts data of 2,875 flood fatalities from 12 territories (nine of which represent entire countries) in Europe and the broader Mediterranean region from 1980 to 2020. The FFEM-DB database provides data on fatalities’ profiles, loc...
Article
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Estuaries are usually affected by compound flooding triggers that cause diverse territorial damages. While fluvial flood risk assessment frameworks are well established in the literature, integrated management instruments that deal with estuarine flood risk remain incomplete and often lacking. This research presents a methodology to extract relevan...
Chapter
Landslides are deposits of rock, debris, and earth that have moved down a slope by gravity. The five major types of landslides based on mechanisms are falls, topples, slides, spreads, and flows. This article describes shallow slides, which are one of the most common types of landslides in all the world's climate zones and are characterized by a red...
Chapter
The development of integrated decision-support tools, able to assess multiple hazards at the regional and local scales, is a fundamental step to enhance the preparedness of urban areas to mitigate present and future risks arising from climate change. Understanding multi-hazard risk can help prioritize resilience-increasing actions and disaster prev...
Chapter
Full-text available
Wildfires in Portugal are increasingly putting the population and existing assets at risk. In the aftermath of the fires of2017, there was a renovated concern to increase the protection of settlements and the self-protection abilities of thepopulation; as such, several initiatives were developed with the aim of increasing the resilience and safety...
Chapter
O período entre 2018 e 2022 mostrou-nos que o problema dos incêndios à escala global não está a diminuir, antes pelo contrário. Parece que as consequências das alterações climáticas já estão a afectar a ocorrência de incêndios florestais em várias partes do Mundo, de uma forma que só esperaríamos que acontecesse vários anos mais tarde. Em muitos pa...
Chapter
The spatial and temporal properties of burned areas are a major component of fire regimes. We analyse three parameters related to burned area within central Portugal, and then investigate the degree to which their variation is influenced by a set of biophysical drivers. Using civil parishes as units of analysis, we study three complementary paramet...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of fire regime can be used to describe, with different degrees of complexity, the spatial and temporal patterns of fires and their effects within a given area and over a given period. In this work, we explore the relations between fire regime and a set of potential biophysical controls at a local scale, for 972 civil parishes in central...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O Quadro de Ação de Hyogo para a Redução do Risco de Desastre 2015-2030, veio salientar a necessidade da adoção de políticas, estratégias e medidas de redução de impactos baseadas no conhecimento integrado dos fatores de risco (UNISDR, 2015; UNDRR, 2019). Muito se tem progredido neste sentido, proporcionando aos decisores e técnicos um melhor conhe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A freguesia de Alvares foi gravemente afetada em 2017, tendo ardido cerca de 70% da sua área, tornando-se necessário melhorar a sua capacidade de resposta. Para isso, foram aplicadas duas metodologias: com recurso a ferramentas SIG (cost path e cost distance) e com o Pedestrian Evacuation Analyst Tool (PEAT). Comparando ambas as abordagens, a popul...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumo Um índice de risco de incêndio foi aplicado às 972 freguesias da região Centro de Portugal Continental, integrando três dimensões: perigosidade, exposição e vulnerabilidade social. As freguesias do setor centro-sul apresentam níveis de risco mais elevados. Os padrões espaciais variam para cada dimensão; a vulnerabilidade mais elevada ocorre...
Article
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A freguesia de Alvares, no concelho de Góis, foi muito afetada pelos incêndios de junho de 2017, tendo ardido 70% da sua área. Para melhorar a proteção das comunidades locais e aumentar a sua capacidade de resposta, é fundamental avaliar o nível de exposição das povoações a grandes incêndios. Neste sentido, foi avaliado o nível de exposição das pov...
Article
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Wildfire susceptibility maps are a well-known tool for optimizing available means to plan for prevention, early detection, and wild-fire suppression in Portugal, especially regarding the critical fire season (1 July À 30 September). These susceptibility maps typically disregard seasonal weather conditions on each given year, being based on predispo...
Article
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Wildfire susceptibility and hazard models based on drivers that change only on a multiyear timescale are considered of a structural nature. They ignore specific short-term conditions in any year and period within the year, especially summer, when most wildfire damage occurs in southern Europe. We investigate whether the predictive capacity of struc...
Chapter
Modeling and understanding the impact of climate change on flooding processes in Mediterranean climate areas, namely in southern Europe, is a complex endeavor that must also consider losses and vulnerability patterns. Understanding disaster risk involves multidimensional and multiscale information, demanding the development of methods that integrat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dimensões da vulnerabilidade de populações expostas a inundação: apontamentos da literatura Redução do risco de desastres e a resiliência no meio rural e urbano Introdução Anualmente, como aponta o World Resources Institute (WRI, 2020), inundações afetam, em média, 21 milhões de pessoas em todo o planeta. Segundo projeções do mesmo instituto, em 20...
Conference Paper
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Resumo: Os estuários são áreas complexas onde coexistem múltiplos fatores forçadores do processo de inundação, como as marés, sobrelevação meteorológica ou o caudal fluvial. Simultaneamente são áreas intensamente ocupadas onde frequentemente estão localizadas infraestruturas críticas. A subida do nível médio do mar vem colocar novos desafios à gest...
Article
We present new wildfire susceptibility and hazard maps for mainland Portugal. • Predisposing factors are landcover, slope angle and elevation. • We applied the Likelihood Ratio method and used fire history from 1975 to 2018. • Landcover favourability scores are obtained for different timeframes. • Structural maps can support spatial planning and ri...
Article
In contemporary societies the media is oriented to cover disaster considering the intersection between three dimensions of risk: hazard, exposure and vulnerability. In the past, the prevailing theory was the naturalization of disasters that considered disasters as extreme events generated by the nature, where human action did not influence disaster...
Article
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The large wildfires of June 2017 disturbed many communities in central Portugal. The civil parish of Alvares was severely affected, with about 60% of its area burnt. Assessing the risk of large wildfires affecting local communities is becoming increasingly important, to reduce potential losses in the future. In this study, we assessed wildfire risk...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the current developments in flood forecasting and emergency management, floods still consist a significant threat to people and properties. At a national level in Europe, data on flood fatalities are fragmentary and they are mainly focused on death toll, without providing further details regarding victims' characteristics or the circumstanc...
Article
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Landslides have a direct impact in the ecosystems dynamics being considered one of the main vegetation perturbation processes. Our objective is to determine the relation between vegetation cover evolution and time period after landslide disturbance, and therefore to assess the potential use of vegetation evolution within landslide areas as temporal...
Article
Understanding the characteristics of wildfire-affected communities and the importance of particular factors of different dimensions, is paramount to improve prevention and mitigation strategies, tailored to people's needs and abilities. In this study, we explored different combinations of biophysical and social factors to characterize wildfire-affe...
Article
Rilo, A.; Tavares, A.; Freire, P.; Zêzere, J.L., and Haigh, I., 2020. Enhancing estuarine flood risk management: comparative analysis of three estuarine systems. In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 935-939 Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Estuarine floo...
Chapter
The geological and geomorphological characteristics of Lisbon are presented and linked with city settlement and development. The population and infrastructure concentration make Lisbon more vulnerable to geomorphological hazards. Important geomorphological disasters affected the city in the past and were responsible for significant transformations...
Chapter
Earthquakes, tsunami, landslides, coastal erosion and floods are major geomorphological hazards in Portugal’s mainland. The earthquakes are concentrated along the Algarve coastal zone and along the west coastal zone, mainly between Sines and the Nazaré Canyon, but also along the Lower Tagus Valley Fault Zone. Strong earthquakes with epicentre in th...
Chapter
In the last decades, Portugal was affected by several geomorphological hazards that produced high levels of destruction and disruption on human activities, particularly due to the inappropriate occupation of areas where natural hazardous phenomena occur. To cope against the consequences of these hazards, a set of legal instruments has been implemen...
Chapter
The alternating lithology together with the low-to-moderate monocline south to southeast dipping in the North of Lisbon Region promoted the development of cuesta landforms that were shaped by differential erosion during the Quaternary. The fluvial erosion generated a large depression—the Loures Basin—where several deposits were formed during the Qu...
Chapter
The Arrábida Chain is one of the finest structural examples of the Alpine orogeny in Portugal. Placed along the south-western coast of the Setubal Peninsula, it presents one of the most spectacular coastal geomorphological settings in Portugal, with vertical sea cliffs with over 150 m plunging into the Atlantic Ocean. Due to its geographical positi...
Article
In Portugal landslides caused 237 fatalities and >1600 displaced people in the period 1865–2015. Spatial distribution and temporal patterns of slope instability can be related with a complex set of natural and human factors responsible for generating damages. It is essential to develop new methodologies to synthetize risk dimensions to contribute t...
Article
Your personalized Share Link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1aTec14Z6teh1n During the period 1998-2017, floods were responsible for 11% of the loss of life and 23% of the economic loss caused by climate-related and geophysical-related disasters worldwide. An integrated and effective definition of flood risk management strategies therefore still r...
Article
Debris flows are one of the most hazardous types of landslides in mountain regions. In the upper part of the Zêzere valley (Serra da Estrela, Portugal) several debris flows events occurred in the last 200 years, some of them causing loss of lives andmaterial damages. In thiswork, amethodology for pedestrian evacuationmodelling, in a debris flow haz...
Book
The book brings together contributions from over 35 Portuguese geomorphologists, presenting a thorough overview of the main highlights of the landscape of Portugal's mainland, Azores and Madeira. The book, which is a tribute to Professor António de Brum Ferreira, first President of the Portuguese Association of Geomorphologists and former Professor...
Data
This dataset, named EUFF (EUropean Flood Fatalities) collects data about flood mortality (2466 cases) occurred during a 39-year period (1980-2018) in 8 countries divided into 9 study areas (Czech Republic, Israel, Italy, Turkey, Greece, Portugal, South France, Catalonia and Balearic Islands). The methodological approach to gather data was based on...
Article
Wildfires are a major environmental hazard in Portugal and cause deep social and economic disruption, demanding urgent actions for risk mitigation and people's protection. We aimed to understand if the personal characteristics of people, such as age, gender or education level, influenced their knowledge and perception regarding specific topics rela...
Article
Full-text available
Floods are still a significant threat to people, despite of the considerable developments in forecasting, management, defensive, and rescue works. In the near future, climate and societal changes as both urbanization of flood prone areas and individual dangerous behaviors could increase flood fatalities. This paper analyzes flood mortality in eight...
Article
Full-text available
This research is focused on the susceptibility assessment of shallow slides by modeling the failure and run-out areas separately. The shallow slides failure is evaluated using a statistical method (logistic regression) and for the run-out assessment, a simple cellular automata model is proposed. The existence of shallow slides inventories occurred...
Article
Full-text available
The hydrographic basin of Ribeira Grande (S. Miguel Island, Azores) has a set of characteristics that enhance the occurrence of shallow slides that have been triggered by rainfall and earthquakes. Two landslide inventories were built according to the landslide triggers: Landslide Inventory 2 (LI 2), which includes 174 earthquake-triggered shallow s...
Article
Full-text available
Landslides are one of the most serious geomorphological hazards in Asturias (NW Spain), where their temporal forecasting constitutes a key issue. The present work uses 559 records from the Principality of Asturias Landslide Database (BAPA) and daily precipitation data series from six rain gauges, gathered during a period of 8 hydrological years (20...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research is focused on the susceptibility assessment of shallow slides in the region north of Lisbon (Portugal), by modelling the failure and run-out areas separately. The shallow slides failure is evaluated using a statistical method (logistic regression). The existence of shallow slides inventories occurred in distinct periods allowed the sep...
Chapter
This paper presents the implementation in QGIS of spatial informations for two case studies in Italy and Portugal by the conceptualization proposed in MOVE (Methods for the Improvement of Vulnerability assessment in Europe, www.move-fp7.eu). The chosen areas are in Turin (Italy) and Porto – Vila Nova de Gaia (Portugal). The conceptual model MOVE de...
Chapter
Full-text available
A probabilidade de uma catástrofe, natural, antrópica ou mista, ter um efeito des-truidor sobre a habitação e os elementos do espaço público envolvente é muito significativa, sobretudo em áreas de forte densidade populacional, como os espa-ços urbanos. O facto de a função residencial ocupar a maior área das cidades, asso-ciada à evolução longa e au...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SUMÁRIO O desastre natural consiste numa disrupção séria do funcionamento de uma comunidade ou sociedade, a qualquer escala, devido à interação de um ou vários processos perigosos com as condições de exposição, vulnerabilidade e capacidade de adaptação, responsável por perdas e impactos humanos, materiais, económicos e/ou ambientais. Neste trabalho...
Article
The DISASTER database records 1969 unique hydro-geomorphologic cases (floods and landslides) that generated human damages in Portugal during a 150 year-period (1865–2015. The main purposes of this work are the following: to present a national disaster events catalogue; to analyse the atmospheric conditions and to discuss the role of rainfall as mai...