Jose María Roda

Jose María Roda
Hospital Universitario La Paz · Servicio de Neurocirugía

Head of Service

About

168
Publications
23,733
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3,047
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January 1998 - present
Hospital Universitario La Paz
Position
  • Collaborator

Publications

Publications (168)
Article
Full-text available
Objective: We evaluate the performance of three MRI methods to determine non-invasively tumor size, as overall survival (OS) and Progression Free Survival (PFS) predictors, in a cohort of wild type, IDH negative, glioblastoma patients. Investigated protocols included bidimensional (2D) diameter measurements, and three-dimensional (3D) estimations b...
Article
Full-text available
Bell's palsy is the most common diagnosis associated with facial nerve weakness or paralysis. However, not all patients with facial paresis/paralysis have Bell's palsy. Other common causes include treatment of vestibular schwannoma, head and neck tumours, iatrogenic injuries, Herpes zoster, or trauma. The approach to each of these conditions varies...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To analyze the outcome of facial nerve (FN) reconstruction, the impact of technical variations in different conditions and locations, and the importance of additional techniques in case of suboptimal results. Study design Retrospective study. Setting University-based tertiary referral center. Patients Between 2001 and 2017, reconstruc...
Article
BACKGROUND We assess the efficacy of the metabolomic profile from glioma biopsies, in providing estimates of postsurgical Overall Survival in glioma patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Tumor biopsies from 46 patients bearing gliomas, obtained neurosurgically in the period 1992–1998, were analyzed by high resolution 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H...
Poster
BACKGROUND A wider view of the interaction between different omic-domains is needed to identify potential biomarkers of low- and high-grade gliomas. Using an interactomic approach, we analyzed the correlation between radiological data, IDH mutation, gene expression profiling and metabolic signature in glioma samples. MATERIAL AND METHODS Tumor bio...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: We assess the efficacy of the metabolomic profile from glioma biopsies in providing estimates of postsurgical Overall Survival in glioma patients. Methods: Tumor biopsies from 46 patients bearing gliomas, obtained neurosurgically in the period 1992–1998, were analyzed by high resolution ¹H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (HR- ¹H MRS), fo...
Article
Background and purpose: Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death, disability and high unmet medical need indication. Post-reperfusion inflammatory response and upregulation of TLR4, upstream sensor of innate immunity, is associated with poor outcome in stroke patients. Here, we identify the therapeutic effect of targeting LPS/TLR4 signal transd...
Article
Full-text available
Bell's palsy is the most common diagnosis associated with facial nerve weakness or paralysis. However, not all patients with facial paresis/paralysis have Bell's palsy. Other common causes include treatment of vestibular schwannoma, head and neck tumours, iatrogenic injuries, Herpes zoster, or trauma. The approach to each of these conditions varies...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Much has been published on syringomyelia related to Chiari malformation. In contrast, little is known about the condition when it is not associated with this malformation, but this presentation of syringomyelia constitutes a different entity and therefore requires specific management. We conducted a literature review to summarise the m...
Article
Introduction: Solitary fibrous tumor (TFS) is a rare tumor of mesenchymal origin, located mainly in the pleura. It is extraordinarily infrequent find it at the intraespinal level, being the thoracic region the most frequent. Case presentation: We present the case of a 48-year-old patient with progressive ascending lower limb and myelopathy of on...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Much has been published on syringomyelia related to Chiari malformation. In contrast, little is known about the condition when it is not associated with this malformation, but this presentation of syringomyelia constitutes a different entity and therefore requires specific management. We conducted a literature review to summarise the...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To study the evolution of patients with immediate complete facial paralysis after acoustic neuroma surgery in different scenarios and assess different facial reanimations techniques. Methods: This study included 50 patients with complete facial paralysis immediately after acoustic neuroma surgery. Data were analyzed into 4 groups acco...
Article
High molecular weight glycosaminoglycanes of the extracellular matrix have been implicated in tissue repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate if small synthetic hyaluronan disaccharides with different degrees of sulfation (di0S, di4S and di4,6S) could improve cell survival in in vitro and in vivo brain ischemia related models. Rat hippocampal...
Article
Objective: To estimate the reliability of the Bone Conduction-HeadBand (BC-HB) test for predicting the postoperative functional outcome of a round-window (RW) vibroplasty. Study Design: Within-subject comparison of the functional results of the BC-HB test, which is routinely used for the preoperative evaluation of a bone-conduction transducer, with...
Article
Full-text available
This retrospective case review was performed to determine the facial function outcome of an end-to-side interposed donor grafting technique in patients who had a nonresponsive and partially injured facial nerve during a translabyrinthine approach for vestibular schwannoma resection. The study included patients with silent electrophysiological tests...
Article
Se revisan la epidemiología, historia natural, metodología diagnostica y recomendaciones para el tratamiento quirúrgico y endovascular de los aneurismas intracraneales. Las recomendaciones propuestas deben considerarse como una guía general de manejo de esta patología. Sin embargo, pueden ser modificadas, incluso de manera significativa por las cir...
Article
This study on patients undergoing surgery for vestibular schwannoma investigated tumour (i) the effect of pre-operative factors on tinnitus, (ii) the effect of translabyrinthine or hearing preservation surgical approaches on tinnitus, and (iii) the effect of postoperative tinnitus status on the patient's quality of life (QOL). Seventy-nine patients...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To update the Spanish Society of Neurology's guidelines for subarachnoid haemorrhage diagnosis and treatment. Material and methods: A review and analysis of the existing literature. Recommendations are given based on the level of evidence for each study reviewed. Results: The most common cause of spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage...
Article
Full-text available
Use of thrombolysis in acute ischaemic stroke may be limited by a narrow benefit/risk ratio. Pharmacological inhibition of the ischaemic cascade may constitute an effective and safer approach to stroke treatment. This study compared the effects of high doses of cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-choline; 1000 mg/kg) with recombinant tissue plasminog...
Chapter
Recent studies suggest a role for cyclin D1 in Schwann cell differentiation. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between cyclin D1 expression and clinical and histological features of vestibular schwannoma. Twenty-one vestibular schwannoma specimens were examined. Immunohistochemistry analysis was performed with anticyclin D1....
Article
To describe the clinical course, diagnostic features and management of a case of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome after a lateral cranial base removal. A 58-year-old male patient with an inconspicuous clinical history presented with a lethargic state without localized neurologic deficit in the postoperative period of a subtotal pet...
Article
Microsurgical technique and anatomical knowledge require extensive laboratory training. Human cadaver models are especially valuable as they supply a good microsurgical training environment simultaneously providing authentic brain anatomy. We developed the "skull infusion model" as an extension of our previous "brain infusion model" taking it a ste...
Article
Full-text available
The major aim of experimental models of cerebral ischemia is to study the cerebral ischemic damage under controlled and reproducible conditions. Experimental studies have been fundamental in the establishment of new concepts regarding the mechanisms underlying the ischemic brain injury, such as the ischemic penumbra, the reperfusion injury, the cel...
Article
Full-text available
The major aim of experimental models of cerebral ischemia is to study the cerebral ischemic damage under controlled and reproducible conditions. Experimental studies have been fundamental in the establishment of new concepts regarding the mechanisms underlying the ischemic brain injury, such as the ischemic penumbra, the reperfusion injury, the cel...
Article
Hematic administration of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in acute ischemic stroke may not only be an effective reparative treatment but also a brain protective therapy that improves neurological recovery. Our purpose was to study whether either i.v. or intracarotid (i.c.) administration of allogenic MSCs during the acute phase we...
Article
Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Farmacologia y Terapeútica. Fecha de lectura: 5-Junio-2007
Article
The proto-oncogen cyclin D1 has been implicated in the development and behavior of vestibular schwannoma. This study evaluates the association between cyclin D1 expression and other known prognostic factors in facial function outcome 1 year after vestibular schwannoma surgery. Sixty-four patients undergoing surgery for vestibular schwannoma were st...
Article
The authors developed a simple reproducible technique for aneurysm creation and adapted it to mimic intracranial dissection conditions using glue application as a pseudo-arachnoid type layer. Ten 1-2-month-old healthy domestic swine were employed under general anesthesia. A novel technique for bifurcation aneurysm creation was developed using two a...
Article
The synthesis, molecular modeling, and pharmacological analysis of new multipotent simple, and readily available 2-aminopyridine-3,5-dicarbonitriles (3-20), and 2-chloropyridine-3,5-dicarbonitriles (21-28), prepared from 2-amino-6-chloropyridine-3,5-dicarbonitrile (1) and 2-amino-6-chloro-4-phenylpyridine-3,5-dicarbonitrile (2) is described. The bi...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo. El objetivo de este trabajo es proporcionar una revisión de los diversos modelos experimentales de traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) que se han desarrollado para la investigación del daño cerebral traumático tanto en condiciones in vivo como in vitro, así como detallar los principales conocimientos fisiopatológicos obtenidos a partir de...
Article
IntroductionThe most frequent complication after vestibular schwannoma surgery is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula.
Article
The most frequent complication after vestibular schwannoma surgery is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula. Retrospective study of 170 patients who had vestibular schwannoma (163) or other tumours in the cerebello pontine angle (CPA) (7). Resection was carried out using different approaches: retrosigmoid (66%), translabyrinthine (24%), middle cranial...
Article
We investigate the profile of choline metabolites and the expression of the genes of the Kennedy pathway in biopsies of human gliomas (n = 23) using (1)H High Resolution Magic Angle Spinning (HR-MAS, 11.7 Tesla, 277 K, 4000 Hz) and individual genetic assays. (1)H HR-MAS spectra allowed the resolution and relative quantification by the LCModel of th...
Article
We describe a novel protocol for the non-histological diagnosis of human brain tumors in vitro combining high-resolution (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) of their phospholipid profile and statistical multivariate analysis. Chloroform/methanol extracts from 40 biopsies of human intracranial tumors obtained during neurosurgical proce...
Article
To provide a summary of the different experimental models of traumatic brain injury (TBI) designed under both in vivo and in vitro conditions. A comprehensible review of the specific types of brain lesions induced, as well as the technical details to reproduce each model at the laboratory is given. Outcome of patients suffering from a TBI has signi...
Article
Galantamine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and memantine is a non competitive antagonist of NMDA receptors that are being used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The fact that drugs with different mechanisms of action are available to treat AD introduces the prospect of prescribing drug combinations to amplify drug efficacy. This stu...
Article
To provide a summary of the different experimental models of cerebral ischemia designed both under in vivo and in vitro conditions. A clear and concise description of the specific types of brain lesion reproduced by each model is given together with the most frequent technical troubles associated. Experimental models of cerebral ischemia have contr...
Article
Conventional hypoglossal-facial anastomosis and the interposition jump graft variation are the most popular techniques for facial nerve reconstruction resulting from proximal facial nerve injury. We present a modification of this technique, the hemi-hypoglossal facial intratemporal side to side anastomosis, which overcomes many of the failings of p...
Article
Conventional hypoglossal-facial anastomosis and the interposition jump graft variation are the most popular techniques for facial nerve reconstruction resulting from proximal facial nerve injury. We present a modification of this technique, the hemi-hypoglossal facial intratemporal side to side anastomosis, which overcomes many of the failings of p...
Article
Full-text available
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is central to physiological and pathological functioning of neurons. Although promising results are beginning to be obtained in the treatment of dementias, clinical trials with NMDAR antagonists for stroke, trauma and neurodegenerative disorders, such as Hungtinton's disease, have failed before. In order to...
Article
To evaluate cyclin D1 expression in vestibular schwannoma and its relationship with histologic, clinical, and radiologic features. Twenty-one patients with histologically confirmed vestibular schwannoma. Immunohistochemistry analysis was performed with anticyclin D1. Histopathologic features studied included Antoni pattern and nuclear and stromal d...
Article
Full-text available
Galantamine, currently used in Alzheimer's patients, has shown neuroprotection in hippocampal slices subjected to oxygenglucose deprivation. Here, we present an in vivo study to evaluate the potential neuroprotective effects of galantamine in a transient global cerebral ischemia model in gerbils. Three treatment protocols were used. In the pretreat...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental models of traumatic brain injury (TBI) provide a useful tool for understanding the cerebral metabolic changes induced by this pathological condition. Here, we report on the time course of changes in cerebral metabolites after TBI and its correlation with early brain morphological changes using a combination of high-resolution proton ma...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the DNA methylation profile of several genes in a series of vestibular schwannomas, and to analyze its relationship with clinical and radiological features. Aberrant methylation of promoter regions is a major mechanism for silencing of tumor suppressor genes in several tumors. There is limited information ab...
Article
This study was performed to evaluate the impact of facial dysfunction on quality of life in patients who underwent surgery for vestibular schwannoma. Other factors with a possible impact on quality of life were also assessed. We performed a retrospective review of 95 patients who underwent removal of a unilateral vestibular schwannoma. The Glasgow...
Article
An approach combining reperfusion mediated by thrombolytics with pharmacological neuroprotection aimed at inhibiting the physiopathological disorders responsible for ischemia-reperfusion damage, could provide an optimal treatment of ischemic stroke. We investigate, in a rat embolic stroke model, the combination of rtPA with citicoline as compared t...
Article
Unlabelled: A glioblastoma presenting as a solitary third ventricle mass is exceptional. Case description: We report the case of a 29-year-old woman who lost consciousness, was taken to hospital and referred a previous history of depression and diabetes insipidus. Magnetic resonance imaging study revealed a heterogeneous anterior third ventricle...
Article
The most frequent of the primary degenerative dementias is Alzheimer's disease (AD). The gradual loss of memory and attention in patients suffering from this illness are accompanied by aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, and alterations in visual-spatial perception. This group of symptoms is completed by emotional alterations, psychic instability, and chang...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. The resulting burden on society grows with the increase in the incidence of stroke. The term brain attack was introduced to describe the acute presentation of stroke and emphasize the need for urgent action to remedy the situation. Though a large number of therapeutic agents, like thromboly...
Article
Full-text available
The N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) type of glutamate receptor (NMDAR) plays central roles in normal and pathological neuronal functioning. We have examined the regulation of the NR1 subunit of the NMDAR in response to excessive activation of this receptor in in vitro and in vivo models of excitotoxicity. NR1 protein expression in cultured cortical neu...
Poster
Full-text available
Description of different types of craniopharyngioma involvement of the third ventricle
Poster
Full-text available
Profile of Metabolic changes after traumatic brain injury detected by 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy employing Marmarou's experimental model of TBI
Article
Full-text available
We report a unique case of hemangioblastoma of the lateral ventricle in a 73 year-old man with cognitive deficits and fluent dysphasia. He harboured an intraventricular tumor, placed at the trigone of the left lateral ventricle. The tumor was successfully excised, by means of a temporal craniotomy. The patient became mute in the immediate postopera...
Article
Full-text available
Undeniable advances have been made in clinical and experimental investigation into the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of cerebral ischemia. However, with the exception of intravenous thrombolysis and some neuroprotectors, such as citicoline, the majority of the drugs successfully tested in experimental studies have failed in clinical tri...
Article
There are major differences in the outcome of focal cerebral ischemia between rat strains. This study aimed to investigate whether inter-strain differences exist in the local cerebral blood flow, changes produced by intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Fifty-four male Long-Evans, Sprague-Dawley or Wistar rats were subjected to 60 m...
Article
Full-text available
This retrospective study analyzes the clinical, neuroradiological, pathological and surgical characteristics of well-described intraventricular craniopharyngiomas with the aims of: (i) critically to review the criteria used to affirm the diagnosis of an intraventricular location (ii) defining more accurately this topographical diagnosis preoperativ...
Article
Recent clinical trials have shown that galantamine is efficacious in the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer's and vascular dementia, and memantine in severe stages of these diseases. Hence, the hypothesis that these two drugs might exert different degrees of neuroprotection has been tested. Rat hippocampal slices were subjected to oxygen and g...
Article
Facial nerve schwannomas are rare lesions that may involve any segment of the facial nerve. Because of their rarity and the lack of a consistent clinical and radiological pattern, facial nerve schwannomas located at the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) and internal auditory canal (IAC) represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for clinicians. In...
Article
Full-text available
To analyze the functional reasons justifying the existence of the blood brain barrier with an emphasis on its fundamental role supporting neuroglial coupling. We review in an integrated manner the contributions of different research areas in physiology and metabolism of the central nervous system which allow to understand the functional need for th...