José Ramos Muñoz

José Ramos Muñoz
Universidad de Cádiz | UCA · Department of History, Geography and Philosophy

Professor Ph.D

About

399
Publications
103,144
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3,661
Citations
Citations since 2017
57 Research Items
1572 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Additional affiliations
February 1988 - October 2014
Universidad de Cádiz
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (399)
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We present the natural environment of the historic region of the Strait of Gibraltar. We evaluate the similarities in the south of the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa in geography, geology, environment and resources. The paper shows a summary of the important research carried out about the history of hunter-gatherer societies in this area. We em...
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L’abri de Benzú est situé dans la ville de Ceuta, en Afrique du Nord. Nous apportons ici unbilan sur la géologie, la stratigraphie, la chronologie, l’écologie et les ressources utilisées parles sociétés préhistoriques de ce site. Nous mettons l’accent sur les données technologiquesissues du mobilier archéologique et sur les modes de vie. Les fondem...
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The Strait of Gibraltar is a geographic region between the south of Europe and the north of Africa. On the basis of the geological, geographical and ecological evidence, this is considered a historical region. Prehistoric societies that lived during the Pleistocene and Holocene on both sides of the Strait left behind very similar archaeological rec...
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This paper presents the results of the “Archaeological Map in Northern Morocco” project, which has been carried out by researchers from the University of Cadiz, University of Abdelmalek Essaadi and INSAP of Rabat. Four seasons of archaeological survey have taken place in the Tetouan region as well as excavations in the Cave El Hafa and the rock-she...
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The excavations undertaken at the Campo de Hockey site in 2008 led to the identification of a major Neolithic necropolis in the former Island of San Fernando (Bay of Cádiz). This work presents the results of the latest studies, which indicate that the site stands as one of the oldest megalithic necropolises in the Iberian Peninsula. The main aim of...
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The Cueva de Ardales is a hugely important Palaeolithic site in the south of the Iberian Peninsula owing to its rich inventory of rock art. From 2011–2018, excavations were carried out in the cave for the first time ever by a Spanish-German research team. The excavation focused on the entrance area of the cave, where the largest assemblage of non-f...
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Résumé Nous présentons dans ce travail, un panorama synthétique des occupations humaines du Nord du Maroc, en mettant l’accent sur l’association des données anthropologiques et des données culturelles, ceci dans un cadre chronologique compris entre le Paléolithique Moyen (MSA) et le Paléolithique Supérieur. Nous présentons aussi les projets dévelop...
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This paper presents the results of the “Archaeological Map in Northern Morocco” project, which has been carried out by researchers from the University of Cadiz, University of Abdelmalek Essaadi and INSAP of Rabat. Four seasons of archaeological survey have taken place in the Tetouan region as well as excavations in the Cave El Hafa and the rock-she...
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In this paper we expose the materials from the Bell Beaker phase recovered in the surroundings of Cerro Sabora, an archaeological site that allows us to expand our knowledge of the social formations of the end of the 3rd millennium BC. This place helps us, with the limitations of a superficial study, to understand the dynamics of settlement and ter...
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Significance The emergence of symbolic behavior in our genus is a controversial issue. The dating of paintings in three caves from the Iberian Peninsula supports the view that Neanderthals developed a form of cave art more than 20,000 years before the emergence of anatomical modernity in Europe. In this study, we confirm that the paintings on a lar...
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The site of Palomas, Facinas (Tarifa, Cádiz, Spain), was investigated by Breuil and Burkitt in the early 20th century and published in 1929. They identified four assemblages of wall paintings, including Palaeolithic representations in Palomas I. Recently, our team discovered previously unknown Palaeolithic paintings (including hand stencils and oth...
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Cueva de Ardales in Málaga, Spain, is one of the richest and bestpreserved Paleolithic painted caves of southwestern Europe, containing over a thousand graphic representations. Here, we study the red pigment in panel II.A.3 of “Sala de las Estrellas,” dated by U-Th to the Middle Paleolithic, to determine its composition, verify its anthropogenic na...
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Catálogo de representaciones de manos en el arte rupestre paleolítico de la península ibérica. Hipólito Collado Giraldo (Coord.)
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Un equipo interdisciplinar internacional viene realizando nuevas investigaciones en Cueva de Ardales (Ardales, Málaga) y en Sima de las Palomas (Teba, Málaga), enmarcadas en un Proyecto General de Investigación autorizado por la Junta de Andalucía. Presentamos un avance de los datos obtenidos en ambas cavidades en relación a la ocupación vinculada...
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Cleaning works in the cave of Las Palomas in Teba (Málaga, Spain), developed by the Guadalteba Consortium, have provided a number of lithic tools and knapping products that may be ascribed to the Mode III technotypological tradition as well as remains of a number of large mammal species typical of MiddleeLate Pleistocene times. Topographic measurem...
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rEsumEn: Durante la construcción del parque eólico "La Higuera", en los términos municipales de Teba y Ardales (Málaga) se localizaron, al aire libre, productos arqueológicos prehistóricos que han permitido analizar lo que fue un asentamiento de agricultores del Neolítico. palabras clavE: Agricultores, paleobotánica, cerámica, asentamientos y aldea...
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The Malalmuerzo cave (Moclín, Granada, Spain) has been known since the 1980s for its archaeological remains and rock art, dated to the Neolithic and the Solutrean periods respectively. However, following thirty years of neglect, our team carried out a brief archaeological intervention after looters destroyed parts of the sediment fill of the cave....
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In this paper, we provide new data on fish resource exploitation during the Mesolithic and Neolithic period on the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Evidence from four different sites is presented: Vale Marim I (end of the seventh/beginning of the sixth millennium cal BCE) and Vale Pincel I (2nd and 3rd quarters of the sixth millennium cal B...
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The rock shelter of Benzú, located in the Atlantic-Mediterranean geohistorical region of North Africa and the vicinity of the Strait of Gibraltar, presents a deep stratigraphic sequence dated, using various techniques, to a Middle and Late Pleistocene geo-archaeological context. We present a functional study of the site's Mode 3-Middle Palaeolithic...
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Presentamos un estudio geoarqueológico de los sílex de las Peñas de El Cuervo. Se analiza la estratigrafía de los depósitos geológicos de la zona. Se exponen las características petrológicas del material silíceo. Se realizan estudios por técnicas de arqueometría de estas materias primas. Se expone también un balance del registro arqueológico del en...
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An international team began initial excavations in Ardales Cave (Ardales, Málaga) and in Sima de las Palomas (Teba, Málaga) within the framework of a General Research Project authorized by the Junta of Andalusia. Ardales Cave is a site well known for the importance of its Palaeolithic rock art. In this new project, excavations were carried out in z...
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Objective: To interpret traumatic cranial lesions on two individuals buried at the Neolithic necropolis of Campo de Hockey, Spain. Materials: Skeletal remains and grave goods associated with two individuals recovered in good condition from a single grave. Methods: Crania were macroscopically and radiographically analysed. Results: Of all the...
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This study presents the results of the archaeological investigation in Benzú Cave, located on the North African shore of the Strait of Gibraltar. The archaeological deposits, approximately 1 m deep, belong to two occupational levels dated to the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. A wide range of artifacts was found, and this led to an interdisciplinary...
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We assembled genome-wide data from 271 ancient Iberians, of whom 176 are from the largely unsampled period after 2000 BCE, thereby providing a high-resolution time transect of the Iberian Peninsula.We document high genetic substructure between northwestern and southeastern hunter-gatherers before the spread of farming.We reveal sporadic contacts be...
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In the geohistorical region of the Strait of Gibraltar, which includes the south of the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa, important research has been carried out in recent years. This research has allowed us to document the presence of human groups as early as the Middle Pleistocene. Classical anthropology refers to these groups using various ter...
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Estudio de los objetos considerados como bienes de prestigio, adorno o de carácter ideológico- simbólico aparecidos en los diferentes silos de La Esparragosa.
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Slimak et al. challenge the reliability of our oldest (>65,000 years) U-Th dates on carbonates associated with cave paintings in Spain. They cite a supposed lack of parietal art for the 25,000 years following this date, along with potential methodological issues relating to open-system behavior and corrections to detrital or source water 230Th.We s...
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Recent (2012, 2015, 2016) archaeological digs in the so called Cueva de Enrique at Ceuta have unearthed new information about the Prehistorical & Modern-Contemporary occupation of this so important area in the Circle of the Strait of Gibraltar region
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Le projet de recherche appelé «Carte Archéologique du nord du Maroc», a été développé par des chercheurs de l'Université de Cadix, Université Abdelmalek Esaadi, Direction Régionale de la Culture de la Région de Tanger-Tétouan et de l'INSAP de Rabat. Nous avons fait quatre campagnes de prospection archéologique dans la région de Tétouan qui ont augm...
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Neandertal cave art It has been suggested that Neandertals, as well as modern humans, may have painted caves. Hoffmann et al. used uranium-thorium dating of carbonate crusts to show that cave paintings from three different sites in Spain must be older than 64,000 years. These paintings are the oldest dated cave paintings in the world. Importantly,...
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RESUMEN. El yacimiento de La Esparragosa se encuen-tra ubicado en la provincia de Cádiz (España), en plena orilla norte del Estrecho de Gibraltar. La tumba que nos ocupa constituye un caso excepcional para la denominada «cultura de los silos», ya que se ha podido documentar en este enterramiento en fosa la existencia de un individuo cubierto por un...
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Presentamos en este trabajo la revisión de un conjunto de arte rupestre localizado en la comunidad de Andalucía, y conocido como cueva de Las Estrellas (Castellar de la Frontera, Cádiz). Se trata de un abrigo al aire libre de grandes dimensiones en el que ya se habían constatado, en los primeros años del presente siglo, diversos pictogramas de esti...
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ABSTRACT The rock-shelter of Benzú is located near the city of Ceuta in North Africa. The Benzú rock-shelter contains a sequence of 7 archaeological levels, which are associated with a clearly defined Mode 3 lithic technology. The similarities with other assemblages found in the south of the Iberian Peninsula are clear. We must also emphasise the e...
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ABSTRACT A multidisciplinary group of researchers from the University of Cadiz (Spain), University of Abdelmalek Esaadi, Ministry of Culture of the Region Tangier-Tetouan and the INSAP from Rabat (Morocco) has developed the research project titled: “Archaeological Chart of Northern Morocco”. We have carried out four campaigns of archaeological s...
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The newly identified Paleolithic site Sima de Las Palomas de Teba hosts an almost seven-m-thick sediment profile investigated here to elucidate the rock shelter's chronostratigraphy and formation processes. At its base, the sediment sequence contains rich archeological deposits recording intensive occupation by Neanderthals. Luminescence provides a...
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This article examines the role played by marine resources for hunter-gatherer groups of the Middle/Upper Pleistocene in the geohistorical region around the Straits of Gibraltar, on the basis of new evidence collected at the rock shelter of Benzú (North Africa). The stratigraphic sequence at Benzú has been dated to between 254 and 70 ka. The excavat...
Article
The rock-shelter of Benzú is located near the city of Ceuta in North Africa. At the rock-shelter of Benzú there is a sequence of 7 archaeological levels, which are associated with a clearly defined Mode 3 lithic technology. The similarities with other assemblages found in the south of the Iberian Peninsula are clear. We emphasise the exploitation o...
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This contribution shows the application of terrestrial laser scanning in an integrative approach for the documentation and analyses of the Ardales Cave, southern Spain, which is in many respects an important geoarchaeological site. For the survey of the cave, a combination of the Riegl LMS Z420i laser scanner with a real-time kinematic global posit...