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Jose Miguel Ramirez-Aliaga

Jose Miguel Ramirez-Aliaga

Archaeologist

About

55
Publications
50,868
Reads
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691
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2016 - present
Playa Ancha University
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Easter Island, Transpacific contacts, Central coast archaeology, Early Ceramic Period
March 2001 - December 2014
Universidad de Valparaíso (Chile)
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Director Centro de Estudios Rapa Nui Centro de Estudios y Gestión del Patrimonio Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios Oceánicos Jefe de Carrera, Pedagogía en Historia y Ciencias Sociales (2012-2013)
January 1993 - December 1999
Corporación Nacional Forestal, Isla de Pascua, Chile
Position
  • Jefe Provincial
Description
  • Administrador, Parque Nacional Rapa Nui

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
Rano Raraku, the crater lake constrained by basaltic tuff that served as the primary quarry used to construct the moai statues on Rapa Nui (Easter Island), has experienced fluctuations in lake level over the past centuries. As one of the only freshwater sources on the island, understanding the present and past geochemical characteristics of the lak...
Article
Full-text available
Sublime expression of three ectocranial occipital superstructures (OSSs)—occipital torus tubercles (TOTs), retromastoid processes (PRs), and posterior supramastoid tubercles (TSPs)—is virtually restricted to Oceania, with epicenters in the Mariana Islands, Tonga, Mocha Island, and perhaps other Oceanic locales such as the West Sepik Coast of New Gu...
Article
Full-text available
The small and remote Easter Island (Rapa Nui) has a complex and still partially unknown history of human colonization and interactions with the environment. Previous research from sedimentary archives collected in the three freshwater bodies of Rapa Nui document dramatic environmental changes over the last two millennia. Yet, the characteristics of...
Article
The Orongo Ceremonial Village is one of the icons of Rapanui archeology. Its intensive public use and the fragility of its architecture make its conservation a permanent problem. The data that ex�plain its precariousness are analyzed, the interventions carried out are evaluated and measures are proposed for a comprehensive conservation in the long...
Article
Full-text available
A description of the faunal assemblage found in a cooking pit from the Early Ceramic Period in central Chile (Bato phase, ca. 800 CE). The analysis shows the consumption of a wide variety of fauna from the sandy and rocky intertidal zones, including starfish. The taphonomic analysis of this feature suggests that it is the first pre-Hispanic steam o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen Rapanui Mataa, un artefacto simple con una historia compleja La función del mataa como arma enmangada, tradicionalmente asociada al período tardío de las guerras en Rapa Nui, ha sido descartada recientemente en función de su extrema variabilidad morfológica, que la haría inútil como arma (Lipo et al. 2016). Además, análisis de huellas de us...
Article
Full-text available
A summary of the pre-Hispanic cultures since the Archaic Period to Inca influence on the Valparaiso Region.
Article
This study centers on excavations in the inner region of Rano Raraku, the megalithic statue (moai) quarry of Rapa Nui (Easter Island). In Rano Raraku a transformed landscape is reconstructed based upon soil chemistry, micromorphology, and macro and micro-botanical data framed within a stratigraphic and radiocarbon informed Bayesian model that is th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A bio-archaeological analysis of a shell-midden on the coast of Valparaiso, Chile. The Arcaic Period level began around 8.800 BP, with a second level from around 5.000 BP. The Early Ceramic Period included datings from around 2.800, 2.530 and 2.440 BP. A fishhook made of copper was found in a layer from 1.190 BP. The analysis of variability, distri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ura Uranga te Mahina, an ahu ritual and religious center on Rapa Nui’s south coast, provides evidence through new field studies to evaluate models of the structural evolution of the island’s ahu-type megalithic complexes. This also enables stabilization planning for architecture and conservation of various stone types. The marae model for early Eas...
Chapter
Full-text available
A summary of the complex relationship between Chile and the Rapanui community (Easter Island), in a way we call "a la Chilean" colonialism. After a long abandonment from 1888 to 1953 to a British sheep company, and under Navy rule from 1953 to 1966, a "new deal"considered the Rapanui people will pay no taxes to the metropoly and they will keep the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Uno de los mayores misterios de Rapa Nui (Isla de Pascua) es el origen y desciframiento de la escritura rongorongo. El extraordinario interés que causa hasta ahora entre profesionales y aficionados da cuenta de una larga lista de referencias bibliográficas. En verdad, esa escritura jeroglífica grabada en tablillas de madera es uno de los rasgos más...
Article
Full-text available
The first pre-Hispanic human bones with Polynesian traits from Mocha Island were described more than a hundred years ago (Vergara 1903). Ten years ago (Storey et al. 2007), Polynesian DNA found on chicken bones from a prehispanic context in Arauco provided the first hard evidence for a transpacific contact in southern Chile. A reappraisal of the ev...
Article
Full-text available
In South American societies, domesticated camelids were of great cultural importance and subject to trade and translocation. South American camelids were even found on remote and hard to reach islands, emphasizing their importance to historic and pre-historic South American populations. Isla Mocha, a volcanic island 35 km offshore of Central-South...
Chapter
Full-text available
The tradition of Hotu Matu'a, central character of the mythological origin of Rapanui is confronted to the archaeological evidence, by means of the manuscript containing the Traditions of Pua Arahoa. This manuscript includes the most complete written reference to the origin and colonization of Rapa nui, written around 1910-1920 by the first islande...
Article
Full-text available
A description and analysis of the Easter Island collection at the Natural History Museum, Valparaiso
Book
Full-text available
Como un guiño al clásico de Benjamín Subercaseaux, Chile o una loca geografía, este libro divide el territorio nacional en seis “países” para contar la historia larga de Chile a connacionales y extranjeros. Precedidos por un prólogo de Héctor Soto y seguidos por un capítulo final sobre nuestro mundo indígena actual de José Luis Martínez y Pedro Meg...
Book
Full-text available
With a nod to the classic Benjamín Subercaseaux's classic book, Chile, A Geographic Extravaganza, this volume divides the nation's territory in six "lands" as it recounts Chile's extensive history in a manner accesible to citizens and foreigners alike. Preceded by a foreword by Héctor Soto and followed by a final chapter on our current indigenous w...
Article
Full-text available
The stone pillows mentioned by the first European visitors to Rapa Nui are known from ethnological and archaeological contexts. Many of these artifacts are embellished with carvings, in particular with designs of komari, a stylized depiction of female genitalia. On several pillow stones, the komari is set in frame of a more complex motif depicting...
Thesis
Full-text available
The Ceremonial Village of Orongo represent one of the highlights along the cultural history of Rapa Nui (Easter Island), which combine a spectacular setting, a fragile architecture and a high pressure by the intensive public use. Under these conditions, its conservation is a critical and complex problem to face. The main question is how to preserve...
Chapter
Full-text available
Una síntesis del desarrollo cultural de Rapa Nui (Easter Island), desde su origen polinésico, las condiciones originales del paleoambiente, el cambio del paisaje, el desarrollo de una sociedad compleja, y la discusión sobre el concepto del "colapso" de la cultura, ahora re-interpretado como un proceso excepcional de adaptación a una crisis ambienta...
Chapter
Full-text available
A general up to date to the Rapa Nui (Easter Island) archaeology.
Chapter
Full-text available
Capítulo XI. El espacio oceánico El vasto espacio ocupado por el océano Pacífico cubre una superficie mayor a cualquier otra área terrestre sobre el planeta. En esta extensa zona se encuentran dispersas miles de islas grandes y pequeñas, altas y bajas. La mayoría se concentra hacia el centro y oeste de este gran espacio; hacia el sur y hacia el es...
Book
Full-text available
A complete list of references for German scholars working on Easter Island archaeology and related issues
Article
Full-text available
Stone statuary represents the most visible monumental feature of the archaeological record for Rapa Nui (Easter Island). The architectural complex at Ahu Ura Uranga te Mahina on the island's south coast reflects a long, complicated sequence of ahu structural evolution, and the centre shows two large, late-period ahu and four earlier or subsidiary s...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los exploradores polinesios navegaron hacia el este, buscando nuevos territorios. El hallazgo de Rapa Nui, a 2000 km de Pitcairn, pudo resultar más azaroso que seguir las corrientes hacia el sureste, hasta las costas del centro sur de Chile. En esa parte de Sudamérica, una serie de elementos culturales supuestamente polinésicos apuntaban a un conta...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 2007 the discovery of pre-Columbian chicken bones from Chile provided the first conclusive evidence for prehistoric Polynesian contact with South America. When looking for further commensal data to address the issue of trans-Pacific contacts, we found a museum collection of human remains recovered from Mocha Island, a small island located approx...
Chapter
Full-text available
We suggest that the most parsimonious explanation for the material, linguistic, biological, mythological, nautical, chronological, and physical anthropological evidence summarized in chapters 1–13 is that Polynesians made pre-Columbian landfalls in the New World. Further, based on this evidence, we identify three likely locations of contact: southe...
Chapter
Full-text available
A review of the Polynesian features found in Mapuche prehistoric and ethnographic culture, southern Chile.
Article
Full-text available
AbstrAct In 2007 the discovery of pre-Columbian chicken bones from Chile provided the first conclusive evidence for prehistoric Polynesian contact with South America. When looking for further commensal data to address the issue of trans-Pacific contacts, we found a museum collection of human remains recovered from Mocha Island, a small island locat...
Article
Full-text available
Recently Gongora et al. (1) stated that their analyses of chicken mtDNA and potential offsets for dietary marine carbon cast doubt on “claims for pre-Columbian chickens” in the Americas. We present additional data supporting the interpretation of Storey et al. (2) showing that evidence for pre-Columbian chickens at the site of El Arenal, Chile, is...
Book
Full-text available
A summary of the Polynesian origin of the Rapanui culture, its adaptation to the new territory, the rise of a complex society and its unique megalithic expressions (ahu and moai), the crisis and adaptation, the Western contact, the Chilean annexation.
Article
Full-text available
Two issues long debated among Pacific and American prehistorians are (i) whether there was a pre-Columbian introduction of chicken (Gallus gallus) to the Americas and (ii) whether Polynesian contact with South America might be identified archaeologically, through the recovery of remains of unquestionable Polynesian origin. We present a radiocarbon...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For almost a century, transpacific contacts with various pre-Columbian American cultures has been proposed based on similarities on a long list of cultural traits. But until now, it has not been possible to differentiate in a conclusive way whether those similarities are cultural borrowings derived from some kind of contact or constitute, simply, p...
Article
Full-text available
A basic chronology for Rapa Nui history from Western discovery in 1722 until 1966
Poster
Full-text available
A summary of the old hypothesis with the proposal -for the first time- to the only way to prove a Polynesian contact in Chile: pre-Hispanic chicken bones with Polynesian DNA.
Article
Full-text available
This paper represents a personal approach to the situation than affect the archaeological sites on Easter Island, after a seven years experience as Administrator of the Rapa Nui National Park (1993-1999). It compares the utopie regulations, laws and international treaties concerning the protection of the rapanui heritage with the historical managem...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A description of the unfinished restoration of the largest crematoria on Easter Island. Most cremated human bones were previously defleshed, as described in other cases. Artifacts reccuperated from the collapse included toki, mataa, bone fishhooks, stone mangai, and some worked human bones.
Article
We reviewed the history and conservation of Sophora toromiro, a species that has been extinct in the wild since 1960 but has survived as scattered individuals in botanic gardens and private collections. The short-term conservation of S. toromiro is dependent on the management of surviving ex situ stocks. This is being achieved through international...
Article
Full-text available
Curaumilla-1 presents the earliest date for Archaic coastal occupation and marine exploitation in central Chile (8,500 years B. P.). The remains of marine invertebrates from this site at Punta Curaumilla were studied. The number of present species, minimum number of individuals for 14 species, and mean sizes of two of these species were established...
Article
Full-text available
My first short paper on Polynesia-Mapuche pre-Hispanic contacts, after a Fondecyt Project to review the so-called “Polynesian cultural traits” supposedly borrowed from Polynesian explorers by the pre-contact Mapuche people in southern Chile. Archaeological artefacts like classic obsidian spearpoints from Easter Island (mataa) were found in Chile bu...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
Found in archaeological context (500 AD), central coast of Chile.
Question
The attached flat little bones were found in archaeological context (500 AD, central coast of Chile). Regular shape, 5 mm average.

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