José B Poveda

José B Poveda
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | ULPGC · Instituto Universitario de Sanidad Animal y Seguridad Alimentaria (IUSA)

Veterinary microbiologist

About

116
Publications
16,068
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Introduction
My interest is in mycoplasmology ... I work with mycoplasmas of different species: birds, goats, sheep, cattle, pigs and wild species. I have experience in the development of new culture media to meet the growth needs of the more demanding molicutes. Our new APB medium meets these expectations, as it supports the growth of almost all species of Mollicutes.
Additional affiliations
April 2003 - present
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Position
  • Professor (Full)
May 1995 - April 2003
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 1988 - May 1995
University of Cordoba (Spain)
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
October 1985 - April 1988
University of Cordoba (Spain)
Field of study
  • Veterinary microbiology
October 1977 - September 1982
University of Cordoba (Spain)
Field of study
  • Veterinary

Publications

Publications (116)
Article
Full-text available
Acholeplasma (A.) laidlawii is an opportunistic pathogen with the ability to disseminate resistance determinants to antibiotics; however, its resistance to macrolides has been less studied. The aim of the present study was to characterize the mechanisms responsible for the resistance to macrolides, tiamulin and lincomycin found in a strain of A. la...
Article
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) is a leading cause of human community-acquired pneumonia. To investigate the pathogenesis of the infection, 36 gerbils were intranasally inoculated with Mp culture (30 animals) or sterile mycoplasma broth (6 animals) and euthanized from 1 to 5 weeks post infection. A morphological and immunohistochemical study was carried...
Article
Background: MDR bacterial infections are currently a serious problem for clinicians worldwide. Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter spp., among Enterobacteriaceae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are part of the group of ESCAPE pathogens or bacteria that 'escape' from common antibacterial treatments. The lack of effectiveness of the first common lin...
Article
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Background: Mycoplasma (M.) hyopneumoniae, M. hyorhinis and M. hyosynoviae are significant pathogens for the porcine industry worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of six key antimicrobials (tylosin, tilmicosin, tylvalosin, lincomycin, tiamulin and valnemulin) routinely used for treating infectio...
Article
Two moderately halophilic and psychrotolerant new Mycoplasma species were isolated from common cephalopods. Three strains were isolated in pure culture from two individual European flying squid (Todarodes sagittatus), and two individual octopuses (Octopus vulgaris). The strains showed optimal growth at 25 °C and a salinity of 3% (w/v) NaCl. Molecul...
Article
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Background Mollicutes detection can be cumbersome due to their slow growth in vitro. For this reason, the use of DNA based on generic molecular tests represents an alternative for rapid, sensitive and specific detection of these microorganism. For this reason, six previously described nucleic acid testing assays were compared to evaluate their abil...
Article
Phytoplasmas and mycoplasmas are bacteria belonging to the class Mollicutes. In this study, a fine tuning of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) with a universal mycoplasma primer pair (GPO3F/MGSO) targeting the 16S rRNA gene was carried out on phytoplasmas. The dissociation curves of DNAs from Catharanthus roseus phytoplasma-infected mic...
Article
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mh) is a bacterium that specifically infects the surface of bronchi and bronchioles of pigs without invading the host cells, and it is considered to be the primary agent of porcine enzootic pneumonia (PEN). The present study investigates the morphological and immunohistological changes induced in bronchiolar epithelium by...
Article
To gain further insight into the pathogenesis of Mycoplasma bovis-associated pneumonia, cytokine expression in different pulmonary compartments was examined. The expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-4 and interferon (IFN)-γ was examined immunohistochemically in the lung of 10 calves infected experimentally with M. bovis. M...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is involved in the porcine enzootic pneumonia and respiratory disease complex; therefore, the search for new treatment options that contribute to the control of this organism is relevant. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal bactericidal concentrations of tylvalosin and 19 other antimicrobial agents agai...
Article
Full-text available
In scientific literature, a small amount of information is found concerning mycoplasmosis in camel species. Mycoplasma (M.) arginini, Acholeplasma (A.) laidlawii, and Acholeplasma oculi have been reported to be isolated from these host species. Serologically positive results have been reported for Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC type, Mycopl...
Article
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The mechanisms responsible for increase in ceftazidime MIC in two Escherichia coli in vitro selected mutants, Caz/20-1 and Caz/20-2, were studied. OmpF loss and overexpression of acrB, acrD, and acrF that were associated with acrR and marR mutations and sdiA overexpression, together with mutations A233T and I332V in FtSI (PBP3) resulted in ceftazid...
Article
Objectives: The role of sdiA in the acquisition of low-level multidrug resistance (MDR) was analysed and compared with that of marA and soxS in two Escherichia coli clinical isolates and two in vitro-selected mutants. Methods: The mutants were developed by growth in lomefloxacin and ceftazidime. The sdiA, marA, soxS, ftsI, tolC and acrB gene transc...
Article
Full-text available
Six strains with the typical characteristics of mycoplasmas were isolated from the tracheae of six Canarian Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus majorensis). The results of biochemical, serological and molecular genetic studies showed that the isolates were nearly identical and that they could be considered as representing a novel species of th...
Article
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M. hyorhinis is considered one of the etiological agents of arthritis in sucking pigs, but recently as seen, some strains can produce pneumonia that could not be distinguished from the mycoplasmosis caused by M. hyopneumoniae. The study was conducted to research the presence of Mycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis ) in different regions of the countr...
Article
Full-text available
M. hyorhinis is considered one of the etiological agents of arthritis in sucking pigs, but recently as seen, some strains can produce pneumonia that could not be distinguished from the mycoplasmosis caused by M. hyopneumoniae. The study was conducted to research the presence of Mycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis ) in different regions of the countr...
Article
The role of inapparent carriers of Mycoplasma agalactiae and the strategies used to colonise the external ear canal in goats remain unclear. This study examined the ability of M. agalactiae to colonise the ears of goats infected experimentally by the intramammary route. The right mammary glands of 15 lactating goats were inoculated with 10(10) colo...
Article
Full-text available
The role of sdiA in the acquisition of low-level multidrug resistance (MDR) was analysed and compared with that of marA and soxS in two Escherichia coli clinical isolates and two in vitro-selected mutants. The mutants were developed by growth in lomefloxacin and ceftazidime. The sdiA, marA, soxS, ftsI, tolC and acrB gene transcript levels were dete...
Article
To explore the pathogenesis of caprine contagious agalactia (CA), we assessed the ability of Mycoplasma agalactiae (Ma) to modulate the immune system in host tissues by immunohistochemically and chronologically characterizing the main cell subsets present during the mammary immunoinflammatory response. Fifteen lactating goats were inoculated with 1...
Article
Contagious agalactia affects goats and is caused by several species of mycoplasma including Mycoplasma agalactiae and Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri (Mmc). Male goats, latently infected with M. agalactiae and Mmc, were identified at a dairy goat breeding artificial insemination centre. In three samplings, conducted over 1 year, ear swabs were ass...
Article
Given recent evidence of a possible role of camelids in the epidemiology of diseases caused by mycoplasma species in other ruminants, we examined the prevalence of the mycoplasmas most commonly responsible for contagious agalactia (CA) in small ruminants among the dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) of Lanzarote. On this island, one of the most arid...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasma bovis is a serious, worldwide-spread but often overlooked pathogen causing respiratory disease, mastitis, and arthritis in cattle. In this study we characterize the protein and antigenic profiles of M. bovis field strains isolated in Bosnia and Herzegovina by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting,...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to assess the possible effects of mycoplasmas on the quality of milk produced by goat herds in a contagious agalactia (CA) endemic area with absence of classical symptoms. Several factors related to milk quality (percentages of fat, total protein, lactose and total solids, standard plate counts (SPC) and presence of Staphylo...
Article
In order to determine how widespread antibiotic resistance has become to standard treatments, the in vitro susceptibilities of 28 Mycoplasma agalactiae Spanish field isolates to 16 antimicrobial agents were determined using a broth microdilution method. The most effective antimicrobials based on minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)(90) values wer...
Article
To correlate the clinical course of mycoplasma mastitis with its immune response, right mammary glands of 15 lactating goats were inoculating with 10(10) colony-forming units (cfu) of Mycoplasma agalactiae (Ma). Before sacrificing the animals at 5, 15 or 45 days post-inoculation (dpi), blood Ma antibody titres and milk mycoplasma colony and somatic...
Article
The composition of the medium used to cultivate Mycoplasma species is very important. Serum is one of the most important additives as it contains lipids (cholesterol) and serum proteins, which are essential for the growth of the organisms. This work reports the development of a semi-defined medium, called MWS (Medium Without Serum) produced without...
Article
Full-text available
The detection of mycoplasma in milk can be performed by either culture techniques or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based methods. Although PCR can reduce the average diagnostic time to 5 h in comparison with the several days for the isolation of the agent, there is still a need to develop methods, which could give earlier results. For this purpos...
Article
Two vaccines against Mycoplasma agalactiae and Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (large colony type) were developed using inactivated strains selected in previous characterization studies. Formaldehyde and phenol were used as the inactivating agents for vaccines A and B, respectively. Aluminium hydroxide plus purified saponin (Quil-A) were added...
Article
Full-text available
MICs were determined for 15 antimicrobial agents against 37 Mycoplasma putrefaciens isolates. The most effective antimicrobial drug classes were the fluoroquinolones, the tetracyclines, the lincosamide lincomycin, and the macrolides. The susceptibility profile of the isolates correlated with the geographic origin. This is the first report of decrea...
Article
Full-text available
Assunção, P., Machado, M.P., Fe, CD., Ramírez, A.S., Rosales, R.S., Antunes, N.T., Poveda, C. and Poveda, J.B. 2007. Prevalence of pathogens in great white pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus) from the Western Cape, South Africa. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 32: 29–32. Great White pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus) breed in Africa, Europe and Asia from Greece to...
Article
In this study, flow cytometry was evaluated for the determination of the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of nine antibacterial agents (enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, oxytetracycline, chloramphenicol, tylosin, lincomycin, gentamycin, spectinomycin and streptomycin) against M. hyopneumoniae. Flow cytometry was able to detect Mycoplasma hyopneu...
Article
Two vaccines against Mycoplasma agalactiae and Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC type) were developed using inactivated strains selected in previous characterization studies. The vaccines differed in terms of the adjuvants used: aluminium hydroxide (vaccine A) or aluminium hydroxide plus purified saponin (vaccine B). These vaccines were teste...
Article
During an unusually long period of bad weather, several outbreaks of caprine contagious agalactia (CCA) were reported in a number of flocks on the island of Lanzarote (Canary Islands, Spain). Clinical and subclinical mastitis in lactating goats and some cases of arthritis and pneumonia in kids were observed in the affected flocks. Mycoplasma capric...
Article
Contagious agalactia (CA) is an infectious syndrome caused by several species of mycoplasma and classically characterized by the triad of mammary, joint and eye symptoms, although further symptoms may also appear. CA is the most serious disease of whatever they affect in small dairy ruminants and so there is an urgent need for administrative bodies...
Article
The expression of interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) was examined immunohistochemically in the lungs of pigs aged 21 days infected experimentally with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mh). Ten pigs were inoculated intranasally with Mh and killed in pairs weekly from 7 to 35 days post-infection (dpi). Immunolabelling for IL-12 and IFN-...
Article
Full-text available
Flow cytometry has become a valuable tool in different fields of microbiology, such as clinical microbiology, aquatic and environmental microbiology, food microbiology, and biotechnology. It combines direct and rapid assays to determine numbers, biochemical and physiological characteristics of individual cells, revealing the heterogeneity present i...
Article
In vitro susceptibilities of 16 Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides large colony type field isolates to 15 antimicrobial agents were determined using a broth microdilution method. The most effective antimicrobials were fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines and macrolides, with MIC values under 2 microg/ml. Resistance to nalidixic acid, gentamicin, strept...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, flow cytometry was evaluated for the determination of the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of seven antibacterial agents (enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, oxytetracycline, and tylosin) on Mycoplasma (M.) agalactiae. Flow cytometry was able to detect M. agalactiae inhibition from 6 h posti...
Article
Full-text available
Flow cytometry together with SYBR green I and propidium iodide was used to study the effects of enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol, oxytetracycline, and tylosin on four mycoplasma species. Inhibition of mycoplasma growth could be detected by as early as 3 h after the start of treatment. The strongest effect was observed with e...
Article
Full-text available
In the spring of 2003, a series of sudden deaths in a group of adult lions (Panthera leo) with a previous history of depression, inanition, and lethargy, was investigated. Five animals died within 24 to 36 hours after onset of signs of disease. Serologic screening for viral disease detection was negative, evidence of parasites was not detected, and...
Article
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) (Mmm LC) and Mycoplasma agalactiae are the most important mycoplasma species involved in the contagious agalactia syndrome. A total of 25 field strains from Spain and the two type strains were analysed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting. Two polyclonal antisera (PAbs) raised against a pool of strains of each myc...
Article
The potential of using flow cytometry (FC) in combination with a fluorescent dye (SYBR green-I) for rapidly estimating Mycoplasma mycoides subSPS. mycoides large-colony type (MmmLC) in broth culture was examined. The FC analysis was performed by staining the MmmLC cells with a fluorescent dye, SYBR green-I (SYBR), and the results were compared with...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasmas are the smallest and simplest organisms known. They form a large group of bacteria that can infect humans, animals, and plants. Even though several techniques have been proposed to enumerate mycoplasmas in broth medium, the determination of mycoplasma growth still remains a difficult task. The potential of using flow cytometry (FC) for...
Article
Full-text available
Porcine enzootic pneumonia (PEP), with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae as the primary agent, is a chronic respiratory disease that causes major economic losses to the pig industry worldwide. The aim of this work was to analyse 18 field strains of M. hyopneumoniae isolated in Gran Canaria (Spain) and the reference M. hyopneumoniae strain by SDS-PAGE and im...
Article
In this work, we report a microbiological survey for Mycoplasma spp. undertaken between 2001 and 2002 in 28 goat herds in Gran Canaria, Spain, an area where contagious agalactia is endemic. All herds were randomly selected and represented approximately 15.5% of the total goat population of the island. A variable number of milk, articular and auricu...
Article
Full-text available
The study was conducted to investigate the mycoplasmal flora in the lungs of pigs with enzootic pneumonia at Gran Canaria (Spain). From 54 pneumonic lungs collected at an abattoir, 85 isolates were cultivated. On the basis of cultural and biochemical characteristics, the isolates were preliminarily identified as Mycoplasma species. Using different...
Article
Full-text available
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has a complex and multifactorial aetiology. Infectious agents could start this disease. The majority of the characteristics of this infirmity can be observed in chronic arthritis produced by mycoplasmas in animals. In this study the association between Mycoplasma pneumoniae and RA has been evaluated. A case-control study w...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we evaluated the potential application of the flow cytometry (FC) technique to determine the growth rates of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in a broth medium. The FC analysis was performed using the fluorochromes Syto 9, propidium iodide (PI) or a combination of both dyes and results were compared with those obtained by colour-changi...
Article
From 19 herds of Murciano-Granadina goats, weekly bulk tank somatic cell count (BTSCC) were performed from October to April, and suspicious milk (n = 182), synovial fluid, and ocular swabs (n = 15) from diseased goats were processed for mycoplasma isolation and identification. Also BTSCC from 65 herds were determined (n = 2693). A mixed model proce...
Article
Full-text available
Assunção, P., Fe, C. de la, Ramírez, A.S., Sarradell, J.E. and Poveda, J.B. 2004. Characterization of a Mycoplasma agalactiae strain, candidate to an attenuated vaccine. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 26: 1–5.The aim of this work was to study the stability of a M. agalactiae attenuated strain after lyophilization and its characterization by sodium dodecyl su...
Article
Full-text available
An indirect ELISA, using local strains of Mycoplasma agalactiae and Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides large colony (MmmLC), was applied to evaluate the seroprevalence of M agalactiae and MmmLC in flocks of goats on each of the Canary Islands. In total 3890 samples of serum were collected from 204 flocks. The results indicated that the seropre...
Article
Full-text available
The suitability of 5 agents for the inactivation of different field strains of the four mycoplasma species associated with contagious agalactia syndrome in goats, i.e. Mycoplasma agalactiae, Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides LC, Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum and Mycoplasma putrefaciens, was investigated. Immunoprophylaxis of this syndro...
Article
Mycoplasma putrefaciens is listed as one of the etiologic agents of the contagious agalactia syndrome by the world organisation for animal health. This species has been characterized only recently, 1974, and the number of outbreaks caused by this microorganism so far is very scarce. It induces mastitis in infected goats although other symptoms such...