Jose Henrique Pereira

Jose Henrique Pereira
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | LBL · Molecular Biophysics & Integrated Bioimaging

Ph.D.

About

82
Publications
11,620
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2,030
Citations
Introduction
Scientist of the Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Biosciences Area. My research focuses on Protein X-rays crystallography to understand at the atomic level the function of a diverse range of enzymes.
Additional affiliations
April 2011 - present
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Position
  • Scientist Position
July 2008 - March 2011
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Position
  • PostDoc Position
March 2006 - June 2008
University of California, Berkeley
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Glycoside hydrolase family 5 (GH5) comprises enzymes with a wide range of activities critical for the deconstruction of lignocellulose. Results: Concurrent glucan and mannan specificity in over 70 members of GH5 can be ascribed to a conserved active site motif. Conclusion: Single domain multispecific hydrolases are widely prevalent. Sig...
Article
Full-text available
Group II chaperonins mediate protein folding in an ATP-dependent manner in eukaryotes and archaea. The binding of ATP and subsequent hydrolysis promotes the closure of the multi-subunit rings where protein folding occurs. The mechanism by which local changes in the nucleotide-binding site are communicated between individual subunits is unknown. The...
Article
The sesquiterpene bisabolene was recently identified as a biosynthetic precursor to bisabolane, an advanced biofuel with physicochemical properties similar to those of D2 diesel. High-titer microbial bisabolene production was achieved using Abies grandis α-bisabolene synthase (AgBIS). Here, we report the structure of AgBIS, a three-domain plant ses...
Article
The functionalization of terpenes using cytochrome P450 enzymes is a versatile route to the production of useful derivatives that can be further converted to value-added products. Many terpenes are hydrophobic and volatile making their availability as a substrate for P450 enzymes significantly limited during microbial production. In this study, we...
Article
Full-text available
Despite intensive study, plant lysine catabolism beyond the 2-oxoadipate (2OA) intermediate remains unvalidated. Recently we described a missing step in the D-lysine catabolism of Pseudomonas putida in which 2OA is converted to D-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) via hydroxyglutarate synthase (HglS), a DUF1338 family protein. Here we solve the structure of...
Article
ɑ/β hydrolases are a large and diverse protein superfamily. In natural product biosynthesis, cis-acting thioesterase ɑ/β hydrolases can terminate biosynthetic assembly lines and release products by hydrolyzing or cyclizing the biosynthetic intermediate. Thioesterases can also act in trans, removing aberrant intermediates and restarting stalled bios...
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to low abundance in many staple food crops, the essential amino acid lysine must be produced industrially to meet global food supply needs. Despite intensive study, manipulation, and agricultural importance, the steps of plant lysine catabolism beyond the 2-oxoadipate (2OA) intermediate remain undescribed. Recently we described a missing step i...
Article
Chromohalobacter salixigens contains a uronate dehydrogenase termed CsUDH that can convert uronic acids to their corresponding C1,C6-dicarboxy aldaric acids, an important enzyme reaction applicable for biotechnological use of sugar acids. To increase the thermal stability of this enzyme for biotechnological processes, directed evolution using gene...
Article
Terminal alkenes are easily derivatized, making them desirable functional group targets for polyketide synthase (PKS) engineering. However, they are rarely encountered in natural PKS systems. One mechanism for terminal alkene formation in PKSs is through the activity of an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (ACAD). Herein, we use biochemical and structural ana...
Preprint
Full-text available
Terminal alkenes are easily derivatized, making them desirable functional group targets for polyketide synthase (PKS) engineering. However, they are rarely encountered in natural PKS systems. One mechanism for terminal alkene formation in PKSs is through the activity of an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (ACAD). Herein, we use biochemical and structural ana...
Article
Full-text available
P. putida lysine metabolism can produce multiple commodity chemicals, conferring great biotechnological value. Despite much research, the connection of lysine catabolism to central metabolism in P. putida remained undefined. Here, we used random barcode transposon sequencing to fill the gaps of lysine metabolism in P. putida . We describe a route o...
Article
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Tightly regulated promoters are essential for numerous biological applications, where strong inducibility, portability, and scalability are desirable. Current systems are often incompatible with large-scale fermentations due to high inducer costs and strict media requirements. Here, we describe the bottom-up engineering of 'Jungle Express', an expr...
Article
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The development of robust enzymes, in particular cellulases, is a key step in the success of biological routes to `second-generation' biofuels. The typical sources of the enzymes used to degrade biomass include mesophilic and thermophilic organisms. The endoglucanase J30 from glycoside hydrolase family 9 was originally identified through metagenomi...
Article
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Microbial toluene biosynthesis was reported in anoxic lake sediments more than three decades ago, but the enzyme catalyzing this biochemically challenging reaction has never been identified. Here we report the toluene-producing enzyme PhdB, a glycyl radical enzyme of bacterial origin that catalyzes phenylacetate decarboxylation, and its cognate act...
Article
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Using statistical analysis of the Biological Macromolecular Crystallization Database, combined with previous knowledge about crystallization reagents, a crystallization screen called the Berkeley Screen has been created. Correlating crystallization conditions and high-resolution protein structures, it is possible to better understand the influence...
Article
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The human chaperonin TRiC consists of eight non-identical subunits, and its protein-folding activity is critical for cellular health. Misfolded proteins are associated with many human diseases, such as amyloid diseases, cancer, and neuropathies, making TRiC a potential therapeutic target. A detailed structural understanding of its ATP-dependent fol...
Article
Active sites and ligand-binding cavities in native proteins are often formed by curved β sheets, and the ability to control β-sheet curvature would allow design of binding proteins with cavities customized to specific ligands. Toward this end, we investigated the mechanisms controlling β-sheet curvature by studying the geometry of β sheets in natur...
Article
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Metal-chelating heteroaryl small molecules have found widespread use as building blocks for coordination-driven, self-assembling nanostructures. The metal-chelating noncanonical amino acid (2,2'-bipyridin-5yl)alanine (Bpy-ala) could, in principle, be used to nucleate specific metalloprotein assemblies if introduced into proteins such that one assem...
Article
Self-assembling cyclic protein homo-oligomers play important roles in biology, and the ability to generate custom homo-oligomeric structures could enable new approaches to probe biological function. Here we report a general approach to design cyclic homo-oligomers that employs a new residue-pair-transform method to assess the designability of a pro...
Article
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Stilbenes are diphenyl ethene compounds produced naturally in a wide variety of plant species and some bacteria. Stilbenes are also derived from lignin during kraft pulping. Stilbene cleavage oxygenases (SCOs) cleave the central double bond of stilbenes, forming two phenolic aldehydes. Here, we report the structure of an SCO. The X-ray structure of...
Article
In nature, structural specificity in DNA and proteins is encoded differently: In DNA, specificity arises from modular hydrogen bonds in the core of the double helix, whereas in proteins, specificity arises largely from buried hydrophobic packing complemented by irregular peripheral polar interactions. Here, we describe a general approach for design...
Article
Full-text available
There has been great progress in the development of technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to sugars, and subsequent fermentation to fuels. However, plant lignin remains an untapped source of materials for production of fuels or high-value chemicals. Biological cleavage of lignin has been well characterized in fungi, in which enzy...
Article
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Lignin poses a major challenge in the processing of plant biomass for agro-industrial applications. For bioengineering purposes, there is a pressing interest in identifying and characterizing the enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of lignin. Hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:shikimate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase (HCT, EC 2.3.1.133) is a key metabolic ent...
Article
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Lignin is a combinatorial polymer comprising monoaromatic units that are linked via covalent bonds. Although lignin is a potential source of valuable aromatic chemicals, its recalcitrance to chemical or biological digestion presents major obstacles to both the production of second-generation biofuels and the generation of valuable coproducts from l...
Article
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Somatic embryogenesis receptor kinases (SERKs) are leucine-rich repeat (LRR)-containing integral membrane receptors that are involved in the regulation of development and immune responses in plants. It has recently been shown that rice SERK2 (OsSERK2) is essential for XA21-mediated resistance to the pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae . OsSERK2...
Article
The actin filament-binding and filament-severing activities of the aplyronine, kabiramide, and reidispongiolide families of marine macrolides are located within the hydrophobic tail region of the molecule. Two synthetic tail analogues of aplyronine C (SF-01 and GC-04) are shown to bind to G-actin with dissociation constants of (285±33) and (132±13)...
Article
The archaeal enzyme geranylgeranyl reductase (GGR) catalyzes hydrogenation of carbon-carbon double bonds to produce the saturated alkyl chains of the organism's unusual isoprenoid-derived cell membrane. Enzymatic reduction of isoprenoid double bonds is of considerable interest both to natural products researchers and to synthetic biologists interes...
Article
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Ionic liquid pretreatment of biomass has been shown to greatly reduce the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass, resulting in improved sugar yields after enzymatic saccharification. However, even under these improved saccharification conditions the cost of enzymes still represents a significant proportion of the total cost of producing sugars an...
Article
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Major efforts in bioenergy research have focused on producing fuels that can directly replace petroleum-derived gasoline and diesel fuel through metabolic engineering of microbial fatty acid biosynthetic pathways. Typically, growth and pathway induction are conducted under aerobic conditions, but for operational efficiency in an industrial context,...
Article
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Micrococcus luteus is a Gram-positive bacterium that produces iso- and anteiso-branched alkenes by the head-to-head condensation of fatty-acid thioesters [coenzyme A (CoA) or acyl carrier protein (ACP)]; this activity is of interest for the production of advanced biofuels. In an effort to better understand the control of the formation of branched f...
Article
Tm_Cel5A, which belongs to family 5 of the glycoside hydrolases, is an extremely stable enzyme among the endo-acting glycosidases present in the hyperthermophilic organism Thermotoga maritima. Members of GH5 family shows a common (β/α)(8) TIM-barrel fold in which the catalytic acid/base and nucleophile are located on strands β-4 and β-7 of the barr...
Article
Full-text available
Chaperonins are large protein complexes consisting of two stacked multisubunit rings, which open and close in an ATP-dependent manner to create a protected environment for protein folding. Here, we describe the first crystal structure of a group II chaperonin in an open conformation. We have obtained structures of the archaeal chaperonin from Metha...
Article
Full-text available
Cel9A from the thermoacidophilic bacterium Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius belongs to the subfamily E1 of family 9 glycoside hydrolases, many members of which have an N-terminal Ig-like domain followed by the catalytic domain. The Ig-like domain is not directly involved in either carbohydrate binding or biocatalysis; however, deletion of the Ig-dom...
Article
Full-text available
As part of our ongoing studies of thermophilic cellulases, we are examining the subfamily E1 of family 9 of glycoside hydrolases, members of which have an N-terminal immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain followed by the catalytic domain (CD). While the function of the Ig-like module has not been determined, deletion of the Ig-domain results in complete l...
Article
Full-text available
The production of biofuels using biomass is an alternative route to support the growing global demand for energy and to also reduce the environmental problems caused by the burning of fossil fuels. Cellulases are likely to play an important role in the degradation of biomass and the production of sugars for subsequent fermentation to fuel. Here, th...
Article
Nanog and Sox2 are key transcriptional factors involved in self-renewal and pluripotency of stem cells in human and other mammals. Nanog and Sox2 contain homeodomain (HD) and high-mobility group (HMG) DNA-binding domain, respectively, for targeting them to their regulatory regions and the other regions with transactivation function by providing sit...
Article
The Brn-5 protein, highly expressed in human brain, belongs to the POU family; a class of transcription factors involved in a wide variety of biological processes ranging from programming of embryonic stem cells to cellular housekeeping. This functional diversity is conferred by two DNA-binding subdomains that can assume several configurations due...
Article
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading cause of mortality due to a single bacterial pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The reemergence of TB as a potential public health threat, the high susceptibility of human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons to the disease, the proliferation of multi-drug-resistant strains (MDR-TB) and, more recently, of...
Article
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The Brn-5 protein plays an important role in the control of cellular development and belongs to a class of transcription factors that usually contain two domains: the POU homeodomain (POU(HD)) and the POU-specific domain (POU(S)). Since high-quality crystals suitable for crystallographic studies of the proteins of this class are difficult to obtain...