Jose L. Oviedo

Jose L. Oviedo
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía

PhD in Economics

About

74
Publications
13,889
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,069
Citations
Introduction
I am PhD in Economics and Associate Research Professor at the Institute of Marine Sciences of Andalusia, CSIC, Spain. My field is environmental and natural resource economics. My research line is focused on: (i) stated preferences techniques for the valuation of environmental services and ecosystem accounting; (ii) econometric land use decision and land use change models; and (iii) laboratory experiments for the analysis of cognitive and decision processes in environmental valuation.
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - present
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • Associate Research Professor (Científico Titular)

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
The United Nations monetary System of Environmental-Economic Accounting—Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA EA) does not recommend the measurement of the environmental incomes of single products from an ecosystem accounting area. The objective of this paper is to uncover the accounting period environmental income given by the environmental operating return...
Article
Full-text available
Are we able to determine the existence value output generated for society through the preservation of wild species threatened with extinction? In this article we defend the theory that the service of preserving threatened species with risk of extinction is an existence value output with a hidden transaction price if it can be established that there...
Article
A major problem faced by government as trustee of society charged with conserving the nation's forest environmental asset is that the standard Economic Account for Forestry (EAF) fails to measure the contribution of nature to total forest incomes and environmental assets. In the context of this government mission, the debate arises with regard to h...
Article
Full-text available
We applied discrete choice contingent valuation to the amenities consumed by non-industrial private forest owners in Andalusia (Spain) in a survey of 765 landowners. The landowners’ median willingness to accept compensation from an alternative investment for giving up land amenity consumption is EUR 387.8 per hectare yearly. The preferred model sho...
Article
Full-text available
Theory posits that resilience of ecosystems increases when there is a diversity of agents (e.g., species) and linkages between them. If ecosystems are conceptualized as components of coupled human and natural systems, then a corollary would be that novel types of human-induced diversity may also foster resilience. We explored this hypothesis by stu...
Article
Full-text available
The standard System of National Accounts (SNA) omits the costs of the environmental inputs from nature and the environmental fixed asset degradation from the national/sub-national natural working landscapes. The United Nations Statistic Division (UNSD) is currently drafting the standardization of the Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (EEA), as part...
Article
Full-text available
In this research, our objectives are twofold: firstly to conceptualize and compare the ecosystem services and environmental incomes of individual activities at producer, basic and social prices using the extended accounts (Agroforestry Accounting System) and the refined standard accounts (a slightly refined standard System of National Accounts), an...
Article
Full-text available
This research develops the novel concept of an economic ecosystem service sustainability index from the perspective of total income theory, and presents its empirical application at the spatial unit scale of the agroforestry farm. This paper compares the results accrued from applying the refined standard System of National Accounts (rSNA) and the a...
Article
Full-text available
The scientific debate over how to make visible the connections between the standard System of National Accounts (SNA) and its ongoing satellite Environmental Economic Ecosystem Accounting–Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA–EEA) is a challenge that is still pending. The literature on environmental accounting of agroforestry and silvopastoral la...
Article
Full-text available
There is growing consensus regarding the implementation of a new statistical framework for environmental-economic accounting to improve ecosystem related policies. As the standard System of National Accounts (SNA) fails to measure the economic contribution of ecosystems to the total income of individuals, governments recognize the need to expand th...
Article
Full-text available
This research applies and compares the Agroforestry Accounting System (AAS) and the lightly revised System of National Accounts (SNA) in five cork oak farms in Andalusia, Spain, in 2010. We value eighteen economic activities, eleven of which are managed by individual farmers and seven of which are overseen by government. Our objectives are to measu...
Article
We present a new comprehensive index for mapping the relative conservation value of threatened biodiversity. The index is based on explicit criteria to (1) select threatened species according to regional government responsibility for species' conservation; (2) combine species' presence by means of weighting factors based on differences in threat st...
Article
Understanding how metapopulations persist in dynamic working landscapes requires assessing the behaviors of key actors that change patches as well as intrinsic factors driving turnover. Coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) research uses a multidisciplinary approach to identify the key actors, processes, and feedbacks that drive metapopulation...
Article
Abstract National accounting either ignores or fails to give due values to the ecosystem services, products, incomes and environmental assets of a country. To overcome these shortcomings, we apply spatially-explicit extended accounts that incorporate a novel environmental income indicator, which we test in the forests of Andalusia (Spain). Extende...
Article
Landowners’ attitudes towards energy crops are a keystone for the fulfillment of the European Union objectives of energy production (electrical, thermal and biofuels) from biomass in the next years. Economic instruments play a fundamental role to increase the participation of the landowners in renewable energy schemes. A discrete choice experiment...
Article
Resource use in rural communities is an important factor affecting local livelihoods and forest conservation in Amazonia. In this paper, we estimate the income obtained from roundwood and irapay palm (Lepidocaryum tenue Mart.) fronds by 79 households living in three Amazonian rural communities where harvest and trade of forest products is the main...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze stated ranking data collected from recreational visitors to the Alcornocales Natural Park (ANP) in Spain. The ANP is a large protected area which comprises mainly cork oak woodlands. The visitors ranked cork oak reforestation programs delivering different sets of environmental (reforestation technique, biodiversity, forest surface) and s...
Article
Full-text available
National accounting either ignores or fails to give due values to a country ́s ecosystem services, products, total income and environmental asset variations. To overcome these shortcomings, wedevelop a spatially-explicit extended ecosystem accounting framework, which we test intheMediterranean forests of Andalusia (Spain). This framework goes beyon...
Article
This paper discusses the Simulated Exchange Value method, a practical method to estimate values for goods and services currently outside of the market in a manner consistent with the market-based figures considered in national accounts. The method proposes to simulate, in a partial equilibrium context, the price that would occur if a good or servic...
Article
Full-text available
Aim of study: This paper objective focuses on the contribution of multifunctional natural forest silviculture, incorporating both private and public product managements, to forest and woodland economics. Area of study: Spain and California (USA). Material and methods: This conceptual article has developed a critical revision of the existing liter...
Article
Full-text available
More frequent drought is projected for California. As water supplies constrict, and urban growth and out-migration spread to rural areas, trade-offs in water use for agriculture, biodiversity conservation, fire hazard reduction, residential development, and quality of life will be exacerbated. The California Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis cotur...
Chapter
Full-text available
A social–ecological system (SES) is a combination of social and ecological actors and processes that influence each other in profound ways. The SES framework is not a research methodology or a checklist to identify problems. It is a conceptual framework designed to keep both the social and ecological components of a system in focus so that the inte...
Article
Rangeland economists have noted that people tend to pay far more for ranches and rangelands than can be justified by the potential income from livestock operations alone. This gap in price can be explained when the value of the amenity benefits from owning a ranch and the capital gains from the rangeland investment are integrated as part of the “in...
Article
Full-text available
Free via Open Access: http://le.uwpress.org/content/93/1/87.full.pdf+html We develop a model that estimates spatially allocated environmental asset values for the simultaneous provision of seven ecosystem services. We examine the effect of heterogeneous spatial and economic factors on asset figures, and identify potential forestry abandonment prob...
Article
We perform two convergent validity tests in a choice experiment applied to public recreation in Spanish stone pine and cork oak forests. Results show convergent validity between a choice and a ranking recoded as a choice format in an experiment with three alternatives plus status quo. We also find significant differences between two payment vehicle...
Article
We develop an ecosystem accounting system to estimate individual products' biophysical and total income indicators. The ecosystem products are grouped into private and public activities and measured consistently with the principle of exchange value of the standard national accounts. Private products comprise timber, cork, firewood, conservation for...
Article
In Mediterranean silvopastoral ecosystems, grazing continues to be a key economic practice that shapes forest, woodland, shrubland and grassland and remains a primary feed source for livestock breeding. However, conventional national accounting statistics do not provide information on livestock grazing leases and environmental income. The main goal...
Working Paper
We apply an experimental ecosystem accounting approach aimed at estimating the contribution of ecosystem services to total social income accrued from a Stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) forest as the result of afforestation in Huelva Province, Spain. The study encompasses private market products such as timber, pine cones, and forest conservation interme...
Article
We apply an experimental ecosystem accounting approach aimed at estimating the contribution of ecosystem services to total social income accrued from a Stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) forest as the result of afforestation in Huelva Province, Spain. The study encompasses private market products such as timber, pine cones, and forest conservation interme...
Article
We test convergent validity of contingent valuation and choice modeling with field and eye-tracker data in an application for stone pine reforestations. Field results yield significantly different structural models and higher willingness to pay values in choice modeling. Eye-tracker results show that respondents devote relatively more time to attri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We apply an experimental agroforestry accounting system to estimate the total social income accrued from private and public products in a group of agroforestry farms in Andalusia (Spain). This approach is applied in two contrasting farm groups, a subgroup of 15 publicly owned forests and a subgroup of 24 privately owned dehesa farms. Total social i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We develop a model for estimating the environmental asset (EA) value of a selection of forest provisioning services that include timber, cork, firewood, pine-nuts and grazing resources and carbon sequestration as a regulating ecosystem service. This EA computing model is applied to a group of 567 silvopastoral farms in Andalusia (Spain). The expect...
Data
Full-text available
Abstract Comparative research into the human-maintained economic and ecological systems referred to as working landscapes is a rarity in the literature. Nonetheless, developing such comparisons is the end goal of this book. Altogether, 44 field scientists are contributing authors, with some appearing in multiple contributions, but others spelling o...
Data
Full-text available
Oak woodlands have offered a welcoming environment for human activities for tens of thousands of years, but how that history has unfolded has many variations. The long-time collaboration that led to this book ran into complications arising from the different meanings attached to many a term, including struggles over the most appropriate title, sett...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Terrestrial ecosystems, such as forestlands and grasslands, provide many ecosystems services, and in most cases these services are provided by working landscapes that also generates relevant manufactured products (Haines-Young and Potschin, 2013). Conventional national accounts for agriculture and forestry activities neglect nonmarket environmental...
Article
Full-text available
When attempting to value ecosystem services and support their production, two critical aspects may be neglected. The term "ecosystem services" implies that they are a function of natural processes; yet, human interaction with the environment may be key to the production of many. This can contribute to a misconception that ecosystem service producti...
Chapter
Full-text available
A better appreciation of the value of ecosystem services produced on private lands opens the door to programs that offer incentives to landowners and managers for specific conservation and production practices. This chapter reviews studies of ecosystem services provided by oak woodlands in California and Spain, focusing on those that may be difficu...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter’s objective is to measure and analyze total private income and profitability for five case study privately-owned dehesas and oak woodland ranches. The Agroforestry Accounting System is applied at the farm scale. Results are estimated for individual forestry, game, livestock, crop, and service activities, and for activities aggregated a...
Book
Full-text available
Oak woodlands have offered a welcoming environment for human activities for tens of thousands of years, but how that history has unfolded has many variations. The long-time collaboration that led to this book ran into complications arising from the different meanings attached to many a term, including struggles over the most appropriate title, sett...
Article
Exposure of livestock grazing to forage productivity variation and to market fluctuations affects the risk of investment and returns from cow-calf operations, but little work has been done to empirically compare these returns to the returns that would be demanded by financial markets from assets with similar risk and return characteristics. This st...
Chapter
Full-text available
Comparative research into the human-maintained economic and ecological systems referred to as working landscapes is a rarity in the literature. Nonetheless, developing such comparisons is the end goal of this book. Altogether, 44 field scientists are contributing authors, with some appearing in multiple contributions, but others spelling out the sp...
Article
Full-text available
Landowners in California were surveyed using a contingent valuation technique to assess its usefulness in estimating the monetary income value of private amenities from their oak woodland properties. Private amenities - such as recreation, scenic beauty and a rural lifestyle - are considered an important influence on rangeland owners, but few studi...
Article
Full-text available
After reviewing the Kyoto Protocol rules for carbon sequestration accounting and the different carbon accounting methods proposed in the literature for forest management, for reforestation and, more recently, for avoided deforestation or degradation, we discuss possible carbon accounting rules for a post-Kyoto world. We then apply the results of th...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Much has been made of the low returns on investment for western rangeland ranching. However, little work has been done to empirically compare these returns to the return that would be demanded by financial markets from assets with similar risk and return characteristics. This study uses historical forage productivity data from three locations in Ca...
Article
We estimate the private net benefits from afforesting marginal shrubland and cropland with cork oaks at two Spanish cork oak sites, Aljibe and Gavarres, in different time horizon frames. The analysis integrates market and nonmarket (landowner amenity) private capital incomes, including government afforestation grants. We apply cost-benefit analysis...
Working Paper
Full-text available
While applied national accounts are based on market costs and outputs, non-market valuation techniques yield estimates for consumer or Hicksian surplus. To integrate non-market values in national accounts we propose the Simulated Exchange Value method, which simulates the whole market (demand and cost functions) to obtain exchange values. We focus...
Article
Most of the Mediterranean woodlands in Spain, Portugal, and California are managed as agrosilvopastoral enterprises, producing some combination of livestock, wood, cork products, and crops, as well as wildlife habitat and diverse environmental services. Private amenity benefits to landowners have been Suggested as an explanation for high land price...
Conference Paper
Mediterranean woodlands in California are managed as agro-silvo-pastoral systems producing a number of commercial products as well as a huge variety of environmental services, including private amenities for the landowner. In many parts of the woodlands, grazing on government owned (public) lands has traditionally had an important role in private r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Spain and California, landowners have a crucial role to play in the conservation of oak woodlands. The value of environmental services from private oak woodlands used for extensive agriculture has drawn the attention of policymakers and conservationists, and policy strategies for maintenance of traditional extensive agriculture are emergent in b...
Chapter
Full-text available
El abandono durante varias décadas de la actividad selvícola en la masa del alcornocal del macizo de Les Gavarres ha propiciado la invasión del matorral, favorecida en muchos casos por incendios devastadores. El incremento en los precios del corcho, especialmente en la última década, ha creado nuevos incentivos para la extracción del corcho en los...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los alcornoques del Parque Natural “Los Alcornocales” presentan evidencias de envejecimiento y de una insuficiente regeneración natural. La hipotética gestión de un alcornocal maduro, con una regeneración natural adecuada, ofrece rentas de capital competitivas con otros usos del suelo alternativos. Se observa, no obstante, que las rentas de capital...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents an applied improvement in the agroforestry accounting system (AAS) approach to two public cork oak forests in the Mediterranean region: Jerez (Spain) and Iteimia (Tunisia). Both forests have similar environments but differ in land property rights, labour markets and countries (developed and developing economy, respectively). The...
Article
The objective of this paper is to show the measurement of the environmental income from two private Spanish forests, the Cork Oak Woodlands of the Alcornocales Natural Park (Cádiz and Málaga) and the Scotch Pine Forest of the Sierra de Guadarrama (Madrid and Segovia). We also contribute to the technical and political debate on governmental regulati...
Article
Previous research has shown that results from a choice experiment are statistically different from those obtained from a ranking experiment that is recoded and treated as a choice experiment using only the first rank. By avoiding some of the shortcomings of previous comparisons, we obtain the opposite results using data from the valuation of a cork...
Article
Full-text available
The material contained herein is supplementary to the article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Chapter
Full-text available
Jerez (Spain) and Iteimia (Tunisia) cork oak agroforestry systems have close natural environments but they differ in land property rights, labour market and economic development contexts. These human induced differences result in similarities and dissimilarities on natural resources multiple use management. In this study we apply a simplified agrof...