José M. Labeaga

José M. Labeaga
National Distance Education University | UNED · Department of Economics and Mathematical Economics

Professor of Economics
Teaching and research at the National Distance Learning University in Madrid

About

162
Publications
42,174
Reads
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2,849
Citations
Introduction
I currently work at the National Distance Education University in Madrid. My research is focused on microeconometric models applied to several fields as demand systems, intertemporal consumption equations, labor supply, etc. I am worried about obtaining estimates of crucial parameters of the models to be able to use them with policy purposes. I am also interested in the evaluation of public policies using suitable econometric techniques
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - present
National Distance Education University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
March 2012 - September 2012
Maastricht University
Position
  • Affiliated Researcher
Description
  • Visiting
April 2008 - March 2012
Instituto de Estudios Fiscales
Position
  • General Director
Education
September 1986 - December 1990
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Economics
September 1984 - June 1986
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Economic Analysis
September 1979 - June 1984
University of Zaragoza
Field of study
  • Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales

Publications

Publications (162)
Article
The importance of energy-environmental taxation in the transition to decarbonized economies does not correspond to its actual role due to several constraints on its application. This paper emphasizes one of the main barriers, the negative impacts on distribution and equity, and suggests alternatives to mitigate these effects. In particular, it list...
Article
Despite the generosity of its tax system, Spain is far from EU countries in terms of R&D spending and innovation outcomes. A policy instrument commonly used to foster firms’ R&D investment are tax incentives. The use of this instrument is not generalized in firms spending on R&D, and only a fraction of firms are regular claimants. This paper invest...
Article
Purpose Combining a conceptual framework with empirical evidence, this study aims to offer insights into why small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the business-to-business beauty sector switch suppliers, due to pricing considerations. Design/methodology/approach Data gathered from 475 telephone surveys of Spanish hairdressers provide the in...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of energy-environmental taxation in the transition to decarbonized economies does not correspond to its actual role due to several constraints on its application. This paper emphasizes one of the main barriers, the negative impacts on distribution and equity, and suggests alternatives to mitigate these effects. In particular, it list...
Chapter
In this paper, we combine the literature from marketing and industrial economics about the mobile industry to build up the basics for estimating heterogeneous demand models. We also had a look at the general statistics for better understanding the market and proposing logit and Random Coefficient Logit (RCL) models to estimate the demand equations....
Article
The global energy mix and cost structure of the power industry are experiencing a redefinition. Many countries are revamping electricity-pricing systems to guarantee fixed-cost recovery, often by raising the fixed charge of two-part tariff schemes. However, a key assumption of two-part tariff schemes and associated fixed cost recoveries is that con...
Article
We examine how a European carbon price will affect citizens by studying its incidence on households in 23 countries of the EU. At the national level, the distributional impact before revenue recycling is mainly neutral, sometimes progressive. At an aggregate EU level, however, the impact is regressive because some low-income countries would be stro...
Article
Full-text available
We examine empirically the path of consumption growth over time by looking at detailed microdata for the Spanish economy. We estimate different versions of a Euler equation linking consumption growth to the real interest rate and other socioeconomic and demographic variables. We work with two thorough datasets of microdata which compile rich econom...
Article
This paper attempts to quantitatively summarize the existing empirical evidence on the effects of energy efficiency policies on energy demand and on the price of associated durable goods, as well as to identify the main factors that systematically affect the estimated impacts. To this end, a meta-regression analysis of the effects of energy efficie...
Article
Equity and efficiency are crucial issues behind any tax reform, but they are particularly relevant in countries with high inequality and large shares of poverty. This paper provides a comprehensive socio-economic empirical assessment of Mexico's proposed (and partially implemented) tax reforms in the energy domain, and of a hypothetical partial rem...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the implications of aggregation in empirical analyses of Euler equations for consumption. We compare the results obtained after estimating the same model using total and non-durable microeconomic consumption data, from the maximum aggregation level (Spanish National Accounts) to household data from the Spanish Expenditure Su...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental taxes and green tax reforms are increasingly seen as powerful tools for promoting a transition to sustainable economies [...]
Article
We examine how a European carbon price will affect citizens by studying the carbon tax incidence in 23 countries of the European Union. On the national scale, the incidence in EU countries is largely neutral - sometimes even progressive - but in aggregate it is strongly regressive. Aggregate regressivity is driven by inter-country differences. Whil...
Article
Full-text available
The great recession brought an increased need for public revenues and generated distributive concerns across many countries. This has led to a new generation of green tax reforms characterized by the use of markedly heterogeneous proposals that, overall, share a more flexible use of tax receipts adapted to the new economic environment. This article...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aims to propose a theoretical framework and provide empirical evidence on the most successful marketing strategies for obtaining behavioural loyalty in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Design/methodology/approach The data are based on 475 telephone surveys conducted among Spanish hairdressers. The authors have used ordinary...
Article
Full-text available
By estimating a flexible nonlinear regression model of savings on an original dataset of service procurements conducted by the Spanish Armed Forces, this paper provides robust and precise novel econometric evidence on the extent and sources of cost savings in public procurement. The net effect on savings of the policy-amenable and economically adva...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the impact of environmental externalities has become one of the essential aspects in making economic and urban planning decisions. Our goal focuses on the innovative assessment of noise pollution emitted by military aircraft located at Gando Air Base in 2012. Its impact on the housing market was analyzed for 6447 households affected by mo...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper investigates the implications of aggregation in empirical analyses of Euler equations for consumption. We compare the results obtained after estimating the same model using total and non-durable microeconomic consumption data, from the maximum aggregation level (Spanish National Accounts) to household data from the Spanish Expenditure Su...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper we investigate the implications of aggregation in empirical analyses of Euler equations for consumption. We compare the results obtained after estimating the same model using total and non-durable microeconomic consumption data, from the maximum aggregation level (Spanish National Accounts) to household data from the Spanish Expenditu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this paper we investigate the implications of aggregation in empirical analyses of Euler equations for consumption. We compare the results obtained after estimating the same model, using total and non-durable microeconomic consumption household data, from the maximum aggregation level (National Accounts) to individual data from the Spanish Expen...
Article
This paper provides an updated calculation of the price and income responsiveness of Spanish consumers of transport fuels, with an explicit exploration of the effects of the recent economic crisis. We examine separate gasoline and diesel demand models using a set of estimators on a panel of 16 Spanish regions over the period 1999–2015. The paper co...
Article
Price elasticities of energy demand have become increasingly relevant in estimating the socio-economic and environmental effects of energy policies or other events that influence the price of energy goods. Since the 1970s, a large number of academic papers have provided both short and long-term price elasticity estimates for different countries usi...
Article
This paper provides an updated calculation of the price and income responsiveness of Spanish consumers of car fuels, with an explicit exploration of the effects of the recent economic crisis. We examine separate gasoline and diesel demand models using a set of estimators on a panel of 16 Spanish regions over the period 1999-2015. The paper confirms...
Article
Full-text available
Big Data offers opportunities in many fields. Healthcare is not an exception. In this paper we summarize the possibilities of Big Data and Big Data technologies to offer useful information to policy makers. In a world with tight public budgets and ageing populations we feel necessary to save costs in any production process. The use of outcomes from...
Article
Full-text available
Los importantes cambios vividos en los mercados energéticos durante los últimos años y la creciente relevancia de las políticas energética y climática en la Unión Europea y, dentro de ella en España, hacen necesario poder anticipar el comportamiento de la demanda de energía ante variaciones en su precio, tanto a corto como a largo plazo. En este co...
Article
This paper analyzes the reasons for the scarce development of the private long-term care insurance market in Spain, and its relationship with health insurance. We are also interested in the effects the crisis has had both on the evolution of the demand for long-term care insurance and on the existence of regional disparities. We estimate bivariate...
Article
We estimate the importance of preference interdependence from consumption choices. Our strategy follows the literature that tests the constraints imposed by optimality on the evolution of individual consumption. The introduction of habits and envy places additional restrictions on the evolution of the optimal consumption path. We use a unique data...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Price elasticities of energy demand have become increasingly relevant in estimating the socio-economic and environmental effects of energy policies or other events that influence the price of energy goods. Since the 1970s, a large number of academic papers have provided both short and long-term price elasticity estimates for different countries usi...
Article
Full-text available
The growing demand for affordable, reliable, domestically sourced, and low-carbon electricity is a matter of concern and it is driven by several causes including public policy priorities. Policy objectives and new technologies are changing wholesale market design. The analysis of different aspects of energy markets is increasingly on the agendas of...
Article
By estimating a flexible nonlinear regression model of savings on an original data set of service procurements conducted by the Spanish Armed Forces, this paper provides robust and precise novel econometric evidence on the extent and sources of cost savings in public procurement. The net effect on savings of the policy-amenable and economically adv...
Article
Full-text available
Economic evaluation of health care interventions has experienced a strong growth over the past decade and is increasingly present as a support tool in the decisions making process on public funding of health services and pricing in European countries. A necessary element using them is that agents that perform economic evaluations have minimum rules...
Article
Full-text available
The use of fiscal policy instruments to stimulate private R&D is widespread and important in some countries like Spain. In this paper we explore the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives on knowledge capital accumulation in Spanish manufacturing firms using an unbalanced panel and compare the estimates based on claimed and claimable tax reductions. W...
Article
Full-text available
The use of fiscal policy instruments to stimulate private R&D is widespread and important in some countries like Spain. In this paper we explore the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives on knowledge capital accumulation in Spanish manufacturing firms using an unbalanced panel and compare the estimates based on claimed and claimable tax reductions. W...
Chapter
Full-text available
El trabajo analiza el impuesto sobre las rentas del trabajo y valora la oportunidad de introducir en España bien en el corto bien en el medio-largo plazo algunas propuestas recogidas en el Informe Mirrlees.
Article
Full-text available
Accountability is still a weak practice in the public administration. Transparency, in addition, is one of the less developed principles for administrative activity. Development of public policies evaluation can be a key instrument to promote relevant innovation in the way public sector is managed. In the case that in the following years the instit...
Article
Full-text available
La evaluacion de politicas publicas en un tema fundamental en cualquier pais democratico. En el caso de Espana esta importancia queda reflejada en varios textos legales como la Constitucion Espanola o la Ley General Presupuestaria. El reconocimiento de dicha importancia no debe ser un fin sino un principio. Los responsables politicos se han encarga...
Article
Full-text available
In the 1960s, the member states of the EU pioneered the use of VAT in place of the variety of turnover tax systems then in operation. Over the years, VAT has become a major source of revenue for all member states and by 2009 it raised €784bn annually –6.6% of the EU’s GDP and 17.3% of all taxes raised. Clearly, how well VAT works is a question tha...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the effects that the Spanish Personal Income Tax has generated in terms of progressivity and redistribution in 2007 and 2009. These effects are positive for the entire country in both years. The analysis is broken down by regions and into two groups according to whether or not labour income is their main source of income. The co...
Data
El presente trabajo analiza el efecto de las políticas públicas sobre la propensión a inno-var de las empresas manufactureras españolas y cómo los apoyos públicos sobre los inputs de la función de innovación se trasladan a mejoras en los outputs, en nuestro caso inno-vaciones en productos y/o procesos. Se busca respuesta a si las políticas públicas...
Article
The sharp increase in energy prices and the growing concern for environmental issues, among other things, are behind the renewed interest in energy demand estimation. However, there is very little academic literature that takes account of the usual situation of energy suppliers: high quality but incomplete data. In this paper, we propose a useful a...
Article
Full-text available
The therapeutic advances that have taken place since the mid 1990s have profoundly affected the situation of people living with HIV/AIDS, not only in terms of life expectancy and quality of life but also socio-economically. This has numerous effects on different aspects of the patients' life and, especially, on their working life. We analyse in thi...
Article
We estimate the importance of preference interdependence from consumption choices. Our strategy follows the literature that tests the constraints imposed by optimality in the evolution of individual consumption. We derive a Euler equation from a preference specification that allows for non-separabilities across households and across time. The intro...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This summary provides the key findings and assessments of a major evaluation of the existing EU VAT system. Reading it, one may be struck by the number of faults and issues we highlight. We do not want to be relentlessly negative: virtually all taxes have problems, distort firm and consumer behaviour to some extent, and entail costly compliance bur...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This summary provides the key findings and assessments of a major evaluation of the existing EU VAT system. Reading it, one may be struck by the number of faults and issues we highlight. We do not want to be relentlessly negative: virtually all taxes have problems, distort firm and consumer behaviour to some extent, and entail costly compliance bur...
Technical Report
This summary provides the key findings and assessments of a major evaluation of the existing EU VAT system. Reading it, one may be struck by the number of faults and issues we highlight. We do not want to be relentlessly negative: virtually all taxes have problems, distort firm and consumer behaviour to some extent, and entail costly compliance bur...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This summary provides the key findings and assessments of a major evaluation of the existing EU VAT system. Reading it, one may be struck by the number of faults and issues we highlight. We do not want to be relentlessly negative: virtually all taxes have problems, distort firm and consumer behaviour to some extent, and entail costly compliance bur...
Technical Report
This summary provides the key findings and assessments of a major evaluation of the existing EU VAT system. Reading it, one may be struck by the number of faults and issues we highlight. We do not want to be relentlessly negative: virtually all taxes have problems, distort firm and consumer behaviour to some extent, and entail costly compliance bur...
Technical Report
This summary provides the key findings and assessments of a major evaluation of the existing EU VAT system. Reading it, one may be struck by the number of faults and issues we highlight. We do not want to be relentlessly negative: virtually all taxes have problems, distort firm and consumer behaviour to some extent, and entail costly compliance bur...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a methodology to distinguish state dependence from unobserved heterogeneity in the estimation context of a discrete choice model using household scanner panel data. With traditional maximum-likelihood approaches, the individual effects become correlated with the covariates. In contrast, the proposed estimation method formalizes...
Article
The evaluation of social programs constitutes an important aspect in the modeling of economic policies. On the basis that the measurement of well being through subjective measures provides a broader perspective than through objective economic variables, this paper first identifies the determinants of deprivation in Spain, in monetary terms, and in...
Article
This paper analyses the double jeopardy loyalty effect on a utility framework using a discrete choice approach instead of the Dirichlet model. We specify brand choice, allowing differences in the brand-loyalty measures across brands in two product categories. The discrete-choice model formulations are the multinomial logit model and the latent clas...
Article
Full-text available
Living in inadequate housing conditions not only supposes a failure of a basic functioning. It also has effects on other essential aspects of well-being such as health. Very few studies to date have analysed the relationship between both questions making an attempt to assess whether observable or unobservable individual characteristics can conditio...
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo analizamos el impacto que tuvo el producto final de la política anti tabaco, esto es, que los fumadores dejen el hábito, en el peso promedio de la población. Para ello, utilizamos datos de la encuesta Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System, una serie de cortes transversales independientes y representativos. Construimos un panel...
Article
Full-text available
As the prevalence of smoking has decreased to below 20%, health practitioners interest has shifted towards the prevalence of obesity, and reducing it is one of the major health challenges in decades to come. In this paper we study the impact that the final product of the anti-smoking campaign, that is, smokers quitting the habit, had on average wei...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we study one potential unintended consequences that the US anti-smoking campaign might have had: an increase in the average weight of the population. To these ends, we use data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System, a large series of independent representative cross-sectional surveys. We construct a synthetic panel that...
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