José Javier Alcolea -González

José Javier Alcolea -González
University of Alcalá | UAH · Department of History

Professor

About

120
Publications
56,927
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,191
Citations
Citations since 2016
30 Research Items
1368 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (120)
Article
Full-text available
Dating Cave Paintings A number of caves in Europe contain exquisite ancient art. Most of the art has been thought to be produced during the time of last glaciation by recently arrived modern humans, but dating of the art has been problematic because the art contains only minimal amounts of carbon for radiocarbon dating. Pike et al. (p. 1409 ; see t...
Article
Full-text available
Neandertal cave art It has been suggested that Neandertals, as well as modern humans, may have painted caves. Hoffmann et al. used uranium-thorium dating of carbonate crusts to show that cave paintings from three different sites in Spain must be older than 64,000 years. These paintings are the oldest dated cave paintings in the world. Importantly,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Classic models on population dynamics in inland Iberia during Marine Isotope Stage 2 have depicted this area, dominated by the Spanish plateau, as nearly unpopulated until Magdalenian times. In recent years, some researchers have questioned these models, mainly based on new field data. Preliminary evidence coming from the Peña Capón rock shelter ha...
Article
The Iberian Peninsula is considered one of the most well-suited regions in Europe to develop studies on the relationship between environmental changes and human adaptations across the Late Pleistocene. Due to its southwesternmost cul-de-sac position and eco-geographical diversity, Paleolithic Iberia was the stage of cyclical cultural/technological...
Article
Full-text available
As the south-westernmost region of Europe, the Iberian Peninsula stands as a key area for understanding the process of modern human dispersal into Eurasia. However, the precise timing, ecological setting and cultural context of this process remains controversial concerning its spatiotemporal distribution within the different regions of the peninsul...
Article
Siega Verde was the third open-air rock art site to be discovered in the Iberian Peninsula, even before Côa and the controversy that followed that discovery. Its practicable size and the study carried out without any publicity allowed the analysis of a new reality that would change the interpretation of Palaeolithic art. From the start of the resea...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this article we present a research project focused on the reevaluation and study of the archaeological record of Los Casares Cave (inland Iberia). This project started in 2014 and is aimed at the systemic recording of the archaeological site and prehistoric graphic expressions found in the cave interior. We have adopted an interdisciplinary appr...
Article
Full-text available
We present an updated synthesis on the archaeological context of the graphic expressions found at the Tito Bustillo Cave. The integrative study of industrial, spatial and topographic evidence, together with rock and mobile graphic expressions, enable us to propose a complex and hierarchized model of human settlement in the cave during the Middle-Up...
Article
Full-text available
Three pictographs from the Tito Bustillo cave have been studied by Raman microspectrosco-py, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electronic mi-croscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. All the samples can be associated with the oldest cave decoration phases. Haematite of two gra...
Article
Full-text available
ARPI. Arqueología y Prehistoria del Interior peninsular 06–2017 49EL MACIZO DE ARDINES: UN ESPACIO HUMANIZADO DURANTE ELPALEOLÍTICO SUPERIORTHE ARDINES MASSIF: A HUMANIZED SPACE THROUGHOUT THE UPPER PALAEOLITHICJosé Javier Alcolea-González (1)Rodrigo de Balbín-Behrmann (1)Resumen:Presentamos una síntesis actualizada de la realidad arqueológica de l...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present a chronicle of the discovery of two archaeological sites yielding Palaeolithic human occupations in two rock shelters located in the Sorbe River valley (Muriel, Guadalajara, Spain). Both sites, named Peña Cabra and Peña Capón, were discovered by a speleological team in the late 1960’s and the early 1970’s. Furthermore, we h...
Article
Full-text available
Slimak et al. challenge the reliability of our oldest (>65,000 years) U-Th dates on carbonates associated with cave paintings in Spain. They cite a supposed lack of parietal art for the 25,000 years following this date, along with potential methodological issues relating to open-system behavior and corrections to detrital or source water 230Th.We s...
Article
Full-text available
Establecemos por costumbre una diferencia funcional entre lo cotidiano y lo religioso en el comportamiento de la humanidad paleolítica, y eso no es más que un artificio actualista. Distinguimos ambas formas que son parte de un solo comportamiento humano, como expresión de una conducta con variantes. Intentamos aquí reflexionar sobre la ausencia de...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and objectives: Although the Iberian Peninsula is a key area for understanding the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and the demise of the Neandertals, valuable evidence for these debates remains scarce and problematic in its interior regions. Sparse data supporting a late Neandertal persistence in the Iberian interior have been...
Data
Supporting tables on micromorphology and archeozoology and taphonomy. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
We present partial results obtained in an interdisciplinary research project focused on the human settlement of the Guadalajara province (Spain) during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. The excavation of the Peña Capón, Peña Cabra and Los Casares sites have shown outstanding evidence for investigating population dynamics and human-environment inte...
Article
Full-text available
We present partial results obtained in an interdisciplinary research project focused on the human settlement of the Guadalajara province (Spain) during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. The excavation of the Peña Capón, Peña Cabra and Los Casares sites have shown outstanding evidence for investigating population dynamics and human-environment inte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new project has restarted research at Los Casares Cave, in Riba de Saelices, Guadalajara. The study of the Pleistocene deposits still preserved in the Seno A of the cave seeks to establish relationships between the dynamics of settlement of Neanderthals and ecological changes in the central region of the Iberian Peninsula during the Late Pleistoc...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we analyze cave and portable graphic expressions of Tito Bustillo cave (Asturias, Spain) in relation to their archaeological context. We use an integrative approach that considers graphic expressions, archaeological objects and organized underground spaces as integrative parts of the Upper Palaeolithic human behaviors in the caves. We...
Article
In contrast to the coastal areas of the Iberian Peninsula, the Upper Palaeolithic settlement of central Iberia, dominated by the Spanish plateau, is poorly known. Traditional models assume a total or virtual depopulation of the interior of the Iberian Peninsula during the Last Glacial. In this paper we present a detailed investigation of human-envi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Palaeolithic art of the Iberian interior territories is quantitatively scarce, spatially dispersed and relatively poor in archaeological context. This state-of-the-art is not only a reflection of the Palaeolithic reality, but is also due to a prolonged lack of investigation in the area, which has been only started to be corrected in recent year...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present a new interdisciplinary project focused on the investigation of the Late Pleisto-cene deposits still preserved in the Room A of Los Casares cave (Riba de Saelices, Guadalajara, Spain). We first make a historical reconstruction of the research carried out in the cave, then we present our objectives, working hypotheses and me...
Conference Paper
(Late Pleistocene population dynamics in Central Iberia: a new geoarchaeological project): We present a new research project aimed at investigating population dynamics and human-environment interactions during the second half of the Late Pleistocene in Central Iberia. In this communication we discuss the state-of-the-art on the Middle and Upper Pal...
Article
Full-text available
The Tito Bustillo Cave ( Ribadesella ) is one of the major art ensembles of European Upper Paleolithic , in addition to meet a unique cluster in the dating scene, 46 C14 dating ofand8 U / Th.From the beginning we had interested in the chronological development of its manifestations, both artistic and material, and at that time the dates were referr...
Article
Full-text available
The Peña Capón rockshelter contains an archaeological deposit known since 1970 that was the object of a preliminary study in the late 1990’s. In this paper we present a revision of the archaeological material from level 3 that includes the technological and typological study of the lithics and bone tools, the zooarchaeological and taphonomic analys...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paleolithic cave art is an exceptional archive of early human symbolic behavior, but because obtaining reliable dates has been difficult, its chronology is still poorly understood after more than a century of study. We present uranium-series disequilibrium dates of calcite deposits overlying or underlying art found in three caves, including the UNE...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Peña Capón rock shelter contains an archaeological deposit known since the 1970’s that was the object of a preliminary study in the late 1990’s. We have recently conducted a new analysis of the known materials, that includes the technological and typological study of the lithics, the taphonomic and archaeozoological analysis of the faunal remai...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The methodology for documentation of Paleolithic art has a long route. The protocols applied to context in cave have applied on the same way outdoors to provide testable references. Our proposal for the relationshp between both versions of a similar graphical system of Paleolithic chronology, it has strong evidences and is established in a convinci...
Article
Full-text available
For years it has been working among the managers of the sites Côa Valley and Siega Verde that currently qualify for one and the same classification as a UNESCO World Heritage. Having passed the first stage of research and dissemination of both sets, it is necessary to consider further actions for the conservation and management of these outdoor sit...
Article
Full-text available
Significant paintings from the Tito Bustillo (Ribadesella, Asturias) and El Buxu (Cardes, Asturias) caves, renowned archaeological sites of the Cantabrian Palaeolithic cave art, were studied by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Auxiliary techniques like infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electronic micro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The recovery of the works in Tito Bustillo's cave, happened at the end of the last decade of last century, it has facilitated a deep reinterpretation of the archaeological content of the great cave of Ribadesella.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present in this comunication all that we know until the moment, under the cultural and geolocic point of view, of the Massif of Ardines, conceived as an all, where naturally more and less important places exist, but always related by cultural and physical reasons, confirming a reality of collective settlement along millenia. It presents us a dis...
Article
Full-text available
The dyes used in the manufacture of Palaeolithic paintings are a cultural element of the first order to know the intentions of the artists, their points of supply, its systems for mixing and preparing and the quality of the used pigments. But here is not its only value, since they are used to establish possible areas and cultural relations that go...
Article
Full-text available
The documentation of some figures of hoofed in Siega Verde on panels of palaeolithic style and its stylistic references in the whole south of Europe, constitutes the starting point of the reflection on the presence of style v in the outdoors sites of the peninsular occident. In the Douro's region exists a richer documentation than the habitual in E...
Article
Full-text available
The Paleolithic shelter Art in the open air of Siega Verde, Salamanca, is the unitary group better endowed with paleolithic shelter manifestations in the bleakness of the whole Iberian Peninsula. Its study, consequence of more than 10 years of works on the land, has culminated with the recent publication of a complete monograph. In the following li...
Article
Full-text available
The chronology of the Paleolithic art proposed by A. Leroi-Gourhan had a strong installation among the specialists until his death, in the years 1980s of the last century. After that the system SMA of directdating began to be applied producing some disagreements and a supposed revolution against the chronological–stylistic procedure that has been o...
Article
Full-text available
Till the return to the documentation and excavation in the Ardines assif, we have intended to study it in own ensemble, and hence have we investigated in La Cuevona, La Lloseta, Les Pedroses and Tito Bustillo, the main cave of the massif, and who should be understood in connection with the other ones. Inside the last once we have documented the pre...