Jose Maria Gil

Jose Maria Gil
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya | UPC · CREDA - Center for Agro-food Economy and Development

About

365
Publications
54,731
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Introduction
José M. Gil is the director of CREDA and professor of agricultural economics at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC). His current research focuses on the economics of food quality and safety and related policy issues, with respect to the consumer, the food industry, and trade. Analysis of the competitiveness of food supply chains is another significant research interest of Jose's. Further, he has considerable experience in econometrics and statistical methods for analyzing food chains and household purchasing behavior.

Publications

Publications (365)
Conference Paper
This study assesses the impact of COVID-19 on consumers’ preferences and attitudes toward local food products. To this end, a survey was conducted in Barcelona (Spain) among 240 consumers in Feb-ruary 2020 (Before the coronavirus lockdown) and among 600 consumers in November 2020. The sur-vey collected information on purchasing and con-sumption hab...
Article
Performance-based funding and calls for public-funded science to demonstrate societal impact are encouraging public research organisations to evaluate impact, the so-called impact agenda. This paper explores evaluation methods of four fully or partially public-funded agricultural research organisations and how they are building evaluative capacity...
Conference Paper
Pig farming plays an important role in the European agricultural economy. The relevance of this sector in Denmark, France, Spain and Poland as a leading EU pig producers makes the analysis especially interesting to assess the performance of pig farms in these countries. To do so, we estimate the persistent and transient efficiencies levels using a...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims at assessing the impact of the public agricultural research and development (R&D) on the total factor productivity in Catalonia. To do so, we use a complementary approach based on econometric and accounting techniques to examine the relationship between public investments in agricultural R&D and the productivity growth over t...
Conference Paper
An unprecedented crisis has forced to impose lockdowns and to declare states of alarm in Spain. These restrictions have had an important impact on the normal activity of firms. This study aims at assessing the impact of COVID-19 crisis on the agro-food sector and determining the factors that could contribute to build the resilience of firms in the...
Article
Full-text available
Food waste (FW) prevention is an essential measure to contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal target 12.3, achieve more sustainable food systems and tackle the climate crisis. This paper aims at evaluating nudging strategies’ impact on FW prevention in school canteens. To do so, it applies a four-stage methodology in 4 sch...
Conference Paper
Literature showed that emotions influence consumer’ behavior (Kamran and Siddiqui, 2019; Majeed et al., 2017; Sharma et al., 2021). The present study compared the impact of rational and emotional messages on consumer sensory evaluation, buying intention and willingness to pay for local products (cheese and hazelnuts) with protected designation of o...
Article
To identify whether EU certified food – here organic and geographical indications – is more sustainable than a conventional reference, we developed 25 indicators covering the three sustainability pillars. Original data was collected on 52 products at farm, processing and retail levels, allowing the estimation of circa 2000 indicator values. Most st...
Article
Full-text available
The dataset Sustainability performance of certified and non-certified food ( https://www.doi.org/10.15454/OP51SJ ) contains 25 indicators of economic, environmental, and social performance, estimated for 27 certified food value chains and their 27 conventional reference products. The indicators are estimated at different levels of the value chain:...
Conference Paper
The COVID-19 pandemic poses a threat to global food security, and it changes consumers’ food buying and consumption behavior. This research not only investigates trends in Spanish consumers’ general food shopping and consumption habits during the lockdown, but also investigates these trends from the perspective of sustainable purchasing. Specifical...
Article
Extensive and semi-extensive production based on local swine breeds such as Majorcan Black Pig, Cinta Senese, Gascon, Krškopolje and Turopolje is becoming extremely rare and on the verge of disappearing in Europe. In this context, the main aim of this study was to assess the potential feasibility of marketing strategies to act as guidelines for sta...
Conference Paper
Food valorisation may be a sustainable solution to prevent and reduce food waste levels. It consists on converting food surpluses and side flows from the original food supply chain into more useful products including, ingredients, food and feed among others. Food surpluses and side flows contain many of high-valuable nutrients (calories, carbohydra...
Conference Paper
The continuous decline in fruit and vegetable consumption in developed countries is a growing concern for health authorities, as there is an increase in cardiovascular diseases and obesity, the latter of special importance in children and younger population, from which the consumption of fruit is lower reaching levels below the WHO recommendations...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic poses a threat to global food security, and it changes consumers’ food buying and consumption behavior. This research not only investigates trends in Spanish consumers’ general food shopping and consumption habits during the lockdown, but also investigates these trends from the perspective of sustainable purchasing. Specifical...
Conference Paper
Some wineries are social integration cooperatives that provide many benefits to society through their social actions. However, wine labels do not usually inform about these social actions. The present paper tested whether consumers are willing to pay a premium price for wines produced by social integration cooperatives. It also tested whether consu...
Poster
We conducted a labeled discrete choice experiment (DCE) to assess consumers’ preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for fresh hens’ eggs produced via different production systems (caged, barn, free-range, or organic). We estimated purchase intentions and WTP for different possible reductions (0%, 10%, 20%, and 30%) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissio...
Article
Los mercados del vino en Europa afrontan nuevas exigencias de demanda en materia de medio ambiente y de salud. Ante este reto, el sector de la viña y el vino necesita explorar la viabilidad técnica y económica de una disminución importante del uso de pesticidas, así como la reducción de los aditivos enológicos. El consumo de vino con certificacione...
Article
Aquaculture products are commonplace in markets around the world. However, despite efforts to minimize the negative perceptions towards aquaculture, several misbeliefs or myths still persist, and thus globally consumers tend to value wild fish more highly than farmed fish . The lack of information has been shown to be one of the most important caus...
Article
Full-text available
La carne de cerdo (CdC) es el segundo tipo de carne producido en el mundo, siendo Europa la segunda región en importancia productiva después de Asia. Dentro del mercado europeo de CdC, Dinamarca y Polonia son dos actores relevantes que presentan algunas diferencias en sus sistemas productivos (SP). El objetivo fue estudiar las variables que explica...
Article
Full-text available
Aim of study: To investigate the impact of adopting new feeding precision technology on pig production. Area of study: Four EU countries (Germany, France, Poland and Spain) during the period 2010–2015. Material and methods: The Färe-Primont index was used to estimate total factor productivity change and its components, technological change and ef...
Article
Full-text available
Obesity is increasing at exponential rates in developed economies despite the numerous policy interventions being implemented. The causes of obesity are multifactorial demanding a holistic review for targeted intervention. This study, therefore, provides a holistic overview of multiple factors affecting body weights i.e., socioeconomic and intraper...
Article
Food quality schemes (FQS: organic and geographical indication products) are often supposed to be more sustainable by their political advocates. We explore the social sustainability advantage of FQS through the lens of supply chains’ bargaining power (BP) distribution. We propose an indicator synthesizing different sources underlying BP (competitio...
Article
This article addresses the issue of the profitability of Food Quality Scheme (FQS) products as compared to reference products, which are defined as analogous products without quality label. We approach this question by taking into account the level of the value chain (upstream, processing, and downstream), the sector (vegetal, animal, seafood) and...
Article
Water Footprint (WF, henceforth) is an indicator of water consumption and has taken ground to assess the impact of agricultural production processes over freshwater. The focus of this study was contrasting non-conventional, certified products with identical products obtained through conventional production schemes (REF, henceforth) using WF as a me...
Article
We study the effect of a set of food quality scheme (FQS) products within the local economy using a local multiplier approach based on LM3 methodology. To evaluate the effective contribution within the local area, we compare each FQS product with its equivalent standard/conventional counterpart. Local multiplier allows us to track the financial flo...
Article
In this paper, we test to what extent Food Quality Schemes (FQS, including Geographical Indications and organic products) contribute to the social and economic sustainability of farmers and regions through employment and education. Through employment, FQS may counter the urban migration trend affecting rural regions, and help retain economic and so...
Article
Due to the climate change and increased attention toward environmental management issues, the agri-food sector has been extensively relying on research, development, and innovation (RDi) to transform conventional agricultural production into a sustainable and eco-friendly industry. While the academic contribution of research has been relatively eas...
Article
Full-text available
Extension services play a crucial role by improving skills and access to information that result in greater farm level innovations, especially on family farms which are the predominant form of agriculture in the world. This study analyzed the connection between strategies implemented by extension services and technology adoption on family farms. Us...
Article
Full-text available
For decades, food quality standards have attracted the interest of governance institutions and regulation authorities, who have responded to the increasing and demanding societal challenges. In addition, the open debate on significant variability and unusually high levels of agrifood prices recorded in 2007 and later in 2011 affect the behavior of...
Article
Studies dealing with obesity have confronted it either from the fiscal policy or from economic cost perspective. There is the need to target fiscal policy goals at the economic cost that obesity imposes on society instead of simulating arbitrary taxes schemes. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of imposing a revenue-neutral fat tax in Spain addr...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on the emerging bottled Chilean red wine market and studies the main determinants of the consumer price of wine sold on the domestic market. A hedonic price function was estimated for a sample of 810 wines using a quantile regression (QR) model. The database contains three variable groups to explain price: objective variables (...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the substitution and complementary effects for beef mince attributes drawing on data from large choice experiments conducted in the UK and Spain. In both countries, consumers were found to be willing to pay a price premium for the individual use of the labels “Low Fat” (UK: €3.41, Spain: €1.94), “Moderate Fat” (UK: €2.23, Sp...
Article
Full-text available
Aim of study: This study focuses on the preference for and consumption habits of blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) in an emerging market. The objective is to analyze the determinants of blueberry consumption in Chile and evaluate to what extent traditional factors, such as income and price, are more determinant than other attitudinal factors an...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a labelled discrete choice experiment (DCE) to assess consumers’ preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for fresh hens’ eggs produced via different production systems (caged, barn, free range, or organic). We estimated purchase intentions and WTP for different possible reductions (0%, 10%, 20%, and 30%) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissi...
Chapter
The Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) Sobrasada de Mallorca de Porc Negre (Sobrasada of Mallorca of Porc Negre or simply Sobrasada of Porc Negre) is made of more noble cuts of Porc Negre pigs from Mallorca, bred in freedom and fed in a completely natural way. The survival of this autochthonous pig breed means that consumers today taste sobras...
Chapter
The Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) Ternasco de Aragón (lamb from Aragón) in Spain corresponds to a traditional grazing system of five autochthonous breeds, whose economic and environmental advantages enhanced the development of livestock in Aragón for centuries. The Ternasco de Aragón has gone from being a product for special occasions to...
Article
Full-text available
Al igual que el resto de alimentos ecológicos, la demanda de aceite de oliva ecológico crece a un ritmo lento y continúa teniendo un carácter emergente en España. Ante esta situación, se considera importante analizar las preferencias, percepciones y valoraciones de los consumidores acerca del aceite de oliva virgen extra ecológico. Mediante un expe...
Article
Purpose The development of the short food supply chain (SFSC) is one of the issues of the current agri-food systems. Consumers are re-connecting the food they eat with the farming process and are increasingly asking for fresh, seasonal and traceable food products from known producer source. The purpose of this paper is to analyse consumers’ opinion...
Conference Paper
Global market for organically grown wine is growing rapidly and winemakers need to better understand consumer perception, attitudes, and purchase intention towards this typology of wine to respond to the worldwide trend. The present work aimed to inform and to assist them assessing consumers’ preferences and willingness to pay for three different r...
Article
There is a large consensus highlighting the need to prevent the food waste volume along the food supply chain. However, there is currently a lack of understanding as to what the most effective anti-food waste measures to be implemented in fact are. The food waste puzzle can be considered from diverse perspectives depending on the stakeholder positi...
Conference Paper
This study evaluated the influence on consumers’ wine choices and willingness to pay of taste, image of wine bottle (color and label), and the provision of information on the production system (environmental and public health benefits) and winery's social activities. Results derived from a discrete choice experiment showed that consumers were willi...
Article
Aquaculture provides more than half of the global seafood production and offers a wide diversity of high-quality products. However, its social acceptability is still not well established. The goal of this study was to determine the perceptions of aquaculture by different stakeholders along the seafood value chain in the Barcelona metropolitan area....
Experiment Findings
Consumer understanding and acceptance of different valorisation methods for food surpluses and side-flows were investigated. Of interest was the extent to which consumers accept and even appreciate products resulting from innovative waste valorisation processes. The requirements were identified for Spaniards to accept the use of valorised products.
Conference Paper
A labelled discrete choice experiment (DCE) combined with a blinded wine tasting was conducted among 180 Catalans red wine drinkers to assess their preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for three different wines: conventional, organic, and selected vintage organic wines in the context of habitual purchase. The DCE was carried out before and afte...
Article
The EU is supporting measures that stimulate enhanced value-added products in order to conserve local and threatened livestock breeds. Several Traditional Pork Products (TPP) and Innovative Traditional Pork Products (ITPP) with health innovations from four untapped pig breeds in Spain (Porc Negre Mallorquí), Croatia (Turopolje), Italy (Cinta Senese...
Conference Paper
This paper addresses a set of methodological questions. First, it assesses the variation of the level of ANA in different non-hypothetical CA formats. Second, it explores whether asking respondents to report the attributes they ignored after each choice set or at the end of the choice task yield comparable results. Lastly, it explores the implicati...
Article
Full-text available
Lately, we have witnessed how European Institutions have directed many efforts at improving the effectiveness of food quality schemes (FQS) to address the increasing complexity that has affected all elements of the operating structure of agrifood supply chains worldwide, especially prices. In this paper, we conduct a comparative analysis of the pri...
Article
Full-text available
Consumers’ personality traits are key factors in understanding consumers’ choice and acceptance for health innovations in food products, in particular, food neophobia (FN). The patty product as a traditional pork product (TPP) with two innovative traditional pork products (ITPP) from the untapped pig breed (Porc Negre Mallorquí) in Spain were analy...
Article
This study assesses the comparability of discrete choice experiment (DCE), ranking conjoint analysis (RCA) and multiprofile best–worst scaling (BWS) in a nonhypothetical context in terms of estimated partworths, willingness to pay (WTP), response consistency and external validity. Overall, the results suggest that: (i) the conjoint analysis formats...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Avec la collaboration du Consortium TREASURE Diversité des races locales de porcs et des systèmes de production pour des produits traditionnels de qualité et des filières porcines durables : présentation du projet TREASURE Le projet propose un nouveau paradigme de la production porcine qui vise à développer des filières durables basées sur les race...
Book
Le projet propose un nouveau paradigme de la production porcine qui vise à développer des filières durables basées sur les races locales sous-exploitées. Le programme vise à répondre aux attentes des consommateurs pour la qualité des produits régionaux traditionnels et aux exigences sociétales concernant l'environnement, le bien-être animal et le d...
Book
Full-text available
Les races locales de porcs sont fréquemment élevées dans des systèmes de production extensifs adaptés à l’environnement local et aux ressources disponibles. Ces systèmes sont généralement moins efficaces que les systèmes conventionnels mais produisent des biens publics et services pour la société (biodiversité, qualité de l’air, attractivité du pay...
Article
Full-text available
Within the framework of multifunctional conceptualisation, the authors have investigated the level of public goods embedded in Agri-food geographical indication products. Moving from the concept of the local Agri-food system, the generation of public goods are observed both on the value chain and on the territory. Three different dimensions of publ...
Conference Paper
We assessed red wine drinkers’ preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for conventional, organic, and selected vintage organic wines in the context of habitual purchase. Moreover, we measured wine evoked emotions and tested whether these emotions influence consumers’ purchase intentions, actual purchases, and WTP. Furthermore, we tested for hypoth...
Article
Full-text available
Addressing the generation of food waste is a major challenge nowadays. An increasing interest in studying food waste generation has emerged over the last decade. However, little attention has been devoted to understanding the root of the problem by carrying out a whole-supply-chain analysis and applying multidimensional approaches. The aim of this...
Article
Full-text available
Maize is the most important and strategic crop in Mexico, however, this sector suffers from low productivity. Among the various strategies to improve yield by hectare, improved maize seeds play an important role. In this context, adoption studies in Mexico of these types of seeds are scarce and in general do not jointly account for the timing of ad...
Poster
Full-text available
Turopolje pig (TP) is a local Croatian breed which nearly extinct in the second half of the 20th century. Currently, despite the state support, the TP is still endangered and to self-sustain the breed a new marketing strategy, based on the meat products with an extra added value, is needed. As consumers nowadays increasingly demand for more conveni...
Conference Paper
Extensive farming systems produce for the society goods and services definable as public goods (biodiversity…), or having public good features (landscape attractiveness…). The provision of these public goods may not be guaranteed due to the lack of recognition of their values in markets and policies that ultimately can put in risk the future of the...
Book
Full-text available
Project’s idea is a new paradigm of pig production systems and development of sustainable pork chains based on European local pig breeds which are held in less intensive systems, use locally available feeding resources and are adapted to local agro-climatic conditions. Local pig breeds provide products with typical, generally high sensory quality a...
Book
Extensive farming systems produce for the society goods and services definable as public goods (biodiversity…), or having public good features (landscape attractiveness…). The provision of these public goods may not be guaranteed due to the lack of recognition of their values in markets and policies that ultimately can put in risk the future of the...
Technical Report
Food price volatility became more the norm than the exception since the 2008 financial crisis. It is common that prices of agricultural and food products fluctuate as market conditions change. Even more, price fluctuations can be considered as a signal of good performance of food markets. But, when these fluctuations are large and unanticipated, ac...
Technical Report
The European Union (EU) has regulated the quality schemes for agricultural food products since the 1980s, with the objective of helping producers to communicate to buyers and consumers the specific characteristics of such products and farming attributes, giving the possibility to producers to offer a unique and differentiated product of higher qual...
Article
This study identifies the livelihood strategies pursued by small cacao farmers in the Guayas coastal region in Ecuador, where two distinct cacao varieties are grown: the fine flavor variety, Cacao Nacional (CN), and a hybrid variety (CCN-51). Enhancing CN production is regarded as an economic development strategy since CN variety beans are characte...