Jose Diana Di Mavungu

Jose Diana Di Mavungu
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Bioanalysis

PhD

About

86
Publications
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Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
Two fungi, i.e., Aspergillus flavus Link and Aspergillus oryzae (Ahlb.) E. Cohn, were cultivated according to two methodologies, namely submerged and biofilm cultures with the primary aim to use their secondary metabolites the supernatant CL50, and CL90 varied between 1.3% (v/v) to 12.7% (v/v) for incubation times from 24 to 72 h. While the A. flav...
Article
Full-text available
Filamentous fungi represent a rich source of extrolites, including secondary metabolites (SMs) comprising a great variety of astonishing structures and interesting bioactivities. State-of-the-art techniques in genome mining, genetic manipulation, and secondary metabolomics have enabled the scientific community to better elucidate and more deeply ap...
Article
Full-text available
Aspergillus flavus is one of the most important mycotoxigenic species from the genus Aspergillus, due to its ability to synthesize the potent hepatocarcinogen, aflatoxin B1. Moreover, this fungus is capable of producing several other toxic metabolites from the class of indole-tetramates, non-ribosomal peptides, and indole-diterpenoids. Populations...
Article
Full-text available
A clinical case in Belgium demonstrated that feeding a feed concentrate containing considerable levels of deoxynivalenol (DON, 1.13 mg/kg feed) induced severe liver failure in 2- to 3-month-old beef calves. Symptoms disappeared by replacing the highly contaminated corn and by stimulating ruminal development via roughage administration. A multi-myco...
Article
An ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI+/−-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous analysis of citrinin (CIT) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in feed (chicken and pig) and food (cereal-based products, fruit, vegetable juices, nuts, seeds, herbs, spices, vegetarian and soy products, alcoholic beverages, baby food...
Article
This study made the first attempt to relate the production of deoxynivalenol (DON) to the expression of TRI5 gene in Fusarium graminearum as a function of interacting environmental factors (water activity (aw) (0.95-0.98), temperature (20-30 °C) and incubation time (7 day-28 day)), so as to investigate its production mechanisms in Lentinula edodes....
Article
Aspergillus flavus can colonize important food staples and produce aflatoxins, a group of toxic and carcinogenic secondary metabolites. Previous in silico analysis of the A. flavus genome revealed 56 gene clusters predicted to be involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. A. flavus secondary metabolites produced during infection of maiz...
Article
Full-text available
A fundamental step in addressing the global problem of mycotoxins is the development of highly sensitive, multi-class extraction and detection methods. This constitutes a field of research that has in recent years enjoyed a steady advance. Such methods, generally based on liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, are widely reported succe...
Article
Full-text available
Aspergillus flavus is the main producer of carcinogenic aflatoxins in agricultural commodities such as maize. This fungus occurs naturally on crops, and produces aflatoxins when environmental conditions are favorable. The aim of this study is to analyse the genetic variability among 109 A. flavus isolates previously recovered from maize sampled fro...
Article
Aspergillus flavus aswA (AFLA_085170) is a gene encoding a Zn(II)2Cys6 DNA-binding domain and a transcriptional activation domain, DUF3468. Disruption of aswA yielded strains that made a truncated gene transcript and generated a fungus that produced a greatly increased number of sclerotia. These sclerotia were odd-shaped and non-pigmented (white) a...
Article
Full-text available
Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by fungi. To mitigate mycotoxins in food or feed, biotransformation is an emerging technology in which microorganisms degrade toxins into non-toxic metabolites. To monitor deoxynivalenol (DON) biotransformation, analytical tools such as ELISA and liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC...
Article
Full-text available
An analytical strategy based on a hybrid quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry was proposed for the simultaneous screening of known destruxins and characterization of potential members of this class of secondary metabolites, in order to evaluate the metabolite production of entomopathogenic fungi used as biocontrol agents. Initially, the fragmentat...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclopiazonic acid (α-cyclopiazonic acid, α-CPA) is an indole-hydrindane-tetramic acid neurotoxin produced by various fungal species, including the notorious food and feed contaminant Aspergillus flavus. Despite its discovery in A. flavus cultures approximately 40 years ago, its contribution to the A. flavus mycotoxin burden is consistently minimiz...
Chapter
Ergot alkaloids are indole derivatives produced by a wide range of fungi, being considered medically important because of their significant effect on the central nervous system of mammals, due to their structural similarity to neurotransmitters. They are also considered mycotoxins due to the severe toxic effects of ergot-contaminated grains on huma...
Article
Aspergillus flavus is able to synthesize a variety of polyketide-derived secondary metabolites including the hepatocarcinogen, aflatoxin B1. The fungus reproduces and disseminates predominantly by production of conidia. It also produces hardened mycelial aggregates called sclerotia that are used to cope with unfavorable growth environments. In the...
Article
DNA-based phylogenetic analyses have resolved the fungal genus Fusarium into multiple species complexes. The F. incarnatum-equiseti species complex (FIESC) includes fusaria associated with several diseases of agriculturally important crops, including cereals. Although members of FIESC are considered to be only moderately aggressive, they are able t...
Article
Ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe based analytical methodologies to quantitate both free (alternariol (1), alternariol monomethyl ether (2), tenuazonic acid (3), tentoxin (4), altenuene (5), altertoxin-I (6)) and conjugated (sulfates and glucosides of 1 and 2) Alterna...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Aspergillus flavus metabolome is of considerable interest because A. flavus produces aflatoxins, the most toxic and carcinogenic compounds known from fungi that occur world-wide as contaminants of foods and animal feeds. Examination of the gene clusters predicted to be involved in secondary metabolite biosynthesis suggests that A. flavus is cap...
Chapter
Ergot alkaloids are indole derivatives produced by a wide range of fungi, being considered medically important because of their significant effect on the central nervous system of mammals, due to their structural similarity to neurotransmitters. They are also considered mycotoxins due to the severe toxic effects of ergot-contaminated grains on huma...
Article
Brown spot disease, caused by Cochliobolus miyabeanus, is currently considered one of the most important yield reducers of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Despite its agricultural importance, little is known about the virulence mechanisms deployed by the fungus. Therefore, we set out to identify novel virulence factors with a role in disease development. T...
Article
The fungus Aspergillus flavus is known for its ability to produce the toxic and carcinogenic aflatoxins in food and feed. While aflatoxins are of most concern, A. flavus is predicted to be capable of producing many more metabolites based on a study of its complete genome sequence. Some of these metabolites could be of great importance in food and f...
Article
An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography hybrid quadrupole – time of flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) method is described for the simultaneous quantitative determination of common ergot alkaloids and the screening, detection and identification of unexpected (less studied or novel) members of this class of toxic fungal secondary metaboli...
Article
The global regulatory veA gene governs development and secondary metabolism in numerous fungal species, including Aspergillus flavus. This is especially relevant since A. flavus infects crops of agricultural importance worldwide, contaminating them with potent mycotoxins. The most well-known are aflatoxins, cytotoxic and carcinogenic polyketide com...
Article
The genome of the filamentous fungus, Aspergillus flavus, has been shown to harbor as many as 56 putative secondary metabolic gene clusters including the one responsible for production of the toxic and carcinogenic, polyketide synthase (PKS)-derived aflatoxins. Except for the production of aflatoxins, cyclopiazonic acid and several other metabolite...
Chapter
Fungi are distributed worldwide, as they can grow on a wide range of substrates and under various conditions. Fungi not only play an important role in most ecosystems, but they have a direct impact on society due to production of secondary metabolites. From a big array of fungal secondary metabolites, some compounds are beneficial for the society (...
Article
Since the discovery of aflatoxins in the 1960s, much research has focused on detecting the toxins in contaminated food and feedstuffs in the interest of public safety. Most traditional detection methods involved lengthy culturing and/or separation techniques or analytical instrumentation and complex, multistep procedures that required destruction o...
Article
Nowadays, complaints about poor indoor air quality have become common. The variety of indoor air health problems include chronic fatigue, allergy, skin and eye irritation, and can be caused by several factors including fungi and their metabolites present in a building. The objective of this study was to establish a method for untargeted analysis of...
Article
Maize ear rot caused by several Fusarium species is an important fungal disease. Apart from yield losses, ear rot fungi can produce mycotoxins and masked forms in infected grains. Masked mycotoxins have received increased attention in view of their bioavailability and potential toxicity in animals and humans, but their presence and relevance in the...
Article
A holistic approach based on high resolution and multiple stage mass spectrometry was developed for identification of less studied or novel ergot alkaloid derivatives. Initially, the fragmentation of nine known ergot alkaloids was studied to establish a strategy for the identification of novel ergot alkaloids. Ions with m/z 223 and m/z 251 were fou...
Article
Full-text available
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus flavus is one of the most important species in the Aspergillus genus and is distributed worldwide as a prevalent aflatoxin-producing food and feed contaminant. A. flavus contains more than 55 gene clusters that are predicted to encode proteins involved in secondary metabolite production. One of these, cluster 27,...
Article
The filamentous fungus, Aspergillus flavus, produces the toxic and carcinogenic, polyketide synthase (PKS)-derived family of secondary metabolites termed aflatoxins. While analysis of the A. flavus genome has identified many other PKSs capable of producing secondary metabolites, to date, only a few other metabolites have been identified. In the pro...
Article
This paper reports on the occurrence of ergot alkaloids in cereals and cereal products in Europe. It includes occurrence data our group previously submitted to the European Food Safety Authority and new data we gathered afterwards. A total of 1,065 samples of cereals and cereal products intended for human consumption and animal feeding were analyse...
Article
Full-text available
The manuscript details the development of an in vitro model plant system using detached leaves because there is a need for biosynthetic methods for the production and isolation of masked mycotoxins. This detached leaf in vitro model was firstly applied to deoxynivalenol with satisfying results. The biosynthesis of deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside was con...
Article
Full-text available
Ochratoxin A (OTA), one of the most toxic mycotoxins, can contaminate a wide range of food and feedstuff. To date, the data on its conjugates via glucuronidation request clarification and consolidation. In the present study, the combined approaches of ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS), UHPLC-Orbitra...
Data
Full-text available
This study was conducted to investigate mycotoxin exposure in children (n = 220, aged 1.5–4.5 years) from high mycotoxin contamination regions of Cameroon and to examine the association between the mycotoxin levels (in total 18 analytes) and several socio-demographic factors and anthropometric characteristics. A cross-sectional study was conducted...
Article
Full-text available
Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is a commonly used technique for mycotoxin determination in food and feed. However, accuracy and reliability of the obtained results can suffer from ion suppression/enhancement caused by co-eluting matrix components. Inter-laboratory study concerning relative and absolute matrix effects (ME...
Article
This study was conducted to investigate mycotoxin exposure in children (n=220, aged 1.5-4.5years) from high mycotoxin contamination regions of Cameroon and to examine the association between the mycotoxin levels (in total 18 analytes) and several socio-demographic factors and anthropometric characteristics. A cross-sectional study was conducted in...
Article
A rapid liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the determination of ergot alkaloids in buffered solutions from in vitro studies. The method implied a liquid-liquid extraction of the analytes under alkaline conditions prior to LC-MS/MS analysis and resulted in good recovery (91-123%) of the six ergot alka...
Article
The study presents for the first time a systematic investigation of matrix effects in the LC-MS/MS analysis of ergot alkaloids in cereals. In order to assure the accuracy of the results, several approaches to minimize/eliminate matrix effects were investigated including variation of ionization techniques, chromatography and sample preparation on di...
Article
In the present study, a quantitative dietary exposure assessment of mycotoxins and their masked forms was conducted on a national representative sample of the Belgian population using the contamination data of cereal-based foods. Cereal-based food products (n=174) were analysed for the occurrence of deoxynivalenol, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyl...
Article
The first successfully developed molecularly imprinted polymer towards six ergot alkaloids and their respective epimers is described. A new imprinting molecule, metergoline, was used as template analogue in the production of suspension polymerized beads. These spherical particles functioned as selective sorbent in a solid-phase extraction column. T...
Article
Several sensitive methods have been developed for patulin determination; however, mass spectrometric (MS) detection of this toxin in the positive electrospray ionization (ESI(+)) mode is not straightforward. Furthermore, the combined determination of patulin with other mycotoxins in one single run has not been reported yet. The present paper demons...
Article
Detection of mycotoxin biomarkers in urine of humans and animals provides a direct approach for assessing exposure to these mycotoxins as opposed to the indirect approach of food analysis, which in most cases is affected by the heterogeneity of the toxin in the food samples. Seven (7) mycotoxins and their metabolites (total 18 analytes) were select...
Article
A total of 174 cereal-based food products and 86 compound feeds and raw ingredients were analysed for the occurrence of deoxynivalenol, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol, zearalenone, α-zearalenol, β-zearalenol, T-2-toxin, HT-2-toxin, and their respective masked mycotoxins, including deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, zearalenone-4-glucoside...
Article
A total of 174 cereal-based food products, 67 compound feeds and 19 feed raw materials were analysed for the occurrence of deoxynivalenol, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol, zearalenone, a-zearalenol, beta-zearalenol, and their respective masked forms, including deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, zearalenone-4-glucoside, alpha-zearalenol-4-g...
Article
Full-text available
Two multi-analyte flow-through immunoassay formats for rapid detection of mycotoxins in a variety of food matrices (peanut cake, maize, and cassava flour) were developed and evaluated. The selected food matrices are typical staple foods and export products for most low-income communities around the world. The assay formats included gel-based and me...
Article
An LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, T-2-toxin, HT-2-toxin and metabolites, including 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol, deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, α-zearalenol, β-zearalenol, zearalenone-4-glucoside, α-zearalenol-4-glucoside, β-zearalenol-4-glucoside and ze...
Chapter
A survey on Alternaria toxins in the food categories dried figs (n ¼ 14), sunflower products (n ¼ 24) and tomato products (n ¼ 43) was carried out in the Netherlands on samples collected in retail stores in autumn 2014. The occurrence data from this survey confirmed the previously reported data of a pilot survey in 2013, with tenuazonic acid being...
Article
The glucosinolate profile of black radish (Raphanus sativus L. niger) based dietary supplements has been investigated by HPLC-PDA, LC-ESI-MS/MS and LC-APCI-MS/MS systems. Optimization of the MS/MS parameters and LC conditions was performed using sinigrin reference standard and rapeseed certified reference material (BC190) respectively. An LC-ESI-MS...
Article
This study was designed to develop a sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous detection and quantification of 25 mycotoxins in cassava flour, peanut cake and maize samples with particular focus on the optimization of the sample preparation protocol and method validation. All 25 mycotoxins were...
Article
Conjugated mycotoxins, in which the toxin is usually bound to a more polar substance like glucose, are referred to as masked mycotoxins, as they escape commonly used methods of analysis but can release their toxic precursors after hydrolysis. Nowadays, there is a growing interest related to the determination of these hidden forms of mycotoxins in f...
Article
Full-text available
A multi-analyte method for the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric determination of mycotoxins in food supplements is presented. The analytes included A and B trichothecenes (nivalenol, deoxynivalenol, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol, neosolaniol, fusarenon-X, diacetoxyscirpenol, HT-2 toxin and T-2 toxin), aflatoxins (af...