Jose Arturo Bauermeister

Jose Arturo Bauermeister
University of Pennsylvania | UP · Department of Family and Community Health

MPH, PhD

About

354
Publications
45,756
Reads
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8,236
Citations
Introduction
Jose Arturo Bauermeister is the Albert M. Greenfield Professor of Human Relations at the University of Pennsylvania, where he currently serves as Chair of the Department of Family and Community Health and as Founding Director of the Eidos LGBTQ+ Health Initiative at the University of Pennsylvania.
Additional affiliations
July 2016 - present
University of Pennsylvania
Position
  • CEO
January 2009 - June 2016
University of Michigan
Position
  • Faculty Member
January 2007 - December 2008
Columbia University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2002 - May 2007
University of Michigan
Field of study
  • Health Behavior & Health Education
August 1998 - May 2002

Publications

Publications (354)
Article
We know little about the prevalence of sexting behavior among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) or its association with their sexual behaviors. To address these gaps, we used data from an online study examining the partner-seeking behaviors of single YMSM (N = 1,502; ages 18-24 years) in the United States. Most participants (87.5%) reported se...
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We used a web version of Respondent-Driven Sampling (webRDS) to recruit a sample of young adults (ages 18-24) and examined whether this strategy would result in alcohol and other drug (AOD) prevalence estimates comparable to national estimates (National Survey on Drug Use and Health [NSDUH]). We recruited 22 initial participants (seeds) via Faceboo...
Article
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM), particularly YMSM who are racial/ethnic minorities, are disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in the United States. These HIV disparities have been linked to demographic, social, and physical geospatial characteristics. The objective of this scoping review was to summa...
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Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at increased risk for HIV and STI infection. While encouraging HIV and STI testing among YMSM remains a public health priority, we know little about the cultural competency of providers offering HIV/STI tests to YMSM in public clinics. As part of a larger intervention study, we employed a mystery shopper m...
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We examined how experiences with a rectal placebo gel and applicator used with receptive anal intercourse (RAI) related to young men who have sex with men's (YMSM) likelihood of using a rectal microbicide gel and applicator in the future. An ethnically diverse sample of 95 YMSM (aged 18 to 30 years) were asked to insert hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC)...
Article
Background: High-intensity drinking (HID; 8+ U.S. standard drinks for women, 10+ men) is initiated during adolescence/emerging adulthood, increasing risk for negative outcomes, including blackouts. We examined baseline data from a study of risky drinking youth to identify factors associated with HID. Methods: Risky drinkers (ages 16-24) were recrui...
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Social stigma within Korean society hinders structural efforts to reduce HIV disparities among sexual minority men (SMM). To date, however, there have been limited intervention efforts to reduce HIV disparities among SMM in Korea. Therefore, the current mixed-methods study (n = 180) explored young Korean SMM’s perspectives on the acceptability of H...
Article
Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs are important antecedents to HPV vaccination, yet remain suboptimal among young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YGBMSM). We report the effects of a theoretically-informed, web-based HPV vaccination intervention on these cognitive outcomes. From 2019-2021, we recruited a national sample of YGBMSM...
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Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) face disproportionately higher risks for adverse sexual health outcomes compared to their non-Hispanic White counterparts. This disparity can be attributable to overlapping and intersecting risk factors at the individual and structural levels and can be understood through syndemic theory. Using longitudinal da...
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Objectives HIV scholars and practitioners have worked to expand strategies for prevention among marginalised populations who are disproportionately impacted by the epidemic, such as racial minority men who have sex with men (MSM). Given this urgency, the objective of this study was to assess interest in biomedical prevention strategies. Methods Th...
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Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPT) have been increasingly researched for their dual-purpose preventative properties against HIV and other STIs. The acceptability of PC-1005, a topical MPT candidate, was explored among men and women participating in the MTN-037 Phase I trial at two U.S. sites (Pittsburgh, PA, and Birmingham, AL). We triangul...
Article
Introduction: The use of digital technology in HIV-related interventions and implementation strategies is increasing. Whether the use of technology is to directly improve patient outcomes (ie, part of the intervention) or as part of the strategy to implement interventions has important implications. In this article, we present 5 case studies of pr...
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Background: Strengthening HIV prevention services is a key priority of the Ending the HIV Epidemic plan. Informed by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, we examined HIV testers' perceived barriers and facilitators to implementing HIV prevention services, including testers' strengths and weaknesses; enabling factors within the i...
Article
Rates of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake for HIV prevention continue to increase rapidly among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States (U.S.); however, these increases have been slower among young MSM. Emerging adulthood (ages 18-25) is a time of transitions and social development, resulting in increased vulnerability to HIV. An...
Article
Background: Digital HIV interventions (DHI) have been efficacious in reducing sexual risk behaviors among sexual minority populations, yet challenges in promoting and sustaining users' engagement in DHI persist. Understanding the correlates of DHI engagement and their impact on HIV-related outcomes remains a priority. This study used data from a D...
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Purpose Alcohol use among adolescents and emerging adults is an important public health issue requiring prevention approaches. Herein, we describe outcomes from a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of group-based social media interventions targeting risky drinking among youth. Procedures Using social media advertisements to screen po...
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Next generation PrEP formulations may circumvent factors that impede daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). We conducted video-based cognitive interviews with 20 YMSM (age 16–24) recruited in the US Northeast to assess participants’ attitudes and comprehension of written descriptions of next gen...
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Clinical trials often depend on participants receiving study product to meet objectives of the protocol. Vitally important are considerations for how sites receive and dispense study product during a study while ensuring appropriate handling, accountability and compliance. The process for provision of study product is detailed in Standard Operating...
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Researchers are increasingly recognizing the importance of studying and addressing intersectional stigma within the field of HIV. Yet, researchers have, arguably, struggled to operationalize intersectional stigma. To ensure that future research and methodological innovation is guided by frameworks from which this area of inquiry has arisen, we prop...
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This study describes the acceptability of a rectal microbicide gel formulation using dapivirine (DPV) among men and women from two countries (United States and Thailand) participating in the Microbicide Trials Network-026 trial. We evaluated participants’ acceptability of a rectal DPV/placebo gel as part of a Phase I trial (N = 26; 18 male, 8 femal...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND Efficacious mental health interventions for sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY) have had limited reach given their delivery as time intensive, in-person sessions. Internet-based interventions may facilitate reach to SGMY, yet there is little research examining their efficacy. OBJECTIVE We describe the results of a pilot randomized c...
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Background: Efficacious mental health interventions for sexual and gender minority youth have had limited reach, given their delivery as time-intensive, in-person sessions. Internet-based interventions may facilitate reach to sexual and gender minority youth; however, there is little research examining their efficacy. Objective: This study aims...
Preprint
Background : Cultural competency has been identified as a barrier to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) populations seeking care. Mystery shopping has been widely employed in the formal health care sector as a quality improvement (QI) tool to address specific client needs. The approach has had limited use in community-based organizations...
Article
Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective at preventing the acquisition of HIV. There is a substantial gap, however, between the number of people in the United States who have indications for PrEP and the number of them who are prescribed PrEP. Although Twitter content has been analyzed as a source of PrEP-related data (eg, b...
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Next generation pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) modalities that do not require daily regimens may address some of the barriers to daily oral PrEP among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). We conducted online semi-structured interviews with 30 YMSM to examine experiences and preferences related to HIV prevention care that may inform implementati...
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Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) rollout efforts thus far have inadequately reached young people from underrepresented backgrounds. This study explores PrEP engagement among young Black and Latinx men who have sex with men, transgender women, and gender diverse individuals in three U.S. cities using an adapted PrEP continuum measure. We analyze data...
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Despite the increased use of geosocial networking applications for finding sexual partners among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), few studies have examined the intricate patterns of online dating behaviors. In order to advance understanding of online dating patterns among YMSM, various factors, including how frequently and how much time is s...
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Background: Stigmatization may prompt gay, bisexual, queer and other men who have sex with men (GBQMSM) to avoid or delay HIV testing. There has been little attention to GBQMSMs' perspectives about how stigma may influence their decisions about whether, where, and how often to get tested for HIV. Methods: We conducted nine focus groups with 64 a...
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Introduction Clinically assisted reproduction has created opportunities for pregnancy and parenthood for many who experience fertility challenges. For decades, sexual minority women (SMW; defined in this article as non-heterosexual cisgender females) in same-sex couples have used assisted reproduction to help them form families of their own. Yet, l...
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Purpose Cannabis use is increasing among emerging adults (ages 18-25), necessitating the need for prevention interventions. Using a novel platform – social media – we developed an 8-week motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioral intervention targeting cannabis use among emerging adults. Herein, we report on the feasibility and acceptabilit...
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This qualitative study aimed to determine how men and gender diverse individuals who have sex with men describe their perceived risk of HIV and what factors influence this risk assessment. We conducted in-depth, virtual interviews with 18 HIV-negative individuals from Philadelphia, eligible for or taking PrEP. The interviews assessed the participan...
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Introduction: Youth account for a disproportionate number of new HIV infections; however, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use is limited. We evaluated PrEP counselling rates among non-Hispanic Black youth in the United States after a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnosis. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of B...
Article
Behavioral HIV interventions focused on strengthening young sexual minority men's (SMM) internal (assets) and external (resources) protective factors are promising, yet their evaluation as resilience-supportive strategies to minimize or negate HIV-related risks remain understudied. The objective of this scoping review was to describe resilience-sup...
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Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) between the ages of 13 and 24 are a key population for HIV prevention. The parents of gay, bisexual, and queer (GBQ) adolescent males and the sex communication they have with their sons has yet to be explored as an HIV prevention intervention. We developed an online video series called Parents ASSIST (Advancin...
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Background: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) face the highest burden of HIV in the United States, and there is a paucity of efficacious mobile health (mHealth) HIV prevention and care interventions tailored specifically for GBMSM. We tested a mobile app combining prevention messages and access to core prevention services...
Article
Young Black gay and bisexual men who have sex with men experience stigma related to race, gender expression, sexuality and HIV status. Stigma impacts access to HIV care and prevention as well as interactions with healthcare providers. The amplification of stigma through popular media is under-researched in the health sciences. HealthMpowerment is a...
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Long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB-LA) is in advanced stages of clinical trials. Under the standard protocol, CAB-LA is injected into the gluteal muscle by a healthcare provider every eight weeks. To explore transgender women’s barriers and facilitators to tailored delivery strategies—including self-injection and injection in “drop-in” center...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) face the highest burden of HIV in the United States, and there is a paucity of efficacious mobile health (mHealth) HIV prevention and care interventions tailored specifically for GBMSM. We tested a mobile app combining prevention messages and access to core prevention services fo...
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Introduction Studies using geospatial data to understand LGBTQ+-friendly sexual health and wellness resource availability have often focused on services catered to adults. While HIV rates have increased in adolescents in recent years, few studies have explored disparities in resource access for adolescent gay and bisexual men (AGBMSM). Methods We...
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Receptive anal sex is the primary means through which HIV is transmitted among men who have sex with men (MSM). Recently, researchers have begun investigating the role that rectal douching may play in amplifying risk for transmission. Yet, there is limited research on the frequency with which MSM douche, the products they use, and how this may vary...
Article
We triangulated quantitative and qualitative assessments to evaluate participants’ acceptability of 0.05% dapivirine rectal microbicide (RM) gel administered via two separate modalities (a rectal applicator and an artificial phallus for use as a coital simulation device) as part of a Phase I trial (N = 14) among men who have sex with men (MSM) rand...
Article
Objective To qualitatively explore and describe fertility information-seeking experiences of sexual minority women (SMW) couples using assisted reproduction. Design Qualitative thematic analysis of 30 semistructured, in-depth individual and dyadic interviews with SMW couples. Setting Video conferencing. Patient(s) Twenty self-identified lesbian,...
Article
Online health directories are increasingly used to locate health services and community resources, providing contact and service information that assists users in identifying resources that may meet their health and wellness needs. However, service locations require additional vetting when directories plan to refer vulnerable populations. As a tool...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Digital HIV interventions (DHI) have been efficacious in reducing sexual risk behaviors among sexual minority populations, yet challenges in promoting and sustaining users’ engagement in DHI persist. Understanding the correlates of DHI engagement and their impact on HIV-related outcomes remains a priority. This study used data from a DHI...
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Full-text available
Background Central to measuring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV is understanding the role of loss of access to essential HIV prevention and care services created by clinic and community-based organization closures. In this paper, we use a comprehensive list of HIV prevention services in four corridors of the US heavily impacted by HIV, d...
Article
Introduction: Dapivirine (DPV), formulated as vaginal ring, demonstrated HIV risk reduction. MTN-026 explored DPV, formulated as rectal gel, for safety, pharmacokinetics, and acceptability. Methods: HIV-uninfected men and women aged 18-45 years were enrolled at United States and Thailand sites and randomized 2:1 to receive DPV 0.05% or placebo g...
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Despite clinicians consistently advising against vaginal douching, 29–92% of women worldwide report douching. This review documents women’s douching practices, motivations for douching, and specific associations (or absence of associations) between vaginal douche use and vaginal outcomes thought to be associated with douching. Understanding women’s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective at preventing the acquisition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). There is a substantial gap, however, between the number of people in the United States who have indications for PrEP and the number of them who are prescribed PrEP. While Twitter content has been analyzed as a source...
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Full-text available
Purpose of Review Linkage to and retention in HIV care, as conceptualized in the HIV care continuum, remain critical steps towards achieving and maintaining viral suppression. We evaluated recently published (Jan 2018–Nov 2020) peer-reviewed clinical trials of linkage to and retention in care outcomes in the United States. Recent Findings We ident...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective at preventing the acquisition of HIV. There is a substantial gap, however, between the number of people in the United States who have indications for PrEP and the number of them who are prescribed PrEP. Although Twitter content has been analyzed as a source of PrEP-related data (eg, bar...
Article
Background Recruiting large samples of diverse sexual and gender minority adolescent and young adults (AYAs) into HIV intervention research is critical to the development and later dissemination of interventions that address the risk factors for HIV transmission among substance-using, sexual and gender minority AYAs. Objective This paper aimed to...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Recruiting large samples of diverse sexual and gender minority adolescent and young adults (AYAs) into HIV intervention research is critical to the development and later dissemination of interventions that address the risk factors for HIV transmission among substance-using, sexual and gender minority AYAs. OBJECTIVE This paper aimed to...
Article
Same-day alcohol and cannabis use is relatively common in adolescents and young adults, constituting a higher-risk behavior relative to single-substance use. However, the association between quantity of alcohol and cannabis use on co-use days is understudied. We examined the association between the quantity of alcohol and same-day cannabis use with...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) and transgender individuals are more heavily impacted by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than their cisgender, heterosexual peers. Additionally, sexual and gender minorities who use substances are often at a further increased risk of HIV and other STIs. Increa...
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Background: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men and transgender individuals are more heavily affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than their cisgender, heterosexual peers. In addition, sexual and gender minorities who use substances are often at a further increased risk of HIV and other STIs. Increasing t...
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Negative stereotypes about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) hinder PrEP uptake among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Prior research suggests community homophobia may be linked to negative PrEP attitudes. Conversely, individuals with high gay community attachments (GCA) may have more access to credible PrEP information/resources. Among 285 YM...
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Objective To test the hypothesis that our motivational sexual health intervention (SexHealth) would increase health service uptake when compared with control. Study design In a randomized controlled trial at a pediatric emergency department (ED), sexually active adolescents received either the SexHealth intervention or printed materials (control)....
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Background Men in Sub-Saharan Africa are less engaged than women in accessing HIV testing and treatment and, consequently, experience higher HIV-related mortality. Reaching men with HIV testing services is challenging, thus, increasing the need for innovative ways to engage men with low access and those at higher risk. In this study, we explore men...
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Increasingly popular in qualitative and mixed-methods research design, visual timelines help organize participants’ life histories with an emphasis on temporality and the context in which important life events and experiences take place. Often, research using timelines focuses on individual participants. Yet, we know that life events, experiences,...
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Cannabis-using youth are a large epidemiologic subgroup whose age and smoking-related risks underscore the importance of examining the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in this population. Within a clinical trial (n = 36 received an intervention prior to data collection reported herein), we surveyed cannabis-using emerging adults (ages 18-25) about p...
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Background Mobile health platforms can facilitate social support and address HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) stigma but pose challenges for intervention design and participant engagement. Giddens’s structuration theory, that individuals are shaped by—and shape—their communities through rules and resources that give them power to operate within t...
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Background: Youth participating in mobile health (mHealth) intervention trials often engage with the technologies [e.g., applications (app) or mobile-optimized websites] only partially, often prematurely discontinuing use altogether. Limited engagement can impact the interventions effect on behavior change and compromise researchers' ability to te...
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Mobile app health research presents myriad opportunities to improve health, and simultaneously introduces a new set of challenges that are non-intuitive and extend beyond typical training received by researchers. Informed by our experiences with app development for health research, we discuss some of the most salient pitfalls when working with emer...
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A number of mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been shown to be effective and highly acceptable tools for improving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and care for youth. Scale-up of efficacious technology-based interventions is challenging and best practices for scale-up have not been clearly established. Developers of mHealth i...
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Background: Social networking sites and apps have emerged as an opportunity to engage in research young men who have sex with men (YMSM) at risk of HIV infection who may not be otherwise reached by in-person recruitment efforts. This paper highlights lessons learned, best practices and on-going recruitment challenges in the iTech network of the NI...
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HIV incidence among young adult men-who-have-sex-with-men (YMSM) is among the highest in the United States (US), yet YMSM have lower rates of HIV testing than most other MSM. Among 1,835 U.S. Black, Hispanic, and White YMSM who reported condomless anal intercourse (CAI) in the prior year, 30% (95% confidence interval [CI]: [28%, 32%]) had not been...