José Antonio López-Sáez

José Antonio López-Sáez
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Instituto de Historia

Ph.D. Biology

About

587
Publications
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9,645
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Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
Universidad de Granada
January 2008 - present
October 1996 - December 1997
CNRS Sophia Antipolis CEPAM
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (587)
Book
Full-text available
Este Libro recoge las actas del III Congreso Internacional de Antropología de la Sal celebrado en el año 2018 en el Valle Salado de Salinas de Añana (País Vasco. España). Se publican un total de 63 artículos escritos por los expertos de los 14 países diferentes que participaron. Durante el Congreso, Europa estuvo representada por investigadores de...
Chapter
Research in the Guadalquivir estuary and its environs has revealed evidence of a periodic succession of extreme-wave events in the area from the third millennium BC to the third century AD. Return periods range from 400 to 800 years. Some of these extreme-wave events may have had a magnitude comparable with that of the so-called “Lisbon earthquake”...
Chapter
Over the past decades, substantial progress has been made in tsunami research. Be that as it may, little is still known about tsunami deposits and their related depositional mechanisms in coastal areas in historical and archaeological contexts. In particular, the Phoenician, Greek and Roman trade and military networks along the Mediterranean and At...
Article
Full-text available
Charcoal accumulated in lake, bog or other anoxic sediments through time has been used to document the geographical patterns in changes in fire regimes. Such reconstructions are useful to explore the impact of climate and vegetation changes on fire during periods when human influence was less prevalent than today. However, charcoal records only pro...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo pretende analizar la construcción de los paisajes medievales en el Sur del Duero. La imagen que se ha elaborado desde los estudios centrados en el registro escrito enfatizan un incremento de la actividad agraria a partir del siglo XII, como consecuencia de la repoblación. Sin embargo, el análisis del caso de Monleras, una población sit...
Article
Full-text available
Sedimentary charcoal records are widely used to reconstruct regional changes in fire regimes through time in the geological past. Existing global compilations are not geographically comprehensive and do not provide consistent metadata for all sites. Furthermore, the age models provided for these records are not harmonised and many are based on olde...
Article
Full-text available
The Black Death (1347–1352 ce ) is the most renowned pandemic in human history, believed by many to have killed half of Europe’s population. However, despite advances in ancient DNA research that conclusively identified the pandemic’s causative agent (bacterium Yersinia pestis ), our knowledge of the Black Death remains limited, based primarily on...
Article
Precipitation is a key climate parameter of vegetation and ecosystems in the Iberian Peninsula. Here, we use a regional pollen–climate calibration model and fossil pollen data from eight sites from the Atlantic coast to southern Spain to provide quantitative reconstructions of annual precipitation trends and excursions and their regional patterns f...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the notion of landscape learning has been the object of increasing attention when discussing the neolithization of Europe. The landscape learning model stresses the necessity of gathering environmental information about a previously unfamiliar region. Therefore, it is particularly relevant in cases where the beginning of a farming...
Article
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The Iberian Central System (ICS) is a clue region to reveal Mediterranean/Atlantic inferences over Iberia. We present a multidisciplinary study from western Spain conducted in the Navamuño depression (ND), covering the last 16.8 ka (cal BP). A reconstruction of the palaeotemperature from the resulting geochemical data highlights four cold and dry i...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the notion of landscape learning has been the object of increasing attention when discussing the neolithization of Europe. The landscape learning model stresses the necessity of gathering environmental information about a previously unfamiliar region. Therefore, it is particularly relevant in cases where the beginning of a farming...
Chapter
Full-text available
This challenge is formulated in terms of “humanities in transition,” that is, their approach and articulation in the face of the changes they must undergo to achieve the social weight that, due to their intrinsic relevance, should correspond to them. Faced with these situations that would demand a reinforcement in research and dissemination in dive...
Article
Full-text available
Geological and geophysical studies in complex valley troughs provide a key record for the reconstruction of paleoenvironmental conditions during the Quaternary. Here we present a study of the sedimentary infill of the El Cervunal kame complex or El Cervunal trough (Sierra de Gredos, Iberian Central System) by means of a combined interpretation of n...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sedimentary charcoal records are widely used to reconstruct regional changes in fire regimes through time in the geological past. Existing global compilations are not geographically comprehensive and do not provide consistent metadata for all sites. Furthermore, the age models provided for these records are not harmonised and many are based on olde...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: En este trabajo exponemos nuestra investigación sobre los usos de la tierra en el valle de altura de Jutia (Yeste-Nerpio, Albacete) dentro del Prebético interno y de la cuenca alta del río Segura. Hemos considerando el valle como unidad de trabajo y hemos integrado fotointerpretación, prospección arqueológica y geofísica, sondeos y una ser...
Article
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As the south-westernmost region of Europe, the Iberian Peninsula stands as a key area for understanding the process of modern human dispersal into Eurasia. However, the precise timing, ecological setting and cultural context of this process remains controversial concerning its spatiotemporal distribution within the different regions of the peninsul...
Article
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The Iberian Peninsula is an area of the Western Mediterranean among the most sensitive to climatic and anthropogenic change. It has formed the centre-piece of numerous palaeoenvironmental studies of mountain and valleys, covering different chronologies and historical periods. These studies, however, include no palaeoenvironmental background to the...
Article
This work presents the anthracological and archeopalynological results obtained within the project AGRIWESTMED (ERC AdG 230561), which has involved a comprehensive retrieval of archeobiological remains based on a systematic sampling strategy, beyond the recovery of the usual archeological materials. These surveys were conducted on three sites locat...
Article
Full-text available
Recent archaeological excavations (2016–2019) in the city of Tamuda (northern Morocco) yielded evidence of commercial milling and bread-making facilities dated to the Mauretanian period (first century BC). This article presents the results of the excavation of two Mauretanian buildings (E0 7 and E0 8) in the Eastern Quarter, in which evidence for f...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Black Death is the most reknown pandemic in human history, believed by many to have killed half of Europe's population. However, despite the advances in ancient DNA research that allowed for the successful identification of the pandemic's causative agent (bacterium Yersinia pestis), our knowledge of the Black Death is still limited, based prima...
Article
Full-text available
Mountain forests are subjected to several pressures including historical land-use changes and climate warming which may lead to shifts in wildfire severity negatively impacting tree species with low post-fire growth resilience. This is the case of relict Mediterranean Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) forests in the Sierra de Gredos mountains (central...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on palaeoenvironmental conditions and climate variability during the Upper Late Pleistocene (c. 28,000–11,700 cal BP) in SW Europe (Iberian Peninsula) and their influence on human settlement patterns. All the palaeoenvironmental and archaeological sequences available for this period are analysed, together with a new palaeoenviron...
Preprint
Full-text available
Charcoal accumulated in lake, bog or other anoxic sediments through time has been used to document the geographical patterns in changes in fire regimes. Such reconstructions are useful to explore the impact of climate and vegetation changes on fire during periods when the human influence was less prevalent than today. However, charcoal records only...
Article
Full-text available
The SW coast of the Iberian Peninsula experiences a lack of palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data. With the aim to fill this gap, we contribute with a new palynological and geochemical dataset obtained from a sediment core drilled in the continental shelf of the Algarve coast. Archaeological data have been correlated with our multi-proxy data...
Article
The Doñana area in southern Iberia is one of the most renowned protected areas of Europe, mostly due to the diversity and value of its wetland ecosystems. The large biogeographical significance of this territory and the outstanding availability of sedimentary archives have made this region a hotspot of paleobotanical research in the Iberian Peninsu...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo evalúa la posible influencia de la pandemia altomedieval conocida como «plaga de Justiniano» como uno de los factores que contribuyeron a configurar los ecosistemas de montaña enclavados en el Sistema Central de la península ibérica. Para ello, el artículo se centra en dos registros polínicos naturales de alta resolución y bien...
Article
Syrphids provide valuable ecosystem services such as pollination, pest control or organic matter decomposition. In many cases, adults exploit pollen resources from the landscape to complete their life cycles. Yet, the knowledge about the most suitable plants for enhancing syrphid populations is still insufficient for most habitats. Also syrphid dis...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumen: Los pinsapares de Abies pinsapo son una de las formaciones boscosas más originales de la península ibérica. A pesar de la singularidad de estos ecosistemas, hasta el momento ningún análisis de microfósiles polínicos había sido emprendido en aquellos territorios donde esta especie, en peligro de extinción, aún pervive. Con este trabajo se p...
Article
Human impact on western Mediterranean mountains is gaining more attention, as they harbour a rich plant diversity threatened by global change. This paper presents an analysis of two pollen records from both sides of Sierra Nevada, the prime plant-diversity centre of the Mediterranean, spanning the last 5400 years. The analysis sought to answer the...
Chapter
The impact of the studies of Professor A. Gilman and his team, carried out since the eighties on the motilla of El Acequión and the settlement of eastern La Mancha, has served to construct explanations that allow us to interpret the landscape and society of La Mancha (Spain) during recent prehistory. His work has allowed us to advance knowledge abo...
Article
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During each Heinrich stadial (HS), temperatures in southern Europe typically dropped several degrees during several hundred to few thousand years. We have developed a one-dimensional thermal conduction model that transfers the typical surface temperature anomaly of a HS to a series of hypothetical underlying caves. The results show that with increa...
Article
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We present a detailed geomorphological map of the landform assemblages originated by the two major paleoglaciers of the Sierra de Gredos mountain range in the Spanish Iberian Central System. Based on previous works, our map focused on the features formed by Gredos and Pinar paleoglaciers during the last glaciation and subsequent glacial events. Bas...
Article
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Resumen. En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de las intervenciones de urgencia llevadas a cabo en el yacimiento de Limoneros, asentamiento al aire libre ocupado durante la primera mitad del V milenio cal BC localizado al sur de la ciudad de Elche (Alicante), en la llanura aluvial del río Vinalopó. Durante los trabajos de excavación se recon...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian (née European) Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) was established in 2013 to provide a public database of high-quality modern pollen surface samples to help support studies of past climate, land-cover and land-use using fossil pollen. The EMPD is part of, and complementary to, the European Pollen Database (EPD) which contains data on fossil...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the prehistoric ditched enclosure of Cerro de los Vientos located in Puente del Obispo (Jaén, Spain). The study has made possible the characterization of the site, including its complete layout, main architectural features, two unpublished radiocarbon dates, and the pottery, lithic, and pollen analyses. The site consists of two...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cómo citar este artículo / How to cite this paper: López-Sáez, J.A.; Sánchez-Mata, D.; Alba-Sánchez, F.; Luelmo-Lautenschlaeger, R.; Gavilán, R.G.; Pérez-Díaz, S.; Abel-Schaad, D. (2020). Contribución paleoambiental a la sectorización biogeográfica de la Sierra de Gredos (Ávila, Sistema Central): el Subsector Paramero-Serrotense como caso de estudi...
Chapter
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Cómo citar este artículo / How to cite this paper: Abel-Schaad, D.; Alba-Sánchez, F.; Pérez Díaz, S.; Sabariego-Ruiz, S.; Luelmo-Lautenschlaeger, R.; González-Hernández, A.; López-Sáez, J.A. (2020). Dinámica de los bosques de Sierra Nevada (sur de la Península Ibérica) a lo largo del Holoceno reciente. Carracedo, V.; García-Codron, J.C.; Garmendia,...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The controls that affect the structure and timing of terminations are still poorly understood. We studied a tufa deposit from the Iberian Peninsula that covers Termination II (T-II) and whose chronology was synchronized to speleothem records. We used the same chronology to synchronize ocean sediments from the North Atlantic to correlate ma...
Article
This paper presents a palynological study of the archeological layers from the Neanderthal site Abrigo 3 del Complejo del Humo, in southern Spain (Málaga), with the aim of reconstructing the environmental conditions in the vicinity of this hominin site. The Upper Pleistocene vegetation and its variability are described, revealing a high diversity o...
Article
A set of 30 modern pollen samples collected in pine communities of the Gúdar Range (southeastern Iberian System) has been investigated to determine the relationships between pollen percentages and vegetation composition along a ~ 1000 m elevation transect. Pollen representation was estimated by comparing the presence of plant taxa from a recent veg...
Article
Full-text available
A high resolution core (9.7 yr cm–1) from the Chao de Veiga Mol raised bog (NW Iberian Peninsula) was analysed to identify plant macrofossils, estimate peat humification and calculate hydroclimatic indices based on current bog species, with the overall aim of determining the climate conditions associated with evolution of the bog during the Medieva...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente trabajo se evalúan los efectos de la peste negra bajomedieval (1348–1351 AD) sobre los bosques y las actividades agroforestales de un valle intramontano de la Meseta sur española, a partir de análisis polínicos de alta resolución. Para comprender mejor los efectos de aquella pandemia se analiza la secuencia paleoambiental de cinco tu...
Article
Full-text available
The NeoArabia project tries to understand how environmental, social, economic and technological factors work in concert to influence settlement and abandonment along a latitudinal transect of 1200 km from UAE to southern Oman. This region was affected by wide north–south variations in the Indo‐Arabian monsoon, marine upwelling activity and eustatic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract. The Eurasian (née European) Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) was established in 2013 to provide a public database of high-quality modern pollen surface samples to help support studies of past climate, land-cover and land-use using fossil pollen. The EMPD is part of, and complementary to, the European Pollen Database (EPD) which contains data...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Estudios llevados a cabo en los últimos años indican que la Cultura de las Motillas-asentamientos de la Edad del Bron-ce de La Mancha-pudieron constituir la primera ordenación del territorio con fines de abastecimiento hídrico, dando lugar a la que se podría denominar la primera cultura hidráulica de Europa. El análisis de los datos permite...
Article
A new record from a long sediment core (S3) in Navamu~ no (1505 m asl, western Iberian Central System) provides the reconstruction of the vegetation history and environmental changes in the region between 15.6 and 10.6 ka cal BP, namely during the Late Glacial and the early Holocene, using a multiproxy analysis (pollen-based vegetation and climate...
Article
Full-text available
Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, fa...