José Álvarez García

José Álvarez García
Universidad de Extremadura | UNEX · Department of Financial Economy and Accounting

PhD.Tourism
Dept. of Financial Economics and Accounting, Faculty of Business, Finance and Tourism (UEx), Spain.

About

352
Publications
246,600
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Introduction
Ph.d in Tourism Management and Planning from the University of Vigo,Spain. Extraordinary Doctorate Award. He is a Senior Lecturer and researcher in the Dept. of Financial Economics and Accounting from the Faculty of Business, Finance and Tourism, University of Extremadura, Spain. Teacher of several national and international másters in Tourism, Business and Research. Collaborates in audit teams of ANECA and Acreditação do Ensino Superior (A3ES), Portugal. Lines research: QMS: "Q" brand of tourist quality of Spain, ISO 9000, ISO 14000 and EMAS; Tourism, Entrepreneurship, Sport Management, Higher Education and Pension systems
Additional affiliations
October 2015 - October 2015
Universidad de Extremadura
Position
  • Research Assistant
October 2015 - October 2015
Universidad de Extremadura
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2015 - October 2015
Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain
Position
  • Associate Professor of Accounting and Financial Economy

Publications

Publications (352)
Research Proposal
Full-text available
This special issue is now open for submission. Special Issue Information: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/mathematics/special_issues/Mathematical_Statistical_Soft_Computing_Methods_Uncertainty_Management Guest Editor Dr. José Álvarez-García, University of Extremadura, Spain. Dr. Oscar V. De la Torre-Torres, Saint Nicholas and Hidalgo Michoacán State...
Article
Abstract Debates on how growth and urbanization affect the environment have been intense, but they lack the global perspective. Therefore, this study examined these relationships, as well as other ways of global environmental degradation, such as foreign direct investment (FDI). It also explored the relationships between industrialization and tec...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Special Issue Information: Special Issue "Use of Natural and Cultural Resources through Tourism Activity for Regional Development" Link: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/land/special_issues/tourism_resourses? fbclid=IwAR3l5jzammnZl4vrvTuXf12VLlB2YvUA52FOg1jvwNpn0P9bVRbuF32fwo0 A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X). This special issue belongs to the...
Article
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Abstract Beer is popular worldwide and it is considered the oldest and most consumed alcoholic beverage in the world. At the global production level, most of the market is dominated by a few multinational companies, but in recent years, craft beers have gained market share. In addition to being independent and produced on a smaller scale, the main...
Article
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Abstract Inequality has been of growing interest in the political debate and in theoretical and empirical studies for some decades. Therefore, the study of regional inequality raises some relevant questions related to the spatial nature of the data. In fact, adopting a regional point of view implies the opportunity to consider spatial interactions,...
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Abstract: Water is a vital resource for citizens´ economic and social development. However, the us-es to which it can be put often conflict. Possible solutions to mitigate disputes involve political op-tions, scarce economic resources and the search for mechanisms to ensure its adequate allocation. For over half a century, countries such as Austral...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Special Issue Information: A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance". Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2022. Special issue website: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/water/special_issues/integrated_water
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Abstract In this paper, we suggest a holistic explanation of the role currently played by self-employment, and consequently, a reason for its persistence and growth in recent years, for less developed countries. At the same time, we link this explanation with current discussions on the role of very small economic units and informality. In general,...
Conference Paper
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RESUMEN La revolución de las Nuevas Tecnologías ha provocado un importante cambio en el sector turístico. En la actualidad, el uso de Internet es imprescindible en la comunicación y promoción de las empresas con sus potenciales clientes y empiezan a considerar la página web como su carta de presentación. Asimismo, el papel del turista también ha ex...
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Abstract: In this paper, we tested the benefit of using Markov-Switching (M-S) models to forecast the views of the 26 most traded stocks in the U.S. in a Black-Litterman (B-L) optimal selection context. With weekly historical data of these stocks from January 1, 1980, we estimated and simulated (from January 7, 2000, to February 7, 2022) three port...
Article
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Abstract On the island of Ibiza, the sixties and seventies were the years of the touristic boom and the hippies. The hippie presence ended shortly after, but left various elements considered direct legacies. Among these elements, it is worth highlighting the creation of a local fashion inspired by traditional clothing and hippies. This fashion was...
Article
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Abstract: The research presented in this document aims to measure the geographical concentration for the period 1980-2010 of industrial activities in Ecuador and establish a possible relationship between the localization of industrial sectors and the urbanization levels of cities. The analysis of the geographical concentration of the 26 manufactur...
Article
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The island of Ibiza is a western Mediterranean destination known internationally for its nightlife. The aim of this paper is to make a proposal to classify the different types of premises in the Ibiza nightlife offer. This involves making a first definition that allows to delimit which businesses are parts of the sector. The methodology used is bas...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). Special Issue "Sustainable Rural Development through Entrepreneurship and Innovation" Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2022. Special issue website: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability/special_issues/Sustainable_Rural_Development_Entrepreneurship_Innovation
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Call for Papers, Journal: Mathematics (MDPI) Special Issue: "Markov-Chain Modelling and Applications". Deadline: 28 February, 2022. Special Issue Editors: Dr. José Álvarez-García, University of Extremadura, Spain. Dr. Oscar V. De la Torre-Torres, UMSNH, México. Dr. María de la Cruz del Río-Rama, University of Vigo, Spain. Special issue website: ht...
Article
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Abstract The tourism sector is growing rapidly, and this has greatly stimulated economic growth around the world; however, the environmental degradation that this implies cannot be ignored. In order to achieve sustainable tourism, it is important to study the link between tourism and environmental quality. Therefore, the objective of this study was...
Article
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The market for socially conscious products and services has grown exponentially in the last years. Consequently, adding social value is among the great challenges that companies have to face nowadays. In view of this, companies need leaders with a set of specific skills that prepares them to act and compete in this new environment. This is especial...
Technical Report
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Revista Portuguesa de Estudos Regionais (RPER) Issue N. 60 (2022) published. Publicado: 24-01-2022 Special Issue on: Covid-19 Pandemic: Socio-Economic Impact from a Regional, Local and Urban Perspective Guest Editors: José Álvarez-García, Financial Economy and Accounting Department, Faculty of Business, Finance and Tourism, University of Extrema...
Article
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Abstract The pandemic became a great challenge for many aspects of life, economic performance is no exception. There is evidence that the Employed Economically Active Population (EAP) decreased in Mexico as an effect of Covid-19, however, the behavior of the income of the Economically Active Population (EAP) that remained employed is unknown. In th...
Article
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Abstract: This research examines the relationship between renewable energy consumption and electricity prices in six South American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru). The methodology used is a panel econometric model with annual data for the period 1990-2015. The results show that the consumption of renewable energie...
Article
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Abstract Indigenous communities express their concern about the weakening and low appreciation of their millenary and ancestral manifestations and knowledge, due to society´s accelerated globalization. This fact has caused intergenerational transmission to be minimal, resulting in a gradual cultural erosion and loss of collective memory of human gr...
Article
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Abstract: In the present paper, we extend the current literature in algorithmic trading with Markov‐switching models with generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic (MS‐GARCH) models. We performed this by using asymmetric log‐likelihood functions (LLF) and variance models. From 2 January 2004 to 19 March 2021, we simulated 36 institutio...
Conference Paper
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Resumen: Los pueblos mágicos enfrentan a destinos turísticos altamente competitivos; plantear estrategias que hagan frente a dicha competencia, requiere de estudiar y entender su competitividad. El objetivo es determinar la competitividad turística de los pueblos mágicos de México. Se llevó a cabo un análisis factorial exploratorio. El pueblo mági...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMEN Las páginas web se han convertido en una carta de presentación de las empresas para los clientes potenciales, tanto nacionales como internacionales, además de ser un medio por el que comercializar los productos o servicios e interactuar con los clientes. Debido a la importancia de tener presencia online mediante las páginas web, se ha lleva...
Presentation
La Noche Europea de los Investigadores e Investigadoras 2021 - Universidad de Extremadura, España. PROGRAMA SPEED DATING VIRTUAL 2021 La investigación que lleva a cabo la UEx es protagonista en la Noche Europea de los Investigadores. Proponemos esta actividad virtual para alentar el diálogo entre investigadores e investigadoras y sociedad. En la a...
Presentation
La Noche Europea de los Investigadores e Investigadoras 2021, Universidad de Extremadura. PROGRAMA SPEED DATING VIRTUAL CON INVESTIGADORES E INVESTIGADORAS 2021. La investigación que lleva a cabo la UEx es protagonista en la Noche Europea de los Investigadores. Proponemos esta actividad virtual para alentar el diálogo entre investigadores e invest...
Chapter
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ABSTRACT Tourism is Mexico's largest source of foreign exchange, only after remittances and foreign direct investment, and is one of the most wealth-generating economic activities in the country. However, measures to mitigate the Covid-19 pandemic –such as the suspension of flights and strict restrictions on people's mobility– have caused great eco...
Article
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Abstract: The tourism programme “Pueblos Mágicos” was created in 2001 by the Mexican Secre-tary of Tourism (Sectur), together with its brand, with the aim of promoting tourism by preserving secular and ancestral traditions, as well as revitalizing cities and towns that make great efforts to protect and safeguard their cultural wealth. In this cont...
Article
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The aim of this research is to contrast an explanatory model of how the perceived organizational image of a university centre (faculty) influences its students´ loyalty. The data is obtained from a structured survey of students in Spain, obtaining a sample of 224 valid questionnaires. The methodology used is exploratory and confirmatory factor anal...
Article
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Abstract: The consumption of renewable energy has become a substitute for fossil fuels to mitigate environmental degradation. However, this substitution of energy raises many questions regarding its possible impact on economic growth. In this context, this research aims to examine the long-term relationship between economic growth and financial dev...
Article
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The aim of this research is to validate the explanatory model of how the quality of service perceived by students of a higher education center influences their loyalty (retaining and attracting new students) through mediating variables: perceived value, expectations, and satisfaction. The methodology used to validate the measurement scales is explo...
Article
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Resumen En 2020, las exportaciones ecuatorianas petroleras cayeron en 39%, mientras que las exportaciones no petroleras crecieron en un 6%, donde destacan el banano y cacao. En este contexto, el objetivo del presente estudio es determinar los efectos del Covid-19 en el comercio internacional del Ecuador, así como analizar la influencia de las expor...
Article
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Abstract: From the empirical point of view, measures that promote work flexibility increase income inequalities and unemployment rates in the long-term, as well as promoting employment precariousness and the informality of the labor sector. The objective of the present work is to investigate the effect on wage inequality of eliminating work flexibi...
Article
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Abstract: In the present paper, we test the benefit of using Markov-Switching models and volatility futures diversification in a Euro-based stock portfolio. With weekly data of the Eurostoxx 50 (ESTOXX50) stock index, we forecasted the smoothed regime-specific probabilities at T + 1 and used them as the weighting method of a diversified portfolio i...
Article
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Abstract: Gasoline produced in Mexico by the productive company of the state Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) mainly uses oil‐derived ethers as oxygenators to reach the Mexican Regulatory ʹFrameworkʹs octane number. An alternative to complying with these regulations could be to use bioethanol as an oxygenate. However, as a gasoline component, this could...
Article
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Abstract The aim of this research is to identify and analyze the causes and effects of tourism competitiveness, as well as cause–effect relationships from the perspective of two groups of experts, which are decision makers versus academics/researchers, both from the tourism sector. The purpose is to respond to the question: do decision makers in th...
Article
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Resumen La presente investigación tiene como objetivo determinar las potencialidades naturales mediante una evaluación multicriterio de los recursos turísticos del cantón Pindal, provincia de Loja (Ecuador). Como metodología se utilizaron técnicas de la evaluación multicriterio. En primer lugar, se consideró el inventario de 8 recursos existentes...
Chapter
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Abstract The objective of this work is to verify the level of commitment and implementation of ethical and socially responsible practices by organizations and stakeholders. The theoretical framework on which this research is based is the stakeholders’ paradigm (Freeman et al, 2007; Preston and Sachs, 2002; Harrison et al, 2010; Fernandez and Bajo,...
Chapter
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ABSTRACT: In the mid-eighties, the European institutions show their growing concern for the economic and social cohesion of the territory and the consequences that the imminent reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) could have on the rural environment. In this context, the LEADER Initiative (acronyms that correspond to the French term Liai...
Chapter
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Abstract In the genesis of theories, which provide a basis for endogenous rural development policies, a major role is played by those critical views of this predominant position of economic thought, which had achieved to establish an increase in production and its measurement through quantitative indicators as the top and only priority of economic...
Article
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Abstract Deforestation shows the constant environmental degradation that occurs worldwide as a result of the growth of economic activity and the increase in population. This research examines the causal link between renewable energy consumption, GDP, GDP2, non-renewable energy price, population growth and forest area in high, middle- and low-income...
Article
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Abstract The aim of this research is to study the wage gap between public and private sector employees in Ecuador. The methodology used is the Oaxaca and Blinder method (decomposition method). The necessary microdata is obtained from the National Survey of Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment (ENEMDU) of the National Institute of Statistics...
Article
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Abstract: The aim of this research is to analyse the effect of income inequality on the homicide rate. The study is carried out in 18 Latin American countries for the period 2005–2018. The methodology used is the Generalized Least Squares (GLS) model and the data were obtained from World Development Indicators, the World Health Organization and the...
Article
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Abstract: The world’s cultural and natural heritage has been gradually affected by climate change, and although the research agendas of many countries have included this reality since 2003, there is still an incipient approach to it, with analysis techniques used being limited. In addition, there are very few case studies that describe in detail th...
Article
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The objective of this research is to contrast an explanatory model of how brand equity influences the customer’s behaviour and behavioural intentions. It will take place in the tourism sector, specifically, the target population are the customers of a hotel chain representing a very specific type of service in the tourism sector, emblematic hotels....
Conference Paper
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RESUMEN: El patrimonio cultural inmaterial se integra por una amplia variedad de expresiones y manifestaciones culturales, que pueden ser puestas en valor con el propósito de conseguir articular nuevas alternativas de desarrollo, entre ellas la actividad turística. Apostar por la riqueza cultural de los grupos humanos como atractivos de interés tu...
Conference Paper
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RESUMEN Las páginas web se han convertido y son una tarjeta de presentación de las empresas y sus productos al mercado. Las etiquetas de calidad diferenciada de los productos agroalimentarios en base a su origen geográfico son una forma de diferenciación y puesta en valor de los productos, así como, una garantía de seguridad hacia el consumidor. El...
Article
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Abstract: Two of the greatest challenges that threaten sustainable development are the water supply crisis together with the control of water resources pollution. The United Nations recognises that the right to safe drinking water and sanitation is an essential right, and states are called upon to intensify their efforts to provide the entire popul...
Article
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Abstract Trained human capital is a source of incalculable resources, with an impact on the results of companies. For this reason, companies must carefully consider three aspects: empowerment with the consideration of the cognitive state of their collaborators; training and compensation; and fluidity in information sharing. Although granting empowe...
Article
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p>Las medidas gubernamentales adoptadas para combatir la pandemia paralizan las actividades económicas y afectan los ingresos de la población. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de esta investigación es estimar y analizar los impactos de la COVID-19 en la pobreza de Ecuador utilizando el método de escenarios. Para lo cual, a partir de los datos de la Encues...
Article
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Abstract: Market diversification is one of the keys to success in the new era of world trade. Highly competitive countries have accomplished positive and sustained growth rates by not depending on a single market for their exports and imports. In Mexico, on the contrary, 80% of exports and 45% of imports concentrate in the United States. The South...
Article
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Digital transformation and technological advances are causing a radical change in communication structures and in the way information is consumed. With rapid development of computing and the Internet, data is generated, recorded, stored and accumulated on a large scale, making it necessary for economic sectors to act quickly in order to adapt their...
Conference Paper
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Abstract: La entrada de la Revista de Contabilidad en el Journal Citation Impact Index (JCR) supone un hito importante en la trayectoria de la revista, y resulta oportuno realizar un análisis bibliométrico de su producción científica que permita identificar las principales tendencias. Se toman como muestra, todos los documentos publicados en la RC-...
Article
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In this work, the use of Markov-switching GARCH (MS-GARCH) models is tested in an active trading algorithm for corn and soybean future markets. By assuming that a given investor lives in a two-regime world (with low- and high-volatility time periods), a trading algorithm was simulated (from January 2000 to March 2019), which helped the investor to...
Article
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Abstract This investigation seeks to explore the importance of agglomeration mechanisms in the location decisions of new manufacturing firms in Ecuador, based on sector and canton level data for the 2000–2010 period. A model is proposed to explore the relative importance of agglomeration mechanisms in location decisions of new manufacturing compani...
Article
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Abstract The aim of this work is to identify community the initiatives anchored to community-based tourism (CBT) in Ecuador with the aim of providing an overview of the current reality of community tourism in the country, in addition to publicizing the product lines under development within community initiatives. The methodology used is a descripti...
Article
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Abstract: Poverty is one of the main indicators of economic development worldwide, in such a way that one of the Sustainable Development Goals is to eradicate poverty in all its forms worldwide. The objective of this research was to examine the effect of the gross value added (GVA) of tourism on poverty in the 198 contiguous Ecuadorian cantons. The...