José Aguiar

José Aguiar
University of Lisbon | UL · Centre for Architecture, Urban Planning and Design Research

Ph.D

About

51
Publications
23,296
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167
Citations
Introduction
Professor at the Faculty of Architecture University of Lisbon; he was Researcher at LNEC (National Laboratory of Civil Engineer) during almost 20 years, working on Architectonic Conservation and Urban Rehabilitation. He was Coordinator of the Specialization in Conservation in 1th to 6th FA-U Lisbon Architecture Doctorate Courses (2009-2016)., More information: http://home.fa.utl.pt/~jaguiar/ and http://mestrado-reabilitacao.fa.utl.pt/
Additional affiliations
June 2007 - April 2016
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 1986 - July 2005
National Laboratory for Civil Engineering
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
We see what we learn to see. For many years, it was thought that the colour of the historical cities of Portugal could be divided into that of the Atlantic north, where the natural colours of materials predominate, and those of the Mediterranean south, favouring the white sensuality of mortar and whitewash; as for the azulejos, they were more often...
Article
Full-text available
As questões essenciais da conservação não são de natureza essencialmente técnica ou, sequer, científica, mas sim problemas de natureza eminentemente cultural (como sempre afirmou Brandi)! É a cultura de uma sociedade (ou a sua relatividade) que determina o essencial das escolhas e dos programas que os projectistas devem disciplinarmente resolver, f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Troppo lungo, vorrei finire con le parole di Laura e Paolo Mora, che sono state molto importanti per me: “il colore di una superficie architettonica non é un abito intercambiabile”. L.MORA, P.MORA, 1984.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Long-standing and ancient urban buildings are landmarks that, using their volumetric and geometric features and decorations, try to attract attention of users and remain in their memory, which is the most important feature of landmarks. In addition to beautifying cities, these historical landmarks are also effective on identifying the historical, g...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O artigo trata: De uma Muito Breve História da Universidade de Coimbra; Dos seus Principais Atributos e Valores Urbanísticos, Arquitectónicos e Culturais; Da Organização da Candidatura e dos Processos de planeamento e gestão; Das excepcionalidades arquitectónicas a alguns projectos de referência (restauro, reabilitação e novas edificações).
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conclusões do encontro Baixa Pombalina a Património Mundial: Ainda é possível?. Lisboa: GECORPA/ICOMOS, 2015, disponível online em: http://www.gecorpa.pt/Upload/Documentos/conclusoes_encontro_baixa_pombalina_2015.pdf
Data
Full-text available
Resumen: El uso de métodos de análisis in situ y de laboratorio, como técnicas auxiliares de diagnóstico para edificios antiguos, ha dado resultados muy útiles en la estimación de su estado de conservación. Para demostrarlo y evidenciar la importancia de algunas técnicas y las posibilidades del análisis combinado de sus resultados, se presentan en...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
No contexto da sucessiva redefinição do conceito de património, a arquitetura vernácula tenderá a assumir a sua importância a partir da segunda metade do século passado, alcançando estatuto próprio na Carta sobre o Património Construído Vernáculo de 1999. Em Portugal, adquirem particular relevância os trabalhos desenvolvidos em diferentes âmbitos,...
Article
Full-text available
Through examples in Convento de Cristo, it is discussed the contribution that graphical documentation produced through automatic photogrammetry, under SFM/MVS (structure-from-motion / multi-view-stereo) methodology, and laser scanning, can represent to the enhancement of the recording processes of architectural heritage, originating a base document...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Desde o advento da imprensa e a consequente difusão da informação escrita, a visão tem vindo a assumir um papel predominante na transmissão do conhecimento. Com a implementação do código Braille no século XIX e com o desenvolvimento mais recentemente dos aplicativos informáticos de leitura de tela, o acesso à informação escrita passou a estar també...
Data
Full-text available
Desde o advento da imprensa e a consequente difusão da informação escrita, a visão tem vindo a assumir um papel predominante na transmissão do conhecimento. Com a implementação do código Braille no século XIX e com o desenvolvimento mais recentemente dos aplicativos informáticos de leitura de tela, o acesso à informação escrita passou a estar també...
Conference Paper
The objectives of this paper are to demonstrate that image based three dimensional reconstruction techniques, such as structure from motion (SFM) and multi-view-stereo (MVS) enable the production of documentation with comparable quality to the one produced with terrestrial laser scanning (TLS). We start by demonstrating that proposition and then, w...
Article
A series of colour assays were conducted taking into account old bibliographic recommendations and oral testimony regarding traditional lime painting technology from the Alentejo (South Portugal) region. The main objectives were: (a) the colorimetric analysis of paintings made with different limewash preparation methods; (b) the comparison between...
Chapter
Full-text available
The proposal to review the urban renting regimen, prepared in 2003 by the XV Portuguese Constitutional Government, laid down that the celebration of new rent contracts or an extraordinary updating of the rent value could only be carried through if either a habitability certificate or an use permit was presented whose age did not exceed a period to...
Conference Paper
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Au sud de Portugal, la finition la plus courante des immeubles qui constituent le patrimoine urbain se composait simplement d'un lait de chaux ou d'une peinture à base de chaux. La couleur était normalement obtenue par l'adjonction de pigments naturels (plus tard synthétiques) dans la chaux, notamment de terres minérales á base d'oxi-hydroxides de...
Article
Full-text available
This article intends to bring awareness to the architectonic value of sgraffito and summarize its risks, emphasizing the need to change intervention methodologies, promoting its safeguard and material its authenticity. In the last years, hundreds of buildings with sgraffito application in external façades have been discovered in Alentejo. One of th...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental campaign took place between 2004 and 2006 in Alentejo in order to identify the pigments used in the traditional limewash and analyze pictorial techniques. The samples were collected in the exterior finishes of buildings localized in the historical centers of 47 municipalities (distributed among the districts of Évora, Beja, Portaleg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper shows the particular value of sgraffito as an architectonic surface. The recent discovery of an unknown and wide presence of sgraffito in some urban and rural Portuguese architecture, the risks it faces today, forgotten or confused with other mural decorative techniques, led us to alert to the need to safeguard its material authenticity....
Article
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A series of color essays were conducted taking into account old bibliographic recommendations and oral testimony regarding traditional lime painting technology from Alentejo (south Portugal) region. The main objectives were: a) the colorimetric analysis of the final painting results of several limewash preparation methods; b) the comparison between...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The onset of the problematic of colour significance and conservation in architectural heritage is quite recent, and a consequence of the evolution of urban conservation and rehabilitation theories, which were put to practice since the 80's in some European countries. The façades chromatism is of great importance as regards the composition and expre...
Book
Full-text available
Em todo o mundo desenvolvido é reconhecida a importância cultural e económica da conservação do património arquitectónico e urbano, assim como da reabilitação do parque habitacional. Este é hoje um sector estratégico para a Europa, que se preocupa com a sustentabilidade das políticas urbanas e da arquitectura, já que possui uma extraordinária cultu...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster apresentado a convite do Congresso: Física 2006. Aveiro, 4-7 de Setembro, Portugal
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Depois da sustentação básica da própria disciplina, enquanto capítulo do conhecimento humano e ofício com lugar ao sol, demonstração feita sobretudo através da afirmação das suas competências no estudo do passado mais distante, manifesta-se agora entre nós a oportunidade da mesma Arqueologia, em ramos operativos e metodologicamente concentrada nos...
Poster
Full-text available
Casal, M.; Seruya, A.; Aguiar, J., Terres Colorantes au Portugal, Histoire, nature e usage. Poster apresentado no colóquio: Couleur &Temps: La couleur dans la conservation et restauration. Paris, Institut National du Patrimoine.21-23 Juin, França
Book
Full-text available
Em todo o mundo desenvolvido é reconhecida a importância cultural e económica da conservação do património arquitectónico e urbano, assim como da reabilitação do parque habitacional. Este é hoje um sector estratégico para a Europa, que se preocupa com a sustentabilidade das políticas urbanas e da arquitectura, já que possui uma extraordinária cultu...
Article
Full-text available
En algunos casos los sentidos humanos pueden detectar los problemas patológicos que afectan a los revestimientos de paredes, pero el uso exclusivo de estos recursos puede revelar datos dudosos o no suficientemente exactos. Así pues, se hace necesario utilizar técnicas auxiliares que completen los sentidos humanos naturales para concluir el diagnóst...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo Os revestimentos exteriores de paredes são camadas sacrificiais e de expressão estética com grande relevância no comportamento físico e para a percepção visual da arquitectura. Do desaparecimento da cultura artesanal que lhes deu origem e da sua substituição por uma cultura industrial que impõe o consumo quase exclusivo de materiais e técnic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A conservação e a reabilitação do património arquitectónico e urbano serão, em breve, um dos principais sectores da actividade dos arquitectos portugueses. Com a inversão nas pirâmides etárias e o gradual abrandamento da tardia febre que conduziu tudo e todos para o litoral, temos que reciclar, reconverter, adaptar, reabilitar (quer dizer: recupera...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Procura-se esclarecer porque se considera que a conservação do património arquitectónico é, cada vez menos, um acto limitado ou solitário, e, cada vez mais, um amplo problema urbanístico. Abordam-se alguns dos processos de alteração da identidade urbana nas cidades históricas, procurando delimitar as suas implicações e considerando-as como um dos f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conhecer para conservar! Qualquer intervenção prática de conservação baseia-se no conhecimento. É porque sabemos o significado dos valores históricos, artísticos, construtivos e outros, presentes na arquitectura de um objecto, ou de uma cidade, que decidimos salvaguardar. Conservamos com base e em função da nossa capacidade de “ver”, de reconhecer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Si c’est au moyen de l’analyse concrète des résultats – chacun pour soi, de la qualité de tous résulte la qualité moyenne des interventions urbaines – que l’on évalue la qualité de la méthode et la qualité du projet urbain accompli, il faut alors accepter le fait qu’on doit remettre en question les différentes pratiques, car elles semblent amener à...
Conference Paper
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O problema da cor no contexto de intervenções de conservação de edifícios ou de reabilitação urbana tornou-se, nos últimos meses, num dos temas mais polémicos da nosso meio cultural. Inúmeras intervenções concretas (GTL´s, 7ª Colina, etc.), entrevistas consequentes, artigos, comunicações e (re)edições ("A Cor da Cidade", "Lisboa: Luz e cor na cidad...
Article
Full-text available
External renders covering façades of buildings placed in maritime zones suffer severe direct aggressions of the surrounding micro-environment, as they are subjected to the action of salty mist, strong winds, even to sea water (sprinkles and freatic water). The mortars of these buildings often present pathology associated to these particularly aggre...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Accessibility in Cultural Heritage Public Spaces
Project
Colored limewash ( or lime painting) was, along with the simple limewash, the most common exterior mural surface coating of old buildings in the south of Portugal until the second half of the 20th century. In Alentejo, several examples-monochromatic or with decoration-still exists in many historic façades. In a time where the historical value of these mural painted surfaces is recognized, it is urgent at the conservation and restorationlevel, to identify and study the pictorial materials emplyed as well as the lime paint preparation and execution techniques.This was the main goal of this project, which ocorred in three phases from 2004 to 2009: Phase 1- historical background assessment on the existence of raw materials, its processing and trading in national territory; Phase2- photographic record, sampling and laboratory analysis of pigments and painting techniques found in the building façades from 43 historic centers in Alentejo as well as identification of colored earths locally collected by the population. In this phase it was also compared the composition and optical properties of local earth pigments versus industrial analogues. Phase3- colorimetric analysis of lime paintings and colored mortars reproductions
Project
The experience of contemporary urbanity is inescapably marked by the presence of abandonment, ruination and emptiness. Ruins, abandoned buildings and vacant lands are ubiquitous presences in contemporary cities. In Portugal, the model of urban development in the past decades, driven by real estate speculation, led to discontinuous city growth, leaving many vacant lots. With the real estate market crisis, these vacant lands tend to last. On the other hand, new forms of modern ruins have been added to the historic ruins becoming a part of the cityscape: abandoned manufacturing plants, closed cinemas, derelict barracks, dead malls, unfinished real estate projects, etc. These elements are usually seen in a negative way. The ruined city is one of the strongest dystopias of late modernity, with great expression in visual culture (photography, sci-fi movies, comics, electronic games, etc.). Ruins and vacant lands are equated with emptiness, death and disorder. Urban planning has followed this hegemonic sensitivity that demonizes ruins and vacant lands: revitalization of historic centres, regeneration of old industrial areas and urban re-densification strategies in order to rehabilitate the compact city, all have become priorities for the urban policies in the past few decades; an intense desire for erasing ruins and occupying vacant lands is present in all of them. Since the focus has been put in reversing urban ruins and derelicts, little attention has been devoted to the analysis and understanding of the ruination processes and to study of the morphology and abilities of those spaces, namely in Portugal. The Project NoVOID aims to fill this gap.