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Jos Vanrenterghem

Jos Vanrenterghem
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Department of Rehabilitation Sciences

PhD in Biomechanics

About

170
Publications
85,308
Reads
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3,534
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on lower limb loading mechanisms in dynamic activities, ranging from walking on stairs to side cutting manoeuvres in sport. Aim is to bring better biomechanical observation in clinic and field. Current focus is on neuromuscular and biomechanical screening of knee (re-)injury risk to inform rehabilitation and prevention strategies. What makes me very happy is if I can transfer this knowledge for future practitioners through teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
KU Leuven
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2007 - December 2015
Liverpool John Moores University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2004 - July 2007
Liverpool John Moores University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (170)
Article
Purpose: Athletes with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction show persisting biomechanical and neuromuscular landing alterations. So far, most research focused on the landing phase of dynamic tasks where most ACL injuries occur. This study will assess whether these landing alterations are also present in the propulsion phase, in an at...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To analyze whether 13 weeks of Integrative Neuromuscular Training can benefit spatiotemporal and kinematic parameters of gait in children with overweight/obesity. Methods: This is a non-randomized controlled trial. Fifty children (10.77 ± 1.24 years, 31 girls) with overweight/obesity were allocated to an exercise group (EG) (n=25) tha...
Article
Purpose: To examine the utility of differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE) for monitoring internal intensity and load in association football. Methods: Data were collected from 2 elite senior male football teams during 1 season (N = 55). External intensity and load data (duration × intensity) were collected during each training and mat...
Article
The rating of perceived exertion method allows to describe training intensity in a single value. To better understand the underlying components, the separate rating of perceived breathlessness (RPE-B) and leg-muscle exertion (RPE-L) has been proposed. Here we hypothesized that the separation between the two components may (partly) be determined by...
Article
Full-text available
Biomechanical trajectories generally embody amplitude and temporal effects, but these effects are generally analyzed separately. Here we demonstrate how amplitude-phase separation techniques from the statistics literature can be used to simultaneously analyze both. The approach hinges on nonlinear registration, which temporally warps trajectories t...
Article
Purpose: To examine the utility of a standardized small-sided game (SSG) for monitoring within-player changes in mean exercise heart rate (HRex) when compared with a submaximal interval shuttle-run test (ISRT). Methods: Thirty-six elite youth football players (17 [1] y) took part in 6 test sessions across an in-season period (every 4 wk). Sessio...
Article
Background Anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed (ACLR) athletes show increased hamstrings activation and decreased knee flexion moments (KFMs) during single leg landing tasks at time of return-to-sport (RTS). Although these landing alterations seem protective in the short term, they might become undesirable if they persist after RTS. Therefore,...
Conference Paper
Background Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are characterized by a very high recurrence rate. Despite indications from the field that deficits in strength endurance and fatigability play a role in (re-)injury, screening for these in Return To Sport (RTS) decision making is still not common and requires further investigation. Objective To justify ha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Evidence increasingly suggests that neuromuscular alterations in ACL reconstructed (ACLR) patients are rooted in neurocognitive and proprioceptive deficits. Objective The aim of this study was to reveal how neurocognitive and proprioceptive deficits determine neuromuscular control alterations seen in ACLR athletes. Design Cross-section...
Conference Paper
Background Physical active induced fatigue may result altered trunk and pelvic biomechanics during athletic tasks. Objective To summarize and determine the effect of physical fatigue on trunk and pelvic biomechanics during jump-landings in healthy, physically active populations. Design Systematic review of literature. Setting Electronic database...
Article
Full-text available
The description of current load monitoring practices may serve to highlight developmental needs for both the training ground, academia and related industries. While previous studies described these practices in elite men's football, no study has provided an overview of load monitoring practices in elite women's football. Given the clear organizatio...
Article
Full-text available
Running impact forces expose the body to biomechanical loads leading to beneficial adaptations, but also risk of injury. Highintensity running tasks, especially, are deemed highly demanding for the musculoskeletal system, but loads experienced during these actions are not well understood. To eventually predict GRF and understand the biomechanical lo...
Article
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Testing a prediction is fundamental to scientific experiments. Where biomechanical experiments involve analysis of 1-Dimensional (waveform) data, sample size estimation should consider both 1D variance and hypothesised 1D effects. This study exemplifies 1D sample size estimation using typical biomechanical signals and contrasts this with 0D (discre...
Article
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Load monitoring is considered important to manage the physical training process in team sports such as Association Football. Previous studies have described the load monitoring practices of elite English football clubs and clubs with an established sports-science department. An examination of a broader international sample is currently not availabl...
Article
The prevention of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often involves movement training, but the effectiveness of different motor learning methods has not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study was therefore to examine the effects of linear pedagogy (LP), nonlinear pedagogy (NLP) and differential learning (DL) motor lea...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-planar forces and moments are known to injure the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). In ACL injury risk studies, however, the uni-planar frontal plane external knee abduction moment is frequently studied in isolation. This study aimed to determine if the frontal plane knee moment (KM-Y) could classify all individuals crossing a risk threshold...
Article
Much inter-intra-tester kinematic and kinetic repeatability research exists, with a paucity investigating inter-laboratory equivalence. The objective of this research was to evaluate the inter-laboratory equivalence between time varying unplanned kinematics and moments of unplanned sidestepping (UnSS). Eight elite female athletes completed an estab...
Article
Context: A bias toward femoral internal rotation is a potential precursor to functional valgus collapse. The gluteal muscles may play a critical role in mitigating these effects. Objective: Determine the extent to which gluteal strength and activation mediate associations between femoral alignment measures and functional valgus collapse. Design...
Article
The aim of this study was to compare external (EL) and internal loads (IL) during training sessions compared to official matches between elite female soccer players according to their playing position. Training and match data were obtained during the 2017/18 season from eighteen players (age: 26.5±5.7 years; height: 164.4±5.3 cm; body mass: 58.56±5...
Article
Objective: It has been suggested that overweight/obesity (OW/OB) impairs the normal development of body posture in children and adolescents; however, to date, no study has systematically reviewed or quantified the effect of OW/OB on the development of postural alterations in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to systematically...
Article
There is little literature on asymmetries in paddle-tennis, a sport of an asymmetrical nature. To study the development of asymmetries between upper limbs in this sport, the lean mass of both upper limbs of 96 young paddle players and 76 skiers (control group) was evaluated with bioimpedance and the symmetry index of lean mass was computed. Paddle-...
Article
Analysing posture in 3D generally requires expensive equipment and complex software, not accessible to most healthcare centres. The aim was to evaluate a 3D postural analysis methodology based on commercial cameras, a portable calibration device and Excel, a popular spreadsheet software. The accuracy and reliability of the methodology were studied...
Article
Whereas 3D optical motion capture (OMC) systems are considered the gold standard for kinematic assessment in sport science, they present some drawbacks that limit its use in the field. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) incorporating gyroscopes have been considered as a more practical alternative. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the level...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Evidence suggests that neuromuscular alterations in patients with an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are rooted in neurocognitive and proprioceptive deficits. The aim of this study was to assess neuromuscular control of athletes with ACLR under increased cognitive and environmental challenges. Research question: Do ath...
Article
Purpose To examine differences in weekly load between the first (FT) and the under 19 team (U19) within a professional football setting. Methods: Data were collected in 11 FT and 9 U19 players during one season (2016-2017). FT data was divided into two week types, with (FT-M1) or without (FT-M0) a mid-week match. Indicators were total distance (TD)...
Article
Molina-Garcia, P, Mora-Gonzalez, J, Migueles, JH, Rodriguez-Ayllon, M, Esteban-Cornejo, I, Cadenas-Sanchez, C, Plaza-Florido, A, Gil-Cosano, JJ, Pelaez-Perez, MA, Garcia-Delgado, G, Vanrenterghem, J, and Ortega, FB. Effects of exercise on body posture, functional movement, and physical fitness in children with overweight/obesity. J Strength Cond Re...
Article
Background Childhood obesity is known to negatively impact on body posture with severe consequences to the musculoskeletal system. Physical performance could play a positive role in the body posture conformation of these children, but there is little evidence to date. Research Question Is physical performance (i.e., physical fitness and functional...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke accuracy is highly related with tennis performance and has traditionally been quantified using general areas of scoring. Hence there is a need to develop methods that allow accuracy to be measured with higher resolution. The aim of the work is to develop a field test and an Excel spreadsheet associated that allows to evaluate the accuracy of...
Article
Introduction: Athletes returning to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) demonstrate prolonged changes in landing kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation, predisposing them for re-injury, knee osteoarthritis and/or knee instability. So far, researchers have been focusing on how kinematics and kinetics change in every joi...
Article
Full-text available
Prediction of ground reaction force (GRF) magnitudes during running-based sports has several important applications, including optimal load prescription and injury prevention in athletes. Existing methods typically require information from multiple body-worn sensors, limiting their ecological validity, or aim to estimate discrete force parameters,...
Article
Control of the centre of mass (CoM) whilst minimising the use of unnecessary movements is imperative for successful performance of dynamic sports tasks, and may indicate the condition of whole-body dynamic stability. The aims of this study were to express movement strategies that represent whole-body dynamic stability, and to explore their associat...
Preprint
Full-text available
The benefits of differentiating between the physiological and biomechanical load-response pathways in football and other (team) sports have become increasingly recognised. In contrast to physiological loads however, the biomechanical demands of training and competition are still not well understood, primarily due to the difficulty of quantifying bi...
Article
Full-text available
The benefits of differentiating between the physiological and biomechanical load-response pathways in football and other (team) sports have become increasingly recognised. In contrast to physiological loads however, the biomechanical demands of training and competition are still not well understood, primarily due to the difficulty of quantifying bi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To support future developments of field-based biomechanical load monitoring tools, this study aimed to identify generalised segmental acceleration patterns and their contribution to ground reaction forces (GRFs) across different running tasks. Design Exploratory experimental design. Methods A multivariate principal component analysis (P...
Article
Screening methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often involve double-leg landings, though the majority of ACL injuries occur during single-leg landings. Differences in kinematic temporal characteristics between single-leg and double-leg landings are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine discrete and temporal ki...
Article
Purpose: To investigate the effect of a 13-week exercise program, based on "movement quality" and "multigames" work, on plantar pressure during walking in children with overweight/obesity (OW/OB). Method: Seventy children (10.8 ± 1.2 years, 58.5% girls) with OW/OB, as defined by the World Obesity Federation, were assigned to either a 13-week exe...
Article
Background: The aim of the present study is to compare sagittal gait kinematics of ankle, knee and hip joints between subjects with unicondylar and total knee arthroplasty and age matched healthy controls. Since unicondylar knee replacement is a less invasive procedure, which more closely preserves knee joint anatomy, we hypothesized that one year...
Article
Full-text available
Delextrat, A, Bateman, J, Ross, C, Harman, J, Davis, L, Vanrenterghem, J, and Cohen, DD. Changes in torque-angle profiles of the hamstrings and hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratio after two hamstring strengthening exercise interventions in female hockey players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The aim of this study was to compare the effects of...
Article
Introduction: Fatigue has a negative impact on lower extremity neuromuscular and biomechanical control. Since ACLR athletes show already neuromuscular/biomechanical deficits in an unfatigued state, the negative impact of fatigue may magnify these deficits or help expose other deficits. So far this has only scarcely been assessed warranting further...
Article
Accuracy and speed are related to performance in tennis. Most research has focused on speed and little is known about the probabilistic structure of error (i.e. accuracy). In the present study 31 advanced players performed a standardised test and accuracy was measured using video analysis. Parameters describing 95% confidence ellipses (CEs) of fore...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Unlike physiological loads, the biomechanical loads of training in running-based sports are still largely unexplored. This study, therefore, aimed to assess the validity of estimating ground reaction forces (GRF), as a measure of external whole-body biomechanical loading, from segmental accelerations. Methods: Fifteen team-sport athle...
Article
Full-text available
Nonuniform (non-constant) temporal smoothness can arise in biomechanical processes like impacts, and heterogeneous smoothness (unequal smoothness across observations) can arise in mechanically diverse comparisons such as padded vs. unpadded impacts, where padded dynamics are generally smoother than unpadded dynamics. It has been reported that stati...
Article
Full-text available
It is known that obesity is associated with biomechanical alterations during locomotor tasks, which is considered a potential risk factor for the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSKD). However, the association of obesity with biomechanical alterations of walking in the early stages of life have not yet been systematically reviewed. Thus,...
Article
Introduction: Growing evidence exists that match-related fatigue induces biomechanical alterations that might increase lower extremity injury risk. Fatigue studies often use match simulation protocols that expose all subjects to a standardized demand (e.g., a fixed distance/time). In those studies, the induced level of fatigue depends then on subj...
Article
Full-text available
Background Monitoring the external ground reaction forces (GRF) acting on the human body during running could help to understand how external loads influence tissue adaptation over time. Although mass-spring-damper (MSD) models have the potential to simulate the complex multi-segmental mechanics of the human body and predict GRF, these models curre...
Article
Context: Although taping has been proven effective in reducing ankle sprain events in individuals with chronic ankle instability, insight into the precise working mechanism remains limited. Objectives: To evaluate whether the use of taping changes ankle joint kinematics during a sagittal and frontal plane landing task in subjects with chronic an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Limited evidence exists on neuromuscular risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injuries, with most work mainly focussing on the strength of hamstrings and quadriceps muscles. In this prospective pilot study, we explored if neuromuscular activation patterns of the quadriceps and hamstrings during a drop vertical jump influence ante...
Article
Full-text available
A variety of inverse kinematics (IK) algorithms exist for estimating postures and displacements from a set of noisy marker positions, typically aiming to minimize IK errors by distributing errors amongst all markers in a least-squares (LS) sense. This paper describes how Bayesian inference can contrastingly be used to maximize the probability that...
Article
Full-text available
The quality with which smoothing algorithms perform is often assessed in simulation by starting with a known 1D datum, adding noise, smoothing the noisy data, then quantifying the difference between the smoothed data and known datum, often using mean-square error (MSE). While effectively summarizing overall difference, MSE fails to capture localize...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the independent and combined associations between several fatness indicators and fitness components with functional movement quality in overweight/obese children. A total of 56 children (33 girls, aged 8–12) classified as overweight/obese according to the World Obesity Federation standard cut points, participated in...
Article
Background: Physical preparation is becoming more important in amateur tennis player training programs. Yet, when studying stroke performance in these players, there is a lack of evidence on the role of functional power generating capacity. The aim of the study was therefore to determine whether functional power generating capacity correlates with...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To investigate potential differences in patellar tendon properties between elite and non-elite soccer players, and to establish whether tendon properties were related to power assessed during unilateral jumps performed in different directions. Methods: Elite (n = 16; age 18.1 ± 1.0 years) and non-elite (n = 13; age 22.3 ± 2.7 years) soc...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE: To investigate potential differences in patellar tendon properties between elite and non-elite soccer players, and to establish whether tendon properties were related to power assessed during unilateral jumps performed in different directions. METHODS: Elite (n = 16; age 18.1 ± 1.0 years) and non-elite (n = 13; age 22.3 ± 2.7 years) socce...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: There is a need for studies that evaluate the impact of unicondylar (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on gait kinematics [1]. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to compare frontal and sagittal gait kinematics of the ankle, knee and hip joint between subjects with UKA, TKA and matched control subjects. Since UKA is a less i...
Article
Background: The use of inertial measurement units for the evaluation of temporal parameters of gait has been studied in many populations. However, currently no studies support the use of inertial measurement units for this purpose in the knee arthroplasty population. The objective of the present study was to investigate the agreement between an in...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To examine whether the Functional Data Analysis (FDA), Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) and Statistical non-Parametric Mapping (SnPM) hypothesis testing techniques differ in their ability to draw inferences in the context of a single, simple experimental design. Design The sample data used is cross-sectional (two-sample gender compa...
Article
Full-text available
Many activities of daily living require a high level of neuromuscular coordination and balance control to avoid falls. Complex musculoskeletal models paired with detailed neuromuscular simulations complement experimental studies and uncover principles of coordinated and uncoordinated movements. Here, we created a closed-loop forward dynamic simulat...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To investigate differences in neuromuscular factors between elite and non-elite players, and to establish which factors underpin direction-specific unilateral jump performance. Methods: Elite (n=23; age, 18.1 ± 1.0 yrs; BMI, 23.1 ± 1.8 kg/m2) and non-elite (n=20; age, 22.3 ± 2.7 yrs; BMI, 23.8 ± 1.8 kg/m2) soccer players performed three...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the feasibility of using isolated knee performance to measure the f-v profile of human muscle in vivo, we were using isokinetic dynamometry (IKD) technique that span the entire f-v profile of skeletal muscle. With institutional ethics approval, eleven healthy males (mean ± SD: age, 24.9 ± 3.1 years; body mass, 80.2 ± 10.1 kg; height,...