Jos de Mul

Jos de Mul
Erasmus University Rotterdam | EUR · Faculty of Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam

About

76
Publications
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617
Citations
Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
322 Citations
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Introduction
Prof.dr. Jos de Mul's research is on the interface of philosophical anthropology, philosophy of technology, aesthetics, and history of 19th and 20th century German philosophy. He has published more than 20 books and more than 220 scientific articles & book contributions. His book publications include: Romantic Desire in (Post)Modern Art and Philosophy (State University of New York Press, 1999) , The Tragedy of Finitude. Dilthey's Hermeneutics of Life (Yale University Press, 2004, 2010), Cyberspace Odyssey. Towards a Virtual Ontology and Anthropology (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010), and Destiny Domesticated. The Rebirth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Technology (State University of New York Press, 2014). See www.demul.nl for CV, full publication list and many dowloadable texts.

Publications

Publications (76)
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Der Beitrag vergleicht die extra-, trans- und posthumanistischen Utopien der Menschenverbesserung mit der philosophischen Anthropologie von Helmuth Plessner kritisiert den Transhumanismus anhand der drei anthropologischen Grundgesetze, die Plessner in seinem Opus Magnum „Die Stufen des Organischen und der Mensch“ (1928) formuliert. Es wird gezeigt,...
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The author argues that the reductionist illusions of the Modern Synthesis, which Noble criticizes in his target article, are to a large extent resulting from a mere syntactical notion of biological information, neglecting the pragmatic and semantic dimension of information. Although the syntactical notion, introduced by Shannon, has been applied wi...
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History: Theory and Method Articles
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Background: From an evolutionary perspective it is remarkable that psychotic disorders, mostly occurring during fertile age and decreasing fecundity, maintain in the human population. AIM: To argue the hypothesis that psychotic symptoms may not be viewed as an illness but as an adaptation phenomenon. METHOD: Philosophical consideration and literat...
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This anthology discusses digitalisation as a versatile complex of topics from a specific theoretical perspective: the philosophical anthropology of Helmuth Plessner. Thus, it pursues the question of whether and how far the relationship between humans and the world is being changed and characterised by digitalisation.
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Helmuth Plessner’s Levels of Organic Life and the Human [Die Stufen des Organischen und der Mensch, 1928] is one of the founding texts of twentieth century philosophical anthropology (understood as philosophical reflection on the fundamental characteristics of the human lifeform). It is argued that Plessner’s work demonstrates the fundamental indis...
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Background: From an evolutionary perspective it is remarkable that psychotic disorders, mostly occurring during fertile age and decreasing fecundity, maintain in the human population. Aim: To argue the hypothesis that psychotic symptoms may not be viewed as an illness but as an adaptation phenomenon, which can become out of control due to different...
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Wikipedia, the crowd-sourced, hypermedial encyclopedia, available in more than 290 languages and consisting of no less than 40 million lemmas, is often hailed as a successful example of the “wisdom of the crowds.” However, critics not only point out the lack of accuracy and reliability, uneven coverage of topics, and the poor quality of writing, bu...
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3D printing has the potential to bring about important changes in many domains, including the world of design. Especially because of its open character––the idea that anyone can be a designer or producer––3D printing challenges traditional design practices. In this light De Mul discusses the rise of Open Design, which is characterized by the fact t...
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Die Dilthey-Forschung der letzten Jahre hat Dilthey tendenziell von dem Bild einer rein „kontinentalen“ Philosophie der Hermeneutik des Lebens weggerückt. Vielmehr war sein Wissenschaftsverständnis holistisch und einem umfassenden Erfahrungsbegriff verpflichtet. Statt Geistes- und Naturwissenschaften einander entgegenzusetzen, brachte er eine empir...
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On February 27, 2004,1 I contributed to the — at that moment rather heated — Dutch debate on multiculturalism with an essay in NRC Handelsblad, one of the prominent Dutch national newspapers.2 The essay began with a short description of a young Arab girl, who — several months before, in the Kralingse Zoom subway station in Rotterdam — had passed me...
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In his essay ‘The Idea of Europe’ George Steiner claims that European culture derives from “a primordial duality, the twofold inheritance of Athens and Jerusalem.” For Steiner, the relationship between Greek rationalism and Jewish religion, which is at once conflictual and syncretic, has engaged the entire history of European philosophy, morality,...
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Human identity is not a self-contained entity hidden in the depths of our inner selves, but is actively constructed in a social world with the aid of various expressions, such as social roles, rituals, clothes, music, and (life) stories. These expressions not only mediate between us and our world (referentiality) and between us and our fellow man (...
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Various authors, including Friedrich Nietzsche and George Steiner, have argued that the tragic worldview, as we find it expressed in Greek tragedy, has become an entirely incomprehensible phenomenon for (post)modern man. The claim defended in this article radically opposes this view. It is argued that tragedy can still teach us something today, and...
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Analyzes contemporary technological society through the lens of Greek tragedy.
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Are the humanities still relevant in the twenty-first century? In the context of pervasive economic liberalism and shrinking budgets, the importance of humanities research for society is increasingly put into question. This volume claims that the humanities do indeed matter by offering empirically grounded critical reflections on contemporary cultu...
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The notion of the sublime, which since the nineteenth century is one of the dominant aesthetic categories, is strongly connected with (the artistic representation of) overwhelming nature. In this article it is argued that in the course of the 20th century the sublime increasingly becomes entangled with the experience of technology. However, in the...
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Starting from the often-used metaphor of the “horizon of experience” this article discusses three different types of intercultural hermeneutics, which respectively conceive hermeneutic interpretation as a widening of horizons, a fusion of horizons, and a dissemination of horizons. It is argued that these subsequent stages in the history of hermeneu...
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Full-text available
The notion of the sublime, which since the nineteenth century is one of the dominant aesthetic categories, is strongly connected with (the artistic representation of) overwhelming nature. In this article it is argued that in the course of the 20th century the sublime increasingly becomes entangled with the experience of technology. However, in the...
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Full-text available
In spite of the popularity of computer ethics, ICTs appear to undermine our moral autonomy in several ways. This article focuses on the ‘delegation’ of our moral agency to machines. Three stages of delegation are distinguished: implementation of moral values and norms in the design of artefacts, delegation of moral means to machines, and delegation...
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In spite of the popularity of computer ethics, ICTs appear to undermine our moral autonomy in several ways. This article focuses on the 'delegation' of our moral agency to machines. Three stages of delegation are distinguished: implementation of moral values and norms in the design of artefacts, delegation of moral means to machines, and delegation...
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Een samenleving waarin robot en mens volledig coëxisteren, is dat sciencefiction of nabije toekomst? Wat moet de mens ermee dat over twintig jaar misschien robots over straat lopen, opa’s en oma’s verzorgen, operaties uitvoeren en oorlogen voor ons uitvechten?
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NRC Handelsblad, 9 september 2005
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One of the founders of modern hermeneutics, German philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911) confronted the question of how modern, postmetaphysical human beings can cope with the ambivalence, contingency, and finitude that fundamentally characterise their lives. This book offers a re-evaluation and fresh analysis of Dilthey's hermeneutics of life ag...
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This article aims to demonstrate that the philosophical anthropology of the German philosopher Helmuth Plessner (1892-1985) enables us to gain a better understanding of the experiential presuppositions and implications of information and communication technologies, such as telepresence and virtual reality, than we can obtain through interpretations...
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Het einde van het einde behelst enkele filosofische reflecties op het posthistorische karakter van de informatietechnologie. De reflecties zijn geschreven door Jos de Mul, hoogleraar in de filosofie van ict aan de Erasmus Universiteit, ten behoeve van de door Informatie Professional georganiseerde jubileu conferentie. Omdat hij zelf niet in de gele...
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Hegel's famous thesis of the»End of Art« has often been misunderstood. His statement that »art, considered in its highest vocation, is and remains for us a thing from the past« not so much claims that art as such has been replaced by philosophical reflection (on art) - as has been asserted (for example, by Dan to) - but rather that the time of beau...
Research
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Het voorliggende Essay is in opdracht van de Adviesraad voor het Wetenschaps- en Technologiebeleid (AWT) vervaardigd (opdracht 12 november 1999; 0523a/99/lm) door leden van het Centrum voor Filosofie van Informatie- en Communicatietechnologie (FICT) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Wij zijn de volgende personen dank verschuldigd voor de gener...
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The development of information and communication technology in the second half of the twentieth century in crucial respects resembles the development of mechanics in the sixteenth and seventeenth century as it has been described by Dijksterhuis in his study The Mechanization of the World Picture (first published in 1950). In both cases specific tec...
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Starved isothermal elliptical elastohydrodynamic lubrication problems have been solved numerically for a Newtonian lubricant, smooth surfaces and for the particular geometry and kinematic conditions found in rib-roller end contacts. The starvation model used includes the quantity of oil deposited on the surfaces considered as a constant inlet lubri...
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The philosophy of development presented in this book has its roots in various philosophical traditions. In this chapter we will direct our attention to two of these traditions, structuralism and hermeneutics, in order to situate our metatheory of development in the contemporary philosophical landscape and to show that it is itself the result of a s...
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In the preceding chapter we have situated our philosophy of development in the landscape of modern and contemporary philosophy. In this chapter we will take a position against the criticisms of the notion of development raised by so-called postmodern philosophers such as Lyotard, Foucault, and Derrida. Although postmodernism is difficult to define...
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In the aesthetic domain the word “development” is often used with regard to the styles or oeuvres of an artist, a specific art form (e.g., the sonnet or the fugue), or aesthetic preferences of individuals or groups. However, there have always been hesitations to make conceptual development claims, as defined in this book, within or concerning the a...
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In this article I will give an exposition of Dilthey's narrative model of human development and defend this model against some points of critique Gadamer (inspired by Heidegger's philosophical interpretation of hermeneutics) in Wahrheit und Methode has directed towards this model. I will argue that Gadamer's critique of Dilthey's claim to infinite...
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The pressure boundary condition at film edges, as formulated in the original Reynolds theory of lubrication, presents an approximation. The internal pressure in the film will normally differ from the external pressure. In this paper, a derivation which involves in-plane stresses and vorticity is presented. As a first-order correction, the boundary...
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A new, general and consistent mathematical model of highly modular character is presented for calculation of the equilibrium and associated load distribution in rolling element bearings. In Part II, application of the general theory to roller bearings and an experimental verification are presented. A novel feature is the treatment of flange forces...
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De kritiek die van de zijde van postmodernen wordt uitgeoefend op alle vormen van vooruitgangsgeloof prikkelde mijn nieuwsgierigheid, in het bijzonder waar deze kritiek steun aan de vredesbeweging als een zinloze, zo niet huichelachtige, mensonwaardige, activiteit zou bestempelen. In hoeverre zou deze postmoderne kritiek verwantschap vertonen met p...
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With hard metal balls of 1 mm diameter, small indentations are pressed into the inner ring of a 6205 deep groove ball bearing in the middle of the track. Running the bearing over a short period of time, under a suitable load causes the dents to change shape. The deformed dent shape is theoretically transposed to a particular 7205B angular contact b...
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A new method is described for the analysis of the contact between two bodies of linearly elastic materials in the absence of friction. No specific assumptions are made about the curvature of the bodies. Though based on commonly used half-space theory, approximations are introduced to take into account the finite dimensions of the bodies. The model...
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In the present paper, distinction is made between frictional and frictionless contact problems. After their formulation, the epitome of frictional problems, viz. the problem of frictional rolling contact is considered, and the two most recent and successful methods for dealing with it are presented. Then the frictionless problems is considered. Two...
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Full-text available
This article aims to demonstrate that the philosophical anthropology of the German philosopher Helmuth Plessner (1892-1985) enables us to gain a better understanding of the experiential presuppositions and implications of informa- tion and communication technologies, such as telepresence and virtual reality, than we can obtain through interpretatio...

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