Jorge Velilla

Jorge Velilla
University of Zaragoza | UNIZAR · Department of Economic Analysis

Dr.
Assistant Professor at the University of Zaragoza.

About

49
Publications
4,037
Reads
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304
Citations
Introduction
Jorge Velilla has a Bachelor's Degree in Mathematics from the Faculty of Science, a Master's Degree in Economics from the Faculty of Economics of the University of Zaragoza, and a PhD in Economics from the University of Zaragoza. Jorge Velilla is an Assistant Professor at the University of Zaragoza. He has completed his formal education with specialization courses in di erent institutions, as Columbia University, Georgia State University, or the LSE.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - December 2018
Columbia University
Position
  • Visiting Scholar
Description
  • Invited by P.-A. Chiappori
September 2018 - September 2020
University of Zaragoza
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Microeconomics, graduate program
October 2017 - September 2020
University of Zaragoza
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research Group “Economía de la Población, Mercado de Trabajo y Economía Industrial” (S32-17R). Lead Researcher: J.A. Molina
Education
June 2019 - June 2019
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Certificate in Advanced English (CAE)
September 2018 - December 2018
Columbia University
Field of study
February 2018 - May 2018
University of Pau (Elearn)
Field of study

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Existing research has focused on factors explaining self-employment decisions, and the intergenerational transmission of self-employment has been posited as one explanatory factor. However, findings differ across countries, and the channels for such transmission remain unclear. Using data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Cond...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the relationship between commuting time and days of sickness absence of US workers. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics for the years 2011 to 2017, we find that a 1% increase in the daily commute of workers is associated with an increase of 0.018 and 0.027% in the days of sickness absence per year of male and fema...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the intrahousehold bargaining power of spouses in Spanish families, in a collective framework. We estimate household labor supply equations and, under certain testable restrictions, we obtain a theoretically derived sharing rule for household income, which characterizes intrahousehold bargaining power. Then, using unique data on...
Article
This paper examines the time spent commuting to/from work by workers in fifteen European countries, during the last three decades, with the aim of analyzing recent trends in commuting and the factors affecting commuting behavior. Using data from several waves of the European Working Conditions Survey, results show a significant gender gap in commut...
Article
Existing research has focused on factors explaining why individuals become self-employed. Self-employment may represent a significant proportion of total employment in many countries, and the intergenerational correlation of self-employment has been used as an explanatory factor, although findings differ across countries, methods, and strategies. U...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the existence of efficiency wages in the French and Spanish labor markets, within an urban efficiency wage theoretical framework. Using data from the French and Spanish time use surveys for the year 2009–2010, results support the main hypothesis of urban efficiency wage models. In particular, that leisure and shirking at work ar...
Article
Daily commuting of workers is a complex phenomenon that has long attracted research attention and, despite the significant literature acknowledging differences between morning and evening commuting, commuting trips to and from work are considered symmetric in much of the prior research. We explore the asymmetries in time spent commuting to and from...
Article
We analyse the long-run intergenerational correlation of employment in Europe, providing cross-country evidence. Using the 2011 special module on Intergenerational Transmission, from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), we analyse the correlation between the current employment status of respondents, and that of t...
Article
In this article, we develop an urban model for self-employment where leisure and effort at work are complementary. Our model shows that unemployment tends to be concentrated far from business districts, in contrast to employment and self-employment. The self-employed tend to live closer to workplaces than do the employed, as commuting affects produ...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable commuting (SC) usually refers to environmentally friendly travel modes, such as public transport (bus, tram, subway, light rail), walking, cycling, and carpooling. The double aim of the paper is to summarize relevant prior results in commuting from a social approach, and to provide new, international empirical evidence on carpooling as...
Article
This paper explores the commuting behavior of workers in Western Europe, with a focus on the differences in commuting time between employees and the self-employed. Using data from the last wave of the European Working Conditions Survey (2015), we analyze the commuting behavior of workers, finding that male and female self-employed workers devote 18...
Article
This paper addresses the individual factors that determine the provision of new products by entrepreneurs in Europe. To that end, we use the GEM 2014 Adult Population Survey, for sixteen European Countries, focusing on the demographic, economic, and environmental characteristics of this specific group of entrepreneurs. Our results indicate that edu...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyze the time-allocation decisions of individuals who work from home (i.e. teleworkers), and compare them with their commuter counterparts. Design/methodology/approach Using data from the American Time Use Survey for the years 2003–2015, the authors analyze the time spent working, and the timing of work,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper empirically analyzes the existence of intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurial activity, from parents to children within Spanish families. We used data from the Survey of Household Finances (Bank of Spain) for the years 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, and 2014, which allowed us to identify entrepreneurs as self-employed workers. The ent...
Article
This paper estimates a collective model of discrete labor supply, using data from the Spanish Survey of Household Finances. The model allows identifying a sharing rule of household income. Then, it is used unique information for unemployed wives about intrahousehold transfers to estimate its accuracy. Results show that husbands’ hours of work are c...
Article
The research on commuting has emerged in recent decades, but the issue of whether the empirical techniques used are appropriate has not been analysed. Thus, results from prior research could be based on non‐accurate models, leading to misleading conclusions. We apply an algorithmic approach based on bootstrapping, variable selection, and mean absol...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose an algorithmic approach based on resampling and bootstrap techniques to measuring the importance of a variable, or a set of variables, in econometric models. This algorithmic approach allows us to check the real weight of a variable in a model, avoiding the biases of classical tests, and to select the more powerful variabl...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the commuting behavior of workers in the United States, with a focus on the differences between employees and the self-employed. Using the American Time Use Survey for the years 2003–2014, our empirical results show that employees spend 7.22 more minutes per day commuting than their self-employed counterparts, which repres...
Article
Full-text available
Although entrepreneurship is widely considered an engine of growth, it is not clear whether policies, de facto, promote it, and knowing which individuals are willing to become entrepreneurs could help in the design of those policies. In this paper, we study how individuals become entrepreneurs at different ages, according to the degree of developme...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the time allocation decisions of teleworkers, and compare them with their commuter counterparts. Using data from the American Time Use Survey for the years 2003 to 2015, we analyze the time spent working, the timing of work, and the instant enjoyment experienced while working, of teleworkers and commuters. Results show tha...
Article
In this paper, we empirically analyze the individual characteristics that drive older workers to become entrepreneurs, providing evidence of the differences between developed and developing countries. While OLS models provide limited conclusions, Qualitative Comparative Analysis and fuzzy set logic, at the country level, using GEM 2014 Adult Popula...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper empirically examines whether the cultural environment plays a role in entrepreneurial decisions in Europe, the United States, Canada and Australia. Design/methodology/approach To explore this issue, we use data from the Adult Population Survey of 2010–2015 provided by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). To calculate the c...
Article
Full-text available
This paper empirically analyzes the existence of intergenerational transmissions of the entrepreneurial activity within Spanish households. We use data from the "Encuesta Financiera de las Familias" (Bank of Spain) from years 2008, 2011, and 2014, which allows us to identify entrepreneurs as self-employed workers. We study intergenerational transmi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes an extension of the collective model for labor supply developed by Chiappori, Fortin and Lacroix (2002) to an intertemporal setting. We first develop a theoretical model to analyze the intra-household distribution of wealth in a multi-period framework, with a focus on labor supply and marriage markets. The model allows us to der...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we study self-employment in a theoretical setting derived from urban efficiency wages spatial models, where leisure and effort at work are complementary. Our model shows that unemployment tends to concentrate far from business districts, in contrast to employment and self-employment. The self-employed tend to live closer to workplace...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze whether male or female individuals have a higher probability of becoming entrepreneurs in developing regions (Africa, Asia, South America), controlling by individuals' entrepreneurial environment and countries' macroeconomic context. Using the GEM data, we avoid heterogeneity and the potential confounding problems arising from the defini...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we empirically analyze the individual characteristics that drive older workers to become entrepreneurs, more by necessity than desire, providing evidence of the differences between developed and developing countries. While OLS models do not provide any meaningful conclusions, Qualitative Comparative Analysis and fuzzy set logic, at t...
Article
This article uses fuzzy set qualitative methods, with Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2014 data, to show differences in the entrepreneurial determinants between European developed countries and non-European developing countries. We first estimate baseline regression models and then develop fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis to study the nec...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the spatial distribution of US employment and earnings against an urban wage-efficiency background, where leisure and effort at work are complementary. Using data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) for the period 2003-2014, we analyze the spatial distribution of employment across metropolitan areas. We also empirical...
Article
Full-text available
Our objective is to analyse the decision to become an entrepreneur in Spain, with a special focus on the role of household finances in making that decision. To that end, we compare earnings for both salaried workers and entrepreneurs, and develop a theoretical framework to characterize entrepreneurship outcomes by a production function. This model...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the relationship between potential worker supply, measured through sex ratios, and commuting times in the United States. Using the American Time Use Survey 2003-2014, we analyze the relationship between commuting times and sex ratios by state and age, and show that the proportion of males to females is negatively related t...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we study self-employment in a theoretical setting derived from wage-efficiency spatial models, where leisure and effort at work are complementary. We develop a spatial model of self-employment in which effort at work and commuting are negatively related, and thus the probability of self-employment decreases with " expected " commutin...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses how self-employed (entrepreneurs) and employed workers earnings differ in Spain. We develop an empirical analysis on the factors that determine income and the factors that determine the effects on the financial situation of the families of entrepreneurs versus salaried families. We use the " Encuesta Financiera de las Familias "...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Research Report to the European Commission, Directorate General Justice, Gender Equality Unit. Lead Researcher: José Ignacio Giménez-Nadal.
Archived project
“Impacto del capital intelectual en el intra-emprendimiento eco-innovador”
Archived project
"Diferencias por edad en la actividad emprendedora: aplicación de nuevas técnicas utilizando datos internacionales"