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Jorge Luiz Pereira Souza

Jorge Luiz Pereira Souza
Instituto Nacional da Mata Atlântica

PhD

About

77
Publications
39,038
Reads
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1,121
Citations
Citations since 2016
49 Research Items
945 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
My research has focused on using surrogates or higher-taxon approaches as shortcuts to monitoring biodiversity, using ants as a study model. I am currently a postdoctoral fellow at the Instituto Nacional da Mata Atlântica - INMA. Main topics of interest: Community ecology, Biodiversity monitoring and conservation, Spatial and temporal analyses, Use of superior taxon approach, and Use of bio-design to generate products and patents with arthropods.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
Instituto Nacional da Mata Atlântica
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2017 - May 2019
Institute of Exact Sciences and Technology - ICET, at the Federal University of Amazonas
Position
  • Professor
November 2009 - May 2017
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
The effect of human activities on the suppression of biodiversity is visibly evident throughout the world. Monitoring and conservation services are usually expensive in terms of time and money, and potential savings in these areas are always welcome. The higher-taxon approach has been used as a possible alternative to overcome these impediments. Ho...
Article
Tropical studies traditionally describe insect diversity variation throughout the year. The temporally structured responses of insect assemblages to climate seasonality vary across ecosystems due to gradients of resource availability and limiting ecological factors. These idiosyncratic responses might be particularly true across the vast geographic...
Article
Full-text available
The growth of urban landscapes has genarally reduced biodiversity worldwide. Invertebrates have explored different environments, and it usually takes different sampling techniques to get a representative sample of the species assemblage in a given location. Some studies have sought to determine the minimum necessary number of sampling techniques, i...
Article
Despite the historical efforts to list and organize the taxonomic knowledge about the Brazilian ant fauna, the most diverse in the world, several gaps regarding species distribution data and sampling coverage persist. In an attempt to fill some of these gaps, we here apply a scientometric approach to provide an updated overview of the ants of Brazi...
Article
Despite the historical efforts to list and organize the taxonomic knowledge about the Brazilian ant fauna, the most diverse in the world, several gaps regarding species distribution data and sampling coverage persist. In an attempt to fill some of these gaps, we here apply a scientometric approach to provide an updated overview of the ants of Brazi...
Article
Many studies have shown the positive and negative impacts of feeding wild birds using feeders; however, none of them considered case studies in Brazil. In 2020, social isolation measures imposed by COVID-19 boosted Brazilians’ interest in bird feeders, encouraging a group of birders to create an event (called JaneLives) to broadcast simultaneous li...
Article
Scientometric investigation and scientific production analysis are essential for science progress. Although a vast number of studies on Brazilian ant diversity have been carried out, a critical analysis of the advances in its scientific production is still missing. We compiled a comprehensive database on ant diversity papers carried out in the Braz...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the direct and indirect effects of niche and neutral processes in structuring species diversity is particularly challenging because environmental factors are often geographically structured. Here, we used Structural Equation Modeling to quantify direct and indirect effects of geographic distance, the Amazon River’s opposite margins, a...
Article
To determine the effect of rivers, environmental conditions, and isolation by distance on the distribution of species in Amazonia. Location: Brazilian Amazonia. Time period: Current. Major taxa studied: Birds, fishes, bats, ants, termites, butterflies, ferns ? lyco-phytes, gingers and palms. We compiled a unique dataset of biotic and abiotic inform...
Article
Understanding the distribution of species is essential for the conservation and management of biodiversity. But the availability of this kind of information is still scarce for the most diverse regions. The higher‐taxon approach (i.e. use of coarser taxonomic levels to represent species) as an easier and efficient method in representing species pat...
Article
The state of Pará in northern Brazil is located entirely within the Amazon Basin and harbors a great diversity of landscape and vegetation types that support high levels of biodiversity. Here, we provide a comprehensive inventory of ant species and their distribution in Pará. This regional list is based on an extensive review of species records fro...
Preprint
Full-text available
To understand better the effects of niche and neutral processes is important to disentangle the direct and indirect effects of each process, mainly if the environmental factors are geographically structured neglecting important indirect and synergic effects. We sampled ground-dwelling ant species on 126 plots distributed across eight sampling sites...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, we have experienced a huge loss of biodiversity on the planet. One of the possible ways to overcome this loss is to focus on places of human interest, monitoring the changes and the impacts on biodiversity. In general, impact assessments of hydroelectric power-plants on terrestrial invertebrates have been conducted after install...
Article
Full-text available
To determine the effect of rivers, environmental conditions, and isolation by distance on the distribution of species in Amazonia. Location: Brazilian Amazonia. Time period: Current. Major taxa studied: Birds, fishes, bats, ants, termites, butterflies, ferns ? lyco-phytes, gingers and palms. We compiled a unique dataset of biotic and abiotic inform...
Article
• Groundwater fluctuation follows the rainfall regime and is a natural source of disturbance by limiting the soil volume available for ant nesting. However, in areas with shallow water‐table unpredicted floods are more frequent, which may also affect the distribution of litter ant species. Here, we evaluated the behavioural responses and diversity...
Article
Full-text available
Around the world, urban landscapes are environments modified by man, generally related to low diversity. The efficiency of a biodiversity inventory is linked to the choice of the sampling technique since the taxonomic and ecological responses of the taxons vary between methods. Here we investigate differences in the ant’s composition sampled using...
Article
Full-text available
In the Amazon basin, ants are often associated with environmental or edaphic factors. However, these associations may vary between the epigeic and hypogeic strata. Here, we investigated differences in richness and composition of epigeic and hypogeic ant assemblages along an environmental gradient in the Brazilian Amazon. The four studied sites cove...
Article
Full-text available
Central Amazon has been subjected to a higher frequency of extreme climatic events, such as very dry or very wet years, in the last decades. Here, we report a 20-year monitoring of 6 biological groups over 100 km2 of typical terra-firme forest at Ducke Forest Reserve, Manaus. Most assemblages had a decrease in abundance (9 – 35 %) and richness (8 –...
Article
Full-text available
There is evidence that COVID-19, the disease caused by the betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2, is sensitive to environmental conditions. However, such conditions often correlate with demographic and socioeconomic factors at larger spatial extents, which could confound this inference. We evaluated the effect of meteorological conditions (temperature, solar...
Article
Full-text available
A morfometria tem sido uma ferramenta útil em estudos de taxonomia de formigas, auxiliando a evidenciar as diferenças existentes entre espécies, ampliando, assim, as possibilidades de comparações. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficiência das medidas morfométricas na separação das espécies de Ponerinae. O material utilizado foi proveniente d...
Article
Full-text available
There are 11 genera of Dorylinae in the Neotropics, but Syscia Roger, 1861 is the only one with a discontinuous distribution between the Nearctic, Neotropical and Indomalayan regions. The present study reports a new record of Syscia in northern Brazil and confirms its distribution in South America, in accordance with previous reports. The Syscia sp...
Article
Full-text available
We surveyed parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera) in two guarana plantations in the central Brazilian Amazon (one conventionally, and one organically managed), as well as in adjacent forest and edge areas between crop and forest. We evaluated differences between management systems in parasitoid diversity and abundance, and assessed the importance of the s...
Article
Environmental gradients may influence species distributions by filtering their functional traits, resulting in a correspondence between community functional composition and local environmental conditions. We used a vegetation gradient as an indicator for environmental complexity to test whether it predicted the morphological composition of ground-d...
Article
Full-text available
Hymenotpera species may act as necrophagous, consuming decomposing tissues, as predators, when they feed on other immature and adult insects, and parasites of larvae and pupae of dipterans and coleopterans that colonize the carcasses. In this way, the fauna of four Hymenoptera families (Vespidae, Apidae, Icheneumonidae and Formicidae) associated to...
Poster
No Brasil, grande parte da produção de energia elétrica é proveniente de usinas hidrelétricas. Uma vez estes empreendimentos estão tomando uma porção cada vez maior da floresta Amazônica é de suma importância realizar o monitoramento de áreas sob influência, de modo a evitar perda permanente de espécies. As formigas constituem um dos grupos mais ab...
Article
Full-text available
Survey costs and a lack of taxonomists are often the main impediments to biodiversity inventories. The use of a higher-taxon approach that is efficient in representing species patterns within a short period of time is one way to overcome these constraints, especially if these responses are consistent at various spatial scales and sampling technique...
Poster
With increasing human influence on the natural ecosystems of the Earth, biodiversity loss rates are growing rapidly. Thus there is an increasing need for information on these losses, with increasingly tight deadlines. The use of taxonomic resolution of genus as species surrogate can reduce project costs, being effective in predicting the richness,...
Article
Full-text available
Using effective survey protocols to address the effects of environmental change are key to saving time, resources and costs. Although exhaustive sampling in any location has been shown as impractical, biodiversity sampling projects must capture sufficient information to show how species assemblages change with the environmental variables. This stud...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between levels of dominance and species richness is highly contentious, especially in ant communities. The dominance‐impoverishment rule states that high levels of dominance only occur in species‐poor communities, but there appear to be many cases of high levels of dominance in highly diverse communities. The extent to which domina...
Poster
Full-text available
We have conducted a pilot study in order to identify sampling protocols that are cost-effective for large-scale biological surveys. We aimed to reduce the effort by diminishing the number of sub-samples per transect, considering transect the unit of replication. As the aim was not merely reduction in costs, we also evaluated how many samples are ne...
Poster
Full-text available
Para contribuir na elaboração de protocolos alternativos, analisamos a complementaridade de dois métodos de amostragem (armadilha de queda ou “pitfall” e isca de sardinha) na detecção da riqueza de gêneros.
Article
Full-text available
Background Biodiversity loss is accelerating rapidly in response to increasing human influence on the Earth’s natural ecosystems. One way to overcome this problem is by focusing on places of human interest and monitoring the changes and impacts on the biodiversity. This study was conducted at six sites within the influence area of the Santo Antônio...
Data
A total of 253 events of collection in the influence areas of Santo Antônio Hydroelectric Power-Plant.
Data
A total of 9.165 occurrences in the influence areas of Santo Antônio Hydroelectric Power-Plant.
Article
Full-text available
Approximately thousand years ago it was reported the use of mandibles of ants for suture. In this sense, bioinspired components, as absorbable surgical clamps, can be designed. This study is aimed to characterize the mandible of the ant Atta laevigata in order to help the selection of candidate biomaterials for application as surgical clamps. Three...
Article
Understanding the causes of the spatial variation of biodiversity is an important goal in community ecology. This study investigated the response of fruit-feeding butterfly assemblages to environmental gradients resulting from the transition from ombrophilous forests to white-sand forests in northern Brazil by assessing taxonomic, functional and ph...
Article
Full-text available
What forces structure ecological assemblages? A key limitation to general insights about assemblage structure is the availability of data that are collected at a small spatial grain (local assemblages) and a large spatial extent (global coverage). Here, we present published and unpublished data from 51,388 ant abundance and occurrence records of mo...
Article
Surveys on tropical invertebrates must gather as much information as possible over the shortest period, mainly because of financial limitations and hyperdiversity. Fruit-feeding butterflies in the subfamilies Biblidinae, Charaxinae, Nymphalinae and Satyrinae (Nymphalidae) are attracted to decaying material and can be sampled with standardized metho...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolic rate (B) is a fundamental property of organisms, and scales with body mass (M) as B = αMβ. There has been much debate on whether scaling parameters should be viewed as constants or variables. However, there is increasing evidence that ecological differentiation can affect both α and β. 2. In colonial organisms such as social insects, indi...
Article
Full-text available
Strumigenys fairchildi Brown, 1961 is recorded for the first time in Brazil. This ant species was previously known only from a few specimens collected in Costa Rica, Panama and Ecuador. The worker S. fairchildi was collected at the Parque Estadual do Cristalino, a continuous area of Amazon tropical rain forest protected for biodiversity conservatio...
Article
Predation is a key determinant of prey community structure, but few studies have measured the effect of multiple predators on a highly diverse prey community. In this study, we asked whether the abundance, species richness, and species composition of a species-rich assemblage of termites in an Amazonian rain forest is more strongly associated with...
Article
Full-text available
The evolutionary history of invasive species within their native range may involve key processes that allow them to colonize new habitats. Therefore, phylogeographic studies of invasive species within their native ranges are useful to understand invasion biology in an evolutionary context. Here we integrated classical and Bayesian phylogeographic m...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Despite the accelerating loss of biodiversity and the increased number of methods for conservation planning, the availability of information about the spatial distribution of biodiversity remains limited. One way to overcome this problem is to focus on surrogate resolutions that are able to represent species- level data and can be efficiently...
Article
This study investigated the spatial distribution of an Amazonian fruit-feeding butterfly assemblage by linking species taxonomic and functional approaches. We hypothesized that: 1) vegetation richness (i.e., resources) and abundance of insectivorous birds (i.e., predators) should drive changes in butterfly taxonomic composition, 2) larval diet brea...
Book
Full-text available
Apresentamos de forma condensada informações básicas sobre esses temas que a maioria dos mirmecólogos (as pessoas que estudam formigas) devem conhecer. Muita informação importante ficou de fora, mas esse viés foi proposital. Foi a única forma que encontramos para enfatizar as chaves de identificação e os gêneros de formigas da forma que merecem, ma...
Chapter
Full-text available
A subfamília Paraponerinae possui uma série de mudanças em sua classificação taxonômi- ca no decorrer da história. A utilização de dados morfológicos e moleculares em filogenias mais re- centes, demonstrou que a posição de Paraponeri- nae dentro do grupo de poneromorfas ainda está indefinida, visto que as relações filogenéticas com as subfamílias P...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have focused on the impacts of climate change on biological assemblages, yet little is known about how climate interacts with other major anthropogenic influences on biodiversity, such as habitat disturbance. Using a unique global database of 1128 local ant assemblages, we examined whether climate mediates the effects of habitat distur...
Article
Full-text available
The members of Dorylinae are dominant predators in tropical and subtropical terrestrial ecosystems. The most cryptic army ant genus of the New World is Cheliomyrmex. The only species recognized until now for the Amazon Brazilian Basin is C. andicola, recorded in the state of Acre. We provided the first records of Cheliomyrmex megalonyx to Brazil in...
Article
Full-text available
We present a synthesis of the first 10 years of Long Term Ecological Research project in Amazonian Forest. We elucidate the natural dynamics of forest ecosystem processes and associated biota, and its changes caused by distinct pressures of selective timber extraction and forest fragmentation. We found that, for both plants and animals, densities o...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Simopelta consists of 21 described species restricted to Central America and South America. The present study describes a new cryptobiotic species, Simopelta anomma sp. nov.. The new species is blind, possesses a 3-segmented an-tennal club, and has the midtibia with several stout setae, a combination of characters unique within the genus....
Article
Arthropod abundance and diversity are remarkable in tropical forests, but are also spatially patchy. This has been attributed either to resources, predators, abiotic conditions or disturbances, but whether such factors may simultaneously shape arthropod assemblage structure is little known. We used cockroaches to test for multiple environmental con...
Article
The authors would like to update the title of the published article. The corrected title is mentioned above.The published article carried the title ‘Geographic position of sample grid and removal of uncommon species affect multivariate analysesof diverse assemblages: The case of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida)’.The authors would like to apologise...
Data
a b s t r a c t In view of the rapid loss of biodiversity, large-scale environmental monitoring programs are urgently needed, over a range of local, regional and global scales. These programs can be made more efficient and cost-effective through shortcuts such as reduction of sampling effort and the use of low-cost surrogates. We revisited a large-...
Article
Full-text available
We recorded species abundance and richness of oribatid mites along 16 plots established in semi-deciduous forest fragments in Amazonia. The results were compared with a published dataset consisting of an inventory carried out in 38 plots in the surrounding savanna. Totals of 143 and 91 species were recorded in the forest fragments and savanna, resp...
Article
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t Sampling ground-dwelling ants in the field is relatively fast, but sorting and identifying in the laboratory is costly and time-consuming. Using sub-samples collected in 25 km 2 grids, we surveyed ant assemblages using sardine baits, pitfall traps and Winkler extraction in three Amazonian vegetation types. Combining all three techni...
Article
1. Ants are highly interactive organisms and dominant species are considered to be able to control the species richness of other ants via competitive exclusion. However, depending on the scale studied, inter-specific competition may or may not structure biological assemblages. To date, ant dominance–richness relationships have only been studied in...
Article
Full-text available
Small-scale spatial distribution of oribatid mites has been investigated in Amazonia. In addition, medium- and large-scale studies are needed to establish the utility of these mites in detecting natural environmental variability, and to distinguish this variability from anthropogenic impacts. We are expanding the knowledge about oribatid mites in a...
Article
In Amazonia, topographical variations in soil and forest structure within “terra-firme” ecosystems are important factors correlated with terrestrial invertebrates’ distribution. The objective of this work was to assess the effects of soil clay content and slope on ant species distribution over a 25 km2 grid covering the natural topographic continuu...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract – The objective of this work was to evaluate an inventory method effi ciency for ants. We used subsamples collected in 24 transects of 100 m, distributed in 6 plots of 600 ha each in primary forest, as part of a long-term project. Ten litter subsamples were extracted per transect using Winkler extractors. Ants were identified to genus leve...
Article
Full-text available
In Amazonia, topographical variations in soil and forest structure within “terra-firme” ecosystems are important factors correlated with terrestrial invertebrates’ distribution. The objective of this work was to assess the effects of soil clay content and slope on ant species distribution over a 25 km2 grid covering the natural topographic continuu...
Article
Full-text available
In four different localities in the brazilian Amazon we registered raids of army ants (Nomamyrmex esenbeckii). The prey were ants of the genera Atta, Odontomachus and Camponotus and termites of the genus Nasutitermes. The behavior of the army ant and its prey were registered. Our observations expand the number of prey recorded in the literature. It...