Jorge Rojas-Vallejos

Jorge Rojas-Vallejos
Universidad Andrés Bello | UNAB · Facultad de Economía y Negocios

Ph.D. in Economics

About

11
Publications
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80
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Introduction
My academic work is in the field of macroeconomics and development economics.

Publications

Publications (11)
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the macroeconomic and distributional consequences of consumption tariffs and materials tariffs. It highlights the contrasting effects of consumption and raw materials tariffs on the dynamics of key measures of aggregate economic activity and inequality. We perform empirical estimation of these effects using a panel of annual dat...
Article
Full-text available
Goal: The relationship between air pollution and human health has been widely studied in medicine and economics. However, only a few recent articles have estimated the direct impact of air pollution on academic achievement. Methodology: We collect daily air pollution data from all monitoring stations in the city of Santiago, Chile, and combine it...
Article
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This short paper focuses on the role of mathematical models to analyze the impact of pandemics on health resources and the different trade-offs that may be included in them. There is a large body of literature suggesting that mathematical modeling may be helpful to estimate how much additional equipment and infrastructure are necessary to mitigate...
Article
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Introducción. El gold standard de tratamiento de mieloma múltiple (MM) de reciente diagnóstico sigue siendo la inducción basada en inhibidores de proteosoma y luego trasplante autólogo de progenitores hematopoyéticos (TAPH). Desde el 2013 el tratamiento de estos pacientes en el sistema público se basa en el CTD (ciclofosfamida, talidomida y dexamet...
Article
This paper investigates the marginal effect of income inequality on carbon emissions per-capita. We use a panel consisting of 68 countries over a 50-year period from 1961 to 2010. We report estimates that support the hypothesis that there is a trade-off between carbon emissions per-capita and income inequality. This trade-off is not homogeneous acr...
Article
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Background The treatment of choice of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) is an induction with proteasome inhibitors followed autologous stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Since 2013, the treatment of these patients in the public system is based on CTD (cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dexamethasone). Aim To evaluate the response rates achiev...
Article
This paper uses numerical simulations to highlight the contrasting effects of consumption and investment tariff reductions on the dynamic adjustments of key measures of aggregate activity and inequality. The consumption tariff has only a weak effect on activity. If implemented instantaneously it leads to a negligible reduction in wealth inequality...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the relationship between tariff reductions and income inequality for 37 countries over the period 1984 to 2010, a period of extensive trade liberalization. Using panel data techniques we find that a permanent reduction in the tariff rate will significantly increase short-run income inequality. To obtain further insight into how...
Article
The recent increase in trade liberalization has had substantial distributional consequences, although the direction of the relationship and the mechanism driving it has been open to debate. This paper analyzes the impact of tariff reductions on the dynamics of wealth and income inequality in a growing economy in which agents accumulate both physica...
Thesis
En el contexto del Desarrollo Sustentable, Chile ha comenzado acciones dirigidas a los recursos hídricos enfocadas en un mejor aprovechamiento y tratamiento de las aguas residuales para su reuso en agricultura y otras actividades. La Tecnología de Lodos Activados es hoy en día el sistema de tratamiento más utilizado en el mundo debido a su buena re...
Article
The recent increase in trade liberalization has had substantial distributional consequences, although the direction of the relationship and the mechanism driving it has been open to debate. This paper analyzes the impact of tariff reductions on the dynamics of wealth and income inequality in a growing economy in which agents accumulate both physica...

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