Jorge Quintas

Jorge Quintas
University of Porto | UP · School of criminology

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57
Publications
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152
Citations

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Background: Psychopathy and low self-control are useful constructs for understanding antisociality/criminality. The triarchic model of psychopathy in particular is a recent and promising conceptualisation, composed of boldness, disinhibition, and meanness - three personality traits that have never been studied in tandem with low self-control. Aims:...
Article
Full-text available
This investigation analyzed the attitudes of Portuguese judges and victim support professionals toward intimate partner homicide committed by women. By administering an online survey disseminated by the Portuguese Superior Council for the Magistracy and the Commission for Citizenship and Gender Equality, we found that both groups of professionals a...
Article
The social conditions created by the COVID-19 pandemic had a great potential to affect the mental health of individuals. Meta-analyses indicate a rise in these problems in these periods among general populations, patients and health professionals, even with substantial heterogeneous results. This paper examines mental health impacts specifically du...
Article
Grasmick et al.’s Low Self-Control Scale (LSCS) is considered the gold-standard of self-control measures due to the frequency of its use in criminology. The aim of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of the LSCS from a more modern psychometric perspective and develop a shorter version. Our sample consisted of young adults (N...
Article
Background: Lockdown, as a measure implemented to combat the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, left many domestic violence (DV) victims trapped with their abusers. This study intends to explore the links between perceived stress, substance use and socio-demographic factors with DV experiences during COVID-19 pandemic in Portugal. Meth...
Book
Full-text available
O livro contém um estudo avaliativo de decisões judiciais sobre o crime de violência doméstica, um estudo avaliativo de decisões judiciais sobre crimes sexuais contra adultos e um estudo de análise da jurisprudência dos tribunais superiores sobre violência doméstica.
Presentation
Several scandals have been damaging the reputation of some entrepreneurial initiatives. The present work is part of a study designed to prevent misconduct in entrepreneurship, supported by literature centered on entrepreneurship's potential damaging features prone to produce harmful outcomes and victims. This range of harmful consequences appears t...
Conference Paper
Prison misconduct, defined here as behaviors of the inmates that violate the rules of the prisons in which they are confined, has been studied mainly with samples of male inmates, in prisons located in English speaking countries prisons, and using official data. This paper presents the first results of a research currently being conducted in Portug...
Article
Research generally supports the notion that primary and secondary psychopathy variants are relatively distinct, with primary psychopathy reflecting a congenital affective deficit, and secondary psychopathy reflecting acquired affective disorders. However, little is known about how social anxiety might play in terms of the primary vs. secondary psyc...
Article
Full-text available
The measures implemented to combat the COVID-19 pandemic led populations to confinement at home, with increased risk of domestic violence due to extended shared time between victims and offenders. Evidence on domestic violence in times of pandemic is lacking. This study examines the occurrence of domestic violence, associated factors and help seeki...
Article
Several brief screening measures for youth risk to reoffend have been developed; however, these measures have been tested primarily in high-income English-speaking countries and their predictive validity is limited. A recent study proposed a screening strategy using a combination of seven items from the youth Level of Service/Case Management Invent...
Article
Intimate partner homicides are often described as “passionate crimes”. While most sentencing studies focus on the analysis of the impact of specific characteristics of the offender, victim or the crime in sentencing, this study aims to analyse how “passionate crimes” are described in the Portuguese Supreme Court of Justice outcomes. From a qualitat...
Article
Self-control refers to the ability to override impulses and behave in accordance with societal norms. Deficits in self-control are strongly associated with conduct problems, externalizing disorders, crime, and violence. The main aim of the present study is to investigate possible moderation and mediation effects related to self-control. A school sa...
Presentation
In this presentation, the results of the first phase of MiscRisk (Risk for Misconduct in Entrepreneurship) project will be addressed. MiscRisk aims to prevent misconduct in entrepreneurship following the literature according to which entrepreneurship may have destructive features generating harmful consequences and victims, such as stakeholders and...
Presentation
Access to hard-to-reach samples is frequently difficult in criminological research. There are several challenges to reach populations such as people who perceive themselves as law-abiding citizens when asking about sensitive topics (deviant or criminal behaviors, victimization). In this presentation, methodological difficulties will be discussed, g...
Article
The triarchic model of psychopathy is one of the most influential models of psychopathy developed in recent years. The current aim is to investigate the utility of a self-report measure of the triarchic model of psychopathy in predicting criminal recidivism among a sample of incarcerated juvenile offenders. Male youth participants (N=228, M=16.38 y...
Article
Domestic violence–specialized programs have been created by the police or the criminal justice system with the intention of improving victims’ protection. This article examines the impact of the first Portuguese coordinated program, involving a specialized prosecution team and a special police unit, the experience of victims in encountering with au...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Scale to evaluate the level of exposure on several types of traumatic events specific of Intimate Partner Violence
Article
Self-control refers to the ability to override impulses and behave in accordance with societal norms, and deficits in self-control are strongly associated with conduct problems, externalizing disorders, crime, and violence. Here, we examine the psychometric properties of the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS) and its refined version (BSCS-R) among a f...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Violence against the elderly is a complex multidisciplinary social problem that requires cooperation between institutions and professionals. World Health Organization [1 World Health Organization (WHO). The Toronto declaration on the global prevention of elder abuse. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002. [Google Scholar]] defines t...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and Objectives The objectives of this study were to assess the neuropsychological performance (NP) of adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD), comparing them with a group of healthy controls, to determine whether there are different neurocognitive phenotypes in CHD, and to identify their relation to sociodemogr...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the neuropsychological performance (NP) of adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD), comparing them with a group of healthy controls, to determine whether there are different neurocognitive phenotypes in CHD, and to identify their relation to sociodemog...
Article
This paper discusses the sentencing purposes for penal penalties, judges’ perceptions of sentencing purposes and prison sentences, and the effects of penal sanctions. We examine judges’ positions towards different penalties, with a focus on imprisonment, since their views on the different penalties are related to their sentencing decision-making. U...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to present a comparative criminological study, analyzing through a sample of judicial decisions from Portugal (N=100) and from Sao Paulo (N=100), drug use and drug trafficking conducts, and the reaction of criminal justice systems to these crimes. The results show that Portuguese trials have a greater complexity in the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Evaluation research report about the results of a special and integrated response to domestic violence that takes place in Porto, Portugal since 2013.
Chapter
This paper analyzes drug policy and related outcomes in Portugal and Spain after decriminalization. Portugal and Spain are usually singled out as countries with permissive drug policies because they have decriminalized drug use. In these countries, individual drug consumption is not considered a crime, and drug users are generally not subject to cr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aims of this text are to examine the concepts of discretion, disparity and discrimination and analyze, in a comparative perspective between Brazil and Portugal, the way these countries distinguish consumption and trafficking when both enforce the drug laws.
Article
Objectives: to determine the predictors of neurocognitive performance (NP) of patients with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD), analysing its relation to parameters of fetal development, as head circumference (HC), weight (W) and length (L) at birth, neonatal parameters (APGAR 1, 5), quality of life (QOL), psychiatric morbidity (PM), psychosocial adjus...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports data from the normative study of the Portuguese version of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI), risk assessment tool designed to assess risk for general recidivism, identify criminogenic needs and guide case management of young offenders. Normative data of Portuguese YLS/CMI were established from a samp...
Article
Objectives: to study neurocognitive performance (NP) of CHD patients and to determine whether is related to parameters of fetal development registered at birth, head circumference (HC), weight (W) and length (L) and neonatal parameters (APGAR 1, 5); to study their quality of life (QOL), psychiatric morbidity (PM), psychosocial adjustment (PSA) and...
Article
The onset of cancer disease results in massive lifestyle changes and brings with it overwhelming challenges. Individual psychological features play a crucial role in determining how patients respond and cope with the disease. The main objectives of this research were to study the overall impact of breast cancer [BC] and disease related pain on the...
Article
Our aims were to evaluate the neurocognitive performance in adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to determine whether parameters of fetal development evaluated in neonates, such as head circumference, length, weight, and Apgar scores, are somehow related to their neurocognitive performance. We evaluated 77 CHD patients (43 males) age...
Article
Full-text available
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a chronic illness with a high frequency in the worldwide population, and is normally diagnosed at birth or in uterus. Because of better conditions in diagnosis and early medical and surgical treatment, patients have survival rates of 90% and go further and further in life, facing different challenges in life cycle....
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to identify indicators of malingering in forensic neuropsychological assessment by identifying response patterns in neuropsychological tests. The sample was composed by 56 subjects diagnosed with a cranioencephalic trauma. All subjects were in a situation of monetary reward if incapacity was proven. The instruments u...
Article
This study aims to characterize the consumption of alcohol addicts in treatment as well as psychological and social consequences of this consumption. A questionnaire was developed on the substance use; risk behaviors and criminal activity were also used: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), Cut, Annoyed, Gilty; Eyer (CAGE), The In...
Article
Cet article fait part de l'entree du Portugal dans la democratie et de l'emegence contingente des problemes de securite. L'A. evoque l'experience portugaise et examine les transformations politiques et sociales, les politiques de securite, le sentiment d'insecurite et le role des savoirs et de la recherche scientifique au Portugal

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This research aims at developing risk assessment and situational intervention tools for screening and preventing misconduct in entrepreneurship. Considering the relevance of entrepreneurship on economic growth, this project intends to assess, describe and prevent misconduct committed by entrepreneurs. Such approach considers the interaction between personality characteristics of the entrepreneur and organizational environment. While these behaviours are not considered crime, they have been considered as misconduct producing externalities, endangering business moral environment, trust of stakeholders, investors, and consumers. The project will create a "Misconduct in Entrepreneurship Scale", correlating personality profiles and endorsement of misconduct among a sample of entrepreneurs. Measures of organizational culture, including ethical climate and prevention of misconduct, will be assessed. Intervention mechanisms for prevention of misconduct in entrepreneurship will be created. More information at: https://miscrisk.org