Jorge Mataix-Solera

Jorge Mataix-Solera
Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche | UMH · Department of Agrochemistry and Environment

Soil Scientist

About

380
Publications
167,250
Reads
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10,690
Citations
Introduction
Professor of Soil Science GEA. Environmental Soil Science Group President of the Spanish Society of Soil Science Editor of SOIL Member of Geoderma Editorial Board Coordinator of Fuegored (Spanish network of Fire Effects on Soils) 2010-2012 Main research topics: fire effects on soils, soil water repellency, aggregate stability www.jorgemataix.com
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - December 2016
Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche
Position
  • Current research project: POSTFIRE
Description
  • This project aims to obtain applicable results by studying and comparing different types of post-fire restoration techniques in different soil types, under different vegetation and climatic conditions.
September 2002 - present
Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 1998 - September 2002
Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (380)
Article
Full-text available
The holistic study of soils requires an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, chemists, geologists, and physicists amongst others, something that has been true from the earliest days of the field. In more recent years this list has grown to include anthropologists, economists, engineers, medical professionals, military professionals, soc...
Article
The formation and stabilization of soil aggregates have a key role to play in adequate soil functioning. Aggregate stability (AS) is considered by some authors to be a property that provides information on soil quality. It's also a property that is highly influenced by land use and management. This study aims to identify the long-term changes in so...
Article
Fire usually induces water repellency (WR) in soils. Reduction in infiltration rates, increase of runoff and erosion are some of the consequences of WR in fire-affected soils. Most forest soils can develop WR by burning; however some previous observations in burned terra rossa soils have shown little changes in WR. Laboratory controlled experiments...
Article
Soil hydrophobicity is known to enhance runoff responses to rainstorms and to increase soil aggregate stability (AS). It has been widely reported for acidic soils particularly under burnt, but also unburnt pine forests following dry periods. Few studies have reported hydrophobicity from alkaline soils, but they have not established whether hydropho...
Article
Fire can affect soil properties depending on a number of factors including fire severity and soil type. Aggregate stability (AS) refers to soil structure resilience in response to external mechanical forces. Many authors consider soil aggregation to be a parameter reflecting soil health, as it depends on chemical, physical and biological factors. T...
Article
Full-text available
After wildfires in Mediterranean ecosystems, ruderal mosses are pioneer species, stabilizing the soil surface previous to the establishment of vascular vegetation. However, little is known about the implication of pioneer moss biocrusts for the recovery and resilience of soils in early post-fire stages in semi-arid areas. Therefore, we studied the...
Article
Salvage logging is one of the most common post-fire management strategies, known for trigger soil degradation processes. Soil compaction, the major disturbance associated with logging operations, could seriously hamper the resilience of soil microorganisms after the perturbation produced by fire. The main objective of this work was to assess the im...
Chapter
Full-text available
Durante siglos los incendios forestales han tenido lugar en España y han configurado el paisaje vegetal del país. Lo que se plantea en este artículo es analizar si ha habido un cambio de régimen de incendios en las últimas décadas. Los resultados indican que parece ser que sí hay un cambio de régimen, aunque la respuesta es diferente dependiendo de...
Article
A study was carried out to assess if the visual soil assessment method (VSA) would allow recognizing differences between soils receiving organic matter (OM) amendments and similar control soils, by the observation of visual soil quality indicators' score. 36 practices were identified across 8 pedoclimatic zones. These fields/plots were paired with...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfires are a common phenomenon globally, nonetheless some ecosystems are more adapted than others. In this work, we show results of a study conducted in Torres del Paine National Park (Chile) that suffered a big forest fire in 2011, affecting 17,666 ha. The Park is located in the transitional forest-steppe zone whose annual rainfall varies betwe...
Article
The soil science community needs to communicate about soils and the use of soil information to various audiences, especially to the general public and public authorities. In this global review article, we synthesis information pertaining to museums solely dedicated to soils or which contain a permanent exhibition on soils. We identified 38 soil mus...
Chapter
The soil science community needs to communicate about soils and the use of soil information to various audiences, especially to the general public and public authorities. In this global review article, we synthesis information pertaining to museums solely dedicated to soils or which contain a permanent exhibition on soils. We identified 38 soil mus...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates the effect on the density and porosity of three differently textured soils when they were subjected to different degrees of compaction, following the addition of two crushed vegetable residues, palm leaf and hay straw. Mixtures were prepared incorporating the plant residues to each soil following the proportions: 10%, 20%, 30%...
Article
The intensification of agricultural practices to increase food and feed outputs is a pressing challenge causing deterioration of soil quality and soil functions. Such challenge demands provision of empirical evidence to provide context-sensitive guidance on agricultural management practices (AMPs) that may enhance soil quality. The objectives of th...
Article
The intensification of agricultural practices to increase food and feed outputs is a pressing challenge causing deterioration of soil quality and soil functions. Such challenge demands provision of empirical evidence to provide context-sensitive guidance on agricultural management practices (AMPs) that may enhance soil quality. The objectives of th...
Article
After a wildfire, moss crust develops in early post-fire stages revealing important roles related to soil erosion prevention and increase of soil fertility. However, the post-fire management selected could determine the capacity of soil to recover and the active role of mosses in the ecosystem recovery. Salvage logging (SL) was performed in the wil...
Article
In the Mediterranean Basin, changes in climate and fire regime (increased recurrence and severity) reduce ecosystem services after wildfires by increasing soil degradation and losses in plant diversity. Our study was a biological approach to relate soil properties to vegetation recovery and burn severity. We focused our study on the natural recover...
Article
The repellency index (RI) defined as the adjusted ratio between soil‐ethanol, Se, and soil‐water, Sw, sorptivities estimated from minidisk infiltrometer (MDI) experiments has been used instead of the widely used Water Drop Penetration Time (WDPT) and Molarity of Ethanol Drop (MED) tests to assess soil water repellency (SWR). However, sorptivity cal...
Chapter
Full-text available
Easily Extractable Glomalin (EEG) represents an organic fraction of the soil that contains mainly glomalin-related soil proteins (GRSP), a glycoprotein abundantly found in soils produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the phylum Glomeromycota. The EEG fraction is confirmed to have multiple ecological functions in soils, including its contributi...
Poster
Full-text available
Easily Extractable Glomalin (EEG) represents an organic fraction of the soil that contains mainly glomalin-related soil proteins (GRSP), a glycoprotein abundantly found in soils produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the phylum Glomeromycota. The EEG fraction is confirmed to have multiple ecological functions in soils, including its contributi...
Article
iSQAPER project - Interactive Soil Quality Assessment in Europe and China for Agricultural Productivity and Environmental Resilience - aims to develop an app to advise farmers on selecting the best Agriculture Management Practice (AMPs) to improve soil quality. For this purpose, a soil quality index has to be developed to account for the changes in...
Article
Full-text available
The extent (determined by the repellency indices RI and RIc) and persistence (determined by the water drop penetration time, WDPT) of soil water repellency (SWR) induced by pines were assessed in vastly different geographic regions. The actual SWR characteristics were estimated in situ in clay loam soil at Ciavolo, Italy (CiF), sandy soil at Culbin...
Article
Forest fires are a regular occurrence in the Mediterranean basin. High severity fires and post-fire management can affect biological, chemical and physical properties of soil, including the composition and abundance of soil microbial communities. Salvage logging is a post-fire management strategy, which involves the removal of burnt wood from land...
Article
Forest management practices in Mediterranean ecosystems are frequently employed to reduce both the risk and severity of wildfires. However, these pre-fire treatments may influence the effects of wildfire events on soil properties. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term effects of a wildfire that broke out in 2015 on the soil properties...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment of soil water repellency (SWR) was conducted in the decomposed organic floor layer (duff) and in the mineral soil layer of two Mediterranean pine forests, one in Italy and the other in Spain, by the widely-used water drop penetration time (WDPT) test and alternative indices derived from infiltration experiments carried out by the minidis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The growing world population poses a major challenge to global agricultural food and feed production through the pressure to increase agricultural outputs either by increasing the land area dedicated to agriculture or by productivity increases. Whether in developed or developing regions, agricultural intensification based on conventional approaches...
Article
Post-fire management can have an additional impact on the ecosystem; in some cases, even more severe than the fire. Salvage logging (SL) is a common practice in most fire-affected areas. The management of burnt wood can determine microclimatic conditions and seriously affect soil properties. In some cases, the way of doing it, using heavy machinery...
Chapter
Full-text available
Intense rainfall events in the Mediterranean environment after severe wildfires can have an impact on soil water repellency. This study seeks to examine the immediate impact and the effect after a year of an intense rainfall event on a Mediterranean forest affected by a high severity wildfire. The aim of this work is to analyze soil water repellenc...
Article
Plant community influence on microbial response after fire has been studied in a Sierra Nevada National Park area affected by a wildfire in 2005. Two different plant communities adapted to different altitudes were selected to analyse possible differences on soil microbial recolonisation process after fire, in oak forest and high mountain shrub comm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Intensive agriculture has increased crop yields but also posed severe environmental problems. Unsustainable land management such as excessive tillage can lead to a loss of soil fertility and a drastic reduction in the aggregate stability and soil organic matter content. However sustainable agriculture can keep good crop yields with minimal impact o...
Article
Intense rainfall events after severe wildfires can have an impact on soil properties, above all in the Mediterranean environment. This study seeks to examine the immediate impact and the effect after a year of an intense rainfall event on a Mediterranean forest affected by a high severity wildfire. The work analyses the following soil properties: s...
Chapter
John Thornes found that shrubland was a key factor in the control of soil erosion on Mediterranean hillsides. His research inspired many scientists to investigate the impact of shrubland changes and management in semi-arid ecosystems. An example of Professor Thornes’ scientific influence is the experiment carried out on the El Teularet–Sierra de En...
Article
Forest fires are a recurrent natural phenomenon in the Mediterranean basin. Fires can affect physical, chemical and biological soil properties. The effects on soil properties are closely controlled by fire severity, which is a consequence of temperatures reached and the length of residence of heat in the soil. In this study, the response of Glomali...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Forest fires must be considered a natural factor in Mediterranean ecosystems, but the changes in land use in the last six decades have altered its natural regime making them an ongoing environmental problem. Some big forest fires (> 500 has) also have a great socio-economical impact on human population. Our research team has experience of 20 years...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean countries, forest fires are common and must be considered as an ecological factor, but changes in land use, especially in the last five decades have provoked a modification in their natural regime. Moreover, post-fire management can have an additional impact on the ecosystem; in some cases, even more severe than the fire. Salva...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Glomalin Related Soil Protein (GRSP), a glycoprotein produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Wright and Upadhyaya, 1996), was studied to determinate its effectiveness as an indicator of fire severity. Laboratory heating treatments were carried out at 180, 200, 250, 300, 400 and 500 • C in soil samples from eight different sites of E Spain with di...
Chapter
Full-text available
Soil is the life support system of our planet. It helps make our air breathable, cleans the water we drink and supports production of the food we eat. This life support system relies upon processes that operate at spatial scales from less than a micron to over hundreds of metres or more, and over timescales from seconds to millennia.
Article
Ash can provide valuable soil protection. However, ash is also very mobile, and soil protection patterns can be quickly changed, favouring the protection of some areas and exposing others with implications for soil erosion. In this research, the effects of a high severity wildfire on ash thickness were studied, 1 and 15 days after the fire. For thi...
Article
In Lithuania, fire is frequently used by farmers as a tool to remove dry grass, improve soil nutrient status and help soil tilling. However, little is known about the ecological impacts of these fires, including vegetation recovery. The objective of this work is to study the impacts of a spring grassland fire on vegetation recuperation on an east-f...
Article
Fire transforms fuels (i.e. biomass, necromass, soil organic matter) into materials with different chemical and physical properties. One of these materials is ash, which is the particulate residue remaining or deposited on the ground that consists of mineral materials and charred organic components. The quantity and characteristics of ash produced...
Article
Full-text available
The holistic study of soils requires an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, chemists, geologists, and physicists amongst others, something that has been true from the earliest days of the field. This approach has been strengthened and reinforced as current research continues to use experts trained in both soil science and related field...
Article
Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and water repellency (wettability) determination of ash samples collected following wildfires at four different Mediterranean conifer forest sites in eastern Spain were conducted to provide insights into variations in key chemical and physical characteristics of ash. TGA allowed the evaluation of organic matter (OM)...
Article
The aim of this work is to study the effects of a wildfire on water-extractable elements in ash from a Pinus pinaster forest located in Portugal. The pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Calcium (Ca2+), Magnesium (Mg2+), Sodium (Na+), Potassium (K+), Sodium and Potassium adsorption ratio (SPAR), Aluminium (Al3+), Manganese (Mn2+), Iron (Fe2+), Zinc (Z...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is a natural phenomenon with important implications on soil properties. The degree of this impact depends upon fire severity, the ecosystem affected, topography of the burned area and post-fire meteorological conditions. The study of fire effects on soil properties is fundamental to understand the impacts of this disturbance on ecosystems. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Soil System Sciences (SSS) division of the EGU has been a strong and growing international research force in the last few years. Since the first EGU meeting with SSS participation in 2004 where 200 abstracts were presented in 7 sessions, the contribution of the SSS division has grown considerably, with 1,427 abstracts presented in 57 SSS sessio...
Data
Full-text available
The stability of aggregates has an important role in soil functioning and its behavior to avoid erosion and degra-dation, the ability to transfer liquids and gases, which are important features for crop production and ecosystem health (Tisdall and Oades, 1982). It's also a property that is highly influenced by land use and management (Angers et al....
Article
Full-text available
Fire induced soil water repellency (WR) is controlled by many different factors (temperature reached, amount and type of fuel, etc.). Soil properties may determine the occurrence and intensity of this property in burned soils. The objectives of this paper are to make advances in the study of soil properties as key factors controlling the behaviour...
Data
Full-text available
Soil water repellency (SWR) can influence many hydrological soil properties, including water infiltration, uneven moisture distribution or water retention. In the current study we investigated how variable SWR persistence in the field is related to the soil microbial community under different plant species (P. halepensis, Q. rotundifolia, C. al-bid...