Jorge Fabrega

Jorge Fabrega
University of Desarrollo | UDD · School of Government

Economist & Sociologist, PhD Public Policy Studies

About

39
Publications
8,856
Reads
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94
Citations
Introduction
Currently working on (i) public opinion dynamics (ii) recidivism and (iii) social interaction through digital media (iv) voting
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - January 2017
University of Desarrollo
Position
  • Researcher - Doctorate in Social Complexity Sciences
January 2009 - present
Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
October 2002 - March 2008
University of Chicago
Field of study
  • Public Policy Studies
October 2002 - June 2005
University of Chicago
Field of study
  • Public Policy Studies
March 1993 - January 1998

Publications

Publications (39)
Data
Full-text available
The Chilean electoral system to appoint congress members, the Binomial, was designed to generate an equilibrium by establishing a permanent tie vote. However, it suddenly collapsed in 2015 despite the fact that its historical opponents lacked enough votes to replace it. This paper suggests that the cause was a non-intentional polarization inherited...
Article
Full-text available
It has been found in a variety of face-to-face networks that diffusion of information, behaviors and sentiments extend up to two to four degrees of distance from the original source. This regularity has been popularized as the three degrees of influence phenomenon. Prior works have suggested a number of possible explanations to this pattern. In thi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El consenso entre economistas en torno a que las políticas sociales deben ser focalizadas parece estar llegando a su fin. Con él, una década de oro de consensos se fisura. Las implicancias para el futuro de las políticas sociales será importante dado el rol central que han tenido los economistas en las tecnocracias chilenas. No obstante, las causas...
Article
Full-text available
What crime recurs with recidivism? This paper analyses the patterns of recidivism among the population sentenced to imprisonment in Chile. For this purpose, subgroups of offenders who specialize in each type of crime are identified. The analysis is based on data of imprisonment between 2007 and 2010 provided by the Chilean Gendarmerie. The results...
Article
Full-text available
La Convención Constitucional chilena del 2021-2022 representa un caso inusual del surgimiento de un cuerpo colegiado sin significativas restricciones para fijar su funcionamiento por otros órganos políticos e integrado por personas sin militancia política. Esta ausencia de inercia institucional impone un desafío para que la toma de decisiones colec...
Article
Full-text available
It is only recently that the sense of community in contexts other than the neighborhood has started to be studied, providing evidence on the associations between this variable in the school environment and various dimensions of integral development in childhood and adolescence. However, in the Latin American context, there are no validated scales t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Una de las pocas reglas que se establecieron para la Convención Constitucional es que lo que decidan poner en su propuesta de texto constitucional debe ser aprobado por 2/3 de los miembros de la convención. Esta idea ha sido disputada dentro de la instancia. ¿Qué debería pasar?¿Se mantendrá? ¿Se modificará? Como se desarrolla en el texto, sobre la...
Preprint
Full-text available
En este artículo se realiza una estimación bayesiana de las preferencias ideológicas de los conven-cionales constituyentes a partir de sus votaciones en el plenario durante el primer mes de la Convención Constitucional. Se realizan tests para validar las estimaciones con fuentes externas de información in-cluyendo encuestas que respondieron los con...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the high emissions produced by the transportation sector, one of the most implemented policies worldwide is the economic incentive to purchase electric and hybrid vehicles. The adoption of these policies in developing countries is scarce or null and there are no studies that investigate the impact of economic incentives in the potential dema...
Data
Fábrega, Jorge, 2021, "Estimated Ideologies", https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/YYGOOJ, Harvard Dataverse, V2. Detalles en https://jfabregalacoa.github.io/convencion_constituyente/
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio, con base en una metodología cuantitativa, describe y analiza variables sociodemográficas y criminógenas de una muestra representativa de condenados a penas alternativas (denominadas sustitutivas) a la cárcel, en Chile, tras la reforma de la Ley Nº 20.603. Esta modificación cambió el paradigma imperante hasta ese entonces en lo que a e...
Article
Inequality is a major concern for governments and policymakers in poor’s and developing countries. High levels of inequity negatively affect the lives of children and adolescents and their subjective well-being (SWB). Moreover, bullying behavior also harm the SWB of its victims. Previous studies have examined the negative consequences of bullying,...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the search for balance among their powers in the nomination of members of top-level courts, political actors can design rules that unintendedly introduce political polarization within the judiciary and judges’ reputational concerns can sustain it in the long run. Factoring on the impact of a reform in Chile introduced in 2005 that modifies its C...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este capítulo abordo la necesidad que los propios economistas cuestionen abiertamente ciertos razonamientos públicos que históricamente se han asociado a la implementación de políticas públicas con inspiración económica, pero que representan una visión del pensamiento económico completamente desactualizada. Hacerlo será necesario para que los ec...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Los comportamientos electorales de los ciudadanos, bajo el esquema de voto voluntario, han impuesto un desafío a los sondeos que proyectan resultados electorales. Entre ellos, uno que parece particularmente importante es acortar la brecha de tiempo entre el proceso de levantamiento de información y las fechas de las elecciones. En Chile, las encu...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents evidence of political, socioeconomic and generational polarization among the Chilean population between 1990 and 2017. Using data from the Public Opinion Survey of the CEP, the ideology of the individuals is estimated indirectly using the methodology developed by Poole (1998). The main findings are the following: (i) in 1993,...
Article
Full-text available
Consensus democracy among the main Chilean political forces ended abruptly after the 2013 presidential and parliamentary elections, the most polarized elections since the return to democracy in 1990. Relying on spatial voting theory to uncover latent ideological dimensions from survey data between 1990 and 2014, this study finds patterns of gradual...
Poster
Full-text available
This work proposes a text-based method to characterize scholars research interests by using topic models. The method is used to assess assortativity by research interest between authors in scientific collaboration networks.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Si bien ha sido recurrente en el debate público, no hay certezasen que los chilenos están más polarizados. Utilizando los datos de la Encuesta de Opinión Pública del CEP, el presente artículo presenta evidencia de polarización en la opinión pública chilena para el 1990-2014. Los autores proponen un enfoque distinto para estudiar este fenómeno, cent...
Presentation
Full-text available
El disenso se está instalando en la intelectualidad económica de Chile y dada la influencia que dicha comunidad de pensamiento ha tenido en el diseño y entendimiento del Estado chileno desde el retorno a la democracia es razonable pensar que tendrá repercusiones importantes en las formas que adquiera la política social en los años venideros
Presentation
Full-text available
Este breve ensayo aplica los conceptos de espacio público y bien público a la comprensión de los desafíos de la democracia representativa. Una versión editada aparecerá en la revista Societas de la Academia Chilena de Ciencias Sociales
Article
Full-text available
Comentario al artículo “La diversidad política va a mejorar la ciencia de la psicología social” de José L. Duarte, Jarret T. Crawford, Charlotta Stern, Jonathan Haidt, Lee Jussim & Philip E. Tetlock, publicado en Estudios Públicos 141 (2016)
Chapter
Monitoring and using social media to understand — or influence — public opinion is not a new thing. Companies, political parties and organizations alike are keen to observe what their followers say, what people are commenting on their Facebook Pages and what is said in the comments sections of YouTube and Instagram. Moreover, a great deal of work h...
Article
Full-text available
¿En qué delito se reincide cuando se reincide? En este trabajo se analizan los patrones de reincidencia de la población condenada a una pena privativa de libertad en Chile. Para ello se identifican subgrupos de reincidentes que se especializan en cada tipo de delito. El análisis se realiza en base a los datos de ingreso y egreso a un recinto penite...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Una reciente polémica en torno a la exposición de un pesebre en el Palacio de La Moneda nos da la ocasión para reflexionar sobre el Estado que deseamos construir en Chile (2). Motivamos la reflexión a partir de la siguiente pregunta: ¿Debe una sociedad laica prohibir las expresiones religiosas -por ejemplo, los pesebres en Navidad-en los mismos lug...
Article
Full-text available
Does television rating have an impact on Twitter's tweeting? The emergence of digital social media is changing the television industry practices. In particular, TV channels are explicitly including social media tools to interact with their audience. These efforts are mostly based on intuition rather than on evidence. To contribute to identify the a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
How does political discourse spread in digital networks? Can we empirically test if certain conceptual frames of social movements have a correlate on their online discussion networks? Through an analysis of the Twitter data from the Occupy movement, this paper describes the formation of political discourse over time. Building on a previous set of c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent work has found that the propagation of behaviors and sentiments through networks extends in ranges up to 2 to 4 degrees of distance. The regularity with which the same observation is found in dissimilar phenomena has been associated with friction in the propagation process and the instability of link structure that emerges in the dynamic of...

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