Jorge G. Álvarez-Romero

Jorge G. Álvarez-Romero
James Cook University · ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

PhD

About

80
Publications
58,821
Reads
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4,239
Citations
Citations since 2017
31 Research Items
3556 Citations
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Introduction
I am interested in improving spatial planning for natural resource use to achieve long-term sustainability and positive outcomes for people and their environment. My research aims to advance systematic conservation planning theory and practice through promoting and improving the integration of terrestrial, freshwater, and marine conservation planning initiatives.
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
James Cook University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Integrated Land-Sea Planning
July 2016 - December 2019
James Cook University
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Multi-objective planning in northern Australia
July 2012 - June 2016
James Cook University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Catchment to coast planning

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Spatial management, including setting aside conservation areas, is central to curbing the global decline of biodiversity, but many threats originate from beyond the boundaries of conservation areas. This is a particular problem in marine systems, which are influenced by many activities on land. In addition, connections between land and sea...
Article
Full-text available
1.Overfishing, pollution, coastal development and climate change threaten marine biodiversity globally and compromise the services that marine ecosystems provide. Systematic conservation planning (SCP) provides a framework to identify areas where actions can be effective in addressing these threats, while minimizing the costs of interventions. This...
Article
Full-text available
Human-induced changes to river loads of nutrients and sediments pose a significant threat to marine ecosystems. Ongoing land-use change can further increase these loads, and amplify the impacts of land-based threats on vulnerable marine ecosystems. Consequently, there is a need to assess these threats and prioritise actions to mitigate their impact...
Article
Full-text available
Marine reserves are widely used to protect species important for conservation and fisheries and to help maintain ecological processes that sustain their populations, including recruitment and dispersal. Achieving these goals requires well-connected networks of marine reserves that maximize larval connectivity, thus allowing exchanges between popula...
Article
Full-text available
Participatory scenario planning (PSP) has mainly concerned scenario development and outreach, with less emphasis on scenario assessment. However, eliciting stakeholder responses to scenarios, focusing on subjective wellbeing, can increase the legitimacy, relevance, and applicability of PSP. We developed a PSP exercise with a multi-stakeholder, cros...
Article
Full-text available
In Western‐democratic countries, it is widely accepted that affected communities should be involved in natural resource planning and decisions. This is especially so when the well‐being of diverse communities is directly involved, and where alternative future options are being considered. Although there is an agreement that ‘values’ and ‘well‐being...
Article
Full-text available
Transdisciplinary research (TDR) can help generate solutions to environmental challenges and enhance the uptake of research outputs, thus contributing to advance sustainability in social-ecological systems. Our aim is to support investment decisions in TDR; more specifically, to help funders, researchers, and research users to decide when and why i...
Article
Full-text available
Co-production across scientific and Indigenous knowledge systems has become a cornerstone of research to enhance knowledge, practice, ethics, and foster sustainability transformations. However, the profound differences in world views and the complex and contested histories of nation-state colonisation on Indigenous territories, highlight both oppor...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Given proposed expansion of developments in northern Australia and current tensions among stakeholders, there is a need to develop new planning approaches that support multiple uses of land and water, while maintaining environmental and cultural values. This project aimed to demonstrate how to operationalise multi-objective catchment planning suppo...
Article
The frequency, intensity, and spatial scale of climate extremes are changing rapidly due to anthropogenic global warming.¹,² A growing research challenge is to understand how multiple climate-driven disturbances interact with each other over multi-decadal time frames, generating combined effects that cannot be predicted from single events alone.3,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A group of four NESP Northern Australia Environmental Resources Hub projects operating in the Fitzroy River catchment (Western Australia) used a transdisciplinary (participatory, interdisciplinary and outcomes-focused) approach by having water resource management as a common theme. The projects partly integrated their research processes and outputs...
Article
Full-text available
As the global environmental crisis grows in scale and complexity, conservation professionals and policymakers are increasingly called upon to make decisions despite high levels of uncertainty, limited resources, and insufficient data. Global efforts to protect biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction require substantial international coop...
Article
Full-text available
Protected area coverage is expanding rapidly in response to threats such as habitat degradation, resource overexploitation, and climate change. Given limited resources, conservation scientists have developed systematic methods for identifying where it is most efficient to protect biodiversity. To improve the outcomes of protected areas, planners ha...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Given the proposed expansion of developments in northern Australia and current tensions among different interest groups, there is a need to develop new planning approaches that support multiple uses of land and water, while maintaining environmental and cultural values. Our project aimed to demonstrate how to operationalise multi-objective catchmen...
Article
Evolving capabilities in environmental data collection, sharing, and processing, are enabling unprecedented use of data from a wide range of sources. Yet data freshness, an important quality dimension associated with the age of data, is a poorly reported aspect of data quality that can lead to additional uncertainty in research findings.
Article
Full-text available
Many coastal communities depend on ecosystems for goods and services that contribute to human well‐being. As long‐standing interactions between people and nature are modified by global environmental change, dynamic and diversified livelihood strategies that enable seasonal adaptation will be critical for vulnerable coastal communities. However, the...
Article
Australia proclaimed a national marine protected area (MPA) system-the National Representative System of MPAs (NRSMPA). Following a change in federal government, the system underwent two major revisions: an independent review released in 2015, and a final plan designed by the Director of National Parks implemented in 2018. We used all three iterati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This user guide has been prepared to assist stakeholders with the appropriate use of data created for the National Environmental Science Program (NESP) Northern Australia Environmental Resources (NAER) Hub, through Project 3.3 Prioritising threatened species and threatening processes across northern Australia. The project has generated the followin...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the face of climate change, warming oceans, and repeated mass coral bleaching, coral reef conservation is at a timely crossroads. There is a new urgency to support and strengthen a rich history of conservation partnerships and actions, while also building toward new actions to meet unparalleled global threats. The goal of this white paper is to...
Article
The world's coral reefs are rapidly transforming, with decreasing coral cover and new species configurations. These new Anthropocene reefs pose a challenge for conservation; we can no longer rely on established management plans and actions designed to maintain the status quo when coral reef habitats, and the challenges they faced, were very differe...
Preprint
The field of systematic conservation planning has grown substantially, with hundreds of publications in the peer-reviewed literature and numerous applications to regional conservation planning globally. However, the extent to which systematic conservation plans have influenced management is unclear. This paper analyses factors that facilitate the t...
Preprint
Systematic conservation planning (SCP) has increasingly been used to prioritize conservation actions, including the design of new protected areas to achieve conservation objectives. Over the last 10 years, the number of marine SCP studies has increased exponentially, yet there is no structured or reliable way to find information on methods, trends,...
Article
Full-text available
Systematic conservation planning (SCP) has increasingly been used to prioritize conservation actions, including the design of new protected areas to achieve conservation objectives. Over the last 10 years, the number of marine SCP studies has increased exponentially, yet there is no structured or reliable way to find information on methods, trends,...
Article
Full-text available
The field of systematic conservation planning has grown substantially, with hundreds of publications in the peer-reviewed literature and numerous applications to regional conservation planning globally. However, the extent to which systematic conservation plans have influenced management is unclear. This paper analyses factors that facilitate the t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Increased loads of land-based pollutants are a major threat to coastal-marine ecosystems. Identifying the affected marine areas and the scale of influence on marine ecosystems is critical to assess the ecological impacts of degraded water quality and to inform planning for catchment management and marine conservation. Studies using remotely sensed...
Preprint
Marine reserves are widely used to protect species important for conservation and fisheries and to help maintain ecological processes that sustain their populations, including recruitment and dispersal. Achieving these goals requires well-connected networks of marine reserves that maximize larval connectivity, thus allowing exchanges between popula...
Article
Full-text available
Effective natural resource management (NRM) often depends on collaboration through formal and informal relationships. Social network analysis (SNA) provides a framework for studying social relationships; however, a deeper understanding of the nature of these relationships is often missing. By integrating multiple analytical methods (including SNA,...
Book
Full-text available
In the face of climate change, warming oceans, and repeated mass coral bleaching, coral reef conservation is at a timely crossroads. There is a new urgency to support and strengthen a rich history of conservation partnerships and actions, while also building toward new actions to meet unparalleled global threats. The goal of this white paper is to...
Article
Full-text available
In the face of climate change, warming oceans, and repeated mass coral bleaching, coral reef conservation is at a timely crossroads. There is a new urgency to support and strengthen a rich history of conservation partnerships and actions, while also building toward new actions to meet unparalleled global threats. The goal of this white paper is to...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is driving shifts in social-ecological systems globally. In response, humans must adapt to altered climatic and environmental conditions. While climate change adaptation is a pressing issue in many sectors and regions, the adaptation of environmental management strategies is particularly urgent because of the severity and extent of r...
Article
During 2015-2016, record temperatures triggered a pan-tropical episode of coral bleaching, the third global-scale event since mass bleaching was first documented in the 1980s. Here we examine how and why the severity of recurrent major bleaching events has varied at multiple scales, using aerial and underwater surveys of Australian reefs combined w...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Executive Summary There is much interest in ‘developing’ Northern Australia with a parallel commitment to “caring for the unique Australian landscape” (Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet 2014). However, trying to decide how to ‘develop’ and ‘protect’ simultaneously is a non-trivial task. There are many modelling tools: integrated models, fram...
Article
Full-text available
Prácticas de pesca no sustentables y cambio climático son algunas de las principales amenazas para los ecosistemas marinos y sus servicios ecosistémicos. Las zonas de recuperación pesquera (ZRP) son una herramienta que permite contrarrestar los efectos negativos de estas amenazas y cumplir objetivos de manejo pesquero, conservación de la biodiversi...
Article
Full-text available
Development of land resources can contribute to increased economic productivity but can also negatively affect the extent and condition of native vegetation, jeopardize the persistence of native species, reduce water quality, and erode ecosystem services. Spatial planning must therefore balance outcomes for conservation, development, and social goa...
Data
Frequency (1–4) of agricultural land uses (perennial irrigation, annual irrigation and rainfed cropping) in subcatchments across the four scenarios for the two precincts (Douglas Daly precinct in the North and Katherine precinct in the South). (PDF)
Data
Frequency (1–4) of agricultural land uses (perennial irrigation, annual irrigation and rainfed cropping) in subcatchments across the four scenarios. (DOCX)
Data
Numerical results for estimated changes in stakeholder satisfaction with changes in the Daly catchment. Reported satisfaction with changes in the catchment from [22] and estimated satisfaction from extrapolation (indicated with *) as they relate to A) 10% clearing scenarios and B) 20% clearing scenarios. Numbers based on averages from 0–10 Likert s...
Data
Changes in satisfaction with potential future states of environmental characteristics compared to satisfaction with current states as they relate to 10% and 20% clearing scenarios. For characteristics for which respondents were prompted to report only a single satisfaction (e.g. water level dropped in the Daly (dry season) we used the most similar...
Data
Integration of models and analysis for land-sea planning (PDF)
Data
Pollutant event mean concentrations used in catchment model (PDF)
Article
Pursuing development and conservation goals often requires thinking and planning across terrestrial, freshwater and marine realms because many threats and social–ecological processes transcend realm boundaries. Consequently, effective conservation planning must consider the social and ecological links between realms and follow a cross-realm approac...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of protected areas varies, partly because socioeconomic factors are not sufficiently considered in planning and management. Although integrating socioeconomic factors into systematic conservation planning is increasingly advocated, research is needed to progress from recognition of these factors to incorporating them effectively in spa...
Article
Human-induced changes in flows of water, nutrients, and sediments have impacts on marine ecosystems. Quantifying these changes to systematically allocate management actions is a priority for many areas worldwide. Modeling nutrient and sediment loads and contributions from subcatchments can inform prioritization of management interventions to mitiga...
Article
Full-text available
A través de un enfoque colaborativo y sistémico se diseñó una red de reservas marinas en la Región de la Grandes Islas, Golfo de California, facilitado por el uso del programa Marxan, empleado en otras partes del mundo con excelentes resultados. El objetivo principal de la red es proteger especies de invertebrados y peces asociados a los arrecifes...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation planning has historically been restricted to planning within single realms (i.e. marine, terrestrial or freshwater). Recently progress has been made in approaches for cross-realm planning which may enhance the ability to effectively manage processes that sustain biodiversity and ecosystem functions (e.g., connectivity) and thus minimiz...
Article
Illegal exploitation of resources is a cause of environmental degradation worldwide. The effectiveness of conservation initiatives such as marine protected areas relies on users' compliance with regulations. Although compliance can be motivated by social norms (e.g. peer pressure and legitimacy), some enforcement is commonly necessary. Enforcement...
Article
Full-text available
Northern Australia covers vast and diverse landscapes comprising largely public and Indigenous tenures. Long-term Aboriginal and pastoral management, isolation and a challenging terrain and climate have shaped a landscape of national, if not international, conservation value. Northern Australia, however, also has a fragile economy, and there is ten...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Description of current remote sensing methods and data available to map flood plumes, water types and pollutants (dissolved inorganic nitrogen, total suspended solids) in the Great Barrier Reef. Surface exposure maps produced for the dissolved inorganic nitrogen, total suspended solids for the period 2007 and 2011. Exposure maps provide an indicati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A risk assessment method was developed and applied to the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) to provide robust and scientifically defensible information for policy makers and catchment managers on the key land-based pollutants of greatest risk to the health of the two main GBR ecosystems (coral reefs and seagrass beds). This information was used to inform ma...
Article
Data on the location and extent of protected areas, ecosystems, and species' distributions are essential for determining gaps in biodiversity protection and identifying future conservation priorities. However, these data sets always come with errors in the maps and associated metadata. Errors are often overlooked in conservation studies, despite th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The goals of this chapter are to provide an overview of established good practices in marine and freshwater conservation planning, highlight distinctive characteristics of marine and freshwater systems important for their conservation, and place these systems in the broader framework of conservation planning. We highlight elements of marine and fre...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Reef Rescue Marine Monitoring Program (MMP) undertaken in the Great Barrier Reef lagoon assesses the long-term effectiveness of the Australian and Queensland Government’s Reef Water Quality Protection Plan and the Australian Government Reef Rescue initiative. The MMP was established in 2005 to help assess the long-term status and health of Reef...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En el Plan de Manejo de la Región de las Grandes Islas (RGI) del Golfo de California, México, las organizaciones de la sociedad civil (Comunidad y Biodiversidad, A.C. y Pronatura, A.C.) y el gobierno (Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas), han identificado la necesidad de diseñar e implementar nuevas zonas de protección o reservas marina...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There has been a well-recognized link between declining water quality and the ecological health of coastal ecosystems. A strong driver of water quality change in the Great Barrier Reef (hereafter GBR) is the pulsed or intermittent nature of terrestrial inputs into marine ecosystems, particularly close to the coast. Delivery of potentially detriment...