Jordi Llabres

Jordi Llabres
University of the Balearic Islands | UIB · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

60
Publications
24,993
Reads
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753
Citations
Citations since 2016
4 Research Items
342 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Additional affiliations
August 1995 - present
University of the Balearic Islands
Position
  • Vice Rector of Innovation and Knowledge Transfer
Position
  • Psychotherapy Behavior Modification

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Full-text available
Growing evidence supports the hypothesis that temperamental traits are not static throughout adolescence. The known links between both reactive and regulatory temperament and anxiety symptoms should be investigated bearing this hypothesis in mind. This study collected self-reported data on behavioral inhibition system (BIS) sensitivity, attentional...
Article
Full-text available
Smartphone applications (apps) improve accessibility to smoking cessation treatments. The NoFumo+ app administers a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy program for smoking cessation. This study evaluates the efficacy of NoFumo+ for quitting smoking or reducing cigarette consumption versus the usual information-based treatment. A clinical trial was conduct...
Article
The risk of suffering anxiety disorders is associated with sustained subthreshold symptoms of anxiety. This study evaluated the stability of anxiety scores (high, moderate or low) across a six-month period in early adolescents (N = 95). The associations between sustained anxiety, vagally-mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV), sympathetic activity...
Article
Full-text available
Maladaptive patterns of cardiac adjustment to stress in adolescents may reveal their vulnerability to anxiety disorders (ADs). Traditional research in this field has focused on anxiety levels, whereas the time course of anxiety has rarely been considered. Nevertheless, since overall anxiety decreases as adolescence progresses, increasing time cours...
Article
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This study analyses participants’ preferences regarding three computeraided exposure treatments for fear of flying (FF): virtual reality exposure treatment assisted by a therapist (VRET), computer-aided exposure with a therapist present throughout exposure sessions (CAE-T), and self-administered computer-aided exposure (CAE-SA). Sixty participants...
Article
Nonlinear measures can capture the complex structure of the heart beating, and recordings taken while the individual performs daily activities may help to understand the cardiac system's output in natural conditions. As healthy systems are characterized by having highly complex outputs, we hypothesized that the cardiac output from high anxious adol...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to introduce the TrANS Project and the first results obtained from two studies. This Project allows to examine trajectories of anxiety symptoms and state anxiety in adolescents by means of ICT, in particular a secure social network for data collection. Study 1 describes the structure and functioning of the secure social net...
Article
Variability in both frontal and parietal spontaneous EEG activity, using α and β band power and θ/β and δ/β ratios, was explored in a sample of 96 healthy volunteers as a potential correlate of individual differences in spontaneous emotion regulation (SER). Following a baseline EEG recording, participants were asked to continuously rate their disco...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to introduce the TrANS Project and the first results obtained from two studies. This Project allows to examine trajectories of anxiety symptoms and state anxie- ty in adolescents by means of ICT, in particular a secure social network for data collection. Study 1 describes the structure and functioning of the secure social n...
Article
Attentional network functioning in emotionally neutral conditions and self-reported attentional control (AC) were analysed as predictors of the tendency to engage in dysfunctional emotion regulation strategies. Diminished attentional orienting predicted an increased tendency to engage in brooding rumination, and enhanced alertness predicted a great...
Article
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The goals of this study were (a) to examine the psychometric properties of a Catalan version of the Effortful control scale of the Adult Temperament Questionnaire short-form and (b) to analyze the relationships among effortful control (EC), negative affectivity (NA), and the use of negative cognitive emotion regulation (ER) strategies. In a sample...
Article
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Effective regulation of emotions requires the ability to voluntarily manage attention, i.e. attentional control (AC), which has been related to heart rate variability and vagal tone in laboratory based research. In this study, we calculated the correlation dimension (CD), the fractal-like properties (scaling exponents ?1 and ?2, and fractal dimensi...
Article
The present study explores both resting cortical EEG asymmetry and vagally-mediated heart rate variability (HRV), as an index for vagal tone, as physiological correlates of self-reported attentional control in a sample of 53 healthy young adults. Regression analyses indicate that higher vagally-mediated HRV and lower right-sided parietal activity i...
Article
Several studies have reported differences in long-range temporal correlations of EEG oscillations between depressed and nondepressed individuals. The question remains unsolved whether these differences are also linked to negative emotion regulation strategies that configure a depressive style. In this study we applied detrended fluctuation analysis...
Article
Introduction: The interplay of reactive and regulatory temperamental processes appears to be essential for a better understanding of emotional states and disorders. In this study we explored the prospective relationship between reactive temperament (negative affect), regulatory temperament (effortful control), negative emotion regulation styles (r...
Article
Full-text available
The cognitive regulation of emotions is important for human adaptation. Self-focused emotion regulation (ER) strategies have been linked to the development and persistence of anxiety and depression. A vast array of research has provided valuable knowledge about the neural correlates of the use of specific self-focused ER strategies; however, the re...
Article
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The goal of this study was to explore why certain patients in a previous study on exposure therapy for flight phobia did not experience an improvement in their conditions. Participants from a treatment study (N = 45) were selected according to post-treatment results and divided into two groups: the unsatisfactory treatment outcome group (UTO, N = 1...
Article
This study tested the hypothesis that flight-phobic patients experience change at different rates even when they are receiving identical treatment. Faster within-session rates of change (WSRC) were expected for patients who required fewer exposure sessions. The study also tested the theoretical role of autonomic flexibility on WSRC. High flexibilit...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence is growing that two modalities of computer-based exposure therapies--virtual reality and computer-aided psychotherapy--are effective in treating anxiety disorders, including fear of flying. However, they have not yet been directly compared. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy of three computer-based exposure treatments for fe...
Article
The aim of our study was to characterize brain dynamics of affective modulation of somatosensory processing in chronic pain. We hypothesized that chronic pain patients will show abnormal EEG activity under negative mood conditions compared to healthy controls. Nineteen patients with chronic pain and 21 healthy subjects participated in the experimen...
Article
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En este estudio de caso único se registró la actividad electroencefalográfica (EEG) de una paciente fóbica a las serpientes una semana antes del tratamiento, una semana después de una exitosa terapia de exposición en una sesión y un año después. El EEG se obtuvo en situación de reposo y durante la presentación de imágenes de serpientes, imágenes co...
Article
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Phylogenetic fears involve stimuli representing a real or potential threat to the species¿ evolutionary ancestors. We tested whether individuals with a phylogenetic fear (spider phobics, n = 17) differed in EEG general activity (delta band power) of the oldest brain system and in complexity from individuals with a non-phylogenetic fear (flight phob...
Article
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This review introduces the state of the art in computer-assisted treatment for behavioural disorders. The core of the paper is devoted to describe one of these interventions providing computer-assisted exposure for flight phobia treatment, the Computer-Assisted Fear of Flying Treatment (CAFFT). The rationale, contents and structure of the CAFFT are...
Article
In the present study a computer-assisted exposure-based treatment was applied to 54 flight phobics and the predictive role of vagally mediated heart rate (HR) variability (high frequency, 0.15-0.4 Hz band power) and heart rate entropy (HR time series sample entropy) on treatment outcome was investigated. Both physiological measures were taken under...
Article
This quasi-experimental study analyzes the compared effectiveness of two teaching metholodologies, one based on seminars with frequent testing (group S), and the other based on lectures and a single final exam (group M) and students' commitment and willingness to follow these teaching methodologies in a course on Behaviour Therapy included in the P...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio cuasi-experimental analiza la eficacia de una metodología docente basada en seminarios y evaluación continua (grupo S) respecto a la basada en clases magistrales y una única prueba de evaluación final (grupo M), y la disposición del alumnado a seguir estas metodologías y su grado de implicación en la asignatura Terapia de Conducta de l...
Article
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A dia d’avui les TIC segueixen sense formar part de la realitat quotidiana dels centres educatius, i ara l’excusa no pot ser només la manca d’ordinadors. Per què no s’usen les TIC a les aules? Per què s’haurien d’utilitzar? Com s’hauria de fer? L’objectiu d’aquestes línies és reflexionar, des d’una perspectiva pràctica, sobre les possibles resposte...
Article
In this study we explored the changes in the variability and complexity of the electrocardiogram (ECG) of flight phobics (N=61) and a matched non-phobic control group (N=58) when they performed a paced breathing task and were exposed to flight related stimuli. Lower complexity/entropy values were expected in phobics as compared to controls. The pho...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this experiment was to explore changes in the vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV) of flight phobics during exposure to feared stimuli. A paced breathing task was included to control for respiration effects. Sixty-one flight phobics (40 women) with a mean age of 39.07 years (SD = 11.24) participated in the study. The root mean o...
Article
Full-text available
Research within the framework of the nonlinear dynamical systems (NDS) in the field of anxiety disorders has shown that greater irregularity/complexity appears in the output from healthy systems. In this study we measured the Heart rate variability (HRV) and the sample sntropy (SampEn) of the ECG mV time series of fearful flyers (N = 15) and a matc...
Article
Full-text available
Computer-assisted treatments have proven to be effective in the treatment of several anxiety disorders and depression, but the role of exposure remains unclear. This study compares the efficacy of a computer-assisted exposure treatment (CAE) with a brief multicomponent nonexposure treatment (MNE) for flight phobia. Outcome measure assessments were...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this experiment was to explore changes in the vagally mediated heart rate variability (HRV) of flight phobics during exposure to feared stimuli. A paced breathing task was included to control for respiration effects. Sixty-one flight phobics (40 women) with a mean age of 39.07 years (SD = 11.24) participated in the study. The root mean o...
Article
Previous research has shown that phobic subjects with low heart rate variability (HRV) are less able to inhibit an inappropriate response when confronted with threatening words compared to phobic subjects with high HRV [Johnsen, B.H., Thayer, J.F., Laberg, J.C., Wormnes, B., Raadal, M., Skaret, E., et al., 2003. Attentional and physiological charac...
Article
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Chaos theory provides a new way to analyze the psychophysiological functioning of anxiety disordered people. However, in order to apply any of the nonlinear analysis techniques, nonlinearity tests must be performed and nonlinearity must be found in the psychophysiological signal. In this experimental study we use the surrogate data method to analyz...
Article
p. 101-111 Construir un programa educativo adaptado a las necesidades educativas de los alumnos/as, incrementar la capacidad de atención a través de programas de refuerzo de intervalo variable, mejorar el conocimiento estratégico mediante el modelado dinámico, reducir la impulsividad cognitiva y aumentar el rendimiento académico, Participaron en el...
Article
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La Teoría del Caos proporciona una nueva forma de analizar las respuestas psicofisiológicas asociadas a los trastornos de ansiedad. Pero para poder aplicar los métodos de análisis no lineal de esta relativamente reciente teoría, primero es necesario comprobar la existencia de algún tipo de no linealidad que justifique su uso. En este estudio experi...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, the relationship between self-implication during simulated exposure to feared stimuli and Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was explored within the framework of the dynamical systems model of emotion regulation proposed by Thayer and Lane (Thayer, J.F., and Lane, R.D. (2000). A model of neurovisceral integration in emotion regulati...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo cuasi-experimental es doble. Por una parte, se trata de estudiar si el estilo de afrontamiento de los pacientes (buscadores y evitadores de información; monitoring y blunting ) está relacionado con los efectos de la terapia de exposición; por otra, examinar si este estilo está relacionado con sesgos de atención. Aplicamo...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to assess the clinical usefulness of a computer assisted exposure treatment for fear of flying, which already proved to be effective in laboratory, controlled conditions. Two studies, one in Mallorca (S1, N= 12) and the other one in Germany (S2, N=8), were conducted. Patients were recruited using advertisements in the airpo...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the efficacy of computer-assisted exposure (CAE) treatment in helping to overcome flight phobia and analyzes the role of relaxation and information-related components in the reduction of fear. Fifty flight phobics were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 methods of treatment: (a) CAE; (b) a multicomponent method of treatment of informat...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, whether the educational role of the teacher, from a Vigotskyan point of view, can also be taken on by a computer is examined. Software including math and reading activities with three different scaffolding levels were devel-oped and used over a period of 10 weeks (effective time was 15 hours) with third-grade low achievers. Both the a...
Article
The efficacy of computer-assisted exposure (CAE) therapy for the treatment of flight phobia was examined. The subject was a 34-year-old man with severe fear and almost complete avoidance of flying. Six 50-minute CAE sessions and two 20-minute booster sessions were conducted over a period of 1 month. All self-reported measures of the fear of flying...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes the influence of the modeling speed on the process of drawing/copying writing related figures. Thirty first grade students copied four simple figures. The drawing time was measured and the fastest children were assigned to a slow modeling group (SM, n=15) while the slowest children were assigned to the fast modeling group (FM, n...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Este estudio analiza la influencia de la velocidad del modelo en el copiado de figuras relacionadas con la escritura. Se evaluó el tiempo invertido por 30 alumnos de primero de Primaria en la reproducción de cuatro figuras. Los 15 más rápidos se asignaron a un grupo de modelado lento (ML) y los 15 más lentos a otro de mo-delado rápido (MR)....
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: El objetivo de este trabajo cuasi-experimental es doble. Por una parte, se trata de estudiar si el estilo de afrontamiento de los pacientes (buscadores y evitadores de información; monitoring y blunting) está relacionado con los efectos de la terapia de exposición; por otra, examinar si este estilo está relacionado con sesgos de atención....
Article
VISPRO es un programa informático interactivo que se compone de cinco disquetes y un manual para el profesor. El material es una herramienta para que los alumnos trabajen las grafías con la ayuda del ordenador: el/la alumno/a aprende cómo se escriben las letras visualizando el proceso en la pantalla
Article
Full-text available
En: Anales de Psicología Murcia 2000, v. 16, n. 1 ; p. 41-48 El presente trabajo evalúa la eficacia del programa VISPRO. Grafías para el aprendizaje de la escritura de letras en sus fases iniciales. Se evaluó la calidad de ejecución (número de errores) de diez letras en un curso de preescolar (n=27). Los sujetos con mejor ejecución fueron asignados...
Article
En: Análisis y Modificación de Conducta Valencia 1999, v.25, n.104; p. 865-907 Se presenta la estructura factorial del cuestionario de miedo a volar (QPV) (Bornas y Tortella-Feliu, 1995), para una muestra de sujetos con y sin miedo a volar en avión. Para la muestra general, el análisis factorial (componentes principales, rotación varimax) aisla cua...

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