Jordan R. Yaron

Jordan R. Yaron
Arizona State University | ASU · School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy

Doctor of Philosophy

About

79
Publications
329,891
Reads
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542
Citations
Introduction
I am interested in the fundamental mechanisms of inflammation and regeneration in tissue injury and how it can be harnessed to enhance repair.
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - present
Arizona State University
Position
  • Professor
January 2020 - September 2020
Arizona State University
Position
  • Professor
January 2017 - January 2020
Arizona State University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
August 2010 - May 2015
Arizona State University
Field of study
  • Biological Design
August 2006 - May 2010
Arizona State University
Field of study
  • Biological Sciences - Genetics, Cell and Developmental Biology

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
P2X7 purinergic receptor engagement with extracellular ATP induces transmembrane potassium and calcium flux resulting in assembly of the NLRP3 inflammasome in LPS-primed macrophages. The role of potassium and calcium in inflammasome regulation is not well understood, largely due to limitations in existing methods for interrogating potassium in real...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is an antigen-independent, innate immune response to arterial occlusion and ischemia with subsequent paradoxical exacerbation after reperfusion. IRI remains a critical problem after vessel occlusion and infarction or during harvest and surgery in transplants. After transplant, liver IRI (LIRI) contribu...
Article
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Numerous treatments have been developed to promote wound healing based on current understandings of the healing process. Hemorrhaging, clotting, and associated inflammation regulate early wound healing. We investigated treatment with a virus-derived immune modulating serine protease inhibitor (SERPIN), Serp-1, which inhibits thrombolytic proteases...
Article
Full-text available
Immunopathogenesis in systemic viral infections can induce a septic state with leaky capillary syndrome, disseminated coagulopathy, and high mortality with limited treatment options. Murine gammaherpesvirus-68 (MHV-68) intraperitoneal infection is a gammaherpesvirus model for producing severe vasculitis, colitis and lethal hemorrhagic pneumonia in...
Article
Full-text available
Complex dermal wounds represent major medical and financial burdens, especially in the context of comorbidities such as diabetes, infection and advanced age. New approaches to accelerate and improve, or "fine tune" the healing process, so as to improve the quality of cutaneous wound healing and management, are the focus of intense investigation. He...
Article
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Immune cell invasion after the transplantation of solid organs is directed by chemokines binding to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), creating gradients that guide immune cell infiltration. Renal transplant is the preferred treatment for end stage renal failure, but organ supply is limited and allografts are often injured during transport, surgery or by c...
Article
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Background Viral infections are pervasive and leading causes of myocarditis. Immune-suppression after chemotherapy increases opportunistic infections, but the incidence of virus-induced myocarditis is unknown. Objective An unbiased, blinded screening for RNA viruses was performed after chemotherapy with correlation to cardiac function. Methods Hi...
Article
Introduction: Acute respiratory distress syndromes with vascular inflammation and alveolar hemorrhage have high mortality and limited treatment. Autoimmune disease and severe viral infection cause vascular inflammation and hemorrhage. Serine protease coagulation pathways increase inflammatory cell activation and damage. Viruses have evolved highly...
Article
Introduction: Chemotherapy for hematologic malignancies can cause severe cardiomyopathy. Chemotherapeutic agents also induce immune suppression increasing the risk of opportunistic infections. Hypothesis: We have hypothesized that immunosuppression after chemotherapy increases opportunistic viral infections, myocarditis and cardiomyopathy. Methods:...
Article
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Purpose: Chemical corneal injuries carry a high morbidity and commonly lead to visual impairment. Here, we investigate the role of Serp-1, a serine protease inhibitor, in corneal wound healing. Methods: An alkaline-induced corneal injury was induced in 14 mice. Following injury, five mice received daily topical saline application while nine mice re...
Article
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The making and breaking of clots orchestrated by the thrombotic and thrombolytic serine protease cascades are critical determinants of morbidity and mortality during infection and with vascular or tissue injury. Both the clot forming (thrombotic) and the clot dissolving (thrombolytic or fibrinolytic) cascades are composed of a highly sensitive and...
Article
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Progressive neurological damage after brain or spinal cord trauma causes loss of motor function and treatment is very limited. Clotting and hemorrhage occur early after spinal cord (SCI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI), inducing aggressive immune cell activation and progressive neuronal damage. Thrombotic and thrombolytic proteases have direct eff...
Article
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Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is one of the most serious clinical complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The prevalence of DAH is reported to range from 1 to 5%, but while DAH is considered a rare complication there is a reported 50-80% mortality. There is at present no proven effective treatment for DAH and the therapeutics that...
Article
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Obesity sometimes seems protective in disease. This obesity paradox is predominantly described in reports from the Western Hemisphere during acute illnesses. Since adipose triglyceride composition corresponds to long-term dietary patterns, we performed a meta-analysis modeling the effect of obesity on severity of acute pancreatitis, in the context...
Article
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Objective: We review prior studies on the incidence of hypertension (HTN) after earthquakes and present a retrospective analysis of HTN after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. Methods: Prior reports on HTN incidence were reviewed and a retrospective chart review for diagnosis of HTN in 4,308 patient charts was performed over a 7 year period (five clini...
Chapter
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) drives early and long-term damage to organs as well as compounding damage from acute transplant rejection and surgical trauma. IRI initiates an aggressive and prolonged inflammation leading to tissue injury, organ failure, and death. However, there are few effective therapeutic interventions for IRI. The destructiv...
Chapter
Viruses have devised highly effective approaches that modulate the host immune response, blocking immune responses that are designed to eradicate viral infections. Over millions of years of evolution, virus-derived immune-modulating proteins have become extraordinarily potent, in some cases working at picomolar concentrations when expressed into su...
Chapter
Severe inflammatory disease initiated by neurotrauma and stroke is of primary concern in these intractable pathologies as noted in recent studies and understanding of the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the rat model. Successful anti-inflammatory treatments should result in neuroprotection and limit the loss of neurological function to...
Chapter
Immune modulators play critical roles in the progression of wounds to normal or conversely delayed healing, through the regulation of normal tissue regrowth, scarring, inflammation, and growth factor expression. Many immune modulator recombinants are under active preclinical study or in clinical trial to promote improved acute or chronic wound heal...
Chapter
Solid tissue transplant is a growing medical need that is further complicated by a limited donor organ supply. Acute and chronic rejection occurs in nearly all transplants and reduces long-term graft survival, thus increasing the need for repeat transplantation. Viruses have evolved highly adapted responses designed to evade the host’s immune defen...
Chapter
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multifactorial and heterogeneous autoimmune disease involving multiple organ systems and tissues. Lupus nephritis occurs in approximately 60% of patients with SLE and is the leading cause of morbidity. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare but very serious complication of SLE with a greater than 50% ass...
Article
Full-text available
Spinal cord injury (SCI) initiates a severe, destructive inflammation with pro-inflammatory, CD68+/CD163−, phagocytic macrophages infiltrating the area of necrosis and hemorrhage by day 3 and persisting for the next 16 weeks. Inhibition of macrophage infiltration of the site of necrosis that is converted into a cavity of injury (COI) during the fir...
Article
A massive localized trauma to the spinal cord results in complex pathologic events driven by necrosis and vascular damage which in turn leads to hemorrhage and edema. Severe, destructive and very protracted inflammatory response is characterized by infiltration by phagocytic macrophages of a site of injury which is converted into a cavity of injury...
Article
Copper ions play an important role in several physiological processes, including angiogenesis, growth factor induction and extracellular matrix remodeling, that modulate wound healing and tissue repair. In this work, copper-loaded alginate fibers were generated and used as surgical sutures for repair of incisional wounds in live mice. Approximately...
Article
Full-text available
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in massive secondary damage characterized by a prolonged inflammation with phagocytic macrophage invasion and tissue destruction. In prior work, sustained subdural infusion of anti-inflammatory compounds reduced neurological deficits and reduced pro-inflammatory cell invasion at the site of injury leading to improve...
Article
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Viruses are widely used as a platform for the production of therapeutics. Vaccines containing live, dead and components of viruses, gene therapy vectors and oncolytic viruses are key examples of clinically-approved therapeutic uses for viruses. Despite this, the use of virus-derived proteins as natural sources for immune modulators remains in the e...
Article
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The pathogenesis of spinal cord injury (SCI) remains poorly understood and treatment remains limited. Emerging evidence indicates that post-SCI inflammation is severe but the role of reactive astrogliosis not well understood given its implication in ongoing inflammation as damaging or neuroprotective. We have completed an extensive systematic study...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Ringer's lactate may improve early systemic inflammation during critical illnesses like severe acute pancreatitis, which are associated with hypocalcemia. Ringer's lactate is buffered and contains lactate and calcium. We, thus analyzed extracellular calcium or lactate's effects on the mechanisms, intermediary markers, and organ failure...
Preprint
Full-text available
The pathogenesis of spinal cord injury (SCI) remains poorly understood and treatment remains limited. Emerging evidence indicates the severity of post-SCI inflammation and an ongoing controversy in the roles of astrocytes with studies identifying astrocytes as associated both with ongoing inflammation and damage as well as potentially having a prot...
Article
The availability of solid organs for transplantation remains low and there is a substantial need for methods to preserve the viability of grafted tissues. Suppression of solid-organ transplant rejection has traditionally focused on highly effective T cell inhibitors that block host immune lymphocyte responses. However, persistent and destructive in...
Article
Spinal cord injury (SCI)-initiated inflammation was treated with anti-inflammatory reagents. We compared local spinal cord or intraperitoneal infusion of two Myxoma virus derived immune modulating proteins, Serp-1 and M-T7, with dexamethasone (DEX). Hemorrhage and necrosis after SCI initiate a complex pathogenesis dominated by early, severe and h...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and Clostridium difficile infection cause gastrointestinal (GI) distension and, in severe cases, toxic megacolon with risk of perforation and death. Herpesviruses have been linked to severe GI dilatation. MHV-68 is a model for human gamma herpesvirus infection inducing GI dilatation in interleukin-10 (IL-10)-deficie...
Chapter
Serine protease inhibitors are ubiquitous regulators for a multitude of pathways in humans. The serpins represent an ancient pathway now known to be present in all kingdoms and often regulating central pathways for clotting, immunity, and even cancer in man. Serpins have been present from the time of the dinosaurs and can represent a large proporti...
Chapter
Biochemical fluorogenic and chromogenic assays facilitate real-time study of enzyme function. Based on the principle of enzymatic inhibition, these kinetic assays can be adapted to measure the function of serpins. Compared to traditional, electrophoretic study of serpin inhibitory complex formation, kinetic assays allow for finer temporal resolutio...
Chapter
Serine protease inhibitors, or serpins, function as central regulators for many vital processes in the mammalian body, maintaining homeostasis for clot formation and breakdown, immune responses, lung function, and hormone or central nervous system activity, among many others. When serine protease activity or serpin-mediated regulation becomes unbal...
Chapter
Serine protease inhibitors, serpins, can have profound effects on many systems in the body including immune defense systems. The microbiome, specifically the gut and lung bacterial microbiota, is now known, under some conditions, to alter immune defenses. DNA library preparation for microbiome studies is a procedure that prepares microbial genomic...
Chapter
Serpins have a wide range of functions in regulation of serine proteases in the thrombotic cascade and in immune responses, representing up to 2–10% of circulating proteins in the blood. Selected serpins also have cross-class inhibitory actions for cysteine proteases in inflammasome and apoptosis pathways. The arterial and venous systems transport...
Chapter
Serpins function as a trap for serine proteases, presenting the reactive center loop (RCL) as a target for individual proteases. When the protease cleaves the RCL, the serpin and protease become covalently linked leading to a loss of function of both the protease and the serpin; this suicide inhibition is often referred to as a “mouse trap.” When t...
Article
Full-text available
Early damage to transplanted organs initiates excess inflammation that can cause ongoing injury, a leading cause for late graft loss. The endothelial glycocalyx modulates immune reactions and chemokine-mediated haptotaxis, potentially driving graft loss. In prior work, conditional deficiency of the glycocalyx-modifying enzyme N-deacetylase-N-sulfot...
Article
Full-text available
The exocrine pancreatic acinar cell is unique for its rapid protein synthesis and packaging in zymogen granules (ZGs). However, while crucial to the pathogenesis of pancreatitis, the signaling involved in the transit of proteins via the Golgi is poorly understood in these cells. Noting the evidence of c-Src in regulating transit of cargo via the Go...
Article
Full-text available
The Myxomavirus-derived protein Serp-1 has potent anti-inflammatory activity in models of vasculitis, lupus, viral sepsis, and transplant. Serp-1 has also been tested successfully in a Phase IIa clinical trial in unstable angina, representing a 'first-in-class' therapeutic. Recently, peptides derived from the reactive center loop (RCL) have been de...
Article
Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is associated with increased circulating markers of inflammation. Innate immune, or inflammation, pathways up-regulate mononuclear cell responses and may increase risk for recurrent arrhythmia. Chemokines and serine protease coagulation pathways both activate innate immune responses. Here, we measured inflam...
Conference Paper
Background: Recent studies suggest that lactated Ringer’s (LR) use is associated with a milder acute pancreatitis (AP) course than with normal saline. The mechanisms underlying this benefit are unclear. Hypocalcemia is a part of the Ranson’s and Glasgow criteria for severe AP (SAP) and LR contains 3 mEq Ca2+. Here, we tested the effects of increasi...
Conference Paper
Background: We have previously shown that Src family of protein tyrosine kinases is involved in trypsinogen activation. However, the role of specific members is poorly understood. In this study we aimed at identifying the role of c-Src in zymogen synthesis and trafficking using a physiologic glucocorticoid stimulus of zymogen granule production, an...
Conference Paper
Background: Multiple deleterious signaling cascades are simultaneously activated in AP, which may limit the success of targeted pharmacologic approaches. Hypothermia slows biologic processes, decreasing oxygen requirements and metabolic demand, but generalized hypothermia can compromise vital functions. Here we tested the efficacy of a novel transg...
Conference Paper
Background: Being amphiphilic, BAs may regulate biliary AP severity by stabilizing hydrophobic FAs released from fat necrosis in our aqueous in vivo environment. We tested this hypothesis by studying interactions between BAs and FAs in the progression of peripancreatic fat necrosis (PPFN), which in isolation is known to be milder in humans than whe...
Article
Full-text available
The inflammasome is a caspase-1-activating complex that is implicated in a growing number of acute and chronic pathologies. Interest has increased in identifying small molecular inhibitors of inflammasome signaling because of its role in clinically relevant diseases. It was recently reported that the protein tyrosine kinase, Syk, regulates pathogen...