Jop Groeneweg

Jop Groeneweg
Leiden University | LEI · Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences / Cognitive Psychology, Unit

PhD

About

149
Publications
37,038
Reads
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1,825
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - present
TNO
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 1990 - present
October 1985 - March 2017
Leiden University
Position
  • Project Manager

Publications

Publications (149)
Article
When a train passes a red aspect, this is called a Signal Passed at Danger event or SPAD. Sometimes it is easy to identify the SPAD cause but in other cases it is unclear why the incident occurred, especially if the system operated as usual and the train driver was trained and experienced just like his or her colleagues. In previous research, train...
Conference Paper
In this paper we explore the meaning of safety in health care using the concepts of safety, barrier and risk and the Hazard-Barrier-Target model. Safety at the sharp end of health care very much relies on the decisions and actions of professionals providing care. To create safety at the sharp end we therefore need to focus on safety management proc...
Conference Paper
Of all the events that contribute to deaths due to preventable medical errors in healthcare, ineffective communication is one of the most frequently identifiedprimary causes. Failure to speak up or to get others to listen is part of this ineffective communication. Therefore, speaking up behavior of healthcare workers is seen as an important factor...
Article
Full-text available
Employee behavior plays an important role in the occurrence and prevention of incidents, affecting safety margins. In this study, we examine the potential impact of incidental learning on human behavior in the presence of variation in task design. Incidental learning is the day-to-day on-the-job learning that occurs unintentionally. This learning i...
Article
Full-text available
Occupational safety management in the Corona Crisis (in Dutch).
Article
The Last Minute Risk Assessment (LMRA) is a well-known work method to support employees’ risk perception. However, little is known about the effectiveness of the LMRA in providing this support. Here we describe an eye-tracking experiment with which we attempted to gain more insight into the relationship between the LMRA and risk perception and to a...
Article
Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) is a standard tool in some high-risk industries (such as the on-and offshore exploration and production and chemical industry). Presently, existing knowledge concerning human error likelihood and human reliability assessment is insufficiently represented in QRAs. In this paper we attempt to implement the quantificat...
Article
Full-text available
The field of safety and incident prevention is becoming more and more data based. Data can help support decision making for a more productive and safer work environment, but only if the data can be, is and should be trusted. Especially with the advance of more data collection of varying quality, checking and judging the data is an increasingly comp...
Article
What is de behoefte aan benchmarking en informatie over veiligheidsindicatoren
Article
Full-text available
Vanuit het programma Veilig Werken verzamelt het RIVM samen met TNO en de NVVK werkende veiligheidsmaatregelen. Deze maatregelen beoordelen we vervolgens op hun effectiviteit en ontsluiten we via een website. In dit artikel de belangrijkste resultaten van een recent onderzoek.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Injury rates are a thing of the past: building better performance measures for better conversations to provoke change. The Oil & Gas industry has measured safety performance using Injury frequency rates for the last 40 years. Industry thinking is based on the premise that: if we do not have injuries then we are safe, andif we have injuries we are n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Organizational learning is a key success factor for management to improve safety and prevent recurrent incidents. It starts with having insight into the quantity and nature of incidents and deficiencies in general. For employees to report on such occurrences there must be a so-called ‘just culture’ (also considered in terms of its opposite: ‘blame...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) is a standard and mandatory tool in some high-risk industries (such as the on-and offshore exploration and production and chemical industry). Presently, the human factor component is often estimated using expert opinions. In practice, experts may use heuristics such as assuming a failure probability of one in ten or...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Veel bedrijven in met name de petrochemische industrie zijn er de afgelopen jaren in geslaagd het aantal ongevallen sterk terug te dringen. Een van de middelen die is gebruikt om deze verbetering te bewerkstelligen, is de zogenaamde Kwantitatieve Risico Analyse (QRA). Een QRA is een instrument om de risico's voor een bepaalde activiteit te kwantifi...
Article
Objective: Which general management and safety models and theories trends influenced safety management in the period between Three Mile Island in 1979 and Piper Alpha in 1988? In which context did these developments took place and how did this influence Dutch safety domain? Method: The literature study was limited to original English and Dutch docu...
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Full-text available
Research question: What has been the influence of general management trends on scientific concepts of causes of accidents and disasters on and on managing safety? What are the contextual influences that helped shape safety management in this period? Method: The literature study was limited to English and Dutch documents and articles in scientific a...
Article
Organisations spend a considerable amount of time and effort on diagnosing and analysing risks within their organisation. In the area of occupational and process safety, a myriad of employee survey instruments is available. Many studies show that operational processes play an important role in an organisations overall safety. Yet, so far safety sur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Risk-taking behavior is an important contributing human factor to incidents and notoriously difficult to influence. A basic premise of approaches to improving safety by putting in extra levels of protection (e.g. the Swiss cheese model) is that providing information on the number of layers in place does not influence the risk-taking behavior of emp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public acceptance is a major challenge for the siting of facilities like fracking, carbon capture and storage and wind farms. The offering of compensation to communities potentially helps to create the perception of a fairer distribution of local risks and non- local benefits. This may help to prevent or solve siting controversies. This paper will...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Incident investigation and analysis are crucially important parts of the learning from incidents process. They are also highly complex tasks, especially analyzing information to relate "effects" to "causes." It requires the processing and judgment of vast amounts of information under often demanding circumstances like time pressure and lack of reso...
Conference Paper
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Objective: What influence has research conducted by general management schools and safety research had upon the causes of accidents and disasters in relation to the managing of safety between 1970 and 1979? Method: The study was confined to original articles and documents, written in English or Dutch from the period under consideration. For the Net...
Article
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Objective: What has been the influence of general management movements and safety research into causes of accidents and disasters on managing safety in companies from the 19th century onwards? Method: The study was limited to original English and Dutch articles and documents. This part covers the period up to 1979. For the Netherlands, the professi...
Article
Full-text available
These two studies were aimed at assessing technology-aided programs to help persons with multiple disabilities engage in basic occupation or work activities. Specifically, Study I focused on teaching two participants (an adolescent and an adult) with low vision or total blindness, severe/profound intellectual disabilities, and minimal object intera...
Article
Organizations are searching for ways to gain insight into the level of safety in their company so that additional measures can be taken when necessary, and so the effectiveness of interventions can be measured. That said, measuring safety, health, and the environment is not easy. A survey among members of the Nether- lands Society for Safety Scienc...
Article
This paper discusses the role of cognitive psychologists in improving safety. It discusses their approach with the behaviorist and more social psychology oriented perspective. Risk perception and the role of memory in incident investigations are chosen of examples of where cognitive psychologists can have a valuable contribution. The main conclusio...
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Full-text available
Safety management systems have been set up in healthcare institutions to reduce the number of adverse events. Safety management systems use a combination of activities, such as identifying and assessing safety risks in the organizational processes through retrospective and prospective risk assessments. A complementary method to already existing pro...
Article
In questo studio (a) è stata ampliata la valutazione di un programma di orientamento basato sull’uso di segnali sonori (prompt verbali automatici emessi dal luogo di destinazione), applicato a 5 pazienti affetti dalla malattia di alzheimer, (b) sono stati confrontati gli effetti di questo programma con quelli di un altro basato su prompt luminosi (...
Article
I bambini affetti da disabilità intellettive e motorie gravi e profonde hanno spesso difficoltà di equilibrio e deambulazione e trascorrono gran parte del loro tempo seduti o sdraiati, con conseguenze negative per il loro sviluppo. La ricerca ha recentemente dimostrato la possibilità di utilizzare ausili per la deambulazione (con supporto) e micros...
Article
Full-text available
These two studies were aimed at evaluating standard technology resources for supporting activity and travel among patients with moderate Alzheimer's disease. Specifically, Study I assessed a pictorial instruction program relying on the use of a portable computer and a commercially available and inexpensive video editing software for supporting the...
Article
Full-text available
Learning from incidents is a subject that is important to most organizations. We see the ‘learning from incidents processes’ as a set of processes from reporting an incident to verifying the effectiveness of the measures taken. This study aims to identify how learning can be more successful and more efficient, by identifying conditions that influen...
Article
Questo studio era finalizzato a valutare l’impatto e la percezione sociale di una condizione di stimolazione musicale attiva e passiva applicata a sei pazienti con malattia di alzheimer. Nella condizione attiva, i pazienti utilizzavano una semplice risposta manuale e un microswitch allo scopo di regolare autonomamente la stimolazione. Nella condizi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper will discuss the results of a study outside the petrochemical industry (Vandevis (2008), but the results may have a profound effect on the way organizations try to influence their safety climate by setting so called SMART goals. It was conducted within the electrical high voltage contracting industry in Ontario, Canada and the objective...
Conference Paper
Leren van incidenten is voor veel organisatie een belangrijk onderwerp. Wanneer organisaties lessen trekken uit ervaringen en de lessen gebruiken om te verbeteren kunnen negatieve gebeurtenissen- zoals ongevallen - worden voorkomen. Dit artikel beschrijft dat organisaties beter en efficiënter kunnen leren, door de omgevingsfactoren die de leerproce...
Article
Full-text available
Many incidents have occurred because organisations have failed to learn from lessons of the past. This means that there is room for improvement in the way organisations analyse incidents, generate measures to remedy identified weaknesses and prevent reoccurrence: the learning from incidents process. To improve that process, it is necessary to gain...
Conference Paper
Organisations are looking for ways to gain insight into the level of safety in their company so that additional measures can be taken when necessary and the effectiveness of interventions can be measured. That said, measuring safety, health and the environment is not easy. A survey among members of the NVVK (the Dutch Society for Safety Science) wa...
Conference Paper
Many organizations try to prevent reoccurrence of incidents by analyzing incidents and implement recommendations based in their findings. Unfortunately this approach is not without pitfalls. Between ‘reporting’ and ‘evaluation of the effect of actions’ there are several hurdles to be taken. Only by looking at all the steps in the process organizati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the Shell Group of companies (Shell), keeping people safe at work is a deeply held value and the company actively pursues the goal of no harm to people. Shell actively works to build a culture where every employee and contractor takes responsibility for making this goal possible - it is called "Goal Zero". After reviewing work-related fatali...
Article
These two case studies assessed technology-based programs for promoting walking fluency and improving foot-ground contact during walking with a man and a woman with multiple disabilities, respectively. The man showed breaks during walking and the woman presented with toe walking. The technology used in the studies included a microprocessor with spe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The main purpose of our ongoing study is to develop knowledge on how to improve learning from incidents in organisations. In this phase of the study insight into the main bottlenecks is created. Many organizations investigate accidents and incidents to understand what happened, what caused it and why, and how to learn lessons from them to prevent...
Article
This study assessed the use of microswitch technology to promote mouth-drying responses and thereby reduce the effects of drooling by two adults with severe intellectual and multiple disabilities. Mouth-drying responses were performed via a special napkin that contained pressure sensors, a microprocessor and an MP3 to monitor the responses and ensu...
Article
An intervention using the Tripod Delta diagnostic tool in the Beatrix Hospital in the Netherlands led to a significant improvement in the way the internal processes were managed. By taking away the focus from the individual health care employee the findings from the survey allowed the organization to address the systemic weaknesses in the way the o...
Article
In many organizations, personal safety and process safety are managed in the same way. This can lead to the dangerous conclusion that if personal safety statistics are improving the chances of a process related incident are reduced too.
Article
Children with severe or profound intellectual and motor disabilities often present problems of balance and ambulation and spend much of their time sitting or lying, with negative consequences for their development and social status. Recent research has shown the possibility of using a walker (support) device and microswitches with preferred stimuli...
Article
The term patient safety is misleading suggesting that the patient rather than the health care system is the object of attention in preventing medical error.
Article
Managing human error is more complicated than most organizations accept. The focus on compliance can only lead to success if the the rules and regulations are possible to comply with, clear, correct and applicable in all situations. In only the most basic processes these conditions are met, in all other situations it is important that employees are...