Joop van Lenteren

Joop van Lenteren
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Department of Entomology

PhD

About

746
Publications
114,689
Reads
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Introduction
Joop C. van Lenteren (1945) is Emeritus Professor of Entomology at Wageningen University (The Netherlands), fellow of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences and Arts, trained as ecologist / population dynamicist at Leiden University (The Netherlands), active in the fields of behavioural ecology, biological and integrated control of pests in greenhouses, and sustainable agriculture. He has published more than 200 peer reviewed papers, supervised more than 80 PhD students and 250 MSc students.
Additional affiliations
July 1983 - present
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
Description
  • Population dynamics, behavioural ecology of parasitoids, natural enemy/herbivore/plant relationships, biological control. host searching behaviour (35 papers), host discrimination in parasitioids (20 papers), learning in parasitoids etc.
July 1983 - June 2010
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Entomology, Ecology, Crop Protection and Biological Control for undergraduates and graduates at the University of Wageningen, European, USA, Brazilian, Chinese Universities
Education
August 1963 - April 1976
Leiden University
Field of study
  • Population dynamics, experimental biology, ecology, parasitoid host relationshps

Publications

Publications (746)
Chapter
In Latin America different types of biological control, including documentation of natural control, and different biological control agents, entomopathogens and herbivores used in weed management, were applied since the mid-1800s. Numerous successes have been obtained since and importation, augmentative and conservation biological control of pests,...
Chapter
Large scale use of augmentative biological control (the type of biological control using beneficial organisms that are mass-reared for seasonal releases in large numbers) started about 100 years ago. Since the 1970s, the production of ABC agents has moved from a cottage industry that produced a few thousand predators or parasitoids per week, to pro...
Chapter
El control biológico comenzó a utilizarse en los años 1880 en América Latina, y desde entonces se ha con- vetido en un método de manejo de plagas aplicado ampliamente. En la actualidad, cerca de 32 millones de hectáreas están bajo control clásico, más de 31 millones de hectáreas bajo control aumentativo y cientos de miles de hectáreas bajo control...
Chapter
Las actividades de control biológico en 18 (grupos de) islas del Caribe son resumidas en este capítulo. Muchos enemigos naturales fueron introducidos en estas islas a través de Trinidad y Tobago hasta 1980. Asimismo, tuvo lugar el intercambio interinsular de agentes de biocontrol. La mayoría de los proyectos se referían al con- trol biológico clási...
Chapter
Jamaica tiene una rica historia de control biológico exitoso de más de 25 plagas de importancia económica y cuarentenarias. Se registraron aproximadamente 14 programas de control biológico clásico, 13 de control natural y seis de control biológico aumentativo, así como dos introducciones fortuitas. Los programas involu- craron el control de las pri...
Chapter
El control biológico utilizado en Haití es principalmente el clásico. Los primeros proyectos exitosos fueron la mosca negra de los cítricos con un himenóptero parasitoide liberado en la década de 1930, y el control del barrenador de la caña de azúcar por un parasitoide taquínido introducido en 1953. Después de 1970, se intro- dujeron tres himenópte...
Chapter
Se cree que Guyana fue el primer país donde el parasitoide taquínido Lydella minense, coleccionado en 1932 en Brasil, se introdujo con éxito para el control del barrenador de caña de azúcar en el mismo año. Durante este periodo, también se identificaron varios enemigos naturales nativos de este barrenador, así como de otras plagas, como resultado d...
Chapter
El control biológico se inició en Guatemala en la década de 1990, después de que los costos de los productos químicos aumentaron sustancialmente y dieron como resultado una disminución drástica en la producción de, por ejemplo, algodón y tomate. En la mayoría de los casos, el control biológico aumentativo se utiliza en Guatemala. Ejemplos de progra...
Chapter
En los años 60, el control natural fue mostrado jugando un rol importante en la reducción de la población de satúrnidos en los árboles frutales Spondias por los parasitoides dípteros e himenópteros, y en la reducción de las poblaciones del gorgojo del cocotero por un estafelínido. Más tarde, otros casos de alto grado de control natural fueron docum...
Chapter
Desde principios del siglo XX, liberaciones esporádicas y el establecimiento de enemigos naturales introduci- dos lograron un exitoso control biológico clásico de la escama del cocotero y la chinche harinosa australiana, y desde los 1980s, para la mosca negra de los cítricos, entre otras. Después de 1970, las actividades de bio- control aumentaron...
Chapter
Como principales actividades se destacan la introducción de dos especies de taquínidos parasitoides en 1951 para el control biológico del barrenador de la caña de azúcar, que resultó en un buen control. En la década de 1960s se evaluaron parasitoides nativos e importados para el control de moscas de los frutos y polillas de la familia Noctuidae, pl...
Chapter
Los primeros intentos de control biológico clásico practicados entre 1921 y 1944 no fueron efectivos. Ya du- rante la década de 1960, se obtuvo un éxito importante cuando se controló a la cochinilla de los pastos en miles de pasturas con la introducción de un parasitoide. También, el biocontrol de áfidos del trigo por medio de la importación de par...
Chapter
A partir del año 1950, se realizaron numerosas introducciones de especies parasitoides y depredadores como agentes de control biológico clásico de la cochinilla del olivo, el pulgón lanoso de la manzana, la cochinilla blanca del duraznero, la mosca de los frutos del Mediterráneo y la mosca de los frutos del género Anastrepha, con el control de la c...
Chapter
Los parasitoides fueron introducido por primera vez en Belize en el año 1969 para el control biológico de la mosca de la fruta, Anastrepha, spp. sin embargo, otros intentos de biocontrol clásica fueron intoducidos, resul- tando un posible establecimiento del parasitoide, del cual el control fue insuficiente. Durante el mismo periodo, existe documen...
Chapter
Los primeros éxitos en el control biológico clásico en Barbados, algunos en combinación con el control natural, fueron el control de los taladradores de la caña de azúcar, la cochinilla de la caña de azúcar y la candelilla negra de la caña en la caña de azúcar, el control de la escama algodonosa y la mosca prieta de los cítricos, control de la mosc...
Book
Si bien se han publicado resúmenes de la historia y el estado de la cuestión del control biológico para varias regiones del mundo, e.g. Europa, América del Norte y Australia, esta información ha sido escasa para América Latina y el Caribe. Dos de los editores de este libro, Bueno y Van Lenteren, escribieron una reseña en 2003 con el título «Control...
Chapter
Se tienen registros de que el control biológico con agentes de control, tanto microbianos como enemigos naturales de los artrópodos, ha sido utilizado desde el año 1895 en América Latina y en el Caribe, y en la actualidad es utilizado en gran escala. En este Capítulo se presenta información acerca de la historia y la situación actual del control bi...
Chapter
An overview of insect predators used in biological control in Latin America with lists of species and countries where the predators are used
Article
Full-text available
Ecologists study how populations are regulated, while scientists studying biological pest control apply population regulation processes to reduce numbers of harmful organisms: an organism (a natural enemy) is used to reduce the population density of another organism (a pest). Finding an effective biological control agent among the tens to hundreds...
Article
Full-text available
Due to typesetting errors, Table 5 was not displayed correctly in the initial online publication. The original online article has been corrected.
Article
Environmental risk assessments (ERAs) are required before utilizing exotic arthropods for biological control (BC). Present ERAs focus on exposure analysis (host/prey range) and have resulted in approval of many specialist exotic biological control agents (BCA). In comparison to specialists, generalist arthropod BCAs (GABCAs) have been considered in...
Article
Environmental risk assessments (ERAs) are required before utilizing exotic arthropods for biological control (BC). Present ERAs focus on exposure analysis (host/prey range) and have resulted in approval of many specialist exotic biological control agents (BCA). In comparison to specialists, generalist arthropod BCAs (GABCAs) have been considered in...
Article
The egg is the first life stage directly exposed to the environment in oviparous animals, including many vertebrates and most arthropods. Eggs are vulnerable and prone to mortality risks. In arthropods, one of the most common egg mortality factors is attack from parasitoids. Yet, parasitoids that attack the egg stage are absent in more than half of...
Article
The egg is the first life stage directly exposed to the environment in oviparous animals, including many vertebrates and most arthropods. Eggs are vulnerable and prone to mortality risks. In arthropods, one of the most common egg mortality factors is attack from parasitoids. Yet, parasitoids that attack the egg stage are absent in more than half of...
Chapter
We consider IPM as a combination of durable, environmentally, toxicologically and economically justifiable farming practices which prevent pest damage primarily through the use of natural factors limiting pest population growth and disease development, and which resort only if needed to other, preferably non-chemical, measures. IPM is not simply a...
Chapter
First we describe the different types of biocontrol used in greenhouses and present examples of each type. Next we summarize the history of greenhouse biocontrol, which started in 1926, showed a problematic period when synthetic chemical pesticides became available after 1945, and flourished again since the 1970s. After 1970, the number of natural...
Book
Full-text available
The book summarizes the history of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Few publications provide historical detail and the records are, therefore, fragmented until now. By bringing information together in this book, we offer a more complete picture of important developments in biological control on this continent. There are a weal...
Chapter
Joop C. van Lenteren and Matthew Cock Biological control started to be used in the 1880s in Latin America and the Caribbean, and has since developed into a widely applied pest management method. Currently almost 32 million hectares are under classical, more than 31 million hectares under augmentative and hundreds of thousands of hectares under cons...
Chapter
Biological control was initiated in Guatemala in the 1990s, after costs for chemical had increased substantially and had resulted in a drastic decrease in production of, for example, cotton and tomato. Most often, augmentative biocontrol is used in Guatemala. Examples of successful programmes are control of lepidopterans in cotton and vegetables by...
Chapter
Michelle A. Sherwood and Joop C. van Lenteren Jamaica has a rich history of successful biological control of more than 25 pests of economic and quarantine importance. Approximately 14 classical, 13 natural, and six augmentative biocontrol programmes were recorded, as well as two fortuitous introductions. The programmes concerned control of key pest...
Chapter
In the 1960s, natural control was shown to play an important role in the reduction of saturniid populations in Spondias fruit trees by dipteran and hymenopteran parasitoids and in the reduction of coconut weevil populations by a staphelinid. Later, other cases of high degrees of natural control were documented, such as that of the cotton leafworm b...
Chapter
Conservation biological control, implemented in the 1910s by erecting perches in rice fields for insectivorous birds, resulted in effective control of the fall armyworm. Guyana is supposed to be the first country where the tachinid parasitoid Lydella minense, which collected in 1932 in Brazil, was successfully introduced for sugarcane borer control...
Chapter
Philippe Ryckewaert and Joop C. van Lenteren Biocontrol on Haiti is mainly in the form of classical biological control. Successful early projects are control of citrus blackfly by a hymenopteran parasitoid since the 1930s, control of the sugarcane borer by an introduced tachinid parasitoid since 1953. After 1970 three hymenopteran parasitoids were...
Chapter
Biological control activities on 18 (groups of) Caribbean islands are summarized. Many natural enemies were introduced to these islands through Trinidad and Tobago up to 1980. Also, inter-island exchange of biocontrol agents took place. The majority of projects concerned classical biocontrol, while in some cases natural, conservation and augmentati...
Chapter
Classical biological control attempts from 1921 to 1944 were not effective. During the 1960s, an important success was obtained by controlling the rhodesgrass scale in thousands of hectares of pastures with an introduced parasitoid. Also biocontrol of wheat aphids by introduction of parasitoids and predators appeared effective. Further, classical b...
Chapter
Introduction of two tachinid parasitoid species in 1951 for biocontrol of the sugarcane borer resulted in good control. Native and imported parasitoids were evaluated in the 1960s for control of fruit flies and noctuid moths on various fruits in Dominica, but none of them were effective. Several other imports of exotic natural enemies in this perio...
Chapter
Early classical biocontrol successes in Barbados, some in combination with natural control, were (1) the control of sugarcane borers, sugarcane mealybugs and West Indian cane fly in sugarcane, (2) control of cottony cushion scale and citrus blackfly in citrus, (3) control of coconut whitefly in palm, (4) control of fall armyworm in vegetables and f...
Chapter
Biological control with arthropod natural enemies and microbial control agents has been applied since the year 1895 in Latin America and the Caribbean and is currently used on a very large scale. Sources about the history and current situation of biocontrol in this region were not easy to trace and are, therefore, presented in this chapter. Next, o...
Chapter
Edwin E. Sosa1, Fermin Blanco1 & Joop C. van Lenteren2 Parasitoids were first introduced into Belize in 1969 for control of Anastrepha, spp. fruit flies, but although this, and other classical biocontrol attempts, sometimes resulted in establishment, control was insufficient. During the same period, natural control of the West Indian cane fly was d...
Chapter
Javier P. Franco1, Luis V. Crespo2, Yelitza C. Colmenarez3 and Joop C. van Lenteren4 A number of introductions of parasitoids and predators were carried out in the 1950s for classical biological control of olive scale, woolly apple aphid, white peach scale, Mediterranean fruit fly and Anastrepha fruit fly, with control of cottony by the coccinellid...
Book
We consider IPM as a combination of durable, environmentally, toxicologically and economically justifiable farming practices which prevent pest damage primarily through the use of natural factors limiting pest population growth and disease development, and which resort only if needed to other, preferably non-chemical, measures. IPM is not simply a...
Chapter
This book contains 32 chapters focusing on the biological control of many invasive pests, diseases and weeds and ensuring a healthy and sustainable food supply in various countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The rich history of biological control in the region is documented and steps for the future success of the biological control of inva...
Chapter
This book contains 32 chapters focusing on the biological control of many invasive pests, diseases and weeds and ensuring a healthy and sustainable food supply in various countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The rich history of biological control in the region is documented and steps for the future success of the biological control of inva...
Chapter
Biological control started to be used in the 1880s in Latin America and the Caribbean and has since developed into a widely applied pest management method. Currently almost 32 million hectares are under classical, more than 31 million hectares under augmentative and hundreds of thousands of hectares under conservation biocontrol. Achievements in th...
Article
Carabid beetles are common predators of pest insects and weed seeds in agricultural systems. Understanding their dispersal across farmland is important for designing farms and landscapes that support pest and weed biological control. Little is known, however, about the effect of farmland habitat discontinuities on dispersal behaviour and the result...
Article
The tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) represents a global threat to commercial tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) production, both in open field and greenhouse. Native to South America, it spread over the Mediterranean Basin, Europe, Africa and part of Asia in only 12 years, and currently it is reported in over 80 co...
Article
Tuta absoluta(Meyrick), a key pest of tomato, is quickly spreading over theworldand biological control is considered as one of the control options.Worldwidemore than 160 species of natural enemies are associated with this pest, andan important challenge is to quickly find an effective biocontrol agent from this pool of candidate species. Evaluation...
Article
Full-text available
Plants with glandular trichomes may provide protection against herbivores by impeding their movement, but may also hinder natural enemies. We investigated walking behavior and predation rates of the mirid predators Campyloneuropsis infumatus, Engytatus varians, and Macrolophus basicornis on two tomato lines with different densities of sticky tricho...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of temperature (16, 20, 24, 28 and 32 ± 1 °C), host plant (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and factitious prey (eggs of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller) on immature development of three recently found Neotropical mirids, Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho), Engytatus varians (Distant) and Macrolophus basicornis (Stal) were studied at RH 70 ± 10% and 12h...
Article
Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), a key pest of tomato, is quickly spreading over the world. Here we report lifetime predation of T. absoluta eggs by adults of three Neotropical mirid species [Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho), Engytatus varians (Distant) and Macro-lophus basicornis (Stal)]. Prey eggs were offered ad libitum on a tomato leaflet at 24 ±...
Article
Full-text available
Among characteristics that are thought to determine the success of invasive species, life-history traits feature prominently. However, in most cases, these have been determined under laboratory conditions. Here, we use a field set-up to determine immature development time and survival of invasive Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) and native Adalia bipunct...
Article
Tuta absoluta (Meyrick; Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is a key pest of tomato and is quickly spreading over the world. We conducted an experiment aimed at evaluating the control capacity and risk for plant damage of three Neotropical mirid species, Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho; Hemiptera: Miridae), Engytatus varians (Distant; Hemiptera: Miridae...
Article
Full-text available
Plants emit volatile compounds in response to insect herbivory, which may play multiple roles as defensive compounds and mediators of interactions with other plants, microorganisms and animals. Herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) may act as indirect plant defenses by attracting natural enemies of the attacking herbivore. We report here the fi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) acknowledges the sovereign rights that countries have over their ‘genetic resources’. The Nagoya Protocol that came into force in 2014 provides a framework for the implementation of a fair and equitable process by which access to genetic resources, and sharing of benefits from use between donor and recip...
Article
Full-text available
In response to herbivory by insects, various plants produce volatiles that attract enemies of the herbivores. Although ants are important components of natural and agro-ecosystems, the importance of herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) as cues for ants for finding food sources have received little attention. We investigated responses of the an...
Article
Full-text available
Classical and augmentative biological control of insect pests and weeds has enjoyed a long history of successes. However, biocontrol practices have not been as universally accepted or optimally utilised as they could be. An International Organisation for Biological Control (IOBC) initiative brought together practitioners and researchers from widely...
Article
Full-text available
Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), a key pest of tomato, is quickly spreading over the world. We are evaluating the biology and pest control capacity of three Neotropical mirid species, Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho), Engytatus varians (Distant) and Macrolo-phus basicornis (Stal). Here we report about the predation of T. absoluta eggs by all nymphal s...
Article
Full-text available
The Nagoya Protocol is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity that provides a framework for the effective implementation of the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including invertebrate biological control agents. The Protocol came into force on 12 October 2014, an...
Article
Full-text available
The harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, is an important natural enemy of aphids throughout the world, but is now also considered an invasive alien species. We performed a meta-analysis of published life history data to address the question whether invading populations in Europe and North America have life history parameters that differ from nati...
Article
Full-text available
In augmentative biological control (ABC), invertebrate and microbial organisms are seasonally released in large numbers to reduce pests. Today it is applied on more than 30 million ha worldwide. Europe is the largest commercial market for invertebrate biological control agents, while North America has the largest sales of microbials. A strong growt...
Chapter
This proceedings contains papers dealing with issues affecting biological control, particularly pertaining to the use of parasitoids and predators as biological control agents. This includes all approaches to biological control: conservation, augmentation, and importation of natural enemy species for the control of arthropod targets, as well as oth...
Article
Full-text available
The tomato borer Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) is quickly developing into a serious, worldwide pest of tomato. Its larvae penetrate to the mesophyll, resulting in mines in the leaves. Larvae also can attack the stem and fruits, and, thus, tomato yields can be completely lost if no control methods are used. Rapid development of resistance to frequently ap...
Article
Full-text available
The predators Macrolophus basicornis (Stal), Engytatus varians (Distant) and Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho) consume large numbers of tomato pests such as Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and Tuta absoluta (Meyrick). However, they are zoophytophagous and feed on plant parts as well. We evaluated the type and effect of injury caused by nymphs and ad...
Article
Full-text available
Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) has quickly developed into a significant tomato pest worldwide. While the recently found mirid predators Macrolophus basicornis (Stal), Engytatus varians (Distant) and Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho) of this pest are able to establish and reproduce on tomato, biological knowledge of these mirids is still limited. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Tuta absoluta Meyrick quickly developed into a significant pest of tomatoes worldwide. While the mirid bugs Macrolophus basicornis (Stal), Engytatus varians (Distant) and Campyloneuropsis infumatus (Carvalho) prey on this tomato borer, their biology have not been well characterized. Using a mixture of T. absoluta eggs and larvae as food on tomato,...
Article
Full-text available
Biological control is a valuable and effective strategy for controlling arthropod pests and has been used extensively against invasive arthropods. As one approach for control of invasives, exotic natural enemies from the native range of a pest are introduced to areas where control is needed. Classical biological control began to be used in the late...
Article
Full-text available
The solitary parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma is one of the best studied organisms concerning the ecology, behaviour and physiology of host discrimination. Behavioural evidence shows that L. heterotoma uses its ovipositor to discriminate not only between parasitized and unparasitized Drosophila melanogaster larvae, but also to discriminate between...
Article
Full-text available
The tomato borer Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera Gelechiidae), is of growing concern worldwide as a key pest of tomato. In Brazil, the pest is controlled by frequent pesticide sprays, leading to quick development of pesticide resistance in the pest, to high pesticide residue levels on the fruit and to decimation of natural enemies of this and...
Article
The heteropteran predator Geocoris punctipes (Say) has been used in augmentative biological control since 2000 to control Lepidoptera. However, surprisingly, few data are available about the influence of temperature on its population development, which is of key importance to plan the number and moment of releases to obtain sufficient pest reductio...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape structure as well as local vegetation influence biodiversity in agroecosystems. A study was performed to evaluate the effect of floristic diversity, vegetation patterns, and landscape structural connectivity on butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperiidae), carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae), syrphids (Diptera: Syrphidae), and sa...