## About

175

Publications

32,339

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7,204

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Introduction

Computational physicist with interests in nanomagnetism, spintronics, and nonlinear dynamics.

Additional affiliations

July 2017 - August 2017

August 2014 - August 2014

April 2014 - April 2014

Education

June 2018 - June 2018

April 1999 - September 2003

March 1995 - November 1998

## Publications

Publications (175)

Spin-transfer torques in magnetic heterostructures give rise to a number of dynamical processes that are not accessible with magnetic fields alone. A prominent example involves self-sustained magnetization oscillations, which are made possible through the compensation of magnetic damping by the transfer of spin angular momentum from a spin-polarize...

The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in ultrathin ferromagnets can result in nonreciprocal propagation of spin waves. We examine theoretically how spin wave power flow is influenced by this interaction. We show that the combination of the dipole-dipole and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions can result in unidirectional caustic beams in the Damon-E...

Harnessing chaos or intrinsic nonlinear behaviours of dynamical systems is a promising avenue toward unconventional information processing technologies. In this light, spintronic devices are promising because of the inherent nonlinearity of magnetization dynamics. Here, we demonstrate experimentally the potential for chaos-based schemes using nanoc...

We perform a direct comparison between Kramers' method in many dimensions, i.e., Langer's theory, adapted to magnetic spin systems, and a path sampling method in the form of forward flux sampling, as a means to compute the collapse rates of metastable magnetic skyrmions. We show that a good agreement is obtained between the two methods. We report v...

Skyrmions and antiskyrmions in magnetic ultrathin films are characterised by a topological charge describing how the spins wind around their core. This topology governs their response to forces in the rigid core limit. However, when internal core excitations are relevant, the dynamics become far richer. We show that current-induced spin-orbit torqu...

Oxide materials possess a vast range of functional properties, ranging from superconductivity to multiferroicity, that stem from the interplay between the lattice, charge, spin and orbital degrees of freedom, and electron correlations often play an important role in defining such properties. Historically, spin–orbit coupling was rarely a dominant e...

The spectral signatures of magnetic skyrmions under microwave field excitation are of fundamental interest and can be an asset for high frequency applications. These topological solitons can be tailored in multilayered thin films, but the experimental observation of their spin wave dynamics remains elusive, in particular due to large damping. Here,...

We use time-resolved measurement and modeling to study the spin-torque induced motion of a domain wall in perpendicular anisotropy magnets. We show that the most important factor governing domain wall dynamics is the energy difference between a wall at the center of the disk with either a Bloch-type configuration or the Néel-type configuration; thi...

We present an experimental study of vortex dynamics in magnetic nanocontacts based on pseudo spin valves comprising the Co$_2$MnGe Heusler compound. The films were grown by molecular beam epitaxy, where precise stoichiometry control and tailored stacking order allowed us to define the bottom ferromagnetic layer as the reference layer, with minimal...

The development of spintronic oscillators is driven by their potential applications in radio frequency telecommunication and neuromorphic computing. In this work, we propose a spintronic oscillator based on the chiral coupling in thin magnetic films with patterned anisotropy. With an in-plane magnetized disk imprinted on an out-of-plane magnetized...

The development of spintronic oscillators is driven by their potential applications in radio frequency telecommunication and neuromorphic computing. In this work, we propose a spintronic oscillator based on the chiral coupling in thin magnetic films with patterned anisotropy. With an in-plane magnetized disk imprinted on an out-of-plane magnetized...

A theoretical study of delayed feedback in a spin-torque nano-oscillator model is presented. The feedback acts as a modulation of the supercriticality, which results in changes in the oscillator frequency through a strong nonlinearity, amplitude modulations, and a rich modulation sideband structure in the power spectrum at long delays. Modulation s...

We use time-resolved measurement and modeling to study the spin-torque induced motion of a domain wall in perpendicular anisotropy magnets. In disc of diameters between 70 and 100 nm, the wall drifts across the disc with pronounced back-and-forth oscillations that arise because the wall moves in the Walker regime. Several switching paths occur stoc...

We propose a time-delay oscillator using Mackey–Glass nonlinearity based on a pinned magnetic domain wall in a thin film nanostrip. Through spin transfer torques, electric currents applied along the strip cause the domain wall to deform and displace away from a geometrical pinning site, which can be converted into a nonlinear transfer function thro...

We propose a time-delay oscillator with Mackey-Glass nonlinearity based on a pinned magnetic domain wall in a thin film nanostrip. Through spin transfer torques, electric currents applied along the strip cause the domain wall to deform and displace away from a geometrical pinning site, which can be converted into a nonlinear transfer function throu...

Quantum oxide materials possess a vast range of properties stemming from the interplay between the lattice, charge, spin and orbital degrees of freedom, in which electron correlations often play an important role. Historically, the spin-orbit coupling was rarely a dominant energy scale in oxides. It however recently came to the forefront, unleashin...

Magnonics is a budding research field in nanomagnetism and nanoscience that addresses the use of spin waves (magnons) to transmit, store, and process information. The rapid advancements of this field during last one decade in terms of upsurge in research papers, review articles, citations, proposals of devices as well as introduction of new sub-top...

We show experimentally through single-shot time-resolved conductance measurements that magnetization reversal through domain-wall motion in sub-100-nm-diameter magnetic tunnel junctions is dominated by two distinct stochastic effects. The first involves the incubation delay related to domain-wall nucleation, while the second results from stochastic...

We present an analytical model to account for the deformation-induced inertial dynamics of a magnetic vortex. The model is based on a deformation of the vortex core profile based on the Döring kinetic field, whereby the deformation amplitudes are promoted to dynamical variables in a collective-coordinate approach that provides a natural extension t...

Antiferromagnetic materials are promising platforms for next-generation spintronics owing to their fast dynamics and high robustness against parasitic magnetic fields. However, nanoscale imaging of the magnetic order in such materials with zero net magnetization remains a major experimental challenge. Here we show that non-collinear antiferromagnet...

The thermal stability in nanostructured magnetic systems is an important issue for applications in information storage. From a theoretical and simulation perspective, an accurate prediction of thermally activated transitions is a challenging problem because desired retention times are of the order of 10 years, while the characteristic timescale for...

We present an experimental study of vortex dynamics in magnetic nanocontacts based on pseudo spin valves comprising the Co$_2$MnGe Heusler compound. The films were grown by molecular beam epitaxy, where precise stoichiometry control and tailored stacking order allowed us to define the bottom ferromagnetic layer as the reference layer, with minimal...

While ferromagnets are at the heart of daily life applications, their large magnetization and resulting energy cost for switching bring into question their suitability for reliable low-power spintronic devices. Non-collinear antiferromagnetic systems do not suffer from this problem and often possess remarkable extra functionalities: non-collinear s...

Ultrathin ferromagnets with frustrated exchange and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction can support topological solitons such as skyrmions and antiskyrmions, which are metastable and can be considered particle-antiparticle counterparts. When spin-orbit torques are applied, the motion of an isolated antiskyrmion driven beyond its Walker limit can...

We show experimentally through time-resolved conductance measurements that magnetization reversal through domain wall motion in sub-100 nm diameter magnetic tunnel junctions is dominated by two distinct stochastic effects. The first involves the incubation time related to domain wall nucleation, while the second results from stochastic motion in th...

We compute mean waiting times between thermally activated magnetization reversals in a nanodisk with parameters similar to a free CoFeB layer used in magnetic random access memories. By combining Langer’s theory and forward flux sampling simulations, we show that the Arrhenius prefactor can take values up to 10^21 Hz, orders of magnitude beyond the...

An implementation of a lattice-based approach for computing the topological skyrmion charge is provided for the open source micromagnetics code mumax3. Its accuracy with respect to an existing method based on finite difference derivatives is compared for three different test cases. The lattice-based approach is found to be more robust for finite-te...

A theoretical study of delayed feedback in a spin-torque nano-oscillator model is presented. The feedback acts as a modulation of the supercriticality, which results in changes in the oscillator frequency through a strong non-linearity, amplitude modulations, and a rich modulation sideband structure in the power spectrum at long delays. Modulation...

The thermal stability in nanostructured magnetic systems is an important issue for applications in information storage. From a theoretical and simulation perspective, an accurate prediction of thermally-activated transitions is a challenging problem because desired retention times are on the order of 10 years, while the characteristic time scale fo...

Ultrathin ferromagnets with frustrated exchange and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction can support topological solitons such as skyrmions and antiskyrmions, which are metastable and can be considered as particle-antiparticle counterparts. When spin-orbit torques are applied, the motion of an isolated antiskyrmion driven beyond its Walker limit c...

We compute mean waiting times between thermally-activated magnetization reversals in a nanodisk with parameters similar to a free CoFeB layer used in magnetic random access memories. By combining Langer's theory and forward flux sampling simulations, we show that the Arrhenius prefactor can take values up to 10$^{21}$ Hz, orders of magnitude beyond...

Antiferromagnetic materials are promising platforms for next-generation spintronics owing to their fast dynamics and high robustness against parasitic magnetic fields. However, nanoscale imaging of the magnetic order in such materials with zero net magnetization remains a major experimental challenge. Here we show that non-collinear antiferromagnet...

An implementation of a lattice-based approach for computing the topological skyrmion charge is provided for the open source micromagnetics code MuMax3. Its accuracy with respect to an existing method based on finite difference derivatives is compared for three different test cases. The lattice-based approach is found to be more robust for finite-te...

We present an analytical model to account for the inertial dynamics of a magnetic vortex. The model is based on a deformation of the core profile based on the D\"oring kinetic field, whereby the deformation amplitudes are promoted to dynamical variables in a collective-coordinate approach that provides a natural extension to the Thiele model. This...

We characterize spin-wave propagation and its modification by an electrical current in permalloy(Py)/Pt bilayers with Py thickness between 4 and 20 nm. First, we analyze the frequency nonreciprocity of surface spin waves and extract from it the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction constant Ds accounting for an additional contribution due t...

We have conducted experiments to probe how the dynamics of nanocontact vortex oscillators can be modulated by an external signal. We explore the phase-locking properties in both the commensurate and chaotic regimes, where chaos appears to impede phase-locking while a more standard behavior is seen in the commensurate phase. These different regimes...

We present an experimental study of spin-torque driven vortex self-oscillations in magnetic nanocontacts. We find that, above a certain threshold in applied currents, the vortex gyration around the nanocontact is modulated by relaxation oscillations, which involve periodic reversals of the vortex core. This modulation leads to the appearance of com...

Harnessing chaos or intrinsic nonlinear behaviours from dynamical systems is a promising avenue for the development of unconventional information processing technologies. However, the exploitation of such features in spintronic devices has not been attempted despite the many theoretical and experimental evidence of nonlinear behaviour of the magnet...

Harnessing chaos or intrinsic nonlinear behaviours from dynamical systems is a promising avenue for the development of unconventional information processing technologies. However, the exploitation of such features in spintronic devices has not been attempted despite the many theoretical and experimental evidence of nonlinear behaviour of the magnet...

We characterize spin wave propagation and its modification by an electrical current in Permalloy(Py)/Pt bilayers with Py thickness between 4 and 20 nm. First, we analyze the frequency non-reciprocity of surface spin waves and extract from it the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction constant $D_s$ accounting for an additional contribution d...

From the pioneering work of Winter [Phys. Rev. 124, 452 (1961)], a magnetic domain wall of Bloch type is known to host a special wall-bound spin-wave mode, which corresponds to spin waves being channeled along the magnetic texture. Using micromagnetic simulations, we investigate spin waves traveling inside Bloch walls formed in thin magnetic media...

We have conducted experiments to probe how the dynamics of nanocontact vortex oscillators can be modulated by an external signal. We explore the phase-locking properties in both the commensurate and chaotic regimes, where chaos appears to impede phase-locking while a more standard behavior is seen in the commensurate phase. These different regimes...

A theoretical study of delayed feedback in spin-torque nano-oscillators is presented. The macrospin geometry is considered, where self-sustained oscillations are made possible by spin transfer torques associated with spin currents flowing perpendicular to the film plane. By tuning the delay and amplification of the self-injected signal, we identify...

We study annihilation mechanisms of small first- and second-order skyrmions and antiskyrmions on the frustrated J1−J2−J3 square lattice with broken inversion symmetry (Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction). We find that annihilation happens via the injection of the opposite topological charge in the form of meron or antimeron nucleation. Overall, the...

We perform a direct comparison between transition state theory and forward flux sampling as a means to compute collapse rates of metastable magnetic skyrmions. We show that a good agreement is obtained between the two methods. We report variations of the attempt frequency by several orders of magnitude when the applied magnetic field varies weakly,...

The interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) is important for chiral domain walls (DWs) and for stabilizing magnetic skyrmions. We study the effects of introducing increasing thicknesses of Ir, from zero to 2 nm, into a Pt/Co/Ta multilayer between the Co and Ta layers. There is a marked increase in magnetic moment, due to the suppression...

The interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) is important for chiral domain walls (DWs) and for stabilizing magnetic skyrmions. We study the effects of introducing increasing thicknesses of Ir, from zero to 2 nm, into a Pt/Co/Ta multilayer between the Co and Ta layers. There is a marked increase in magnetic moment, due to the suppression...

We present an experimental study of spin-torque driven vortex self-oscillations in magnetic nanocontacts. We find that above a certain threshold in applied currents, the vortex gyration around the nanocontact is modulated by relaxation oscillations, which involve periodic reversals of the vortex core. This modulation leads to the appearance of comm...

We study annihilation mechanisms of small first- and second-order skyrmions and antiskyrmions on the frustrated $J_1-J_2-J_3$ square lattice with broken inversion symmetry (DMI). We find that annihilation happens via the injection of the opposite topological charge in the form of meron or antimeron nucleation. Overall, the exchange frustration gene...

From the pioneering work of Winter [Phys. Rev. 124, 452 (1961)], a magnetic domain wall of Bloch type is known to host a special wall-bound spin-wave mode, which corresponds to spin-waves being channeled along the magnetic texture. Using micromagnetic simulations, we investigate spin-waves travelling inside Bloch walls formed in thin magnetic media...

The interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) is important for chiral domain walls (DWs) and for stabilizing magnetic skyrmions. We study the effects of introducing increasing thicknesses of Ir, from zero to 2 nm, into a Pt/Co/Ta multilayer between the Co and Ta. We observe a marked increase in magnetic moment, due to the suppression of t...

We compute annihilation rates of metastable magnetic skyrmions using a form of Langer's theory in the intermediate-to-high damping (IHD) regime. We look at three possible paths to annihilation: isotropic collapse of an isolated skyrmion, isotropic collapse induced by another skyrmion and annihilation at a boundary. We find that the skyrmion's inter...

We revisit the description of ferromagnetic domain wall dynamics through an extended one-dimensional model by allowing flexural distortions of the wall during its motion. This is taken into account by allowing the domain wall center and internal angle to be functions of position in the direction parallel to the wall. In the limit of small applied f...

Although ferromagnets have many applications, their large magnetization and the resulting energy cost for switching magnetic moments bring into question their suitability for reliable low-power spintronic devices. Non-collinear antiferromagnetic systems do not suffer from this problem, and often have extra functionalities: non-collinear spin order1...

We investigate the Gilbert damping and the magnetization switching of perpendicularly magnetized FeCoB-based free layers embedded in magnetic tunnel junctions adequate for spin-torque operated magnetic memories. We first study the influence of the boron content in MgO / FeCoB /Ta systems alloys on their Gilbert damping parameter after crystallizati...

We study the current-driven skyrmion expulsion from magnetic nanostrips using micromagnetic simulations and analytic calculations. We explore the threshold current density for the skyrmion expulsion, and show that this threshold is determined by the critical boundary force as well as the spin-torque parameters. We also find the dependence of the cr...

We study the duration of the switching events in perpendicular magnetized spin-transfer-torque magnetic random access memory cells. We focus on the sub-threshold thermally activated switching in optimal applied field conditions. From the electrical signatures of the switching, we infer that once the nucleation has occurred, the reversal proceeds by...

We study a spin torque oscillator based on magnetic vortices hosted by a pseudo spin valve, and generated and confined by a nanocontact configuration. In addition to the standard functioning modes of such spin torque oscillators, we present evidence for field and current conditions leading to a novel extinction regime, where the oscillator response...

Current-driven domain wall motion is investigated experimentally in in-plane magnetized (Ga,Mn)As tracks. The wall dynamics is found to differ in two important ways with respect to perpendicularly magnetized (Ga,Mn)As: the wall mobilities are up to ten times higher and the walls move in the same direction as the hole current. We demonstrate that th...

A theoretical study of the current-driven dynamics of magnetic skyrmions in disordered perpendicularly-magnetized ultrathin films is presented. The disorder is simulated as a granular structure in which the local anisotropy varies randomly from grain to grain. The skyrmion velocity is computed for different disorder parameters and ensembles. Simila...

The topologically protected magnetic spin configurations known as skyrmions offer promising applications due to their stability, mobility and localization. In this work, we emphasize how to leverage the thermally driven dynamics of an ensemble of such particles to perform computing tasks. We propose a device employing a skyrmion gas to reshuffle a...