Jong-Ling Fuh

Jong-Ling Fuh
Taipei Veterans General Hospital · Neurological Department

Doctor of Medicine

About

482
Publications
54,335
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20,122
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Introduction
Jong-Ling Fuh currently works at the Neurological Department, Taipei Veterans General Hospital. Jong-Ling does research in Neurology.

Publications

Publications (482)
Article
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Background Restless legs syndrome is a highly prevalent comorbidity of migraine; however, its genetic contributions remain unclear. Objectives To identify the genetic variants of restless legs syndrome in migraineurs and to investigate their potential pathogenic roles. Methods We conducted a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) to ident...
Article
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Introduction : Two common variants of sortilin-related receptor 1 gene ( SORL1 ), rs2298813 and rs1784933, have been associated with late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in the Han Chinese population in Taiwan. However, neuroimaging correlates of these two SORL1 variants remain unknown. We aimed to determine whether the two SORL1 polymorphisms were...
Article
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health issue. CKD is caused by the infiltration of various myeloid cell types into renal tissue, resulting in renal fibrosis and tubular atrophy. Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) surgery in mice is a model of CKD and characterized by high expression of the anti-inflammatory receptor, Triggering r...
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Background: Many studies have been performed on the use of intergenerational programs to improve the negative attitudes and misunderstandings of adolescents toward older people with dementia. However, the findings of these studies are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term effects of exergaming (Kinect) and companionship...
Article
Background: Epidural blood patch (EBP) is a generally effective treatment for spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage through the spinal dura mater. It is still unclear, however, whether application near the leakage site (targeted EBP) is more effective than distal application (untargeted EBP). Furthe...
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Background : We aimed to identify predictors of emergency department (ED) visit by people with dementia (PWDs) and their caregivers with a one-year follow-up in a country with public health system. Methods : Data were collected from a national dementia registration survey. Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use was used. Variables such...
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Background: This study investigated the determinants and use of Taiwan's long-term care (LTC) Plan Version 2.0 (LTC 2.0) services by persons with dementia (PWDs) and their caregivers. Methods: In total, 1268 PWD-caregiver dyads were enrolled for analysis from a national dementia registry. Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use was us...
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Background: The role of the NOTCH3 p.R544C variant, the predominant variant of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy in multiple East Asian regions, in migraine is unknown. Methods: Migraine patients (n = 2,884) (2,279F/605M, mean age 38.8 ± 11.7 years), including 324 (11.2%) with migraine wit...
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Background: There is a dearth of information on male dementia caregivers in Asia and, in particular, on the factors relating to caregiver burden. We aimed to identify factors that may be associated with burden among male caregivers of people with dementia (PWD). Methods: Data were collected from a national dementia registration survey. The careg...
Preprint
Background Two common variants of sortilin-related receptor 1 gene ( SORL1 ), rs2298813 and rs1784933, have been associated with late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in the Han Chinese population in Taiwan. However, neuroimaging correlates of these two SORL1 variants remain unknown. We aimed to determine whether the two SORL1 polymorphisms were asso...
Article
Full-text available
Background Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation to modulate cortical activity for improving motor function. However, the information of tDCS stimulation on different brain regions for dual-task walking and cortical modulation in Parkinson’s disease (PD) has not yet been compared. Objective The objectiv...
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Background Chronic headache may persist after the remission of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) in some patients. We aimed to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, risk factors, and the impact of post-RCVS headache. Methods We prospectively recruited patients with RCVS and collected their baseline demographics, including...
Article
Background Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) could increase mortality risk in people with dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether NPS affects mortality risk in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and whether any specific syndrome of NPS influences this risk are still unclear. Methods In total, 984 participants with dementi...
Article
The clinical manifestations and progression of cognitive function vary between patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Predicting disease course is important for families and clinicians because most patients experience progressive and irreversible cognitive decline despite variations. This study sought to identify...
Article
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) is up‐regulated in activated microglia related neuroinflammation in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Most magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies consistently demonstrated neuroinflammatory changes with elevated glial marker myoinositol (MI) or MI/total creatine (tCr) and lower levels of neuro...
Article
Background/Purpose The long-term disease course and efficacy of maintenance therapies have rarely been investigated in Asian patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Methods Medical records of patients fulfilling the 2015 International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria for NMOSD at three medical centers in Taiwan were systematical...
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Background Cognitive impairment is common in late-life depression, which may increase Alzheimer disease (AD) risk. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether late-life major depressive disorder (MDD) has worse cognition and increases the characteristic AD neuropathology. Furthermore, we carried out a comparison between treatment-resistant depressio...
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Objective Mutations in the colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor gene (CSF1R) were identified as a cause of adult-onset inherited leukoencephalopathy. The present study aims at investigating the frequency, clinical characteristics, and functional effects of CSF1R mutations in Taiwanese patients with adult-onset leukoencephalopathy. Methods Mutation...
Article
Background and Objectives Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption has been proposed important in the pathogenesis of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS), yet not all patients present an identifiable macroscopic BBB disruption, i.e., visible contrast leakage on contrast-enhanced T2-fluid attenuated inversion recovery (CE-T2-FLAIR) imag...
Article
Background The genetic substrate for headache in the general population has not been identified in Asians. We investigated susceptible genetic variants for self-reported headache in a large community-based Asian population. Methods We conducted a genome-wide association study in participants recruited from a community-based cohort to identify the...
Preprint
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Background: Patients with migraine without aura frequently report transient visual disturbances (TVD) other than typical visual aura, but the clinical correlates are not determined. Method: Patients with migraine without aura (MO) that attended the headache clinic were enrolled. Structured questionnaires were self-administered by the patients inclu...
Preprint
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Objectives: To investigate the characteristics and clinical correlates of transient visual disturbances (TVDs) in patients with migraine without aura (MO). Background: Patients with MO frequently report TVD other than typical visual aura, but the clinical significance of the TVDs is not determined. Method: Patients with MO that attended our headach...
Article
Background To differentiate primary headache associated with sexual activity from other devastating secondary causes. Methods In this prospective cohort, we recruited consecutive patients with at least 2 attacks of headache associated with sexual activity from the headache clinics or emergency department of a national medical center from 2005 to 2...
Article
Genetic background has been considered one of the important contributors to the rate of cognitive decline among patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We conducted a 4-year longitudinal follow-up study, recruited 255 AD and 44 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and used a data-driven trajectory analysis to examine the influence of selected...
Article
The AFG3L2 gene encodes AFG3-like protein 2, which is a subunit of human mitochondrial ATPases associated with various cellular protease activities (m-AAA). The clinical spectrum of AFG3L2 mutations is broad. Dominant AFG3L2 mutations can cause autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia type 28 (SCA28), whereas biallelic AFG3L2 mutations may lead to...
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Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at high risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Repetitive photic stimulation (PS) is commonly used in routine electroencephalogram (EEG) examinations for rapid assessment of perceptual functioning. This study aimed to evaluate neural oscillatory responses and nonlinear brain dynamics under...
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Microglia, the immune cells of the central nervous system, play critical roles in brain physiology and pathology. We report a novel approach that produces, within 10 days, the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into microglia (iMG) by forced expression of both SPI1 and CEBPA. High-level expression of the main microglia...
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Background : There has been an increasing interest in studying electroencephalogram (EEG) as a biomarker of Alzheimer’s disease but the association between EEG signals and patients’ neuropsychiatric symptoms remains unclear. We studied EEG signals of patients with Alzheimer’s disease to explore the associations between patients’ neuropsychiatric sy...
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Dementia is related to the cellular accumulation of β-amyloid plaques, tau aggregates, or α-synuclein aggregates, or to neurotransmitter deficiencies in the dopaminergic and cholinergic pathways. Cellular and neurochemical changes are both involved in dementia pathology. However, the role of dopaminergic and cholinergic networks in metabolic connec...
Article
Objective: To investigate the significance of circulating miRNAs in the pathogenesis of RCVS. Methods: We prospectively recruited three independent cohorts of patients with RCVS and age- and sex-matched controls in a single medical center. Next-generation small RNA sequencing followed by quantitative PCR was used to identify and validate different...
Article
Purpose of review: Thunderclap headache (TCH) is an abrupt-onset of severe headache that needs to be thoroughly investigated because the most common secondary cause is subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). There has been no consensus guideline regarding the diagnostic workup. This review aims to provide an update on the evaluation of TCH. Recent finding...
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Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) exerts significant financial expenses on caregivers, and knowledge of caregivers' support for out-of-pocket payment is of great importance for policymaking on the insurance coverage of future AD medication in Taiwan. We aimed to investigate caregivers' willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a hypothetical curative AD med...
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Background/purpose Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a heterogeneous group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by slowly progressive lower limbs spasticity and weakness. HSP type 15 (SPG15) is an autosomal recessive subtype caused by ZFYVE26 mutations. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and clinical and g...
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Background Dementia in the oldest-old is projected to increase exponentially as is the burden of their caregivers who may experience unique challenges and suffering. Thus, we aim to investigate which factors are associated with older caregivers’ burden in caring demented outpatients in a multicenter cohort. Methods Patients and their caregivers, b...
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Mutations in PSEN1, PSEN2, or APP genes are known to be causative for autosomal dominant Alzheimer’s disease (ADAD). While more than 400 mutations were reported worldwide, predominantly PSEN1, over 40 mutations have been reported in Han Chinese and were associated with earlier onset and more affected family members. Between 2002 and 2018, 77 patien...
Article
Objective: To evaluate human glymphatics and meningeal lymphatics noninvasively. Methods: This prospective study implemented 3-dimensional (3D) isotropic contrast-enhanced T2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (CE-T2-FLAIR) imaging with a 3T magnetic resonance machine to study cerebral glymphatics and meningeal lymphatics in patients with rever...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) could increase mortality risk in people with dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, whether NPS affects mortality risk in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and whether any specific syndrome of NPS influences this risk are still unclear.Methods In total, 984 participants with dementia...
Article
Full-text available
Tardive syndrome (TS) is a group of movement disorders caused by the long-term use of dopamine receptor blocking agents. The phenotypic presentation of TS is diverse, ranging from the most well-characterized symptom of tardive dyskinesia to other symptoms, including dystonia, akathisia, myoclonus, parkinsonism, tremor, and tics. These tardive sympt...
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Aim: To investigate the association between candidate gene variants and domains of neuropsychiatric symptoms and its change in a 1-year period. Methods: Seven hundred and ninety-three Taiwanese participants with 47.8% of female, with Alzheimer's disease (AD) were enrolled. Genes associated with a risk of developing AD were selected as candidate...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Dementia in the oldest-old is projected to increase exponentially as is the burden of their caregivers who may experience unique challenges and suffering. Thus, we aim to investigate which factors are associated with older caregivers’ burden in caring demented outpatients in a multicenter cohort.Methods Patients and their caregivers, bot...
Preprint
There has been an increasing interest in studying electroencephalogram (EEG) as a biomarker of Alzheimer's disease but the association between EEG signals and patients' neuropsychiatric symptoms remains unclear. We studied EEG signals of patients with Alzheimer's disease to explore the associations between patients' neuropsychiatric symptoms and cl...
Article
Background: The Severe Impairment Battery (SIB) was developed to evaluate cognitive functions in moderate to severe dementia patients. We aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Taiwanese version of the SIB (T-SIB) in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: AD patients with clinical dementia rating (CDR)...
Article
PurposeAlzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia, and its early diagnosis has become a crucial issue. Machine learning provides a systematic and objective approach in classification. Currently, there are many studies using several kinds of neuroimaging modalities to perform classification in dementia. Support vector machine (SVM)...
Article
Objective The current study explored whether the chances of having migraine are influenced by a youth’s friendship with a migraineur. Methods The study was centered on a community-based non-referral cohort of eighth graders from two middle schools in Taiwan. Among the 642 recruited adolescent students, 610 (95%) (mean age 14.1 years, male ratio 51...
Article
Background and Purpose— Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) has a unique temporal course of vasoconstriction. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown is part of the pathophysiology of RCVS, but its temporal course is unknown. We aimed to investigate the temporal profile of BBB breakdown and relevant clinical profiles in a large sample...
Article
Background Previous voxel- or surface-based morphometric analysis studies have revealed alterations in cortical structure in patients with chronic migraine, yet with inconsistent results. The discrepancies may be derived partly from the sample heterogeneity. Employing both methods in a clinically homogenous group may provide a clearer view. Method...
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Previous studies have reported an association between tooth loss and gray matter volume (GMV) in healthy adults. The study aims to elucidate the link between tooth loss, brain volume differences, and cognitive impairment by investigating the total and regional differences in GMV associated with tooth loss in older people with and without cognitive...
Article
Older patients with cognitive impairment exhibit worse masticatory performance (MP), which may be attributed to poorer abilities of control, learning, and adaptation of oral sensorimotor functions. This study tested the hypothesis that the association between the structural signature of the right premotor cortex (which relates to sensorimotor integ...
Article
Background Medication overuse headache may be associated with widespread alterations along the thalamocortical pathway, a pathway involved in pain perception and disease progression. This study addressed whether brain metabolites in key regions of the thalamocortical pathway differed between chronic migraine patients with medication overuse headach...
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The functional connectivity of the default-mode network (DMN) monitored by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients has been found weaker than that in healthy participants. Since breathing and heart beating can cause fluctuations in the fMRI signal, these physiological activities may affect the fMRI data dif...
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Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is based on symptoms; however, the challenge is to diagnose AD at the preclinical stage with the application of biomarkers and initiate early treatment (still not widely available). Currently, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid-β 42 (Aβ42) and tau are used in the clinical diagnosis of AD; nevertheless,...
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Our study aimed to examine the contribution of commonly used tools, including the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and develop a formula for conversion of these tests in the Chinese population. We also create a predictive model for the detection of Chinese patients’ mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We r...
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Background The pathophysiology of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is unclear. An unbiased systems-based approach might help to illustrate the metabolite profiling and underlying pathophysiology. Methods Urine samples were collected from reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome patients and matched controls recruited in Taipei Ve...
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Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia and also one of the leading causes of death worldwide. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, and currently there is no drug treatment that can prevent or cure AD. Here, we have applied the advantages of using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived neurons (iNs) from AD...
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Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a prodromal stage of dementia, with a higher incidence of these patients progressing to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) than normal aging people. A biomarker for the early detection and prediction for this progression is important. We recruited MCI subjects in three teaching hospitals and conducted longitudinal...
Article
Aim: To examine the effect of vitamin D level on cognitive function and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: We recruited patients with mild AD, and carried out clinical interviews, neuropsychological assessments, laboratory tests and brain magnetic resonance imaging. Results: In total, 146...
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Objectives: To investigate the summative effects of vascular risk factors (VRFs) on the progression of Alzheimer disease (AD). Design: Longitudinal follow-up cohort study. Setting: AD patients from two teaching hospitals in Taiwan with 3-year follow-ups. Participants: A total of 330 AD patients with a mean age of 80.7 years, a mean Mini-Ment...
Article
Background: Although hospice or palliative care for patients with advanced dementia has been implemented for more than 30 years, few studies have investigated the prognostic predictors of 6-month mortality in these patients. Prognostication has been a major obstacle, and 6-month prognostic predictors for patients with advanced dementia are still c...
Article
Background Migraine is associated with syncope. We investigated risk factors for syncope and burden of syncope in migraine patients. Methods Participants were recruited from a headache clinic. All participants provided information on lifestyle, co-morbidity, syncope, headache and suicide, and completed the MIDAS and HADS questionnaires. Genetic da...
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Purpose: Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome primarily affects the young and may not be considered first in an older adult with infection-like encephalopathy. Here, we present the case of a patient who suffered from the acute onset of fever, delirium, and epilepsy, mimicking herpes simplex enc...
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Amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers largely initiate the cascade underlying the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Galectin-3 (Gal-3), which is a member of the galectin protein family, promotes inflammatory responses and enhances the homotypic aggregation of cancer cells. Here, we examined the role and action mechanism of Gal-3 in Aβ oligomerization and A...
Article
Inherent fuzzy entropy is an objective measurement of electroencephalography (EEG) complexity reflecting the robustness of brain systems. In this study, we present a novel application of multiscale relative inherent fuzzy entropy using repetitive steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs) to investigate EEG complexity change between two migrain...
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Background Cold weather is reportedly a precipitator of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) in a few cases. We systematically investigated whether meteorological factors correlate with the occurrence of RCVS. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of a cohort of patients diagnosed with RCVS or probable RCVS, based on Intern...
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Abstract Plasma neurofilament light (NFL) has been proposed as a blood-based biomarker for neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and parkinsonian disorders. However, the relationship between plasma NFL and cognitive decline in dementia due to Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains to be elucidated. In this research, 119 AD, 56 mild cognitive impa...