Jonathan Turner

Jonathan Turner
University of California, Riverside | UCR · Department of Sociology

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279
Publications
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7,387
Citations

Publications

Publications (279)
Article
Full-text available
Research over the past decades has demonstrated the explanatory power of emotions, feelings, motivations, moods, and other affective processes when trying to understand and predict how we think and behave. In this consensus article, we ask: has the increasingly recognized impact of affective phenomena ushered in a new era, the era of affectivism?
Article
Full-text available
In sociology’s formative period between 1830 and 1930, evolutionary analysis organized much theorizing and research. This line of work ended abruptly in the 1920s but, over the last decades, has come back into the discipline somewhat piecemeal with the reintroduction of more sophisticated stage models of societal evolution, functional analysis, hum...
Chapter
A general set of theoretical principles on geo-dynamics is developed. This line of emphasis follows from a critique of current theories of globalization as emphasizing geo-economics over geo-politics and as positing a rather ideologically driven view of the future of globalism toward a world-level polity and socialism. In contrast, this chapter arg...
Article
The Romans coined the word incestrum to denote forbidden sexual unions but they borrowed from the Greeks much of the rich imagery of incest that found its way into Roman myths and narratives. These early efforts anticipated some of the dynamics to be developed much later in more scientific explanations. For example, the Greek tragedy of Oedipus Rex...
Article
Full-text available
The long-standing divide between sociology as an activist discipline vs. sociology as a science is examined in light of the current trend for American sociology focus on a limited set of justice issues resulting from inequalities and discrimination against certain categories of persons. Increasingly, this trend is pushing sociology toward become an...
Article
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Despite long-standing prejudices against doing so, it is time for sociology to reconnect with its roots in biological and evolutionary thinking. Sociology emerged as a discipline when the notion of evolution was actively used in biology, geology, and emerging social sciences. Throughout the nineteenth century, many of the most prominent early Europ...
Article
E.O. Wilson’s Genesis: The Deep Origins of Societies is one of a series of short books where the author has tried to explain human societies using ideas and concepts from biology. While Wilson is to be lauded for his recent efforts to reintroduce the notions of group selection and multilevel selection, he still sustains an emphasis on only Darwinia...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropology and sociology have long been fascinated with incest and the origin of the incest taboo. Incest refers to any illicit sexual act, whereas the incest taboo refers to a “thou shalt not” have sexual relations with offspring within the nuclear family, though in many traditional societies the taboo is extended to a broader kinship network. I...
Preprint
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In this chapter, a new theorisation of emotional valence is proposed that addresses limitations in existing conceptualisations of valence in various disciplinary fields including psychology, sociology, philosophy, and education. Origins of the valance concept are canvassed and critiqued before an more comprehensive and detailed theorisation is offe...
Book
For decades, evolutionary analysis was overlooked or altogether ignored by sociologists. Fears and biases persisted nearly a century after Comte Auguste gave the discipline its name, as did concerns that its effect would only reduce sociology to another discipline - whether biology, psychology, or economics. Worse, apprehension that the application...
Article
Full-text available
World-system dynamics are re-conceptualized as inter-societal systems with some de-emphasis on the notions of core, periphery, and semi-periphery. This tri-part division has been useful in forcing sociology to rethink macro-level sociological analysis and in establishing the importance of considering inter-societal systems as a fundamental unit of...
Book
Written by leading theorists and empirical researchers, this book presents new ways of addressing the old question: Why did religion first emerge and then continue to evolve in all human societies? The authors of the book-each with a different background across the social sciences and humanities-assimilate conceptual leads and empirical findings fr...
Article
Full-text available
Submitting articles to journals has become a difficult and time-consuming process, as has reviewing and re-reviewing articles that too often get the dreaded R&R letter. The underlying problem here is as old as the discipline, particularly in American sociology. Very different criteria are used in producing scholarship and reviewing its merits for p...
Article
Sociology can no longer avoid engagement with biological ideas, but it can incorporate them where they are useful. Most biologically inspired explanations of sociological processes from outside the discipline are simple and, moreover, too reliant on biological rather than sociological models of social processes. Yet, it is possible to engage these...
Chapter
Full-text available
Integration and disintegration of societies occurs at three fundamental levels of social organization: the micro, meso, and macro. Each level reveals it own operative dynamics and sociocultural formations, but equally important are the connections across levels. In this chapter, I explore the mechanisms of integration and, its converse, disintegrat...
Chapter
This chapter emphasizes the constraints that sociocultural formations in societies impose on face-to-face interaction, with the full recognition that such an emphasis is only one half of the story. Interpersonal processes are embedded in societies, institutional systems, stratification systems, corporate units revealing divisions of labor, categori...
Article
Sociological theorizing has dramatically expanded its explanatory range over the last years. Yet, certain enduring problems still divide theoretical work, namely, the questions of whether or not sociology can be a science, whether or not it should be normative and critical or value-neutral, and whether the appropriate level of analysis is micro or...
Article
Professional organizations all exist in resource niches and, over time, confront varying degrees of density and, hence, competition with other organizations. The initial founding and growth, the precipitous decline, and the subsequent revitalization of the Pacific Sociological Association over the last six decades can be analyzed from an ecological...
Chapter
The topic that I have chosen may seem unnecessary to most sociologist because it is generally assumed that humans are naturally social, cooperative, group oriented, and altruistic. This set of assumptions about pro-social behavior is rarely questioned, with the result that it is not considered a problem to discover how these behaviors evolved and b...
Book
Full-text available
Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions Volume II presents all new chapters in the ever developing area of the sociology of emotions. The volume is divided into two sections: Theoretical Perspectives and Social Arenas of Emotions. It reviews major sociological theories on emotions, which include evolutionary theory, identity theory, affect control th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The subject is incest and the fascination of incest. Why the fascination? Because it is forbidden? But why is it forbidden---or is it always forbidden? The quick answer is---not always. But at the very least, the idea of it seems to make us easily uneasy, and at worst, downright hysterical. ___Robin Fox (1980)
Chapter
The theory of mind, as presently constituted, needs to be recast in a more sociological and evolutionary light. The process of intersubjectivity revolves around a series of interpersonal processes that can, I believe, be better conceptualized by extending G. H. Mead’s notion of role-taking. In this chapter, I emphasize that intersubjectivity is ach...
Chapter
Humans are evolved apes, and one of the most distinctive features of contemporary great apes, with whom humans share a good percentage of their genes, is the lack of sociality at the group level. Thus, if the group is the foundation of human societies, as so many claim, it is not a natural unit for an evolved ape like Homo sapiens. There are no bio...
Chapter
In 2008, Howard Kaplan, sociology series editor for the Springer Press, requested that professor Franks undertake this volume. At that time, the latter’s response was that a handbook in neurosociology would be premature. Sociology was behind other disciplines in embracing neuroscience because anything biological was associated with the radical redu...
Chapter
Im Vorwort und im zweiten Kapitel von Social Commitments in a Depersonalized World machen Edward J. Lawler, Shane R. Thye und Jeongkoo Yoon deutlich, dass sie sich den großen Themen widmen wollen, die sowohl von so frühen Soziologen wie Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels (1969, 1959), Max Weber (1972) und Georg Simmel (1995) behandelt wurden als auch v...
Chapter
Jonathan Turner argues in this chapter that the number of resource types in most psychological and sociological theorizing has been rather limited. In an attempt to remedy this, Turner emphasizes the structural bases of resource distribution and the range of key resources in social interaction at different levels of analysis. The institutional doma...

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Projects (2)
Project
Book project with Alexandra Maryanski, A. K. Peterson, and A. Geertz using mdoels of different types of natural selection to explain how religion first emerged and its subsequent evolution to the present.