Jonathan D. Raskin

Jonathan D. Raskin
State University of New York at New Paltz | SUNY New Paltz · Department of Psychology

Ph.D., Counseling Psychology

About

71
Publications
23,704
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959
Citations
Introduction
I am a professor in the Psychology Department at SUNY New Paltz, where I teach in the undergraduate psychology program and the counselor education graduate program. I also currently serve as department chair. My research focuses on constructive meaning-based approaches in psychology and counseling, especially their applications to understanding abnormality and psychotherapy. I am licensed as a psychologist in New York, where I maintain a small private practice. I am also managing editor of the Journal of Constructivist Psychology.
Additional affiliations
August 2006 - present
State University of New York at New Paltz
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2001 - May 2006
State University of New York at New Paltz
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 1996 - May 2001
State University of New York at New Paltz
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
August 1990 - August 1995
University of Florida
Field of study
  • Counseling Psychology
August 1986 - May 1990
Vassar College
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
A survey of psychologists’ attitudes toward the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and its alternatives was conducted. Almost 90% of psychologists reported regularly consulting DSM-5, despite dissatisfaction with it. However, opinions varied by theoretical orientation. Cognitive- behavioral psychologists held positive att...
Article
Full-text available
We outline a context-centered therapy approach to helping clients cope with the coronavirus pandemic. Context-centered therapy is a constructivist approach that emphasizes shifts in an individual’s contexts as the best way to generate therapeutic change. Contexts are defined as sets of presuppositions that shape a person’s experiences. We examine h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Manuscript accepted for publication in the Journal of Humanistic Psychology. Final published version available via open access at https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0022167820937509.
Article
Held (2020) portrays critical and Indigenous psychologists as subscribing to an epistemological “anti-objectivism” that inhibits their ability to combat oppression. She believes that their anti-objectivism yields a troublesome relativism in which truth is overly context-dependent; what counts as true knowledge for one Indigenous group may not count...
Book
Full-text available
This groundbreaking core textbook offers a comprehensive overview of different perspectives on abnormal psychology. The book retains important diagnostic perspectives, including the DSM-5, ICD-10, ICD-11 and PDM, but also widens the scope of coverage beyond mainstream psychiatric models to include psychological, biological, historical, sociocultura...
Article
Full-text available
Five responses to Raskin and Debany's (this issue Raskin, J. D., & Debany, A. E. (this issue). The inescapability of ethics and the impossibility of “anything goes”: A constructivist model of ethical meaning making. Journal of Constructivist Psychology. doi:10.1080/10720537.2017.1383954[Taylor & Francis Online] [Google Scholar]) original target art...
Article
Full-text available
A constructivist model of ethical meaning making is developed. The effort begins by distinguishing three versions of constructivist theory—personal construct psychology, radical constructivism, and social constructionism. Then, the following four premises of an integrated constructivist perspective are presented: (a) People are informationally clos...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research suggests that psychologists and counselors are dissatisfied with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, and open to seeing the development of alternatives to it. Any alternative suitable for psychotherapists must meet certain requirements. A successful alternative must (a) place psychosocial factors...
Article
The results of a survey exploring counselor attitudes toward the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) are presented. The survey revealed that counselors have mixed attitudes toward the DSM. They view DSM positively and see it as both beneficial to their profession and important in determining treatment....
Book
Is constructivist psychology still relevant? Was it ever? Is it merely an obtuse cluster of theories bogged down in obscure epistemological debates of little to no relevance for most people? Why is it that constructivism is so often referenced in the clinical literature, yet organizationally it counts only a small number of people among its identif...
Chapter
Personal construct psychology (PCP) is related to four premises of an integrative constructivism. These premises hold that people are (a) informationally closed systems, (b) active meaning makers, (c) social beings, and (d) able to construe both ontologically and epistemologically. A discussion of PCP's contribution to and consistency with these pr...
Article
Only two published studies, both from the early 1980s, have specifically examined psychologist attitudes toward the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The current article rectifies this by presenting the results of a recent survey of attitudes toward the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5. Though the DSM has changed over the years, psych...
Article
Recent research has found support for a reverse golden section hypothesis, whereby people rate stigmatized identities negatively 61.8% of the time and positively 38.2% of the time. Two golden section studies were undertaken. The first replicated a previous study in which a reverse golden section pattern was found for people rating homeless and ment...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a dialogue about personal construct psychology, radical constructivism, and social constructionism. The dialogue is based on a symposium conducted in July 2011 at the 19th International Congress on Personal Construct Psychology. Jay Efran, Sheila McNamee, and Bill Warren were the participants, with Jonathan Raskin as moderator...
Article
In his recent book, Being Human: Human Being, Rue Cromwell introduced valence tags into the lexicon of personal construct psychology. Doing so has interesting implications for the distinction between cognition and emotion. The personal construct psychology position, which challenges the division of experience into thinking and feeling, is noted. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Counselor education programs have a responsibility to ensure that individuals are competently trained, demonstrate understanding of ethical guidelines, and are free of observable psychological issues that may affect their ability to provide adequate counseling services. Counselor trainees who do not reach or maintain these professional standards ma...
Article
In this chapter the authors pay special attention to ways in which constructions of disorder are often applied in a preemptive manner. The authors analyze diagnostic constructions as acts of meaning. They examine ways in which dominant Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) constructions of disorder often create therapeut...
Article
Biochemical approaches to treating depression are reviewed and critiqued. Three major ideas are advanced about the medical model of depression, with the rise of fluoxetine (Prozac®) used as an example of the application of this model. First, it is stated that psychiatrists and physicians rely on antidepressant drugs too much, often obscuring the po...
Article
In a sense, this book is an exercise in paradox. On the one hand, constructivist, social constructionist, and narrative approaches to psychotherapy- with their emphasis on the inevitably personal and social processes of meaning making- characteristically avoid the stigmatizing implications of psychological "diagnosis" and the unequal power relation...
Article
Who is this Aggressive Fellow and Why Would You Care? The Great Stock Market Crash of Eighth Grade Resisting High School English: Universal Symbols, My Ass! A College Rebel Whines Incessantly Why are We Studying This Kelly Crappolla? ‘Hey, Aggressive Young Scholar: Please Go Away’ The Personal and Social as Mutually Influential The End (For Now)
Article
An evolutionary constructivist approach combining Donald Campbell's selection theory (also known as evolutionary epistemology) with constructivist theories is discussed as it pertains to four issues typically associated with humanistic approaches to psychology: (a) embodiment, (b) agency, (c) human science, and (d) becoming. Ways in which selection...
Article
The notion of essence in psychology is examined from a constructivist viewpoint. The constructivist position is summarized and differentiated from social constructionism, after which constructs are distinguished from concepts in order to position ontology and epistemology as modes of construing. After situating constructivism in relation to philoso...
Article
Full-text available
Context: The late Ernst von Glasersfeld humbly claimed that he was not a therapist and therefore had no comment on the relevance of his radical constructivism for psychotherapy. Problem: Because the constructivist view of psychotherapeutic change is often overlooked, this paper in von Glasersfeld's memory uses his constructivist theory to conceptua...
Article
Many scholars criticize constructivist approaches to psychology for culminating in a nihilistic relativism. This article reviews the problem of relativism within personal construct psychology and social constructionism. It argues that labeling constructivist approaches to psychology as essentially relativist or nonrelativist simplifies the debate b...
Article
The present study used the golden section hypothesis, which predicts that people organize information in a ratio of 61.8% positive to 38.2% negative, to examine age-related identities. It was predicted that people would rate identities of the aging population in accordance with a reverse golden section hypothesis. That is, people would assign negat...
Article
Upshot . Gabriele Chiari and the late Maria Laura Nuzzo's new book, Constructivist Psychotherapy: A Narrative Hermeneutic Approach, is a densely packed little tome that marks the most fully developed effort so far to present a model of personal construct psychotherapy that theoretically incorporates aspects of radical constructivism, narrative psyc...
Book
This volume addresses cutting edge issues in constructivist psychology dealing with theory, practice, and social justice. The volume begins by delving into thorny issues of meaning and communication from both radical constructivist and social constructionist perspectives. Building on this, prominent practitioners share advances in research and prac...
Article
In order to examine whether persons belonging to stigmatized groups are evaluated more negatively than others, this study employed the golden section hypothesis, which predicts that people organize their evaluations in a ratio of roughly 62% positive to 38% negative. Surveys were administered to 154 participants, with 143 surveys analysed. Particip...
Chapter
Basics of personal construct theory and therapyPersonal construct psychology and constructivismConclusion: sociality and enrichment
Article
Open peer commentary on the target article "Who Conceives of Society?" by Ernst von Glasersfeld. First paragraph: Ernst von Glasersfeld sets out to explain how familiar patterns (signs) arise in private experience - and how they are extracted or " recognized" as such. These patterns are recursive, which imposes significance (familiarity) on them, a...
Book
Constructivist psychotherapy remains somewhat unfamiliar to many clinicians, despite offering a variety of innovative and practical therapeutic approaches and techniques. In this volume, constructivist psychology is presented as it relates to everyday practice. The chapters provide many examples of what constructivist psychotherapy looks like in th...
Article
This article examines how evolutionary theory is relevant to constructivist psychology. Specifically, Donald T. Campbell's evolutionary epistemology is used as a framework for examining five issues facing constructivism: (1) realism, (2) cognitivism, (3) relativism, (4) dualism, and (5) social constructionism. It is suggested that a nuanced applica...
Article
Assimilative integration is discussed in relationship to constructivist psychotherapy. Keeping in mind the assimilative integrationist view that it is important to provide a coherent justification when importing therapy techniques across theoretical orientations, the utilization of three techniques is discussed from a constructivist perspective-usi...
Book
Issues surrounding the personal and social have garnered a great deal of attention from constructivist psychologists over the last few years. In keeping with the title of a 2002 symposium at the 110th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (APA), this volume marks an attempt to "bridge the gap" between personal and social persp...
Article
In this article we outline a response to Mackay's (2003) critique of constructivism as anti-realist, anti-determinist and anti-scientific. We argue that Mackay and constructivists operate from very different theoretical premises. Whereas Mackay sees his philosophical bases as foundational absolutes, constructivists see theirs (as well as Mackay's)...
Article
Renewed debate over the scientific status of Rorschach assessment has erupted in psychology. This paper outlines a somewhat different critique. The critics who attack the Rorschach's Comprehensive System on scientific grounds only have a strong argument if one accepts their narrow premises about what legitimizes an assessment device. Constructivist...
Article
In the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks, constructivist psychology has been criticized for its presumed “anything goes” relativism and passivity. This paper counters such a view, arguing that while constructivism does accept perspectivism, it rejects “anything goes.” Constructivist psychologists evaluate responses to terrorism in ter...
Article
The author comments on Freeman's concept of the narrative unconscious, especially its emphasis on culturally shared unconscious memories. Several questions are posed, including: (1) Can memory be “collective?“; (2) What are cultural givens and how do people collectively experience them?; and (3) Are cultural “memories“ only located at the level of...
Book
Constructivist theories of psychology examine the ways in which people create meaningful understandings of the world and use them to guide themselves through life. With their emphasis on the psychological process of human meaning making, constructivist approaches are garnering a great deal of attention within psychology.
Article
Constructivist perspectives on the Rorschach are outlined. I discuss ways in which constructivism complements and adds to existing Rorschach methodologies. It is suggested hat the constructivist emphasis on personally and socially constructed meanings is very consistent with many of the ways the Rorschach has been used and resonates with recent emp...
Article
Comments on the J. Martin and J. Sugarman (see record 2000-08148-003) discussion on the relationship between modern and postmodern approaches to psychology. The current author notes that, although Martin and Sugarman's efforts are laudable, they ignored an important and seminal figure by failing to examine and incorporate G. Kelly and his personal...
Article
Comments on the J. Martin and J. Sugarman (see record 2000-08148-003 ) discussion on the relationship between modern and postmodern approaches to psychology. The current author notes that, although Martin and Sugarman's efforts are laudable, they ignored an important and seminal figure by failing to examine and incorporate G. Kelly and his personal...
Book
In this book, leading theorists and therapists from constructivist, narrative, and social constructionist traditions describe alternatives to psychiatric diagnoses that humanize the assessment process and allow for problem-dissolving therapeutic change. Case studies, clinical vignettes, and therapeutic dialogue anchor these meaning-making perspecti...
Article
Seventy counseling centers with APA approved internship training programs were sent surveys about variables that influenced their decision to refer a student client for services elsewhere. Forty-two of these 70 institutions (60%) responded, with 152 staff at these 42 centers completing the survey. Eighteen of the items included in the survey were s...
Article
Constructivist and constructionist approaches to psychology and psychotherapy are applied in examining what it means to function creatively as a psychotherapist. Four constructivist metaphors for psychotherapy-therapy as personal science, selfhood development, narrative reconstruction, and conversational elaboration-are briefly discussed in referen...
Article
Full-text available
Transitive diagnosis, a constructivist approach to psychological assessment, is presented.
Article
In personal construct theory, people interpret the world in unique ways. Constructions are subjective representations rather than objective truths. This means that our ethical constructions are (a) potentially wrong, if there is an external moral reality we cannot access, or (b) no more inherently defensible than others’ ethical constructions, if a...
Article
The heterosexual‐homosexual distinction as a construction inhibits appreciation of the diversity of sexual experience by encouraging use of static labels to classify people's continually evolving sexual histories. Distinguishing sexual preference may expedite comprehension of sexual acts, but is counterproductive when considering whole persons. We...
Article
Full-text available
An attempt is made to integrate Thomas Szasz's 0974) theory of personal conduct and George Kelly's (1955) theory of personal constructs (PCT). It is argued that PCT provides an alternative to the void left behind by Szasz's negation of mental illness. Because PCT is concerned with psychological, rather than physiological, constructions of problems...
Article
Typescript. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Florida, 1995. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 123-132).

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Research on the "reverse golden section" and its implications for understanding stigma.
Project
One ongoing theme in my scholarship has been the implications of constructivism for ethics. I've grouped together my publications that address this issue into this project.