# Jonathan DemaeyerRoyal Meteorological Institute of Belgium · R & D

Jonathan Demaeyer

PhD

Physicist doing presently postprocessing for EUMETNET -- working also on dynamical meteorology and climate

## About

33

Publications

5,236

Reads

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415

Citations

Introduction

Additional affiliations

April 2019 - present

## Publications

Publications (33)

For most statistical postprocessing schemes used to correct weather forecasts, changes to the forecast model induce a considerable reforecasting effort. We present a new approach based on response theory to cope with slight model changes. In this framework, the model change is seen as a perturbation of the original forecast model. The response theo...

Chaos is ubiquitous in physical systems. The associated sensitivity to initial conditions is a significant obstacle in forecasting the weather and other geophysical fluid flows. Data assimilation is the process whereby the uncertainty in initial conditions is reduced by the astute combination of model predictions and real-time data. This chapter re...

The prediction of the weather at subseasonal‐to‐seasonal (S2S) timescales is dependent on both initial and boundary conditions. An open question is how to best initialize a relatively small‐sized ensemble of numerical model integrations to produce reliable forecasts at these timescales. Reliability in this case means that the statistical properties...

Multistabilities were found in the ocean-atmosphere flow, in a reduced order ocean-atmosphere coupled model, when the non-linear temperature equations were solved numerically. In this paper we explain how the full non-linear Stefan-Bolzmann law was numerically implemented, and the resulting change to the system dynamics compared to the original mod...

Statistical Postprocessing of medium-range weather forecasts is an important component of modern forecasting systems. Since the beginning of modern data science, numerous new postprocessing methods have been proposed, complementing an already very diverse field. However, one of the questions that frequently arises when considering different methods...

This study delves into the predictability of atmospheric blocking, zonal, and transition patterns utilizing a simplified coupled model. This model, implemented in Python, emulates midlatitude atmospheric dynamics with a two-layer quasi-geostrophic channel atmosphere on a beta-plane, encompassing simplified land effects. Initially, we comprehensivel...

Multistabilities in the ocean‐atmosphere flowwere found in a reduced order ocean‐atmosphere coupled model, by solving the non‐linear temperature equations numerically. In this paper we explain how the full non‐linear Stefan‐Bolzmann law was numerically implemented, and the resulting change to the system dynamics compared to the original model where...

Various studies have identified possible drivers of extremes of Arctic sea ice reduction, such as observed in the summers of 2007 and 2012, including preconditioning, local feedback mechanisms and the oceanic and atmospheric circulations. However, a quantitative statistical analysis of extremes of Arctic sea ice reduction is hindered by the small n...

Low-frequency variability (LFV) encompasses atmospheric and climate processes on time scales from a few weeks to decades like atmospheric blocking, cold spell and heat waves. Better understanding of LFV, could contribute to improved long term forecasts. Here we investigate predictability of atmosphere blocking on the basis of local Lyapunov exponen...

For offspring, resource acquisition is determined by the behavioral decisions of mothers. This is particularly important for species that are restricted to a single resource, such as parasitoids that complete their entire development on a single arthropod host. Parasitoid fat reserves depend entirely on the fat content of the host they develop on....

The prediction of the weather at subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) timescales is dependent on both initial and boundary conditions. An open question is how to best initialize a relatively small-sized ensemble of numerical model integrations to produce reliable forecasts at these timescales. Reliability in this case means that the statistical properties...

The impact of the El Niño‐Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on the extratropics is investigated in an idealized, reduced‐order model that has a tropical and an extratropical module. Unidirectional ENSO forcing is used to mimick the atmospheric bridge between the tropics and the extratropics. The variability of the coupled ocean‐atmosphere extratropical m...

The impact of the El Ni\~no-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on the extratropics is investigated in an idealized, reduced-order model that has a tropical and an extratropical module. Unidirectional ENSO forcing is used to mimick the atmospheric bridge between the tropics and the extratropics. The variability of the coupled ocean-atmosphere extratropical...

The new system for post-processing ECMWF ensemble forecasts at the stations of the Royal
Meteorological Institute (RMI) of Belgium was described previously in a short newsletter article (Vannitsem
& Demaeyer, 2020). This system has now been operational since the summer of 2020 and we provide a
description of its functionality and a preliminary anal...

Statistical postprocessing techniques are nowadays key components of the forecasting suites in many national meteorological services (NMS), with, for most of them, the objective of correcting the impact of different types of errors on the forecasts. The final aim is to provide optimal, automated, seamless forecasts for end users. Many techniques ar...

Chaos is ubiquitous in physical systems. The associated sensitivity to initial conditions is a significant obstacle in forecasting the weather and other geophysical fluid flows. Data assimilation is the process whereby the uncertainty in initial conditions is reduced by the astute combination of model predictions and real-time data. This chapter re...

Statistical postprocessing techniques are nowadays key components of the forecasting suites in many National Meteorological Services (NMS), with for most of them, the objective of correcting the impact of different types of errors on the forecasts. The final aim is to provide optimal, automated, seamless forecasts for end users. Many techniques are...

For most statistical post-processing schemes used to correct weather forecasts, changes to the forecast model induce a considerable reforcasting effort. We present a new approach based on response theory to cope with slight model change. In this framework, the model change is seen as a perturbation of the original forecast model. The response theor...

A new framework is proposed for the evaluation of stochastic subgrid-scale parameterizations in the context of the Modular Arbitrary-Order Ocean-Atmosphere Model (MAOOAM), a coupled ocean–atmosphere model of intermediate complexity. Two physically based parameterizations are investigated – the first one based on the singular perturbation of Markov...

The stability properties of intermediate-order climate models are investigated by computing their Lyapunov exponents (LEs). The two models considered are PUMA (Portable University Model of the Atmosphere), a primitive-equation simple general circulation model, and MAOOAM (Modular Arbitrary-Order Ocean-Atmosphere Model), a quasi-geostrophic coupled...

A new framework is proposed for the evaluation of stochastic subgrid-scale parameterizations in the context of MAOOAM, a coupled ocean-atmosphere model of intermediate complexity. Two physically-based parameterizations are investigated, the first one based on the singular perturbation of Markov operator, also known as homogenization. The second one...

We review some recent methods of subgrid-scale parameterization used in the context of climate modeling. These methods are developed to take into account (subgrid) processes playing an important role in the correct representation of the atmospheric and climate variability. We illustrate these methods on a simple stochastic triad system relevant for...

The stability properties of intermediate-order climate models are investigated by computing their Lyapunov exponents (LEs). The two models considered are PUMA (Portable University Model of the Atmosphere), a primitive-equation simple general circulation model, and MAOOAM (Modular Arbitrary-Order Ocean-Atmosphere Model), a quasi-geostrophic coupled...

We review some recent methods of subgrid-scale parameterization used in the context of climate modeling. These methods are developed to take into account (subgrid) processes playing an important role in the correct representation of the atmospheric and climate variability. We illustrate these methods on a simple stochastic triad system relevant for...

This paper describes a reduced-order quasi-geostrophic coupled
ocean–atmosphere model that allows for an arbitrary number of atmospheric
and oceanic modes to be retained in the spectral decomposition. The
modularity of this new model allows one to easily modify the model physics.
Using this new model, coined the "Modular Arbitrary-Order Ocean-Atmos...

A stochastic subgrid-scale parameterization based on the Ruelle's response theory and proposed in Wouters and Lucarini (2012) is tested in the context of a low-order coupled ocean-atmosphere model for which a part of the atmospheric modes are considered as unresolved. A natural separation of the phase-space into an invariant set and its complement...

We formulate and study a low-order nonlinear coupled ocean-atmosphere model
with an emphasis on the impact of radiative and heat fluxes and of the
frictional coupling between the two components. This model version extends a
previous 24-variable version by adding a dynamical equation for the passive
advection of temperature in the ocean, together wi...

The escape of trajectories is a ubiquitous phenomenon in open dynamical systems and stochastic processes. If escape occurs repetitively for a statistical ensemble of trajectories, the population of remaining trajectories often undergoes an exponential decay characterised by the so-called escape rate. Its inverse defines the lifetime of the decaying...

Using path-integral methods, a formula is deduced for the noise-induced
escape rate from an attracting fixed point across an unstable fixed point in
one-dimensional maps. The calculation starts from the trace formula for the
eigenvalues of the Frobenius-Perron operator ruling the time evolution of the
probability density in noisy maps. The escape r...

The effect of noise is studied in one-dimensional maps undergoing transcritical, tangent, and pitchfork bifurcations. The attractors of the noiseless map become metastable states in the presence of noise. In the weak-noise limit, a symplectic two-dimensional map is associated with the original one-dimensional map. The consequences of their noninver...