Jonathan Barton

Jonathan Barton
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Instituto de Geografía

PhD Economic History, MA Latin American Studies, BA (Hons) Geography

About

107
Publications
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Introduction
Jonathan Barton currently works at the Instituto de Geografía, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. Jonathan does research in Urban Politics, State Politics and Policy and Political Economy. A current project is: A political geography of sustainable development, 1972-2022.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - November 2018
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
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El paisaje de poder del 'Granero de Chile' emerge durante el siglo XIX como un símbolo del progreso en Wallmapu (Araucanía). El Estado chileno, apoyado por las élites agríco-las, políticas e intelectuales movilizaron acciones que permitieron la explotación de los recursos naturales. Estos acontecimientos posibilitaron la construcción del paisaje de...
Article
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Regional resilience refers to an immanent condition for facing multiple risks on a permanent basis, both episodic and incremental. These risks are not only linked to natural disasters and climate change, but also to poverty and inequality of access to services such as health, and personal safety. This article considers the underlying conditions tha...
Article
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Este trabajo busca indagar en la ‘invención’ del paisaje forestal del ‘Oro Verde’ en este territorio, utilizando para ello el enfoque de la ecología política histórica y el marco de ‘paisajes de poder’ en particular. A partir del análisis e interpretación de fuentes históricas, incluyendo cartografía, fotografía y textos, se (re)construye la trayec...
Article
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La construcción y apropiación de paisajes culturales: una ecología políti-ca histórica del Wallmapu/Araucanía, Chile (Resumen) El territorio de Wallmapu Araucanía desde su incorporación a la República de Chile como la Región de la Araucania, ha sido objeto de importantes transformaciones territoriales. Este artículo utiliza la perspectiva de la eco...
Article
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Representations of sustainability and sustainable development, as images, figures, and models have received relatively little attention in the literature, compared with textual definitions. However, there has been a concerted effort by authors to communicate complexity to specialized and wider audiences over the past fifty years. The purpose of thi...
Article
Javiera Barandiarán, Science and Environment in Chile: The Politics of Expert Advice in a Neoliberal Democracy (Cambridge, MA, and London: MIT Press), pp. xvi + 261, $32.00; £25.00, pb. - Volume 52 Issue 3 - Jonathan R. Barton
Article
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The development and application of urban sustainability indicators has gained momentum in recent years, especially since the generation of specific urban indicators for the Agenda 2030. Urban sustainability is a broad concept involving many dimensions, therefore the generation of a short, but comprehensive list of indicators is a significant challe...
Article
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Urban sprawl has been studied principally as a phenomenon produced by a lack of or weakness in urban planning, as a consequence of real estate liberalization. This article examines the Chilean case, and proposes that the state has been the engine of this phenomenon through spatial planning instruments that have both neoliberal and neostructural fea...
Technical Report
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En el marco de las preparaciones del Gobierno de Chile frente a la COP25, y como parte de las actividades del Comité Científico COP25 establecido por el Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología, Conocimiento e Innovación, este documento tiene tres propósitos. El primero es reunir información de varios documentos de política pública relacionados con ciudad...
Article
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The region of Araucania, since its incorporation into the Republic of Chile, has been subject to significant territorial transformations. The Chilean State, supported by economic elites, the political class, and intellectuals have all contributed to the discursive positioning of, and the creation of artefacts in, this regional space. These devices...
Article
This paper addresses the nature of Chilean investment in science, research and innovation and how this feeds into a broader narrative of productivist versus regional development, with a particular focus on natural resources. The concept of neostructuralism is employed to describe this productivist public sector support for investment in science and...
Article
Climate change is defined in Article 1 of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change as “a change of climate attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.” Since the global scenarios for climat...
Article
Green urbanism is the term that has given rise to new ways of reconnecting urban development with nature and environmental conditions. Although there is a long history of integrating parks and other green spaces into cities, the twentieth century was marked by rapid urban growth where artificial landscapes supplanted and displaced the green and blu...
Chapter
Globalization and urbanization have been two forces that have spread around the world in an accelerated form and without adequate planning in the localities where their impacts are greatest. In the case of Latin America, this is especially evident in small and intermediate towns and cities. Climate change is another force that combines with globali...
Article
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The recent trend towards open data and open science as well as a demand for holistic and interdisciplinary research requires platforms that allow the distribution and exchange of research data, including geographic information. While the requirements and benefits of data exchange are widely discussed, there are few proposals on how to implement dat...
Article
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The Mapuche communities have the highest levels of vulnerability in Chile in terms of income, basic needs, and access to services. Nevertheless, those living in the Andean foothills have historically been exposed to extreme weather. Examining three Andean municipalities of the Araucanía Region from 1990 to 2015, including climate data, interviews w...
Article
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En este trabajo se discuten estas cuestiones y se presenta un estudio piloto cuyo objetivo es desarrollar indicadores para evaluar la sustentabilidad de los barrios residenciales en Chile, con la intención de transformarse en una herramienta de trabajo tanto para los vecinos de los barrios, como para actores externos que estén interesa-dos en inter...
Article
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Chiloé is an archipelago that has, since the 1980s, become one of the motors of the Chilean economy. Salmon aquaculture swiftly transformed the tradition of isolation and poverty that had defined the local identity and livelihoods. This is now changing due to the rapid experience of modernity. This modernity is driven by transnational capital and l...
Article
Full-text available
Chiloé is an archipelago that has, since the 1980s, become one of the motors of the Chilean economy. Salmon aquaculture swiftly transformed the tradition of isolation and poverty that had defined the local identity and livelihoods. This is now changing due to the rapid experience of modernity. This modernity is driven by transnational capital and l...
Book
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Este libro presenta un análisis de la emergencia e influencia que han logrado las sociedades civiles de países seleccionados de América Latina en la política minera. Cada capítulo estudia la adopción de la política minera neoliberal desde la década de 1980, la forma en la que la sociedad civil se organiza para politizar los efectos de la misma y la...
Article
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Since the late 1980s, a new vocabulary associated with concerns about climate change has emerged. Nevertheless, this article argues that the concepts used to describe urban adaptation are a part of the history of urban planning. Consequently, climate change should not be seen as a new phenomenon disconnected from this past. By means of a historical...
Chapter
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El valor económico y cultural de la biodiversidad se entiende de diversas formas por los actores sociales, en diversas escalas espaciales. Un ejemplo de esto son los grupos indígenas que mantuvieron por siglos una conexión interdependiente con los bosques y los recursos que provenían de ellos. Por razones históricas, políticas, económicas y cultura...
Book
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Chile es uno de los mayores productores de salmón en el mundo; este está entre sus principales exportaciones después del cobre. La mayor parte de esta actividad se concentra en Chiloé, un archipiélago de poco más de 150 mil habitantes repartidos en una treintena de islas que han dado forma a una tradición bruscamente enfrentada a la modernidad. Est...
Book
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La ecología política rompe el mito de la naturaleza como fenómeno prepolítico, destacando las narrativas hegemónicas que la producen discursiva y materialmente. Este enfoque cuestiona la forma de generar conocimiento sobre la naturaleza e interroga a los ganadores y perdedores en las relaciones entre ser humano y medio ambiente. El libro introduce...
Article
This article focuses on collaborative governance and the challenge of participatory processes in order to form integrated adaptation responses to climate change. The case of Santiago de Chile, where the creation of a Regional Climate Change Adaptation Plan for the Metropolitan Region was undertaken in collaboration with the Regional Government and...
Article
In the resource-based, export-driven and steadily growing economy of Chile, neither the revenues nor the negative effects of exports are distributed evenly in space. Accordingly, export specialization patterns in Chile must be analyzed on a regional scale to understand the relationships between export diversification, economic growth and dependency...
Article
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Water management systems have been typically designed and operated under the assumption of stationarity. This assumption may no longer be valid under climate change scenarios. Water availability may change dramatically at some locations due mainly to possible impacts of changes in temperature and precipitation over streamflow volume and seasonality...
Article
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The social licence is an instrument that establishes the conditions for community acceptance of an extractive industry project in a locality. It emerges at the interface of debates on corporate social responsibility and indigenous rights in Bolivia. In this article, relations between mining companies and local communities are explored, with a parti...
Article
This article points to two geographical representations. Both relate to the activities of the Military Geographical Institute (IGM) in Chile. The first representation, following on from the importance of the cartographic tradition in state-building, and the role of military institutions in this process, is a critical engagement with the representat...
Article
Participation plays a major role in contemporary urban planning. This is particularly the case for climate change adaptation, which-given the interwoven processes of climate change-involves a wide range of actors and sectors. This chapter discusses the overall need for participatory adaptation planning, exemplifying it with the process to develop a...
Article
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Chiloé archipelago has experienced profound socio-spatial changes since the early 1980s. The localization and progressive consolidation of the salmon industry changed the velocity and composition of the urbanization process in the province, generating new forms of spatial occupation. This can be seen in a new urban typology characterized by nine fo...
Article
Full-text available
Chiloé archipelago has experienced profound socio-spatial changes since the early 1980s. The localization and progressive consolidation of the salmon industry changed the velocity and composition of the urbanization process in the province, generating new forms of spatial occupation. This can be seen in a new urban typology characterized by nine fo...
Article
For most urban areas, the challenges of adaptation are as urgent as those of mitigation. This is particularly the case where adaptive capacity is weak, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, and the benefits of global mitigation in the short term will be experienced beyond 2050. A focus on adaptive capacity-building in these vulnerable s...
Chapter
Using the framework of critical international political economy, the contributors challenge the long held views about the ways natural resources shape political and economic outcomes. They examine how the specific features of the resource sector creates particular dynamics of policy change, and therefore, the range of development options for the Gl...
Article
Rural livelihoods are complex systems of interrelating factors that include human, social, natural, physical and financial capitals. By looking at these capitals in the context of a rural Mapuche community in the Andean foothills, in the local area of Curarrehue (Araucanía Region), it is possible to discern the different challenges being faced and...
Chapter
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El proceso de perfeccionamiento de la institucionalidad ambiental, a par- tir de la aprobación de la Ley 20.417 el año 2010, permitió la creación del Ministerio del Medio Ambiente, el Servicio de Evaluación Ambiental, la Superintendencia de Medio Ambiente y, durante este año, los Tribunales Ambientales. Sin embargo, uno de los desafíos más importan...
Chapter
Chile has increased its institutional response to climate change ­adaptation in recent years. However, the focus remains on partial or fragmented responses based on “productivist-infrastructural” principles. This chapter argues that there are fundamental issues relating to socio-ecological justice that have to be addressed in order to move toward m...
Article
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Pinochet’s 1974 forestry law led to a rapid increase in development of the sector in southern Chile. Although there have been new employment opportunities and associated economic multiplier effects, the negative impacts of the sector, both socially and environmentally, have been widespread and have generated responses from diverse social organisati...
Chapter
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Despite its recognition as a Latin American ‘jaguar’ economy since the early 1980s, Chile remains wedded to natural resource extraction for its export-oriented economic model. Over 80% of its exports are based on minerals, agriculture and fisheries; most of these have a relatively low level of added value. The intensity of extraction and harvesting...
Conference Paper
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Resumen A través de la discusión sobre los beneficios de la exportación al desarrollo regional, el presente trabajo intenta dilucidar las relaciones entre la especialización de la exportación, y el crecimiento del PIB, a través de un análisis principal-mente cuantitativo. Los resultados revelan la marcada concentración exportadora de las regiones e...
Conference Paper
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The debate on new rurality, particularly in more developed countries, has addressed changes in agricultural production patterns and proceses of diversifcation. While in some areas there has been a shift to agribusiness, in others there has been a movement towards more diversification of activities in rural contexts. These changes have implied trans...
Chapter
The main objective of this chapter is to reflect on one element of the conceptual frame for urban development analysis – the goal dimension of the sustainability vision – and its application to the case of Santiago de Chile. The chapter provides essential insights into the sustainability concept in general and the current situation, debates and con...
Chapter
The objective of this chapter is to measure the performance of the Santiago Metropolitan Region and to demonstrate how the Helmholtz Integrative Sustainability Concept and a set of indicators can serve as a tool to support decision-making by public, private and civil society actors for sustainable development. The chapter combines results for selec...
Chapter
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As democracy has become more consolidated in Chile, there has been an emergence of socio-environmental conflicts, indicative of the desire of local actors to oppose large-scale projects associated with “national development” that do not satisfy local development needs. This can be seen as a conflict between two different visions of development, one...
Chapter
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Adapting cities to climate change has only recently entered the academic and policy debate as an essential and integral part of climate policy. Research has so far concentrated on early practices and 'proactive' single cases. Drawing on the experience from eight case cities, this contribution presents a comparative account of the current state of p...
Article
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The authors use the 2007 ISA virus outbreak in Chilean salmon aquaculture, coupled with insights from post-structural political ecology, as an opportunity to examine the institutional architecture and discursive hegemony of particular production strategies that silenced local experiences with the industry in favour of continuing exploitation. The a...
Article
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Through the case of the salmon aquaculture sector in Chile, the risks involved in the development of a non-traditional export sector are reviewed, in order to point to failings (lessons not learned) and opportunities (lessons learned, new plans), and the changing scales of stakeholder interactions. In particular the paper highlights the ways in whi...
Article
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Given recent processes of regional restructuring and provincial development in Chiloé, Chile, traditional communities have witnessed the ‘glocalisation’ of their economic base and socio-cultural aspects of their lives. The article focuses on the municipal position in terms of the impacts generated by salmon aquaculture and the faculties that they e...
Article
Full-text available
A partir de los procesos recientes de reestructuración regional y desarrollo de la provincia de Chiloé, Chile, las comunidades tradicionales se ven enfrentadas a la “glocalización” de su base económica y de sus aspectos socioculturales. Se señala el punto de vista de las municipalidades en relación a los impactos generados por la industria salmoner...
Article
Given recent processes of regional restructuring and provincial development in Chiloé, Chile, traditional communities have witnessed the 'glocalisation' of their economic base and socio-cultural aspects of their lives. The article focuses on the municipal position in terms of the impacts generated by salmon aquaculture and the faculties that they e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Last 25 year have been starred by salmon aquaculture industry in Chiloé, where highlights the presence of both actors from abroad linked with networks that allow them to move from a global scale and the Chilean centralised government, whose economic opening strategy favors the arrival of these industrial activities. Nonetheless, local actors, espec...
Article
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Over the past decade, various strategies have emerged to address critical habitat losses through agricultural expansion. The promotion of shade-grown, premium-priced coffee has been highlighted as one alternative. Our research, based on interviews with farmers in Chiapas, disputes some of the assumptions made by shade coffee campaigners. Results re...
Article
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This report summarises the principal results of a threeyear joint German-Chilean research initiative. Its main objective is to provide answers for two questions. First, how sustainable is the Metropolitan Region of Santiago today? Second, what alternative future development options and potential measures are available to increase sustainability per...
Article
The role of cities in climate change is an issue of increasing interest and concern. In terms of emissions mitigation, carbon credits transactions, and adaptation to local and regional impacts, these population concentrations clearly have a key role to play. The documentation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), initiatives such...
Article
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El rol de las ciudades en el cambio climático, en términos de mitigación de emisiones, transacciones de créditos de carbono y adaptación a los impactos locales y regionales, es un tema de creciente interés y preocupación. La documentación del Panel Intergubernamental de Cambio Climático (IPCC), iniciativas como los instrumentos de Kioto (como el Me...
Article
Chile has been lauded as a 'miracle economy' by orthodox development thinkers given its high and virtually uninterrupted economic growth over the past three decades. The social impacts of this economic transformation are controversial; absolute poverty has been reduced considerably, while income inequality has not. This article analyses poverty tre...
Article
The debate around neoliberal globalisation and its impacts on economically peripheral countries has been waged by partisan forces to the right and left since the early 1990s. Much of this debate focuses at the scale of the nation-state, or of the whole globe, and, while often sophisticated in an ideological sense, is scant in terms of consideration...
Article
The model of export–oriented production (de–sarrollo hacia afurera), intiated in Chile from 1975 under the economic orientation of the ‘Chicago Boys’ (neoliberal economists trained at the University of Chicago), has provided the ongoing framework for the Chilean political economy during the 1990s, despite the ‘hiccup’ during the international reces...
Article
Building on Hayter et al.'s (2003) characterisation of resource peripheries in terms of four institutional dimensions, this article conceptualises four, similar ‘transformations’ (political, economic, socio-cultural and environmental) intended to evolve this conceptual framework. The case of Chile is analysed in order to ground the analysis, emphas...
Article
The signing of a strategic economic partnership (the Trans-Pacific SEP or P4) between Chile, New Zealand, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam in 2005 reveals the emergence of a new generation of trade agreements that seek to promote longer-term synergies and cooperation. This is in marked contrast with a purely competitive, market-based model of agreem...
Article
Chile and New Zealand both depend on their natural resource bases for their exports. This situation characterises the historical condition of the resource periphery. Despite similar processes of globalisation in their fisheries sectors since the 1970s, the ways in which public and private policies and management strategies have been brought to bear...
Article
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From its origins in the Brundtland report, sustainable development was projected as an activity that was best generated and most appropriate at the local scale. This localisation of the phenomenon was also central to the thinking behind Local Agenda 21. Despite numerous worldwide initiatives along the lines of LA21, it is clear that local applicati...
Article
From its origins in the Brunddand report, sustainable development was projected as an activity that was best generated and most appropriate at the local scale. This localisation of the phenomenon was also central to the thinking behind Local Agenda 21. Despite numerous worldwide initiatives along the lines of LA21, it is clear that local applicatio...
Article
This article develops an argument around the perpetuation of socioeconomic development models based on non-renewable natural resource exploitation, weak management and regulation of renewables and the deterioration in environmental quality across different natural resources. It concludes that the structural constraints pointed out during the 1940–8...
Book
The State of Democracy in Latin America presents a critical analysis of the contemporary democratic state in Latin America. In a shift away from the more typical analyses of Latin American political change during the 1990s, this book presents a more state-centric perspective that seeks to explain why transitions to democracy and trends towards bett...
Article
What lessons can be learned from Chile's ‘Road to Socialism’, 1970-73? In contrast to the predominant focus on the undermining of the government by opposition forces (the US administration, domestic and foreign capitalists, the Chilean military and right-wing movements), this short comment highlights the importance of social property and mass mobil...
Article
There have been two parallel processes in Chilean political economy during the 1990s. A high profile has been accorded to the transition from authoritarianism to democracy and its related debates. A relatively low profile has been accorded to the continuity in the state model of capitalism that was implemented under authoritarianism. This paper arg...