Jon Schurman

Jon Schurman
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague | CULS · Department of Dendrology and Forest Tree Breeding

About

27
Publications
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835
Citations

Publications

Publications (27)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Instrumental data derived from meteorological stations provide a fairly reliable record of climate variability for at least the last century for most parts of Europe. Proxy-based climate reconstructions have been extensively developed throughout the continent over recent decades to extend these records further back in time. However, to date, parts...
Article
Full-text available
Wind is the leading disturbance agent in European forests, and the magnitude of wind impacts on forest mortality has increased over recent decades. However, the atmospheric triggers behind severe winds in Western Europe (large‐scale cyclones) differ from those in Southeastern Europe (small‐scale convective instability). This geographic difference i...
Preprint
Adapting for competitiveness versus climatic stress tolerance constitutes a primary trade-off differentiating tree life-history strategies. This tradeoff likely influences where species’ range-limits occur, but such links are data-demanding to study and key mechanisms lack empirical support. Using an exceptionally rich dendroecological network, we...
Article
Full-text available
Soil CO2 efflux (FCO2) is a major component of the terrestrial carbon (C) cycle but challenges in explaining local variability hamper efforts to link broad-scale fluxes to their biotic drivers. Trees are the dominant C source for forest soils, so linking tree properties to FCO2 could open new avenues to study plant-soil feedbacks and facilitate sca...
Preprint
Full-text available
Soil CO2 efflux (FCO2) plays a dominant role in the terrestrial carbon (C) cycle but interpreting constraints on local observations is impeded by challenges in disentangling belowground CO2 sources. Trees contribute most C to forest soils, so linking aboveground properties to FCO2 could open new avenues to study plant-soil feedbacks and facilitate...
Article
Estimates of historical disturbance patterns are essential to guide forest management aimed at ensuring the sustainability of ecosystem functions and biodiversity. However, quantitative estimates of various disturbance characteristics required in management applications are rare in longer‐term historical studies. Thus, our objectives were to: (1) q...
Article
While shifting disturbance rates and climate change have major implications for the structure of contemporary forests through their effects on adult tree mortality, the responses of regenerating trees to disturbances and environmental variation will ultimately determine the structure and functioning of forests in the future. Assessing the resilienc...
Article
Mortality, driven by both climate and disturbance legacies, is a key process shaping forest dynamics. Understanding the mortality patterns in primary forests in the absence of severe disturbances provides information on background natural dynamics of a given forest type under ongoing climate change. This can then be compared to mortality rates in s...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Winter drought becomes a limiting factor of forest stand growth by the end of the twentieth century. Abstract Disturbances strongly influence the structure of natural forests. The frequency and severity of natural disturbances, as well as drought events, are expected to increase with climate change. Our study investigated if forests wi...
Article
Climatic constraints on tree growth mediate an important link between terrestrial and atmospheric carbon pools. Tree rings provide valuable information on climate‐driven growth patterns, but existing data tend to be biased towards older trees on climatically extreme sites. Understanding climate change responses of biogeographic regions requires dat...
Article
Disentangling the importance of developmental vs. environmental drivers of variation in forest biomass is key to predicting the future of forest carbon sequestration. At coarse scales, forest biomass is likely to vary along major climatic and physiographic gradients. Natural disturbance occurs along these broad biophysical gradients, and depending...
Article
Full-text available
Restoring the structural characteristics of secondary old-growth forests that were previously managed is increasingly debated to help increase the area of more complex forests which provide a broader array of forest services and functions. The paucity of long-term data sets in Central Europe has limited our ability to understand the ongoing ecologi...
Presentation
Full-text available
Large-scale forest dynamics are commonly assumed to be climate driven, but appropriately scaled disturbance histories are rarely available to assess how disturbance legacies alter subsequent disturbance rates and the climate sensitivity of disturbance. We compiled multiple tree ring-based disturbance histories from primary Picea abies forest fragme...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the drivers of shifting forest disturbance rates remains a pressing global change issue. Large-scale forest dynamics are commonly assumed to be climate driven, but appropriately scaled disturbance histories are rarely available to assess how disturbance legacies alter subsequent disturbance rates and the climate sensitivity of disturban...
Article
Full-text available
The role of density dependence in shaping spatial patterns in tree distributions presumably changes throughout stand development. However, empirical investigations into developmental processes are often limited by a lack of long-term data on disturbance history, which further limits the ability to assess the role of spatial variation in site condit...
Article
Mixed-severity disturbance regimes are prevalent in temperate forests worldwide, but key uncertainties remain regarding the variability of disturbance-mediated structural development pathways. This study investigates the influence of disturbance history on current structure in primary, unmanaged Norway spruce (Picea abies) forests throughout the Ca...
Article
Full-text available
How do canopy-understory interactions respond to variation in disturbance severity over extended periods of time? For forests with different disturbance histories, do light availability and understory-cohort densities converge towards a common old-growth structure, or do historical legacies influence populations indefinitely?.
Article
Primary forests are characterized by high vertical and horizontal stand diversity, which provides habitat for a diverse range of species with complex habitat requirements. Detailed knowledge of related ecological processes and habitat development of primary forest species are essential to inform forest management and biodiversity conservation decis...
Article
Full-text available
Fertilizer application to nutrient-deficient forest soils may alleviate soil nutrient limitations, but long-term application may be cost-prohibitive and logistically challenging to apply to large areas. Biochar has been proposed as a soil amendment to increase soil carbon storage and may emulate fertilizer application by increasing soil nutrient av...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in forest carbon mapping have the potential to greatly reduce uncertainties in the global carbon budget and to facilitate effective emissions mitigation strategies such as REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). Though broad-scale mapping is based primarily on remote sensing data, the accuracy of resulting for...
Article
Biochar additions can improve soil fertility and sequester carbon, but biochar effects have been investigated primarily in agricultural systems. Biochar from spruce and maple sawdust feedstocks (with and without inorganic phosphorus in a factorial design) were added to plots in a commercially managed temperate hardwood forest stand in central Ontar...
Article
Advances in forest carbon mapping have the potential to greatly reduce uncertainties in the global carbon budget and to facilitate effective emissions mitigation strategies such as REDD+. Though broad scale mapping is based primarily on remote sensing data, the accuracy of resulting forest carbon stock estimates depends critically on the quality of...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between species richness and ecosystem function, as measured by productivity or biomass, is of long-standing theoretical and practical interest in ecology. This is especially true for forests, which represent a majority of global biomass, productivity and biodiversity. Here, we conduct an analysis of relationships between tree spec...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods The relationship between species richness and ecosystem function, as measured by productivity or biomass, has been the subject of decades of research and fervent debate. Several theoretical models predict a hump-shaped relationship, with peak richness occurring at intermediate levels of ecosystem function, while other m...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods The relative role of abiotic and biotic factors in determining the spatial distributions of tree species remains an outstanding question generally, but has been little studied in unmanaged temperate forest ecosystems, particularly those that have an intact flora and fauna including large mammals. We examined the spatial...

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Project (1)
Project
The REPLICATE project aims to fill a spatial paleoclimatic and data quality gap in central-eastern Europe in order to improve our understanding of past climatic variability by developing a series of temperature reconstructions spanning the Carpathian mountain range using multiple tree ring parameters (ring width, blue intensity and quantitative wood anatomy) from previously collected Norway spruce samples. As part of the project, the climatic sensitivity and response of various tree-ring parameter datasets will be assessed and optimized by identifying and accounting for non-climatic impacts on growth from factors such as disturbance and pollution. This will ultimately result in the production of new reconstructions representing a set of robust high-quality paleoclimatic records with reduced uncertainty and improved spatial scope compared to the coverage of existing Carpathian reconstructions. The project will offer more detailed insight into spatial and temporal temperature trends in the region over recent centuries and so provide a more accurate longer-term context for climate change-related warming and temperature extremes.