Jon Pearlman

Jon Pearlman
University of Pittsburgh | Pitt · Rehabilitation Science and Technology

PhD

About

109
Publications
31,272
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1,190
Citations

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
Purpose: The objectives were: (1) to translate and adapt the International Society of Wheelchair Professional (ISWP) basic Wheelchair Service Provision Test (bWSPT) into French-Canadian and (2) to conduct a preliminary evaluation of the French-Canadian version of the ISWP bWSPT internal consistency and relations with other variables among French-C...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Preventative wheelchair maintenance reduces wheelchair failures and prevents user consequences. The authors are developing a smartphone app that alerts users when maintenance is due to encourage maintenance practices and compliance. OBJECTIVE Collect qualitative and quantitative data on older adults' interaction experience with the Whee...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This review aimed to collate and summarize available research literature about wheelchair service provision education available to healthcare professional students, healthcare personnel and educators across low- to high-resourced settings. Methods: The Joanna Briggs Institute methodological steps for scoping reviews were followed. Inclu...
Article
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Study design Secondary data analysis of wheelchair failures and service repair logs from a network of wheelchair suppliers. Objective To determine the frequency of wheelchair caster failures and service repairs across wheelchair manufacturers and models and investigate the relationships between them. Setting Wheelchair caster failures and service...
Article
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Purpose Appropriate wheelchair provision is necessary for addressing participation barriers experienced by individuals with mobility impairments. Health care professionals involved in the wheelchair service provision process require a specific set of skills and knowledge to enable wheelchair use that meets individual posture, mobility and daily liv...
Research
We developed, validated and conducted a feasibility study of three remote basic skills assessment modalities for wheelchair service providers (WSP) including an online case study quiz (m1), an in-person skills assessment (m2) and a video conference skills assessment (m3).
Article
Full-text available
Background: Insufficient wheelchair training among rehabilitation professionals has been identified as an important factor that hinders access to appropriate wheelchair services. The aim of this study was to develop a toolkit to promote the integration of wheelchair education into academic curricula of rehabilitation programs. Methods: A partici...
Article
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Background: Evidence highlights a global shortage of wheelchair service provision education and training that results in inappropriate wheelchair provision with associated health and economic consequences. Two learning methodologies, a hybrid and an in-person course, based on the World Health Organization Wheelchair Service Training Package Basic...
Article
Background: Achieving appropriate wheelchair provision at a national level is complex, requiring regulations, funding and policies established through governments. Understanding wheelchair provision within different countries is key. This paper describes the process used to support the development of wheelchair service strategic plans in Romania an...
Article
Pressure injuries are costly to the healthcare system and mostly preventable, yet incidence rates remain high. Recommendations for improved care and prevention of pressure injuries from the Joint Commission revolve around continuous monitoring of prevention protocols and prompts for the care team. The E-scale is a bed weight monitoring system with...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: People with mobility impairments often rely on wheelchairs as their primary means of mobility. Untrained wheelchair service providers may provide inappropriate wheelchairs and services which result in negative consequences in wheelchair users' health, quality of life, safety, and social participation. This study aimed to evaluate the...
Data
Hybrid satisfaction survey–English/Spanish version. (PDF)
Data
Online and in-person training agenda and learning outcomes. (PDF)
Article
Introduction/Background It is well known that wheelchairs which are well maintained suffer breakdowns less frequently, and their users are less likely to be injured. But until recently, there was no widely known wheelchair maintenance training program. Our team recently developed the wheelchair maintenance training program (WMTP) that we used to tr...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Wheelchair users worldwide are at high risk of developing secondary health conditions and premature death due to inappropriate wheelchair provision by untrained providers. The International Society of Wheelchair Professionals (ISWP) has developed a Hybrid Course based on the World Health Organization’s Wheelchair Service Training Packa...
Article
Introduction A total of 3.6 million Americans and over 250,000 veterans use wheelchairs. The need for advancements in mobility-assistive technologies is continually growing due to advances in medicine and rehabilitation that preserve and prolong the lives of people with disabilities, increases in the senior population, and increases in the number o...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the opinions of providers of mobility assistive technologies to help inform a research agenda and set priorities. Materials and methods: This survey study was anonymous and gathered opinions of individuals who participate in the process to provide wheelchairs and other assistive technologies to cli...
Article
Increasing classroom sizes and decreasing financial and human resources have encouraged educators to seek innovative strategies to manage large classrooms. Several instructors have begun using web-based peer reviews as a way to increase open-ended feedback. Recent work in design-based classes has revealed that students struggle to provide meaningfu...
Article
Design, a cornerstone of engineering education, necessarily involves a practical training approach, which often requires educators to navigate non-traditional learning environments. Ambiguity in design is the result of the existence of multiple solutions to a given problem, and the need to find an optimal solution most often based on incomplete inf...
Article
Background: The use of ultralight manual wheelchairs has been shown to benefit wheelchair users when compared to other types. New aluminum alloy frame materials coming to the market have not been independently evaluated for durability and cost benefit.Methods:Three 70XX aluminum ultralight wheelchair models were tested and compared based on dimensi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Because of the adverse environmental conditions present in less-resourced environments (LREs), the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that specialised wheelchair test methods may need to be developed to support product quality standards in these environments. A group of experts identified caster test methods as a high priori...
Article
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Background Currently, inadequate wheelchair provision has forced many people with disabilities to be trapped in a cycle of poverty and deprivation, limiting their ability to access education, work and social facilities. This issue is in part because of the lack of collaboration among various stakeholders who need to work together to design, manufac...
Article
Full-text available
Background Premature failures of wheelchairs in less-resourced environments (LREs) may be because of shortcomings in product regulation and quality standards. The standards published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) specify wheelchair tests for durability, safety and performance, but their applicability to products used i...
Article
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Background An estimated 70 million people with disabilities need wheelchairs. To address this global crisis, the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed an eight-step wheelchair service provision model to ensure service quality regardless of resource setting. The International Society of Wheelchair Professionals (ISWP) aims to facilitate the integ...
Article
Full-text available
Background In many countries, availability of basic training and continued professional development programmes in wheelchair services is limited. Therefore, many health professionals lack access to formal training opportunities and new approaches to improve wheelchair service provision. To address this need, the World Health Organization (WHO) deve...
Conference Paper
Over the past decade, web-based peer reviews have been used to supplement instructor feedback on student work. Peer reviews scale well with class size, and have been shown to increase the frequency and quantity of feedback students receive. Recent work in the domain of design has shown that nearly half of the web-based peer reviews included praise...
Article
Objective: The overall objective of this project was to identify consumers' opinions of their needs and wants related to assistive technology (AT) in a systematic and quantitative manner via a questionnaire that can be used to validate existing and establish new research priorities.Methods:This pilot study describes questionnaire development, onlin...
Article
Methods: The WMTP and WMT-Q were developed through an iterative process. Results: A convenience sample of clinicians (n = 17), manual wheelchair (n ∞ 5), power wheelchair users (n = 4) and caregivers (n = 4) provided feedback on the training programme. A convenience sample of clinicians (n = 38), manual wheelchair (n = 25), and power wheelchair...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this experience report, we describe the experiences of volunteer assistive device designers, clinicians, and human computer interaction and fabrication researchers who met at a summit on Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology. From the perspectives of these stakeholders, we elucidate significant challenges of introducing rapid prototyping to the de...
Conference Paper
Wayfinding is a common task routinely performed by people traveling between unfamiliar locations, but can be a challenge for people with disabilities. In order to be able to travel safely and comfortably, people with physical disabilities depend on the accessibility of the built environment. It is through these accessibility elements that people wh...
Article
In the United States, over three million people use a wheelchair for their primary means of mobility and they rely on functional and accessible pathways to participate in their communities. The Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines related to pathway roughness are currently ambiguous, subjective and therefore unable to be measure...
Article
Objectives: To investigate correlations between power seat functions (PSFs) usage and wheelchair discomfort. Design: Quasi-experimental design: Time series design. Setting: In-home trial in participants’ home/community. Participants: Thirteen power wheelchair users who independently used power wheelchairs equipped with PSFs as their primary means o...
Article
Spinal deformities are common in people who require the use of a wheelchair for mobility as a result of spinal cord injuries and other disabilities. Sitting positions vary between individuals with disabilities who use wheelchairs and individuals without disabilities. In individuals with spinal cord injury, spinal deformities can result in the devel...
Article
Objectives: To investigate the frequency and types of wheelchair repairs and associated adverse consequences. Design: Convenience cross-sectional sample survey. Setting: Nine Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems Centers. Participants: People with spinal cord injury who use a wheelchair for more than 40 hours/week. Intervention: Not applicable....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Currently, there is no internationally accepted way to measure the competency of wheelchair service professionals. The International Society of Wheelchair Professionals aims to develop a Wheelchair Service Provision - Basic Test as a preliminary step towards establishing a certification process. Method: A team of wheelchair service prov...
Article
The aim of the smartphone virtual seating coach (SVSC) was to provide a personalized reminder/warning system to encourage powered wheelchair users to use their powered seating functions (PSFs) as clinically recommended. This study evaluated the usability of the SVSC system by gathering feedback from five powered wheelchair users and five rehabilita...
Article
Regular weight monitoring is known to help with weight management which is an important part of maintaining a healthy, active lifestyle. Unfortunately, weight monitoring is challenging for wheelchair users because the few scales that are available are expensive and very large. Consequently, wheelchair users typically learn their weight at infrequen...
Article
Full-text available
For people who have a mobility impairment, access to an appropriate wheelchair is an important step towards social inclusion and participation. The World Health Organization Guidelines for the Provision of Manual Wheelchairs in Less Resourced Settings emphasize the eight critical steps for appropriate wheelchair services, which include: referral, a...
Article
Interactive, mobile, AGIle and novel education (IMAGINE) is a conceptual framework to help students with disabilities (SwD) participate more in the physical space and become more engaged in school. IMAGINE recommends and reminds students, and allows them to make requests of key learning resources (LRs). The goal of IMAGINE is to provide SwD with th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Wheelchair configuration affects wheelchair propulsion kinetics and may affect an individual’s capacity to perform wheelchair skills. This report describes differences in advanced wheelchair skill capacity that accompany specific wheelchair configurations. Methods: Community dwelling manual wheelchair users age 18-75 with non-progress...
Article
To achieve safe and independent mobility, people usually depend on published information, prior experience, the knowledge of others, and/or technology to navigate unfamiliar outdoor and indoor environments. Today, due to advances in various technologies, wayfinding and navigation systems and services are commonplace and are accessible on desktop, l...
Article
Abstract Interactive, mobile, AGIle and novel education (IMAGINE) is a conceptual framework to help students with disabilities (SwD) participate more in the physical space and become more engaged in school. IMAGINE recommends and reminds students, and allows them to make requests of key learning resources (LRs). The goal of IMAGINE is to provide Sw...
Conference Paper
Students, especially from the underrepresented groups, are largely underprepared for and unaware of all the STEM opportunities at the undergraduate level. We have recognized this need with two populations: students that come directly out of K-12 schools and military veterans transitioning into college. We offer two programs to combat lower STEM enr...
Article
Purpose: The goal of this study was thus to determine if people with different types of wheelchair backrests on their personal wheelchairs reported different levels of comfort as measured by the Tool for Assessing Wheelchair disComfort (TAWC). Methods: Participants were between 18 and 80 years of age and were manual wheelchair users. The TAWC wa...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate a final design prototype of angle-adjustable backrest hardware. Methods: A traditional iterative design development protocol was undertaken and completed. Before evaluation by a focus group, testing of the prototype was performed in strict accordance with ISO standards. Focus group pa...
Article
Lightweight wheelchairs are characterized by their low cost and limited range of adjustment. Our study evaluated three different folding lightweight wheelchair models using the American National Standards Institute/Rehabilitation Engineering Society of North America (ANSI/RESNA) standards to see whether quality had improved since the previous data...
Article
To compare the frequency of power wheelchair repairs and consequences experienced over a 6-month period by individuals with spinal cord injury, who use a power wheelchair (PWC) ≥40hrs/wk, based on manufacturer, seating functions, HCPCS group, model, and over time. Convenience observational sample survey SETTING: Spinal Cord Injury Model System Cent...
Article
More than 2 million people in the United States use a wheelchair for mobility. These Americans not only rely on their assistive technology to complete simple, daily tasks, but they also depend on functional and accessible sidewalks to do so. Although the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines established by the Access Board provid...
Article
Full-text available
To date, only one research study has evaluated how scooters respond to static and dynamic stability. However, no other studies have evaluated how scooters respond to adverse conditions and how they perform in all standard tests. A selection of 12 three-wheeled scooters was tested according to American National Standards Institute/Rehabilitation Eng...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals who use wheelchairs (WCs) frequently navigate over pathways with obstacles (e.g., bumps or curb descents) or terrain that is extremely rough. Surface characteristics such as roughness can have an effect on comfort and variables associated with bodily injury. Understanding these relationships can be helpful to ensure safe and comfortable...
Conference Paper
This paper describes the model used by the Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology (RST) at the University of Pittsburgh (Pitt) to teach the fundamentals of design using the development of assistive technology as the design objective. Our program, Technology Innovations for People with Disabilities (TIPeD), creates an ecosystem around d...
Conference Paper
Mobile robotic devices and other mobility related drive systems are often relegated to one of the two classes of devices available today: wheeled devices or tracked devices. Wheeled systems are more energy efficient and reliable than tracked systems, but existing designs have drawbacks related to rough-terrain driving and maneuvering in tight space...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Maryland's Alliance for Graduate Education and the Professoriate (AGEP) formed an engineering education outreach collaboration to provide a summer research bridge for graduate students. The research "bridge" connects underrepresented minority graduate students in the College of Engineering and Information Technology at the University of Maryland, B...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whole-body vibration (WBV) exposure to wheelchair (WC) users in their communities and to determine the effect of WC frame type (folding, rigid, and suspension) in reducing WBV transmitted to the person. An observational case-control study of the WBV exposure levels among WC users. Thirty-seven WC users, wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In less resourced settings like Mexico, the majority of those who need a wheelchair (WC) do not have access to an appropriate one. When the need for appropriate WCs is not met, participation in community and society of those who need a WC as their primary means of mobility is hindered. A common problem is that production facilities are limited and...
Article
Team-based design courses focused on products for people with disabilities have become relatively common, in part because of training grants such as the NSF Research to Aid Persons with Disabilities course grants. An output from these courses is an annual description of courses and projects but has yet to be complied into a "best practices guide,"...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the charitable wheelchair (WC) provision model, international organizations collect funds to buy large quantities of WCs which they distribute in less resourced settings (Pearlman et al., 2006). Usually, the WCs are “one size fits all” depot style WCs and distributed with little clinical or technical input (Kim and Mulholland, 1999, WHO, 2011)....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities recognises assistive technology such as wheelchairs (WCs) as a tool for social inclusion for this population. In less resourced settings, organisations lack information about effective models of WC service provision. The goal of this study was to investigate the lifes...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study investigated the failures in 23 depot-style wheelchairs (WCs) used by children aged 3 to 14 over the course of 8-48 months and returned to a rehabilitation facility in Mexico during July 2011 for a replacement WC. One aim of this study was to understand the most common WC failures and develop strategies to reduce their occurrence. Both c...
Article
Wollstein R, Rodgers J, Ogden T, Loeffler J, Pearlman J. A novel splint for proximal interphalangeal joint contractures: a case report. Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint contractures are notoriously difficult to treat. Best results are obtained with early mobilization and splinting, though a high level of adherence is critical for a good outcome...