John Y. Chiang

John Y. Chiang
National Sun Yat-sen University | NSYSU · Department of Computer Science and Engineering

Ph. D.

About

160
Publications
52,463
Reads
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2,205
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 1999 - present
National Sun Yat-sen University
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 1987 - August 1990
Northwestern University
Field of study
  • ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTER SCIENCE
September 1985 - August 1987
Northwestern University
Field of study
  • ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTER SCIENCE
October 1981 - June 1985
National Taiwan University
Field of study
  • Department of Electrical Engineering

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
In this study we have examined whether hyperbaric oxygen (HBO)-assisted melatonin (Mel) therapy effectively preserves the heart function against ischemia (40-min)-reperfusion (IR) injury. First, the in vitro study has been performed by use of cell culture. H9C2 cells were treated as groups: A (H9C2) (without any treatment), B (H9C2+IR), C (H9C2+IR+...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study tested whether two doses of human umbilical-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) were superior to one dose for protecting the brain against intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) induced by intracranial injection collagenase and the capacity of ironic-magnetic-nanoparticles (Ir-MNa) coated hUC-MSCs tracked by MRI. Methods and r...
Article
This study examined whether BIX01294, a histone methyltransferase G9a inhibitor, effectively preserves the renal function following acute kidney ischemia-reperfusion (AKIR) injury. Adult-male-SD rats (n = 24) were equally categorized into Group 1 (sham-operated control), Group 2 (AKIR + 1.0 cc N/S I.P. injection), and Group 3 (AKIR + BIX01294/5 mg/...
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Background: This experimental study was designed as a preclinical study for testing the hypothesis that intrarenal arterial (IRA) transfusion of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUCDMSCs) therapy preserved the residual renal function of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in rat [induction by 5/6 nephrectomy of left kidney and right...
Article
Background Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) remains the leading cause of death in hospitalized patients for all disease entities. Sacubitril/Valsartan (Sac/Val) therapy has been proved to improve prognostic outcome in patients with heart failure or chronic kidney disease. This study tested the hypothesis that combined levosimendan and Sac/Val was superio...
Article
Background and aim Stroke is a major cause of disability worldwide, and ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke. The prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke remain a challenge worldwide. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is often sought to provide an alternative therapy for the prevention and rehabilitation intervention of ischemic s...
Article
This study tested the hypothesis that valsartan (Val) and melatonin (Mel)-assisted adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) preserved the residual renal function in chronic kidney disease (CKD) rat through promoting cellular-prior-protein (PrPC) to upregulate PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling and cell proliferation. In vitro study demonstrated that as...
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This study tested the hypothesis that cellular prion protein (PrPC) played an essential role in myocardial regeneration and recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from apical takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) induced by transaortic constriction (TAC). In vitro study was categorized into G1 (H9C2), G2 (H9C2-overexpression-PrPC), G3 (H9C2...
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(1) This study tests hypothesis whether extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) therapy effectively salvages mouse critical limb ischemia (CLI). In vitro result demonstrated that the angiogenesis parameters (i.e., tubular length/cluster/network formation) and protein expressions of EGFR/VEGFR2/RAS/c-Raf/MEK/ERK/VEGF/p-PI3K/p-Akt/p-m-TOR were significantly...
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Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in women and patients with BC often undergo complex treatment. In Taiwan, nearly 80% of patients with BC seek traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) during adjuvant chemotherapy to relieve discomfort and side effects. This study investigated tongue features and pattern differentiation through...
Article
This study tested the hypothesis that Entresto (En) therapy protected the cardiomyocytes and heart function in cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) rats fed with high-protein diet (HPD) through regulating the oxidative-stress and Mfn2-mediated mitochondrial functional integrity. En (12.5 μM for the in-vitro study) protected the H9C2-cells against H2O2-induce...
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Sarcopenia, characterized by a decline of skeletal muscle mass, has emerged as an important prognostic factor for cancer patients. Trunk computed tomography (CT) is a commonly used modality for assessment of cancer disease extent and treatment outcome. CT images can also be used to analyze the skeletal muscle mass filtered by the appropriate range...
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Background: This study tested whether human induced-pluripotent stem-cell-derived mesenchymal-stem-cells (iPS-MSCs) would offer an additional benefit to the rodent with acute kidney injury (AKI) (ischemia for 1 h followed by reperfusion for 120 h) associated sepsis syndrome (SS) (by cecal-ligation-puncture immediately after AKI-induction) undergoi...
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This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal-shock-wave (ECSW) protected the functional and anatomical integrity of rat urinary-bladder against ketamine-induced damage. In in vitro study, the rat bladder smooth muscle cells (RBdSMCs) were categorized into G1 (sham-control), G2 (RBdSMCs + menadione), G3 (RBdSMCs + ECSW) and G4 (RBdSMCs + men...
Article
Background We tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW)-assisted 5-FU therapy effectively suppressed human tongue squamous carcinoma cell line SAS (i.e., SAS cells) proliferation and tumor growth. Methods and results In vitro study showed that as compared with lower ECSW energy (≤0.12 mJ/mm²), higher ECSW energy (≥0.25–035 mJ/mm²...
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This study tested whether extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) supported-exogenous mitochondria (Mito) into adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) would preserve left-ventricular-ejection-fraction (LVEF) in doxorubicin/12 mg/kg-induced dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) rat. Adult-male-SD rats were equally categorized into group 1 (sham-control), gr...
Article
Background This study tested the hypothesis that early administration of SS31 and entresto (En) was superior to either one alone on preserving the heart function in setting of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) induced by doxorubicin (Dox) [accumulated dosage of 12.5 mg/kg/administered by intraperitoneal (IP) at 4 separated time points within 20 days] in...
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Grading is a vital process during the postharvest of horticultural products as it dramatically affects consumer preference and satisfaction when goods reach the market. Manual grading is time-consuming, uneconomical, and potentially destructive. A non-invasive automated system for export-quality banana tiers was developed, which utilized RGB, hyper...
Article
Background Cerebral ischemic events, comprising of excitotoxicity, reactive oxygen production, and inflammation, adversely impact the metabolic-redox circuit in highly active neuronal metabolic profile which maintains energy-dependent brain activities. Therefore, we investigated neuro-regenerative potential of melatonin (Mel), a natural biomaterial...
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Full-text available
Background This study tested the hypothesis that combined melatonin (Mel) and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) treatment was superior to either one alone on protecting the testis against acute testicular torsion-induced ischemia-reperfusion (TTIR) injury. Methods and results Male adult SD rats (n = 30) were equally categorized into...
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Full-text available
Background: This study tested the hypothesis that double overexpression of miR-19a and miR-20a (dOex-mIRs) in human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) effectively preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) (i.e., induced by doxorubicin) rat. Methods and results: In v...
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly encountered and causes high mortality in hospitalized patients; however, effective therapies for AKI have still not been established. Accordingly, we performed a rodent model with acute renal ischemia‐reperfusion (IR) and tested the hypothesis that combined tacrolimus and melatonin therapy could be superior to...
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Full-text available
This study tested the hypothesis that therapy with double overexpression of miR‐19a‐3p and miR‐20a‐5p (miRDOE) to human inducible pluripotent stem cell–derived mesenchymal stem cells (iPS‐MSCs) was superior to iPS‐MSCs alone for preserving renal function in rat with pre‐existing chronic kidney disease (CKD), followed by ischaemia‐reperfusion (IR) i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study tested the hypothesis that double overexpression of miR-19a & miR-20a (dOex-mIRs) in human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) effectively preserved left-ventricular-ejection-fraction (LVEF) in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) (i.e., induced by doxorubicin) rat. Methods and Results: In vitro...
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Full-text available
Tongue coating can provide valuable diagnostic information to reveal the disorder of the internal body. However, tongue coating classification has long been a challenging task in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) due to the fact that tongue coatings are polymorphous, different tongue coatings have different colors, shapes, textures and locations....
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Full-text available
This study tested the hypothesis that combined therapy with human umbilical cord‐derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUCDMSCs) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) was superior to either one on preserving neurological function and reducing brain haemorrhagic volume (BHV) in rat after acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) induced by intracranial injection of col...
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Full-text available
Background This study tested whether combined cyclosporin-A (CsA) and melatonin (Mel) was superior to either one on protecting the brain against ischemia (occluded left-middle-cerebral-artery for 90-min)-reperfusion (for 14 days) injury. Methods and results Neuro-2a cells (N2a) were categorized into groups 1 (N2a), 2 (N2a-IR), 3 (N2a-IR-Mel), 4 (N...
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Background Persistent patent foramen ovale (PFO) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) increase the adult risk of cryptogenic embolic stroke and chronic pulmonary hypertension. To understand the characteristics of PFO and PDA in newborns, we investigated the spontaneous closure rate and derived the determinants for residual defects. Methods We utiliz...
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Background: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) tongue diagnosis plays an important role in differentiation of symptoms because the tongue reflects the physiological and pathological condition of the body. The automatic tongue diagnosis system (ATDS), which noninvasively captures tongue images, can provide objective and reliable diagnostic informat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study tested the hypothesis that combined melatonin (Mel) and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC) treatment was superior to either one alone on protecting the testis against acute testicular torsion-induced ischemia-reperfusion (TTIR) injury. Methods and Results: Male-adult SD rats (n=30) were equally categorized into gro...
Article
Full-text available
Background Endothelial cell dysfunction plays the crucial role in initiation and propagation of obstructive arteriosclerosis which ultimately causes arterial obstructive syndrome. Additionally, severe endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) dysfunction is always found in those of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. This study tested the hypothesis...
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Fruit maturity is a critical factor in the supply chain, consumer preference, and agriculture industry. Most classification methods on fruit maturity identify only two classes: ripe and unripe, but this paper estimates six maturity stages of papaya fruit. Deep learning architectures have gained respect and brought breakthroughs in unimodal processi...
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Peritoneal dialysis (PD) possesses multiple advantages for end stage renal disease. However, long-term PD triggers peritoneal fibrosis (PF). From the nationwide analysis of diabetic PD patients ( n = 19,828), we identified the incidence of PD failure was significantly lower in diabetic patients treated with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors....
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Background/Purpose Endometriosis (EM) is linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, whether this finding can be applied to the Taiwanese population remained unanswered. To investigate the association between EM and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and the therapeutic effect on the risk of MACCE in Asian women wi...
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Full-text available
This study tested whether circulatory endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) derived from peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) patients after receiving combined autologous CD34+ cell and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy (defined as rejuvenated EPCs) would salvage nude mouse limbs against critical limb ischemia (CLI). Adult-male nude mice (n = 4...
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This study tested the hypothesis that abrogated dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) activity played a crucial role on reducing stroke volume and preserving neurological function in rodent after acute hemorrhagic stroke (AHS). Animals (n=6/each group) were categorized into group 1 (sham-control of F344 rat), group 2 (sham-control of DPP4-deficiency rat),...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study tested the hypothesis that combined therapy with human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUCDMSCs) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) was superior to either one on preserving neurological function and reducing brain-hemorrhagic volume (BHV) in rat after acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) induced by intracranial inject...
Article
Full-text available
This study tested the hypothesis that MMP-9-/-tPA-/- double knock out (i.e., MTDKO) plays a crucial role in the prognostic outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI by ligation of left-coronary-artery) in MTDKO mouse. Animals were categorized into sham-operated controls in MTDKO animals (group 1) and in wild type (B6: group 2), AMI-MTDKO (grou...
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Full-text available
Background: Treating patients with end-stage diffuse coronary artery disease (EnD-CAD) unsuitable for coronary intervention remains a clinical challenge. They usually express refractory angina and have a high risk of mortality. Although growing data have indicated cell therapy is an alternative solution to medical or invasive therapy, there are st...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study assessed the expression of Jagged2 in human bladder cancer (BC) tested the hypothesis that melatonin (Mel) inhibited the tumorigenesis of BC cells mainly through downregulating the Notch/Jagged2 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR/MMPs(2&9) signaling pathways. Methods and Results: Tissue array from BC patients showed that the gene and protein...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional Chinese medicine tongue diagnosis can mirror the status of the internal organ, but evidence is lacking regarding the accuracy of tongue diagnosis to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This study was to investigate the association between GERD and tongue manifestation, and whether tongue imaging could be initial diagnosis of GERD no...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study tested the hypothesis that combined histone methyltransferase G9a inhibitor (i.e., UNC0638) and erythropoietin (EPO) was superior to either one alone for protecting myocardium from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) damage. Methods and results: Adult-male SD rats (n=30) were equally categorized into group 1 (sham-operated c...
Article
Full-text available
Acute liver ischaemia‐reperfusion injury (IRI), commonly encountered during liver resection and transplantation surgery, is strongly associated with unfavourable clinical outcome. However, a prompt and accurate diagnosis and the treatment of this entity remain formidable challenges. This study tested the hypothesis that 31P‐magnetic resonance spect...
Article
Full-text available
This study tested the hypothesis that melatonin (Mel) therapy preserved the brain architectural and functional integrity against ischaemic stroke (IS) dependently through suppressing the inflammatory/oxidative stress downstream signalling pathways. Adult male B6 (n = 6 per each B6 group) and TLR4 knockout (ie TLR4−/−) (n = 6 per each TLR4−/− group)...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Treating patients with end-stage diffuse coronary artery disease (EnD-CAD) unsuitable for coronary intervention remains a clinical challenge. They usually express refractory angina and have high risk for mortality. Although growing data have indicated cell therapy is an alternative solution to medical or invasive therapy, there are stil...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Treating patients with end-stage diffuse coronary artery disease (EnD-CAD) unsuitable for coronary intervention remains a clinical challenge. They usually express refractory angina and have high risk for mortality. Although growing data have indicated cell therapy is an alternative solution to medical or invasive therapy, there are stil...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study tested the optimal time point for left intra-carotid arterial (LICA) administration of circulatory-derived autologous endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) for improving the outcome in rat after acute ischemic stroke (IS). Methods and results: Adult male SD rats (n = 70) were equally categorized into group 1 (sham-operated c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study tested the optimal time point for left intra-carotid arterial (LICA) administration of circulatory-derived autologous endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) for improving the outcome in rat after acute ischemic stroke (IS). Methods and Results: Adult-male SD rats (n=70) were equally categorized into group 1 (sham-operated contro...
Article
Background: This study tested the long-term effect of extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) therapy on ameliorating radiotherapy-induced chronic cystitis (CC) in rat. Methods and results: Adult-female SD rats (n = 24) were equally categorized into group 1 (normal control), group 2 (CC induced by radiotherapy with 450 cGy twice with a four-hour interv...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background This study tested the optimal time point for left intra-carotid arterial (LICA) administration of circulatory-derived autologous endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) for improving the outcome in rat after acute ischemic stroke (IS). Methods and Results Adult-male SD rats (n=70) were equally categorized into group 1 (sham-operated control)...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study tested the optimal time point for left intra-carotid arterial (LICA) administration of circulatory-derived autologous endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) for improving the outcome in rat after acute ischemic stroke (IS). Methods and Results: Adult-male SD rats (n=70) were equally categorized into group 1 (sham-operated contro...
Article
Full-text available
This study tested the hypothesis that both allogenic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) and human inducible pluripotent stem cell-derived MSCs (iPS-MSCs) offered a comparable effect for protecting the lung against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rodent through downregulating the inflammatory, oxidative stress, and autophagic signal...
Article
Full-text available
Intracranial hemorrhage from stroke and head trauma elicits a cascade of inflammatory and immune reactions detrimental to neurological integrity and function at cellular and molecular levels. This study tested the hypothesis that human umbilical cord–derived mesenchymal stem cell (HUCDMSC) therapy effectively protected the brain integrity and neuro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Endometriosis is linked to major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). However, whether this finding can be applied to the Asian population remained unanswered. Additionally, results are still inconsistent for the impact of endometriosis treatment on incidental MACCE. Thus, we intended to investigate the association...
Article
Full-text available
Previous data have shown patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) have increased lifelong risk of unprovoked venous thromboembolic events (VTE) as compared with the general population, according to sharing common pathological mechanism of endothelial dysfunction. However, whether the risk of VTE increases in those ONFH patients underg...