John Francis Thompson

John Francis Thompson
Melanoma Institute Australia · Melanoma Surgery, Surgical Oncology

MD FRACS FACS

About

1,303
Publications
135,712
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73,966
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
January 2012 - present
Radboud University
January 2012 - present

Publications

Publications (1,303)
Article
Purpose: Overweight/obese (OW/OB) patients with metastatic melanoma unexpectedly have improved outcomes with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and BRAF-targeted therapies. The mechanism(s) underlying this association remain unclear, thus we assessed the integrated molecular, metabolic, and immune profile of tumors, as well as gut microbiome feat...
Article
Melanoma is a cancer of melanocytes, with multiple subtypes based on body site location. Cutaneous melanoma is associated with skin exposed to ultraviolet radiation, uveal melanoma occurs in the eyes, mucosal melanoma in internal mucous membranes, and acral melanoma on the palms, soles and nail beds. Here, we present the largest whole-genome sequen...
Article
Full-text available
Background The liver is a known site of resistance to immunotherapy and the presence of liver metastases is associated with shorter progression-free and overall survival (OS) in melanoma, while lung metastases have been associated with a more favorable outcome. There are limited data available regarding the immune microenvironment at different anat...
Article
The prognosis for patients with metastatic melanoma (MM) involving distant organs is grim, and treatment resistance is potentiated by tumor-initiating cells (TIC) that thrive under hypoxia. MM cells, including TICs, express a unique glycome featuring i-linear poly-N-acetyllactosamines (poly-LacNAc) via loss of I-branching enzyme, β1,6 N-acetylgluco...
Article
Full-text available
While the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) of metastatic melanoma has been well characterized, the primary melanoma TIME is comparatively poorly understood. Additionally, although the association of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes with primary melanoma patient outcome has been known for decades, it is not considered in the current AJCC melanoma...
Article
Importance: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a standard staging procedure for cutaneous melanoma. Regional disease control is a clinically important therapeutic goal of surgical intervention, including nodal surgery. Objective: To determine how frequently SLN biopsy without completion lymph node dissection (CLND) results in long-term regional...
Article
Full-text available
Until recently, most patients with sentinel lymph node-positive (SLN+) melanoma underwent a completion lymph node dissection (CLND), as mandated in published trials of adjuvant systemic therapies. Following multicenter selective lymphadenectomy trial-II, most patients with SLN+ melanoma no longer undergo a CLND prior to adjuvant systemic therapy. A...
Article
PURPOSE Indications for offering adjuvant systemic therapy for patients with early-stage melanomas with low disease burden sentinel node (SN) micrometastases, namely, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC; eighth edition) stage IIIA disease, are presently controversial. The current study sought to identify high-risk SN-positive AJCC stage IIIA p...
Article
Full-text available
In this modern era of precision medicine, molecular signatures identified from advanced omics technologies hold great promise to better guide clinical decisions. However, current approaches are often location-specific due to the inherent differences between platforms and across multiple centres, thus limiting the transferability of molecular signat...
Article
Aims Adjuvant radiotherapy can be beneficial after regional lymph node dissection for high-risk stage III melanoma, as it has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrence in the node field. However, the optimal fractionation schedule is unknown and both hypofractionated and conventionally fractionated adjuvant radiotherapy are used. The present stud...
Article
High expression of PRAME (preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma) and p53 (a proposed marker of desmoplastic melanoma) and low expression of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) have each been reported in melanoma. However, their combined diagnostic utility for distinguishing melanomas, including uncommon variants, from histological mimics is unkn...
Article
9580 Background: Neoadjuvant D+T has a high pathologic response rate and impressive short-term survival. The NeoCombi trial (NCT01972347) enrolled 35 patients with resectable stage III melanoma, with last patient commencing treatment April 19th 2017. We report 5-year outcomes from this trial. Methods: Pts received 12 wks neoadjuvant standard dose D...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) immunotherapies have significantly reduced the recurrence rate in high-risk patients with stage III melanoma compared with surgery alone. However, 48% of anti-PD-1-treated patients will develop recurrent disease within 4 years. There is a need to identify biomarkers of recurrence after adjuvan...
Article
Full-text available
Background Reliable evidence to guide the management of melanoma in situ (MIS) and minimise the risk of recurrence is lacking. Objective To identify clinicopathological predictors of local recurrence (LR) in patients with MIS and evaluate long-term outcomes according to pathological excision margins. Methods A case-control study was undertaken of...
Article
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Background: In-transit metastases (ITMs) affect approximately 4% of patients with cutaneous melanoma. This study sought to identify clinical and pathological characteristics that predict further recurrence and survival following resection of ITMs. Patients and methods: Patients (n = 573) who underwent surgical resection of their first presentati...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients presenting with early-stage melanoma (AJCC pT1b-pT2a) reportedly have a relatively low risk of a positive SNB (~5–10%). Those patients are usually found to have low-volume metastatic disease after SNB, typically reclassified to AJCC stage IIIA, with an excellent prognosis of ~90% 5-year survival. Currently, adjuvant systemic the...
Article
Primary scalp melanomas are associated with a higher rate of brain metastasis than primary cutaneous melanomas occurring at other head and neck and body sites, but the reason is unclear. Spread to brain parenchyma via emissary veins draining from the scalp to dural sinuses has been suggested. We sought to examine the locations of metastases from pr...
Article
Background: Minimally invasive inguinal lymphadenectomy (MILND) is safe and feasible, but limited data exist regarding oncologic outcomes. Methods: This study performed a multi-institutional retrospective cohort analysis of consecutive MILND performed for melanoma between January 2009 and June 2016. The open ILND (OILND) comparative cohort compr...
Article
Blue nevi are benign, melanocytic neoplasms that show a range of clinical and morphologic patterns and include common/dendritic, cellular, and atypical cellular subtypes. Like other nevi, they most commonly occur in skin but can occasionally involve lymph nodes where they may be misinterpreted as representing metastatic melanoma. Moreover, whether...
Article
Full-text available
Oncogenic alterations to DNA are not transforming in all cellular contexts1,2. This may be due to pre-existing transcriptional programmes in the cell of origin. Here we define anatomic position as a major determinant of why cells respond to specific oncogenes. Cutaneous melanoma arises throughout the body, whereas the acral subtype arises on the pa...
Article
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Merkel cell carcinoma of the skin is a rare but aggressive malignancy, which predominantly affects older adults with fair skin. Isolated limb infusion (ILI) using melphalan and actinomycin D was first developed as a minimally invasive treatment option to treat unresectable metastatic melanoma confined to the limb. We report on a 62-year-old male wi...
Preprint
Background Although there are well-known prognostic factors for survival from cutaneous melanoma (CM) such as primary tumour thickness and stage of the tumour at diagnosis, the role of germline genetic factors in determining survival is not well understood. Objective To perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of melanoma- spec...
Article
Introduction: The optimal time interval between diagnostic excision of a primary cutaneous melanoma and sentinel node (SN) biopsy is unknown. The current study sought to determine whether this interval influenced the SN-positivity rate, recurrence or survival. Methods: Data collected from 2004 to 2014 for a Dutch population-based cohort of patie...
Article
Evolution from a benign naevus to a melanoma results principally from the stepwise accumulation of mutations. We used a custom next generation sequencing (NGS) panel targeting specific melanoma associated genes to analyse and compare differences between melanomas and their precursor naevi in coding and non-coding mutations and copy number aberratio...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of three surveillance imaging strategies using whole-body positron emission tomography (PET) with computed tomography (CT) (PET/CT) in a follow-up program for adults with resected stage III melanoma. Methods: An analytic decision model was constructed to estimate the costs and benefits of PET/CT surv...
Article
Full-text available
Background It is not known whether there is a survival benefit associated with more frequent surveillance imaging in patients with resected American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III melanoma. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate distant disease-free survival (DDFS), melanoma-specific survival (MSS), post distant recurrence MSS (dM...
Article
(186 words, 200 max) Introduction Survival tends to decrease as the Breslow thickness of a primary melanoma increases. However, little is known about the prognostic value of Breslow thickness in patients with very thick melanomas. We sought to assess survival in patients with melanomas ≥4.0mm in Breslow thickness. Patients and methods A pooled co...
Article
Purpose As clinical management decisions in patients with Stage III melanoma have become more complex, precise pathologic characterization of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases has become critical to guide management. The extent of SLN involvement correlates with risk of adverse outcomes, but reported methods of disease quantification vary. We ex...
Article
Introduction This study sought to assess whether the interval between diagnostic excision-biopsy of a primary melanoma and definitive wide excision with sentinel node biopsy (SNB) influenced the size of SN metastatic deposits, which might have implications for management and prognosis. Methods Data were collected for (i) a Dutch population-based c...
Article
Exciting advances in melanoma systemic therapies have presented the opportunity for surgical oncologists and their multidisciplinary colleagues to test the neoadjuvant systemic treatment approach in high-risk, resectable metastatic melanomas. Here we describe the state of the science of neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NAST) for melanoma, focusing on...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine overall trends and center-level variation in utilization of completion lymph node dissection (CLND) and adjuvant systemic therapy for sentinel lymph node (SLN)-positive melanoma. Summary background data: Based on recent clinical trials, management options for SLN-positive melanoma now include eff...
Data
Supplementary materials for: Competing risks analysis with missing cause-of-failure—penalized likelihood estimation of cause-specific Cox models - SMMR 2022
Article
Competing risks models are attractive tools to analyze time-to-event data where several causes of an event are competing. However, a complexity may arise when, for instance, some subjects experience the event of interest but the causes are not known. Assuming that unknown causes of events are missing at random, we developed a novel constrained maxi...
Article
Targeted therapy (BRAF inhibitor plus MEK inhibitor) is now among the possible treatment options for patients with BRAF mutation-positive stage III or stage IV melanoma. This makes prompt BRAF mutation testing an important step in the management of patients diagnosed with stage III or IV melanoma; one that can help better ensure that the optimal ch...
Article
We concurrently examine the whole genome, transcriptome, methylome, and immune cell infiltrates in baseline tumors from 77 patients with advanced cutaneous melanoma treated with anti-PD-1 with or without anti-CTLA-4. We show that high tumor mutation burden (TMB), neoantigen load, expression of IFNγ-related genes, programmed death ligand expression,...
Article
Importance Patient-led surveillance is a promising new model of follow-up care following excision of localized melanoma. Objective To determine whether patient-led surveillance in patients with prior localized primary cutaneous melanoma is as safe, feasible, and acceptable as clinician-led surveillance. Design, Setting, and Participants This was...
Article
Importance: Early melanoma diagnosis is associated with better health outcomes, but there is insufficient evidence that screening, such as having routine skin checks, reduces mortality. Objective: To assess melanoma-specific and all-cause mortality associated with melanomas detected through routine skin checks, incidentally or patient detected....
Article
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a number of risk loci for cutaneous melanoma. Cutaneous melanoma shares overlapping genetic risk (genetic correlation) with a number of other traits, including with its risk factors such as sunburn propensity. This genetic correlation can be exploited to identify additional cutaneous melanoma r...
Article
Full-text available
Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is the most aggressive form of skin cancer, and its worldwide incidence is rapidly increasing. Early stages can be successfully treated by surgery, but once metastasis has occurred, the prognosis is poor. However, some 5–10% of thick (≥2 mm) melanomas do not follow this scenario and run an unpredictable course. Little is kno...
Article
Background Metastasectomy for selected patients with melanoma was associated with improved survival in the era before effective systemic therapy. Emerging evidence shows that these benefits persist even in this era of BRAF-targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of salvage metastasec...
Article
Although previously the mainstay of treatment, the role of surgery in the management of patients with oligometastatic stage IV melanoma has changed with the advent of effective systemic therapies (most notably immunotherapy). Contemporary treatment options for patients with asymptomatic solitary or oligo-metastases include upfront surgery followed...
Article
Wide local excision (WLE) to achieve adequate clearance margins is the standard initial definitive treatment for patients with biopsy-proven primary cutaneous melanoma. Residual melanoma in WLE specimens after prior complete excision-biopsy (CEB) is reported in 0–6.3% of cases. However, studies evaluating the prevalence, clinicopathological feature...
Article
Australia and New Zealand have the highest incidence and mortality rates for melanoma in the world. Local surgery is still the standard treatment of primary cutaneous melanoma, and it is therefore important that surgeons understand the optimal care pathways for patients with melanoma. Accurate staging is critical to ensure a reliable assessment of...
Article
Regression in melanoma is an immunological phenomenon that results in partial or complete replacement of the tumor with variably vascular fibrous tissue, often accompanied by pigment-laden macrophages and chronic inflammation. In some cases, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) may represent the earliest phase of this process. The prognostic signi...
Conference Paper
Metastatic melanoma is a lethal disease with a dismal 5-year survival rate. Thus, intense efforts to boost novel therapeutic strategies are underway to identify early detection of melanomas with a high propensity to metastasize. We recently discovered that the loss of cell surface glycan, I-antigen, corresponds with the transition of primary melano...
Conference Paper
Primary and acquired resistance to anti-PD-1 and CTLA-4 immunotherapies remains a major obstacle to improving the outcomes of cancer patients. This study utilized a combination of scRNAseq, CITE-seq, a method for CODEX, 40+ protein marker tissue imaging to characterize the molecular and spatial features of cells within melanoma biopsies of patients...
Article
In Reply We thank Mochel and Elder for their interest in our article.¹ They highlight the inconsistent histological criteria for reporting regression used in various studies.² It is widely accepted that regression refers to the disappearance of part or all of a melanoma as a consequence of a host immunological response directed against it. However,...
Article
Full-text available
While immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting the CTLA-4 and PD-1 receptors have significantly improved outcomes of many patients with metastatic melanoma, there remains a group of patients who demonstrate no benefit. In this study, we sought to characterise patients who do not respond to anti-PD-1-based therapies based on their clinical, genetic an...
Article
A diagnosis of melanoma requires multidisciplinary specialized care across all stages of disease. Although many important advances have been made for the treatment of melanoma for local and advanced disease, barriers to optimal care remain for many patients who live in areas without ready access to the expertise of a specialized melanoma center. In...
Article
Melanoma can present with osteocartilaginous differentiation, however few reports exist on this rare subtype. We present eight cases of melanoma with osteocartilaginous differentiation to highlight its clinical, pathological and molecular features. The cases showed no association with gender (5 males and 3 females) or age (range 23–84 years). Cases...
Article
Full-text available
Most international clinical guidelines recommend 5–10 mm clinical margins for excision of melanoma in situ (MIS). While the evidence supporting this is weak, these guidelines are generally consistent. However, as a result of the high incidence of subclinical extension of MIS, especially of the lentigo maligna (LM) subtype, wider margins will often...
Article
To review the current role of regional chemotherapy in the management of advanced limb melanoma. Articles reporting the results of isolated limb infusion (ILI) were identified by performing a comprehensive literature search using the PubMed database. Keywords included isolated limb infusion, in-transit melanoma and melphalan. No publication date re...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most subsequent new primary or recurrent melanomas might be self-detected if patients are trained to systematically self-examine their skin and have access to timely medical review (patient-led surveillance). Routinely scheduled clinic visits (clinician-led surveillance) is resource-intensive and has not been shown to improve health outc...
Article
Background: For patients with sentinel lymph node (SLN)-positive cutaneous melanoma, the Second Multicenter Selective Lymphadenectomy trial demonstrated equivalent disease-specific survival (DSS) with active surveillance using nodal ultrasound versus completion lymph node dissection (CLND). Adoption and outcomes of active surveillance in clinical...