John Padgett

John Padgett
University of Chicago | UC · Department of Political Science

About

73
Publications
9,340
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4,585
Citations
Citations since 2016
6 Research Items
1924 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
We analyze public-policy speeches in the Florentine Consulte e Pratiche, immediately prior to the Ciompi Revolt, for signs of elite factional conflict, in the context of self-proclaimed unity. We employ three statistical analyses of these speeches in Latin: namely, scatterplots of word frequencies, Wordfish scaling, and regressions on speech-simila...
Article
Full-text available
The Florentine Consulte e Pratiche is the oldest recorded series of speech-by-speech policy discussion by political elites in European history, over one hundred and fifty years in length. This article is the first of an extended two-article sequence on political discussion in the Consulte e Pratiche, during the 1376-1378 period of the War of Eight...
Article
In Absalom, Absalom! William Faulkner develops a processual model for how multivocal narrative history and time can emerge from conversation among heterogeneous subjective voices, both living and dead. Four social processes of memory assembly are involved: individual memories, changing perspectives, symmetry, and resonance. Iterated stories about c...
Chapter
To blend evolutionary theory with complexity theory,this chapter uses Padgett and Powell’s. The Emergence of Organizations and Markets to review the evolability of organizations and institutions. There “evolutionary theory” means “autocatalysis,” and “complexity theory” means “dynamic multiple networks in regulatory feedback.” Together (but not sep...
Book
Full-text available
This book tackles the puzzle of speciation - - where do new ideas, practices, organizational forms, and people come from? The social sciences are strong with regards to models of selection and equilibrium, but have failed to understand the emergence of what we choose or who we are. Building on the concept of autocatalysis from biochemistry work on...
Chapter
This concluding chapter reflects on the evolution of a funded project which would come to form the publication of this volume. In doing so, the chapter returns to the main themes and ideas drawn from the rest of the book in exploring further insights into the dynamics of multiple networks. The previous chapters have shown how behavior from one real...
Chapter
This chapter provides an extensive review of the biochemistry literature on the origins of life where the concept of autocatalysis figures most prominently. There is a lively debate in the scientific literature between scientists who subscribe to an RNA-first hypothesis and scientists who subscribe to a metabolism-first hypothesis about the origin...
Chapter
This chapter illustrates that the Tuscan merchant-banks organizationally sat at the intersection of the otherwise distinct relational-flow domains of international trade, state finance, and noble kinship. Instead of mobile merchants from many nations traveling with their wares to and from central markets in France, a network of Italian (mostly Tusc...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the next frontier in autocatalytic modeling. Building on the model of production in Chapter 3, communication in two forms is added in the formal models in this chapter: symbolic communication through primitive language and genealogical communication through biographies. Language here emerges out of token feedbacks and social-...
Chapter
This chapter compares the political, economic, and social-network dynamics of major economic reform campaigns within communism itself by Joseph Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev, Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, and Mikhail Gorbachev. Over their histories, Soviet, Chinese, and East European communisms frequently had tried to reform themselves economically in a w...
Chapter
This chapter elaborates on a theory of the co-evolution of social networks—a synthesis of social science and biochemistry—and shows its empirical significance for the study of human organizations. First, the chapter describes the problem of organizational novelty in the context of multiple social networks. Second, the core dynamic motor of autocata...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the nineteenth-century formation of Germany. Organizational innovation was the assembly by Prussia of geographically disparate German principalities under the new constitutional umbrella of Reichstag, Bundesrat, and chancellery. Organizational catalysis was the emergence of political parties and interest groups—and underneat...
Chapter
This chapter further develops an agent-based model of economic production from the previous chapter. It shows that certain limitations intrinsic to the original hypercycle model—in particular, complexity barriers and vulnerability to parasites—are overcome once autocatalysis takes place in a spatial context, rather than in random-topology liquids....
Chapter
This chapter asserts that the organizational genesis mechanism behind the emergence of the Renaissance Florentine partnership systems was “transposition and refunctionality.” Transposition in this case means that master-apprentice relational protocols from the world of guilds were imported into the previously patrilineage world of Florentine intern...
Chapter
This chapter argues that certain Dutch organizational innovations were all interlinked through their common genesis mechanism of “migration and homology.” Migration refers to two tidal waves of persecuted Calvinist merchants and artisans out of what is now Belgium into what is now the Netherlands, but within what was then the unitary region of the...
Conference Paper
This paper will analyze changing frequencies of types of speakers speaking in the Florentine consulte e pratiche governing councils of government, over the two centuries of 1282 to 1492. Padgett has collected data on the social, economic and political characteristics of 60,000 Florentines. This information will be used to identify the changing soci...
Article
Full-text available
This conference paper is an interim report from a large-scale project to trace transformations in Florentine elite network structures over two centuries. In this paper, I confine myself solely to a description of previously unknown trends in broad patterns of Florentine inter-marriage. Knowledgeable readers will immediately see that these trends ha...
Article
Full-text available
El siguiente texto, salido de una ponencia de conferencia y escrito en 1994 es el primer borrador de un artículo publicado en 2010 en Renaissance Quarterly y llamado “Open Elite? Social Mobility, Marriage, and Family in Florence, 1282-1494.” Esta introducción debate las justificaciones metodológicas para publicar un primer borrador, escrito seis añ...
Article
The following conference paper, written in 1994, is the first draft of an article eventually published in 2010 in Renaissance Quarterly, entitled “Open Elite? Social Mobility, Marriage, and Family in Florence, 1282-1494.” This introduction discusses the methodological justifications for publishing a first draft, written sixteen years before the fin...
Article
Full-text available
As the study of political networks becomes more common in political science, greater attention to questions of causality is warranted. This essay explores competing visions of causality in political networks. Independent essays address issues of statistical model specification, identification of multi-step personal influence, measurement error, cau...
Article
Full-text available
It has been rarely remarked how seldom a competitive spirit comes into play in the relations among these [Renaissance Florentine] merchants. The vast correspondence of Datini and of the Medici themselves (the largest collections of business letters to survive before the sixteenth century) yields hardly a hint of competition.... However individualis...
Article
Full-text available
This article statistically analyzes quantitative data from numerous sources in order to assess changes in marriage patterns, family structure, and rates of social mobility during the period from 1282 to 1494. During this period, three systems of social stratification coexisted — wealth, political office, and age of family — but these contending sta...
Article
Full-text available
This article statistically analyzes quantitative data from numerous sources in order to assess changes in marriage patterns, family structure, and rates of social mobility during the period from 1282 to 1494. During this period, three systems of social stratification coexisted -- wealth, political office, and age of family -- but these contending s...
Article
The birth of a new form of business organization, the partnership system, in Renaissance Florence is examined closely in order to discover the social processes of invention in that extraordinarily inventive place. Stated generally, the processes of invention the au- thors discover there are transposition, refunctionality, and catalysis across multi...
Article
Inspired by the hypercycle model of the origins of chemical life on earth, this paper develops an autocatalytic model of the co-evolution of economic production and economic firms, represented as skills. The production and distribution of goods by firms are only half of what is accomplished in markets. Firms are produced and transformed, via learni...
Article
The following model of political process is intended to be a moderately realistic representation of Florentine republicanism, during the period of the Renaissance (ca. 1300-1500). The model is composed of two parts: (a) patronage - namely, the building up of partisan networks through the exchange of office-based favors, and (b) policy - namely, the...
Article
In this memo, I model the domestic banking business of Renaissance Florentine bankers. "Domestic bankers," in the sense of "those doing banking business within Florence," is an elastic term, including as it does anyone from pawnbrokers to local deposit bankers to international merchant-bankers with a local branch in Florence.1 Practically speaking,...
Article
This paper was originally prepared for presentation to the seminar series on social and institutional change at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, N.J., organized by Paul DiMaggio. I appreciate the insightful comments of Art Stinchcombe on the earlier draft.
Article
Buss (1987) and Fontana and Buss (1994) have cogently argued that biology's Modern Synthesis of genetics and Darwinian evolution achieved its impressive advances at the cost of eliding a crucial middle step---the existence of organism (or, more generally, of organization). The distribution of genetic alleles is shaped by selection pressures on the...
Article
We analyze the centralization of political parties and elite networks that underlay the birth of the Renaissance state in Florence. Class revolt and fiscal crisis were the ultimate causes of elite consolidation, but Medicean political control was produced by means of network disjunctures within the elite, which the Medici alone spanned. Cosimo de'...
Article
The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
This article documents and explains the emergence of implicit plea bargaining in the federal district courts during the Progressive and Prohibition periods. Three competing explanations for plea bargaining are tested statistically-the caseload, the substantive justice, and the evidentiary quality arguments. All three receive qualified support. The...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes four systems of plea bargaining within American criminal courts. These systems are examples of centralized authority, centralized contract, delegated authority, and delegated contract. The guiding questions are: Why do informal role structures emerge in organizations? How are such role adaptations shaped by the formal structur...
Article
This article operationalizes garbage can theory into a stochastic process model for the case of a traditional Weberian bureaucracy. The purposes of the model are two: (1) to illustrate how ambiguity may impinge on decision making within a structural setting more familiar to classical organization theorists, and (2) to derive the managerial implicat...
Article
Two bounded rationality theories of federal budgetary decision making are operationalized and tested within a stochastic process framework. Empirical analyses of Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson domestic budget data, complied from internal Office of Management and Budget planning documents, support the theory of serial judgment over the theory of in...
Article
Thesis--University of Michigan. Includes bibliographical references. Microfilm of typescript. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International, 1978.--1 reel ; 35 mm.

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