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John C. Norcross

John C. Norcross
University of Scranton · Psychology

PhD, ABPP

About

320
Publications
369,129
Reads
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24,708
Citations
Introduction
Personalizing Psychotherapy: Assessing and Accommodating Patient Preferences (with Mick Cooper) recently released by American Psychological Association. New editions of Psychotherapy Relationships That Work (2 volumes; with Mike Lambert & Bruce Wampold) and Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration (with Marv Goldfried) published by Oxford University Press. 2nd edition of Leaving It at the Office: Psychotherapist Self-Care also available from Guilford Press.
Additional affiliations
August 1986 - present
Independent Practice
Position
  • Medical Professional
July 1985 - present
The University of Scranton
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 1980 - July 1984
University of Rhode Island
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (320)
Chapter
The modal theoretical orientation among mental health professionals, integrative therapy, involves the synthesis of diverse methods and models to enhance patient success. Integrative therapies take different routes—theoretical integration, technical eclecticism, common factors, and assimilative integration—but consistently search for new ways of co...
Chapter
The psychotherapy relationship is as vital for patient outcomes as the particular treatment method, but it was largely ignored during the initial push to produce lists of empirically supported or evidence-based interventions. Evidence-based relationships (EBRs) refer to those elements of the patient-practitioner interaction that are probably or dem...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the multiple benefits of the careers in psychology course, it is not universally offered in undergraduate programs. Teachers who wish to design such a course may wonder about its typical number of credits, when students should take the course, and how much it uses a common curriculum across sections. The 2018 Undergraduate Study in Psycholo...
Article
Objective To use Internet search data to compare duration of compliance for various diets. Design Using a passive surveillance digital epidemiological approach, we estimated the average duration of diet compliance by examining monthly Internet searches for recipes related to popular diets. We fit a mathematical model to these data to estimate the...
Article
Background Despite the popularity of the undergraduate psychology major, little is known about career support and preparation available to psychology students. Objective This study examined the prevalence, types, and methods of career assistance available to undergraduate psychology students both through their psychology programs and through their...
Poster
Date Presented 03/28/20 In this mixed-methods study, we present an evaluation of an equal online peer-mentoring program for postprofessional OT doctoral students. Findings suggest multiple benefits, including support and professional development for participants. Practical implications for implementing effective equal peer-mentoring programs will b...
Article
Psychologists are skilled in assessing, researching, and treating patients’ distress, but frequently experience difficulty in applying these talents to themselves. The authors offer 13 research-supported and theoretically neutral self-care strategies catered to psychologists and those in training: valuing the person of the psychologist, refocusing...
Article
The COVID-19 crisis has transformed the lives and practices of psychologists and has highlighted the need for time-efficient self-care. The anxiety among psychologists (and humans) is practically universal—nearly every psychologist worldwide is experiencing some negative impact on their mental health. We offer nine research-supported, practitioner-...
Article
The majority of psychology students applying to graduate school are interested in clinical work, and approximately half of all graduate degrees in psychology are awarded in the subfields of clinical and counseling psychology (Mayne, Norcross, & Sayette, 2000). But deciding on a health care specialization in psychology gets complicated. The urgent q...
Article
Over the past 40 years, few breakthroughs have dramatically increased the impacts of psychotherapy. There have been new and exciting therapies, but the research does not convincingly demonstrate that any recent or more established therapies produce greater impacts than 40 years ago. Seven strategies from the transtheoretical model that have produce...
Book
Full-text available
Hailed by one reviewer as "the bible of the integration movement," the inaugural edition of Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration was the first compilation of the early integrative approaches to therapy. Since its publication psychotherapy integration has grown into a mature, empirically supported, and international movement, and the current editio...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter introduces the second volume of Psychotherapy Relationships That Work and frames its work within the Interdivisional APA Task Force on Evidence-Based Relationships and Responsiveness. The book presents clinical examples, original meta-analyses, diversity considerations, training implications, and research-infused practice recommendatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter introduces and frames the third edition of Psychotherapy Relationships That Work , which features dozens of original meta-analyses on what works in the relationship. The authors frame the work within the Third Intradivisional Task Force on Evidence-Based Relationships and Responsiveness. To accommodate new research, the book has grown...
Chapter
Full-text available
The transtheoretical model and the stages of change are often used to adapt treatment to the individual client. This chapter aims to review the stages of change and popular measures of change readiness in psychotherapy and to conduct a meta-analysis of the relation between readiness measures and psychotherapy outcomes. This chapter reports data fro...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter concludes the third edition of the book by summarizing what works and what does not in psychotherapy responsiveness and treatment adaptations. The authors present the Task Force conclusions and 28 recommendations for training, practice, research, and policy. The authors conclude that adapting psychotherapy in ways reviewed in this book...
Chapter
This chapter concludes the first volume of the third edition of Psychotherapy Relationships That Work . The authors present the formal conclusions and the 28 recommendations of the Third Interdivisional Task Force. Summaries of the meta-analytic associations between the relationship elements and psychotherapy outcomes are provided. Those statements...
Article
Full-text available
What do patients prefer in their psychotherapy? Do laypersons and mental health professionals (as patients) want the same, or different, things? The authors systematically examined patients’ psychotherapy preferences and quantitatively compared two samples of laypersons (N = 228, 1305) with one sample of mental health professionals (N = 615) on the...
Article
The therapeutic relationship and responsiveness/treatment adaptations rightfully occupy a prominent, evidence-based place in any guidelines for the psychological treatment of trauma. In this light, we critique the misguided efforts of the American Psychological Association's (APA, 2017) Clinical Practice Guideline on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder i...
Book
Full-text available
The two-volume third edition of this book identifies effective elements of therapy relationships (what works in general) as well as effective methods of tailoring or adapting therapy to the individual patient (what works in particular). Each chapter features a specific therapist behavior (e.g., alliance, empathy, support, collecting feedback) that...
Article
This article introduces the journal issue devoted to the most recent iteration of evidence-based psychotherapy relationships and frames it within the work of the Third Interdivisional American Psychological Association Task Force on Evidence-Based Relationships and Responsiveness. The authors summarize the overarching purposes and processes of the...
Article
The transtheoretical model and the stages of change are often used to adapt treatment to the individual client. The aims of this study were to review the stages of change and popular measures of change readiness in psychotherapy and to conduct a meta‐analysis of the relation between readiness measures and psychotherapy outcomes. We report data from...
Article
In this study, we introduce the journal issue devoted to evidence‐based responsiveness and frame it within the work of the third interdivisional APA Task Force on Evidence‐Based Relationships and Responsiveness. We summarize the meta‐analytic results and clinical practices on the adaptations of psychotherapy to multiple transdiagnostic characterist...
Book
Full-text available
Mental health professionals provide better care to their clients when they care for themselves. This acclaimed highly practical guide—now revised and expanded with even more self-care strategies—helps busy psychotherapists balance their personal and professional lives. The book presents 13 research-informed self-care strategies and offers concrete...
Article
The authors agree with Freimuth (2018) that addiction training among clinical psychologists would be enhanced by offering addiction-related training to all clinical students, including those who do not aim to specialize in substance abuse. It is argued that Freimuth’s points in fact support Dimoff, Sayette, and Norcross’s (2017) recommendation that...
Article
A robust literature has explored multiple facets of the introductory psychology course, but few studies have examined its purposes, student learning outcomes (SLOs), and assessment practices. The second iteration of the Undergraduate Study in Psychology gathered data on these facets in a nationally representative sample of associate (n = 62) and ba...
Book
Full-text available
Comprehensive, systematic, and balanced, Systems of Psychotherapy uses a wealth of clinical cases to help readers understand a wide variety of psychotherapies - including psychodynamic, existential, experiential, interpersonal, exposure, behavioral, cognitive, third wave, systemic, multicultural, and integrative. The ninth edition of this landmark...
Book
Full-text available
This trusted, bestselling guide—now updated for 2018/2019—is the resource you can rely on for profiles of more than 300 graduate clinical and counseling psychology programs, plus expert advice for choosing and getting into the right one. Based on intensive research, the Insider's Guide offers information and guidance not available from any other so...
Article
Objective: Doctoral training in clinical psychology has undergone substantial changes in recent decades, especially with the increasing heterogeneity of training models and graduate students. To document these changes, we analyzed program, student, and faculty characteristics of American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited clinical psycholo...
Article
Addiction has emerged as a serious public health crisis. Clinical psychology as a hub science has a long-standing interest in addiction and is particularly well suited to offer multifaceted treatment to those struggling with substance use disorders. To examine how well clinical psychology training is addressing this proliferation of addiction-relat...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents integrative supervision applicable to integrative and single-system psychotherapy alike. Distinctive features include its synthesis of supervisory methods aligned with multiple theoretical traditions, a research-informed fit of supervision to the individuality of the supervisee, its insistence on frequent feedback from both clien...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to identify core termination behaviors of psychotherapists across theoretical orientations in a successful course of treatment. Sixty-five experts from diverse theoretical traditions reported the frequency with which they used 80 tasks in a planned, mutually agreed termination of individual psychotherapy. Fifty-one items reached a...
Article
Psychotherapist expertise proves an urgent topic for practice and training, but insufficient research and conflicting definitions confound efforts to enhance expertise. In an ambitious article, Hill, Spiegel, Hoffman, Kivlighan, and Gelso offer a clear definition of expertise and propose broad indicators. In this reaction, we (a) laud the prominent...
Book
Full-text available
Everyone, it seems, is talking and arguing about Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). Those therapies and assessments designated as EBP increasingly determine what is taught, researched, and reimbursed in health care. But exactly what is it, and how do you do it? The second edition of Clinician's Guide to Evidence-Based Practices is the concise, practi...
Chapter
The extraordinary contribution by Interian, Prawda, Fishman, and Buerger (this volume) presents and celebrates many of my favorite methods: motivational interviewing (MI), real-world research, cultural adaptations, therapeutic relationships, systematic case studies, and randomized clinical trials (RCTs). The reader may excuse me, then, for my unaba...
Chapter
This chapter demonstrates how research is integrated with the two other pillars of evidence-based practice (EBP): clinical expertise and patient characteristics. Research alone never suffices for making clinical decisions, nor does the simple extrapolation of research qualify as EBP. The chapter begins by correcting pernicious myths about EBP and t...
Chapter
This chapter provides a guide to the first core skill of evidence-based practice (EBP): formulating a specific, answerable question. This skill lies at the heart of accessing the best available research. To practice EBP clinicians must first form an answerable clinical question; otherwise they will likely incur frustration and waste time once they...
Chapter
This chapter reviews unfiltered information sources, which contain “virtually everything” published, without filter or fetter. Unfiltered information can be found in a wide variety of online search tools and bibliographic databases, such as MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL, and is generally the basis for all other kinds of research evidence. This chap...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the steps EBP clinicians should take in finding evidence that addresses their clinical questions: searching background information resources, which provide overviews of topics, and then moving to filtered information resources, which provide access to timesaving, synthesized information. To help clinicians navigate these reso...
Chapter
Evidence-based practice depends on research as its key source, and that research follows one of several designs. This chapter identifies commonly used research designs, terms used in their application, and the special strengths and weaknesses of each design. Designs include randomized clinical trials, quasi-experimental designs, surveys, and case s...
Chapter
The final core step in evidence-based practice (EBP) is evaluating the effectiveness of the entire process: the E(valuation) in the mnemonic AAA TIE. In the literature, this skill is typically referred to as monitoring, measuring, or auditing clinical performance. This chapter reviews the evaluation of EBP implementation at three levels: the indivi...
Chapter
Assessing and interpreting research reports involves examination of individual studies as well as summaries of many studies. Summaries may be conveyed in narrative reviews or, more typically, in meta-analyses. This chapter reviews how researchers conduct a meta-analysis and report the results, especially by means of forest plots, which incorporate...
Chapter
Moving research evidence from science to service, from the lab bench to the bedside, poses a challenge for evidence-based practices (EBPs). Translation(al) research inclusively refers to the process of successfully moving research-supported discoveries into established practice and policy. This chapter begins with synopses of the empirical research...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the numerical indices most frequently encountered in evidence-based practice (EBP), with an emphasis on practical interpretation. The research that fuels EBP abounds with numbers. Making sense of and applying that research requires familiarity with those numbers. This chapter covers features of the normal curve, standard errors...
Chapter
This chapter assists practitioners in translating the research evidence into direct applications to their patients. It reviews the imperative of translational research and the stance of the reflective practitioner. The chapter helps practitioners translate the results of randomized clinical trials into practice by applying the CONSORT checklist. It...
Chapter
This opening chapter sets the stage for the book by sketching a brief history of evidence-based practice (EBP), explicating the definition and goal of EBPs, outlining controversies about EBP, and introducing three composite patients who will reappear as examples throughout the book. It introduces the sequential core skills of EBP, summarized by the...
Article
The Undergraduate Study in Psychology (USP) is a collaborative effort of the American Psychological Association (APA) Board of Educational Affairs, the Education Directorate, and the Center for Workforce Studies to collect information on undergraduate psychology programs, faculty, students, and curriculum. The overall goal of USP is to paint a port...
Article
The undergraduate curriculum in psychology profoundly reflects and shapes the discipline. Yet, reliable information on the undergraduate psychology curriculum has been difficult to acquire due to insufficient research carried out on unrepresentative program samples with disparate methods. In 2014, APA launched the first systematic effort in a decad...
Article
Previous studies have documented small differences between the bachelor of arts (BA) and the bachelor of science (BS) psychology degrees in their general education core requirements, particularly mathematics and science courses. But are there differences between the BA and BS degrees within the psychology curriculum? Using data from the Undergradua...
Article
All members of the Society for the Exploration of Psychotherapy Integration (SEPI) were electronically surveyed (N = 335; 55% response rate) in January 2016 regarding their sociodemographic characteristics, theoretical commitments, integrative practices, organizational satisfactions, and recommendations for future directions. This article summarize...
Article
Reviews the book, Psychology 101½: The Unspoken Rules for Success in Academia (2nd Ed.) by Robert J. Sternberg (see record 2016-40081-000 ). The book attempts to serve as Ariadne’s thread, providing young scientists and new faculty with a pragmatic guide to thriving in the academy. One strength of the book lies in its chapter structure. The lessons...
Article
Psychotherapy integration is characterized by a desire to look across and beyond theories to see how patients can benefit from multiple ways of conducting psychotherapy. Formal ideas on synthesizing therapies appeared in the 1930s, but it is only since the 1980s that integration developed formally. A number of mutually reinforcing motives that have...
Article
Full-text available
Addressing and accommodating client preferences in psychotherapy have been consistently associated with improved treatment outcomes; however, few clinically useful and psychometrically acceptable measures are available for this purpose. The aim of this study was to develop a brief, multidimensional clinical tool to help clients articulate the thera...
Article
This article memorializes Alvin R. Mahrer (1927-2014), a founder of experiential psychotherapy. Highlights of Mahrer's career and professional contributions are noted. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
Article
Students often inquire about which psychology courses to complete in preparation for graduate school. This study provides data that enable students and their advisors to make research-informed decisions. We surveyed the directors of the 304 American Psychological Association-accredited doctoral programs in clinical and counseling psychology (97% re...
Article
Full-text available
In this special section, authors discussed the therapeutic relationship in their respective theoretical orientations. The invited authors defined their relational approaches and identified the most important facets (e.g., alliance, empathy, immediacy) in their particular approaches. In this closing commentary, we remark on the constituent articles,...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of intense interest in identifying what works in mental health, we sought to establish a consensus on what doesnot work-discredited psychological assessments and treatments used with children and adolescents. Applying a Delphi methodology, we engaged a panel of 139 experts to participate in a two-stage survey. Participants reported t...
Article
Norcross, J. C., Sayette, M. A., Stratigis, K. Y., & Zimmerman, B. E. (2014). Of course: Prerequisite courses for admission into APA-accredited clinical and counseling psychology programs. Teaching of Psychology, 41, 360 – 364.
Article
This study updates three similar investigations conducted in 1981, 1991, and 2001 on APA Division of Psychotherapy members in order to paint a contemporary portrait of psychologists conducting psychotherapy and to chronicle historical trends among Division 29 members. Four hundred twenty-eight psychologists (43% response) completed a questionnaire...
Article
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 7(4) of Training and Education in Professional Psychology (see record 2013-36105-001). There is an error in the results section.] Few empirical studies have examined how doctoral psychology training programs introduce corrections as an area of study or a venue for practice, making...
Article
Full-text available
Reports an error in "Training Opportunities for Corrections Practice: A National Survey of Doctoral Psychology Programs" by Philip R. Magaletta, Marc W. Patry, Katherine L. Patterson, Nicole R. Gross, Robert D. Morgan and John C. Norcross (Training and Education in Professional Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Jul 8, 2013, np). There was an...
Article
Repeating and expanding Delphi polls conducted during the past 30 years, the authors empaneled 70 psychotherapy experts to forecast psychotherapy trends in the next decade. Mindfulness, cognitive–behavioral, integrative, and multicultural theories were predicted to increase the most, whereas Jungian therapy, classical psychoanalysis, and transactio...

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