John Mcateer

John Mcateer

PhD Psychology

About

57
Publications
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2,552
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Publications

Publications (57)
Book
A highly practical guide to public health intervention development. This book has been developed to assist anyone involved with effective health promotion project design. It cuts through the complex theories and technical frameworks to provide a 6 step formula for creating effective and sustainable interventions. Key features Adopts a pragmatic a...
Article
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The ways in which health professionals (HPs) interact with individuals from sexual minorities can impact their perception of the health service and influence engagement. This systematic literature review aimed to identify and synthesize the qualitative literature exploring interactions between HPs and lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) patients in hea...
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Citizen science is increasing in popularity but remains largely located in the disciplines of environmental and natural sciences. However, it has the potential to be a useful tool in other disciplines such as health. The aim of this study was to identify the factors for involvement (or non-involvement) in health-related citizen science projects usi...
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Background The importance of engaging stakeholders in the research process is well recognised. Whilst engagement is important, guidelines and practices vary for how stakeholders should be involved in research and how to facilitate effective collaborative relationships. Methods This study aimed to explore the perspectives and experiences of stakeho...
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Introduction: A systematic review of trusted adult interventions for adolescents revealed that there was no common terminology, agreed explicit definition, or detail, regarding the personal qualities, functions and roles fulfilled by trusted adults that was used consistently across the papers. To provide clarity, we therefore aimed to produce a ta...
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The Scottish Government launched a tobacco control strategy in 2013 with the ambition of making Scotland tobacco smoke-free by 2034. However, 17% of the adult population in Scotland smoke cigarettes. This study aimed to provide insight into why policies are successful or not and provide suggestions for future policy actions. Individual interviews w...
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Homelessness adversely affects an individual's ability to access healthcare, opportunities for social interaction and recreational activities such as physical activity. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of a community-based physical activity and peer support intervention on the health and wellbeing of homeless participants. This study employe...
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Rationale Individuals living in Scotland's most deprived communities experience a higher burden of morbidity and early mortality than those living in more affluent areas. Experiences of poverty-based stigma may be one psychosocial mechanism through which socioeconomic position influences health, although there is little available data on this issue...
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Background Although documentation of harm towards children and young people has existed for centuries, it was not until the 1960s that it became a specific focus for health professionals. Since that time, the importance of protective social networks has become better understood. The concept of trusted adults has come into sharper focus, with childr...
Article
Background As they mature physically, adolescents become increasingly autonomous in decision making, yet may still lack the experience and knowledge necessary to always make well-informed choices. This can present challenges to their health and wellbeing. A trusted adult can provide crucial support during this developmental stage. The aim of this s...
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There is increasing interest amongst researchers and policy makers in identifying the effect of public health interventions on health inequalities by socioeconomic status (SES). This issue is typically addressed in evaluation studies through subgroup analyses, where researchers test whether the effect of an intervention differs according to the soc...
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This article presents a critical commentary of specific organizational models and practices for bridging 'the gap' between public health research and policy and practice. The authors draw on personal experiences of such models in addition to the wider knowledge translation and exchange literature to reflect on their strengths and weaknesses as impl...
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The study addresses the needs of Scottish kinship carers of teenage children who have been identified as being in need of extra support. It designs and tests an appropriate support programme, defined as CARE. The CARE intervention study reported here applied the Six Steps for Quality Intervention Development framework, a pragmatic, evidence-based f...
Technical Report
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There is a well-established relationship between tobacco outlet density and smoking rates, but this is largely based on correlational evidence which is unable to identify whether outlet density restrictions will lead to reduced smoking rates. Three modelling studies predict that reducing tobacco outlet density can lead to small to modest decreases...
Technical Report
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Increasing tobacco prices is widely recognised as the most effective way to reduce smoking rates. Taxation is the most commonly used tobacco control strategy to achieve this, with substantial evidence demonstrating that it has been effective in raising prices, which reduces smoking prevalence and related harms, and slightly narrows socioeconomic in...
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Background Experimentation is a natural part of adolescent maturation. In conjunction with increased exposure to behaviours such as alcohol or substance use, and the potentially intensified influence of peer groups, unhealthy behaviour patterns may develop as part of this experimentation. However, the adolescent years also provide considerable oppo...
Article
Background The Scottish Government aims to make Scotland the best place in the world to grow up in for children and families. To realise this vision, strategic policy changes intend to ensure that increased access to funded early learning and child care (ELC) is available. This will facilitate parental employment, or enable re-entry to education an...
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Objectives: To examine physiological influences of adolescent sexual behaviour, including associated psychosocial factors. Methods: Systematic review. Results: Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria relating to adolescents, physiology and sexual behaviour. We excluded studies relating to abnormal development. Findings highlighted hormonal and...
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Background The purpose of this situation analysis was to explore the views of health and non-health professionals working with women of childbearing age on current and future delivery of preconception care in one National Health Service (NHS) Board area in Scotland. Methods The situation analysis was undertaken using a mixed methods approach. Six...
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Background Alcohol Brief Interventions (ABIs) are increasingly being delivered in community-based youth work settings. However, little attention has been paid to how they are being implemented in such settings, or to their feasibility and acceptability for practitioners or young people. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the context,...
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Background: At any one time, there are one billion people worldwide who are in the second decade of their life, and 1.8 billion in the 10-24 age range. Whilst a great deal of focus has been placed on healthy early years development, the adolescent years are also a unique period of opportunity: exposure to health-influencing behaviours such as alco...
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While widespread lip service is given in the UK to the social determinants of health (SDoH), there are few published comparisons of how the UK's devolved jurisdictions 'stack up', in terms of implementing SDoH-based policies and programmes, to improve health equity over the life-course. Based on recent SDoH publications, seven key societal-level in...
Article
A shift to an outcomes approach in Scotland has been triggered by the creation of the National Performance Framework (NPF). The aim of the NPF is to focus public reporting on progress towards achieving national outcomes. The Scottish Government tasked NHS Health Scotland with supporting this shift. One type of support has been to provide resources...
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Background The Feedback Intervention Trial was a national trial of an intervention to increase hand hygiene behavior in English and Welsh hospitals. It significantly improved behavior, the effect increasing with fidelity to intervention, but the intervention proved more difficult to implement than anticipated. This study aimed to identify the barri...
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Insufficient use of behavioral theory to understand health care workers' (HCWs) hand hygiene compliance may result in suboptimal design of hand hygiene interventions and limit effectiveness. Previous studies examined HCWs' intended, rather than directly observed, compliance and/or focused on just 1 behavioral model. This study examined HCWs' explan...
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Scotland has one of the highest liver cirrhosis mortality rates in Western Europe. The Scottish government has invested in a range of policies to address this and the wider harms from alcohol, including a national programme on alcohol brief interventions (ABIs). The initial focus of this work was primary care, accident and emergency care, and anten...
Article
Background Despite interest in knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) in public health, few reports provide an account of knowledge brokerage organisations such as the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy (SCPHRP). SCPHRP's role is to identify public health interventions that equitably address major health priorities, fost...
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Introduction: Achieving a sustained improvement in hand-hygiene compliance is the WHO's first global patient safety challenge. There is no RCT evidence showing how to do this. Systematic reviews suggest feedback is most effective and call for long term well designed RCTs, applying behavioural theory to intervention design to optimise effectiveness...
Data
Model formula and general statistical approach to stepped wedge trials. (DOC)
Data
Feedback Intervention Trial Protocol. (DOC)
Article
IntroductionAchieving a sustained improvement in hand-hygiene compliance is the WHOs first global patient safety challenge. There is no RCT evidence showing how to do this. Systematic reviews suggest feedback is most effective and call for long term well designed RCTs, applying behavioural theory to intervention design to optimise effectiveness. Me...
Article
Full-text available
Annual increments in measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination coverage in England have halted, with uptake rates (mean 85%) remaining below the 95% rate needed for herd immunity.1 Some commentators have called for vaccination to be made compulsory, or otherwise heavily incentivised. Two schemes were recently debated in the UK press: MMR vaccina...
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This study sought to extract underlying beliefs towards measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination from UK parents' views towards potential motivational and organisational interventions to boost MMR vaccination. Thematic analysis of transcripts of five focus groups identified five underlying psychological themes: parents' information needs, distr...
Article
Trials evaluating interventions to improve health care workers' hand hygiene compliance use directly observed compliance as a primary outcome measure. Observers should be blinded to the intervention and the effectiveness of blinding assessed to prevent systematic bias. The literature has not addressed this issue, and this study describes a robust a...
Article
Evidence syntheses are used to inform health care policy and practice. Behaviour change theories offer frameworks for categorising and evaluating interventions and identifying likely mechanisms through which effects are achieved. Yet systematic reviews rarely explicitly classify intervention components using theory, which may result in evidence syn...
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Meta-analyses of behavior change (BC) interventions typically find large heterogeneity in effectiveness and small effects. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of active BC interventions designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating and investigate whether theoretically specified BC techniques improve outcome. Interventions, eval...
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Multidisciplinary guideline development groups (GDGs) have considerable influence on UK healthcare policy and practice, but previous research suggests that research evidence is a variable influence on GDG recommendations. The Evidence into Recommendations (EiR) study has been set up to document social-psychological influences on GDG decision-making...
Data
Table S1. Extant qualitative methodologies considered for inclusion in our method.
Article
Previous observational measures of healthcare worker (HCW) hand-hygiene behaviour (HHB) fail to provide adequate standard operating procedures (SOPs), accounts of inter-rater agreement testing or evidence of sensitivity to change. This study reports the development of an observational tool in a way that addresses these deficiencies. Observational c...
Article
Objective: In order to develop and evaluate effective interventions to improve hand hygiene behaviours amongst hospital staff and reduce hospital acquired infections, a valid and reliable measure of hand hygiene behaviour is needed. This study develops an observational measure for use in a cluster randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of...